28 Works

Data from: Evolutionary processes and its environmental correlates in the cranial morphology of western chipmunks (Tamias)

Ana Paula Aprígio Assis, Daniela Munhoz Rossoni, James L. Patton & Gabriel Marroig
The importance of the environment in shaping phenotypic evolution lies at the core of evolutionary biology. Chipmunks of the genus Tamias (subgenus Neotamias) are part of a very recent radiation, occupying a wide range of environments with marked niche partitioning among species. One open question is if and how those differences in environments affected phenotypic evolution in this lineage. Herein we examine the relative importance of genetic drift versus natural selection in the origin of...

AlugueEscarpas

Raquel Machado & Leandro Faria
O dataset Alugue Escarpas possui dados do site de aluguel de casas de temporada na região de Capitólio-MG. Utilizado na disciplina de Introdução a Ciência dos Dados para Análise de descoberta de conhecimento sobre a base.

DataScience Experiment: Analysis and Visualization of two GoAmazon Experiments

Andre Batista, Diogenes Lima & Lucas Cardoso
The initial data will be collected from the Atmosferic Radiation Measurement data repository (http://www.archive.arm.gov/discovery/#v/home/s/). This repository comprises meteorological data collected by a T3 meteorological station in Manacaparu - AM, between 2014 and 2015. This meteorological station collects data minutely, summing up a total of 10gb of data. In order to reduce the amount of data to be analysed, we summarise all the data for each day calculating the mean of each measured variable. This preprocessing...

Data from: Importance of deep water uptake in tropical eucalypt forest

Mathias Christina, Yann Nouvellon, Jean-Paul Laclau, Jose L. Stape, Jean-Pierre Bouillet, George R. Lambais & Guerric Le Maire
Climate models predict that the frequency, intensity and duration of drought events will increase in tropical regions. Although water withdrawal from deep soil layers is generally considered to be an efficient adaptation to drought, there is little information on the role played by deep roots in tropical forests. Tropical Eucalyptus plantations managed in short rotation cycles are simple forest ecosystems that may provide an insight into the water use by trees in tropical forests. The...

Data from: Biomass resilience of Neotropical secondary forests

Lourens Poorter, Frans Bongers, T. Mitchell Aide, Angélica M. Almeyda Zambrano, Patricia Balvanera, Justin M. Becknell, Vanessa Boukili, Pedro H. S. Brancalion, Eben N. Broadbent, Robin L. Chazdon, Dylan Craven, Jarcilene S. De Almeida-Cortez, George A. L. Cabral, Ben H. J. De Jong, Julie S. Denslow, Daisy H. Dent, Saara J. DeWalt, Juan M. Dupuy, Sandra M. Durán, Mario M. Espírito-Santo, María C. Fandino, Ricardo G. César, Jefferson S. Hall, José Luis Hernandez-Stefanoni, Catarina C. Jakovac … & Danaë M. A. Rozendaal
Land-use change occurs nowhere more rapidly than in the tropics, where the imbalance between deforestation and forest regrowth has large consequences for the global carbon cycle1. However, considerable uncertainty remains about the rate of biomass recovery in secondary forests, and how these rates are influenced by climate, landscape, and prior land use2, 3, 4. Here we analyse aboveground biomass recovery during secondary succession in 45 forest sites and about 1,500 forest plots covering the major...

Data from: Carbon recovery dynamics following disturbance by selective logging in Amazonian forests

Camille Piponiot, Plinio Sist, Lucas Mazzei, Marielos Peña-Claros, Francis E. Putz, Ervan Rutishauser, Alexander Shenkin, Nataly Ascarrunz, Celso P. De Azevedo, Christopher Baraloto, Mabiane França, Marcelino Guedes, Eurídice N. Honorio Coronado, Marcus V. N. D'Oliveira, Ademir R. Ruschel, Katia E. Da Silva, Eleneide Doff Sotta, Cintia R. De Souza, Edson Vidal, Thales A. P. West, Bruno Hérault & Thales AP West
When 2 Mha of Amazonian forests are disturbed by selective logging each year, more than 90 Tg of carbon (C) is emitted to the atmosphere. Emissions are then counterbalanced by forest regrowth. With an original modelling approach, calibrated on a network of 133 permanent forest plots (175 ha total) across Amazonia, we link regional differences in climate, soil and initial biomass with survivors' and recruits' C fluxes to provide Amazon-wide predictions of post-logging C recovery....

Data from: A social-ecological database to advance research on infrastructure development impacts in the Brazilian Amazon

Joanna M. Tucker Lima, Denis Valle, Evandro M. Moretto, Sergio M. P. Pulice, Nadia L. Zuca, Daniel R. Roquetti, Liviam E. C. Beduschi, Amanda S. Praia, Claudia P. F. Okamoto, Vinicius L. S. Carvalhaes, Evandro A. Branco, Bruna Barbezani, Emily Labandera, Kelsie Timpe & David Kaplan
Recognized as one of the world's most vital natural and cultural resources, the Amazon faces a wide variety of threats from natural resource and infrastructure development. Within this context, rigorous scientific study of the region's complex social-ecological system is critical to inform and direct decision-making toward more sustainable environmental and social outcomes. Given the Amazon's tightly linked social and ecological components and the scope of potential development impacts, effective study of this system requires an...

Data from: Time-lag in responses of birds to Atlantic Forest fragmentation: restoration opportunity and urgency

Alexandre Uezu & Jean Paul Metzger
There are few opportunities to evaluate the relative importance of landscape structure and dynamics upon biodiversity, especially in highly fragmented tropical landscapes. Conservation strategies and species risk evaluations often rely exclusively on current aspects of landscape structure, although such limited assumptions are known to be misleading when time-lag responses occur. By relating bird functional-group richness to forest patch size and isolation in ten-year intervals (1956, 1965, 1978, 1984, 1993 and 2003), we revealed that birds...

Data from: Socioeconomic determinants of antibiotic consumption in the state of São Paulo, Brazil: the effect of restricting over-the-counter sales

Breno S. Kliemann, Anna S. Levin, M. Luísa Moura, Icaro Boszczowski & J. J. Lewis
Background: Improper antibiotic use is one of the main drivers of bacterial resistance to antibiotics, increasing infectious diseases morbidity and mortality and raising costs of healthcare. The level of antibiotic consumption has been shown to vary according to socioeconomic determinants (SED) such as income and access to education. In many Latin American countries, antibiotics could be easily purchased without a medical prescription in private pharmacies before enforcement of restrictions on over-the-counter (OTC) sales in recent...

Data from: Restriction site associated DNA (RAD) for de novo sequencing and marker discovery in sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis Fab. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)

Vitor A.C. Pavinato, Gabriel R.A. Margarido, Asela J. Wijeratne, Saranga Wijeratne, Tea Meulia, Anete P. Souza, Andrew P. Michel, Maria I. Zucchi & V. A. C. Pavinato
We present the development of a genomic library using RADseq (restriction site associated DNA sequencing) protocol for marker discovery that can be applied on evolutionary studies of the sugarcane borer Diatraea saccharalis, an important South American insect pest. A RADtag protocol combined with Illumina paired-end sequencing allowed de novo discovery of 12 811 SNPs and a high-quality assembly of 122.8M paired-end reads from six individuals, representing 40 Gb of sequencing data. Approximately 1.7 Mb of...

Data from: Siderasis albofasciata sp. nov. (Commelinaceae), endemic to the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil, and the typification of S. fuscata

Marco Octávio De Oliveira Pellegrini
A new species of Siderasis from the state of Espírito Santo is here described. This new species is readily differentiated from S. fuscata by its sessile to subpetiolate leaves covered by hyaline to light-brown indumenta, blades with a well-defined white stripe along the midvein on the adaxial side of the blade, main axis of the main florescence elongate, thyrsi reduced to one elongate cincinnus, bracteoles present, anthers purple to bluish–purple, filaments and style apically purple...

Data from: Leaf development and demography explain photosynthetic seasonality in Amazon evergreen forests

Jin Wu, Loren P. Albert, Aline P. Lopes, Natalia Restrepo-Coupe, Matthew Hayek, Kenia T. Wiedemann, Kaiyu Guan, Scott C. Stark, Bradley Christoffersen, Neill Prohaska, Julia V. Tavares, Suelen Marostica, Hideki Kobayashi, Mauricio L. Ferreira, Kleber Silva Campos, Rodrigo Da Silva, Paulo M. Brando, Dennis G. Dye, Travis E. Huxman, Alfredo R. Huete, Bruce W. Nelson & Scott R. Saleska
In evergreen tropical forests, the extent, magnitude, and controls on photosynthetic seasonality are poorly resolved and inadequately represented in Earth system models. Combining camera observations with ecosystem carbon dioxide fluxes at forests across rainfall gradients in Amazônia, we show that aggregate canopy phenology, not seasonality of climate drivers, is the primary cause of photosynthetic seasonality in these forests. Specifically, synchronization of new leaf growth with dry season litterfall shifts canopy composition toward younger, more light-use...

Data from: The impact of tropical forest logging and oil palm agriculture on the soil microbiome

Binu M. Tripathi, David P. Edwards, Lucas William Mendes, Mincheol Kim, Ke Dong, Hyoki Kim & Jonathan M. Adams
Selective logging and forest conversion to oil palm agriculture are rapidly altering tropical forests. However, functional responses of the soil microbiome to these land-use changes are poorly understood. Using 16S rRNA gene and shotgun metagenomic sequencing, we compared composition and functional attributes of soil biota between unlogged, once-logged and twice-logged rainforest, and areas converted to oil palm plantations in Sabah, Borneo. Although there was no significant effect of logging history, we found a significant difference...

Data from: eDNA metabarcoding: a promising method for anuran surveys in highly diverse tropical forests

Carla Martins Lopes, Thais Sasso, Alice Valentini, Tony Dejean, Marcio Martins, Kelly R. Zamudio & Célio F. B. Haddad
Understanding the geographical distribution and community composition of species is crucial to monitor species persistence and define effective conservation strategies. Environmental DNA (eDNA) has emerged as a powerful noninvasive tool for species detection. However, most eDNA survey methods have been developed and applied in temperate zones. We tested the feasibility of using eDNA to survey anurans in tropical streams in the Brazilian Atlantic forest and compared the results with short-term visual and audio surveys. We...

Data from: The effects of tradition on problem solving by two wild populations of bearded capuchin monkeys in a probing task

Raphael Moura Cardoso & Eduardo B. Ottoni
The effects of culture on individual cognition have become a core issue among cultural primatologists. Field studies with wild populations provide evidence on the role of social cues in the ontogeny of tool use in non-human primates, and on the transmission of such behaviours over generations through socially biased learning. Recent experimental studies have shown that cultural knowledge may influence problem solving in wild populations of chimpanzees. Here, we present the results from a field...

Data from: High evolutionary constraints limited adaptive responses to past climate changes in toad skulls

Monique Nouailhetas Simon, Fabio Andrade Machado & Gabriel Marroig
Interactions among traits that build a complex structure may be represented as genetic covariation and correlation. Genetic correlations may act as constraints, deflecting the evolutionary response from the direction of natural selection. We investigated the relative importance of drift, selection, and constraints in driving skull divergence in a group of related toad species. The distributional range of these species encompasses very distinct habitats with important climatic differences and the species are primarily distinguished by differences...

Data from: Zika virus in the Americas: early epidemiological and genetic findings

Nuno Rodrigues Faria, Raimunda Do Socorro Da Silva Azevedo, Moritz U. G. Kraemer, Renato Souza, Mariana Sequetin Cunha, Sarah C. Hill, Julien Thezé, Michael B. Bonsall, Thomas A. Bowden, Ilona Rissanen, Iray Maria Rocco, Juliana Silva Nogueira, Adriana Yurika Maeda, Fernanda Giseli Da Silva Vasami, Fernando Luiz De Lima Macedo, Akemi Suzuki, Sueli Guerreiro Rodrigues, Ana Cecilia Ribeiro Cruz, Bruno Tardeli Diniz, Daniele Barbosa De Almeida Medeiros, Daniela Sueli Guerreiro Rodrigues, Alice Louize Nunes Queiroz, Eliana Vieira Pinto Da Silva, Daniele Freitas Henriques, Elisabeth Salbe Travassos Da Rosa … & Pedro F. C. Vasconcelos
Brazil has experienced an unprecedented epidemic of Zika virus (ZIKV), with ~30,000 cases reported to date. ZIKV was first detected in Brazil in May 2015 and cases of microcephaly potentially associated with ZIKV infection were identified in November 2015. Using next generation sequencing we generated seven Brazilian ZIKV genomes, sampled from four self-limited cases, one blood donor, one fatal adult case, and one newborn with microcephaly and congenital malformations. Phylogenetic and molecular clock analyses show...

Data from: Solute and sediment export from Amazon forest and soybean headwater streams

Shelby H. Riskin, Christopher Neill, KathiJo Jankowski, Alex V. Krusche, Richard McHorney, Helmut Elsenbeer, Marcia N. Macedo, Darlisson Costa Nunes & Stephen Porder
Intensive cropland agriculture commonly increases streamwater solute concentrations and export from small watersheds. In recent decades, the lowland tropics have become the world's largest and most important region of cropland expansion. Although the effects of intensive cropland agriculture on streamwater chemistry and watershed export have been widely studied in temperate regions, their effects in tropical regions are poorly understood. We sampled seven headwater streams draining watersheds in forest (n=3) or soybeans (n=4) to examine the...

Data from: Directional selection effects on patterns of phenotypic (co)variation in wild populations

Ana Paula A. Assis, James L. Patton, Alex Hubbe & Gabriel Marroig
Phenotypic (co)variation is a prerequisite for evolutionary change, and understanding how (co)variation evolves is of crucial importance to the biological sciences. Theoretical models predict that under directional selection, phenotypic (co)variation should evolve in step with the underlying adaptive landscape, increasing the degree of correlation among co-selected traits as well as the amount of genetic variance in the direction of selection. Whether either of these outcomes occurs in natural populations is an open question and thus...

Data from: Sexual dichromatism in wing pigmentation of New World dragonflies follows Rensch’s rule

Eduardo S. A. Santos & Galuco Machado
Many animal taxa that display sexual size dimorphism (SSD) exhibit a positive allometric relationship in which the degree of dimorphism increases with body size. This macroevolutionary pattern is known as Rensch's rule. Although sexual selection is hypothesized to be the main mechanism causing this pattern, body size is influenced by several selective forces, including natural and sexual selection. Therefore, by focusing exclusively on SSD one cannot ascertain which of these selective forces drives Rensch's rule....

Data from: Inferring responses to climate dynamics from historical demography in neotropical forest lizards

Ivan Prates, Alexander T. Xue, Jason L. Brown, Diego F. Alvarado-Serrano, Miguel T. Rodrigues, Michael J. Hickerson & Ana C. Carnaval
We apply a comparative framework to test for concerted demographic changes in response to climate shifts in the neotropical lowland forests, learning from the past to inform projections of the future. Using reduced genomic (SNP) data from three lizard species codistributed in Amazonia and the Atlantic Forest (Anolis punctatus, Anolis ortonii, and Polychrus marmoratus), we first reconstruct former population history and test for assemblage-level responses to cycles of moisture transport recently implicated in changes of...

Data from: Seasonal population and individual niche dynamics in a tetra fish in the Pantanal wetlands

Raul Costa-Pereira, Luiz E. R. Tavares, Plínio Barbosa De Camargo & Márcio Silva Araújo
In seasonal tropical regions, rainfall and/or temporary floods during the wet season generally increase the abundance and diversity of food resources to many consumers as compared to the dry season. Therefore, seasonality can affect intraspecific competition and ecological opportunity, which are two important ecological mechanisms underlying population and individual niche variations. Here, we took advantage of the strong seasonality in the Pantanal wetlands to investigate how within- and between-individual diet variations relate to seasonal population...

Data from: High throughput techniques to reveal the molecular physiology and evolution of digestion in spiders

Felipe J. Fuzita, Martijn W.H. Pinkse, José S.L. Patané, Peter D.E.M. Verhaert & Adriana R. Lopes
Background: Spiders are known for their predatory efficiency and for their high capacity of digesting relatively large prey. They do this by combining both extracorporeal and intracellular digestion. Whereas many high throughput (“-omics”) techniques focus on biomolecules in spider venom, so far this approach has not yet been applied to investigate the protein composition of spider midgut diverticula (MD) and digestive fluid (DF). Results: We here report on our investigations of both MD and DF...

Data from: Two new synonyms in Heteranthera (Pontederiaceae, Commelinales)

Marco Octávio De Oliveira Pellegrini
Hydrothrix and Scholleropsis, two segregate monospecific genera placed within the Heteranthera s.l. clade, are here transferred to Heteranthera based on phylogenetic and morphological data. A brief discussion on the morphology and affinities of Heteranthera s.l. is given, along with the designation of lectotypes for the two new transfers.

Dados de bilhetagens e de rastreamento de veículos de transporte público para a linha de ônibus 6412-10 do município de São Paulo, Brasil

Caio Pieroni, Diego Tomasiello, Larissa Tsuda & Vinicius Maeda
O arquivo compactado possui dados em diferentes formatos compreendendo dados de bilhetagens e de rastreamento de veículos no município de São Paulo, SP, especificamente para análises de bilhetagens e de rastreamento dos veículos que trafegam pela linha de ônibus 6412-10, que tem por origem Paraisópolis e destino a Avenida Paulista.

Registration Year

  • 2016
    28

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    26
  • Collection
    1
  • Text
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Sao Paulo
    28
  • Sao Paulo State University
    3
  • National Institute of Amazonian Research
    2
  • University of Florida
    2
  • Wageningen University & Research
    2
  • Rice University
    1
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
    1
  • Federal University of Southern Bahia
    1
  • Columbia University
    1
  • The Ohio State University
    1