119 Works

Data from: Re-evaluation of the law of constant extinction for ruminants at different taxonomical scale

Matheus Januario & Tiago Quental
The “law of constant extinction,” proposed by Van Valen, states that long and short-lived taxa have equal chances of going extinct. This pattern of age-independent extinction was originally inferred using the fossil record of several different taxa and relied on survivorship curves built from the literal reading of the fossil record. Van Valen’s seminal work was mostly done at higher taxonomic levels, hence its prevalence at the species level could not be directly inferred. The...

From the leaf to the community: distinct dimensions of phytochemical diversity shape plant-insect interactions within and among individual plants

Leandro Cosmo, Lydia Yamaguchi, Gabriel Felix, Massuo Kato, Rodrigo Cogni & Martin Pareja
Plant secondary chemistry is known to be an important driver of plant-insect community structure across ecological scales. Recently, the concept of phytochemical diversity has been introduced to help describe variation in plant secondary chemistry and explain how this variation affects community structure. Previous studies show that phytochemical diversity among individuals and species results in phytochemical mosaics, known as the phytochemical landscape. However, plant traits can vary at finer scales, such as within individuals, and even...

Evolutionary drivers of sexual signal variation in Amazon slender anoles

Ivan Prates, Annelise D'Angiolella, Miguel Rodrigues, Paulo Melo-Sampaio, Kevin De Queiroz & Rayna Bell
Phenotypic variation among populations, as seen in the signaling traits of many species, provides an opportunity to test whether similar factors generate repeated phenotypic patterns in different parts of a species’ range. We investigated whether genetic divergence, abiotic gradients, and sympatry with closely related species explain variation in the dewlap colors of Amazon Slender Anoles, Anolis fuscoauratus. To this aim, we characterized dewlap diversity in the field with respect to population genetic structure and evolutionary...

Erick's Plan

Erick Schwarzelmuller
No setor siderúrgico, o consumo de água, energia elétrica e gás natural é extremamente intensivo e representa um dos principais custos operacionais das plantas. Com isso, o monitoramento do consumo desses itens é estratégico para as empresas, pois permite identificar possíveis desperdícios ou oportunidades de redução do consumo, o que é interessante tanto do ponto de vista financeiro, quanto do ponto de vista ambiental. Este projeto busca centralizar dados referentes ao consumo específico e normalizado...

The Santos Bifurcation: present and past

Michel Michaelovitch De Mahiques
Studies on the geological record of the Antarctic Intermediate Water in the Southwest Atlantic are quite scarce, despite its fundamental role in the southern circulation. This water mass, transported by the Subtropical Gyre, undergoes a bifurcation when reaching the South Atlantic's west margin, forming the Santos Bifurcation. In this project, we propose to study the Santos Bifurcation at different time scales, in an interdisciplinary approach, which involves its spatial variability over tens to thousands of...

LT-Brazil: A database of leaf traits across biomes and vegetation types in Brazil

Eduardo Mariano, Taciana Gomes, Silvia Lins, Adibe Abdalla-Filho, Amin Soltangheisi, Maria Araújo, Rodrigo Almeida, Fernanda Augusto, Luiza Canisares, Siglea Chaves, Cristiane Costa, Thaís Diniz-Reis, Leonardo Galera, Melissa Martinez, Maristela Morais, Elen Perez, Lucas Reis, Carla Simon, Silvia Mardegan, Tomas Domingues, Raquel Miatto, Rafael Oliveira, Carla Reis, Gabriela Nardoto, Jens Kattge … & Luiz Martinelli
Motivation: Leaf traits represent an important component of plant functional strategies, and those related to carbon fixation and nutrient acquisition form the leaf economics spectrum. However, observations of functional leaf traits are underrepresented in tropical regions in comparison with those in temperate areas. Brazil, a country with continental scale and vast biodiversity is a timely example, where many biomes are impacted by human activities and climate change. However, leaf traits relevant to understand vegetation responses...

Data for: Dorsal premammillary projection to periaqueductal gray controls escape vigor from innate and conditioned threats

Peter Schuette, Weisheng Wang, Mimi La-Vu, Brooke Tobias, Marta Ceko, Philip Kragel, Fernando Reis, Shiyu Ji, Megha Sehgal, Sandra Maesta-Pereira, Meghmik Chakerian, Alcino Silva, Newton Canteras, Tor Wager, Jonathan Kao & Avishek Adhikari
Escape from threats has paramount importance for survival. However, it is unknown if a single circuit controls escape from innate and conditioned threats. The hypothalamic dorsal premammillary nucleus (PMd) may control escape, as it is strongly activated by escape-inducing threats and projects to the region most implicated in escape, the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (dlPAG). We show that in mice cholecystokinin (cck)-expressing PMd cells are activated during escape, but not other defensive behaviors. PMd-cck ensemble activity...

O Uso do R-Pas na avaliação da agressividade em estudantes com sintomas de Transtorno de Personalidade Borderline

Alfredo Mendes Chaves
O objetivo deste projeto é de investigar indicadores de agressividade do R-PAS em estudantes universitários com sintomas correlatos ao transtorno de personalidade Borderline (TPB). Especificamente, serão investigados os indicadores de Movimento Agressivo (AGM) e Conteúdo Agressivo (AGC) em dois grupos com sintomatologia do TPB, sendo um com ideação suicida e/ou automutilação e outro sem ideação suicida e/ou automutilação identificados. Como controle, os grupos serão comparados a um banco de dados preexistente de não pacientes sem...

EXERCÍCIO FÍSICO COMBINADO COM INTERVENÇÃO DE ACONSELHAMENTO PARA DIMINUIÇÃO DO TEMPO SEDENTÁRIO: ENSAIO CLÍNICO CONTROLADO E RANDOMIZADO PARA INDIVÍDUOS COM TRANSTORNO BIPOLAR

Lucas Melo Neves
O transtorno bipolar (TB) é uma doença psiquiátrica, caracterizada por flutuações no estado de humor e acompanhada de alta prevalência de comorbidades, com destaque para doenças cardiovasculares, causa de morte de 38% desses pacientes. É sabido que a prática de exercício físico oferece benefícios diversos à saúde física, especialmente à saúde cardiovascular, e em pacientes psiquiátricos reduz os sintomas da doença (SCHUCH et al., 2016). Adicionado a isso, baixo nível de atividade física e elevado...

O campo da produção, da arquitetura ao design: FAU-USP nos anos 1960

João Bittar Fiammenghi
A pesquisa apresentada neste projeto propõe analisar quais eram os debates acerca do ensino de arquitetura e design a partir do viés de sua produção material, no contexto das reformas curriculares dos anos de 1960 (reforma de 1962 e fórum de 1968) na Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo da Universidade de São Paulo (FAU-USP), tensionados entre a delimitação do campo de atuação do arquiteto urbanista e, em especial, o campo do design, que passa a...

SENSO DE COÊRENCIA E SEU EFEITO NA SAÚDE MENTAL E QUALIDADE DE VIDA DE ADOLESCENTES APÓS PANDEMIA DE COVID-19: ESTUDO DE INTERVENÇÃO

Gabriela Meira
Estudos têm demonstrado que alto senso de coerência (SOC) está relacionado a melhores desfechos em saúde. Considerando que adolescentes confiam em amigos e professores e a limitação de publicações que envolvam os impactos da pandemia de COVID-19, estresse e qualidade de vida em adolescentes no ambiente escolar. O conhecimento sobre o perfil e saúde de adolescentes gera dados baseados em evidência científica para criação de promoção de saúde, tornando o ambiente escolar suporte para que...

Interface entre computação e esporte: avaliação técnico-esportiva na escalada indoor baseada em visão computacional e inteligência artifical

Helton Biscaro
A escalada esportiva será uma das novidades dos Jogos Olímpicos de Tóquio. Essa modalidade é relativamente nova e seu primeiro mundial ocorreu em 1991. Especificamente na categoria escalada de velocidade, os atletas precisam escalar o mais rápido possível, uma parede de 15 metros. A computação pode auxiliar o treinamento esportivo proporcionando técnicas e sistemas de extração de métricas de avaliação técnico-esportivas que possibilitam medir o desempenho de atletas com maior precisão e controle. A proposta...

Eficácia da auto-coleta cervicovaginal no rastreamento do câncer de colo do útero

LEA ZUCHELO
Summary:
The discovery that persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a necessary factor in the development of cervical cancer has led to the search for new strategies for uterine cervical cancer screening based on the detection of DNA - HPV. This methodology has numerous advantages over conventional cytology, as it has greater sensitivity to detect cancer of the uterine cervix, greater reproducibility and the potential to test large volumes in an automated manner.
Another benefit of the...

Obtainment active carbon from solid waste and its multiple uses in the control of emerging pollutants

Robson Rocha
The study of H2O2 electrochemical generation must address aspects of the synthesis of electrodic materials, understanding of the composition/crystallographic structures and activity of these materials for different environmental applications, not being able to stick to only one application. In this sense, this project intends to study these two aspects, firstly, the obtainment of active carbon from solid waste, being the object of study the pyrolysis and carbon activation for different applications. Next, the best materials...

O REGISTRO DE ALTA RESOLUÇÃO DO DEGLACIAL NA PLATAFORMA CONTINENTAL INTERNA NORTE DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO

Michel Michaelovitch De Mahiques
O clima do Quaternário da América do Sul é determinado por um complexo conjunto de fatores, que promoveram mudanças em escalas de tempo sazonais a orbitais (ou seja, multimilenares) nos regimes de precipitação associados à Zona de Convergência Intertropical (ITCZ) e o Sistema de Monções da América do Sul (SAMS) (Deininger et al. 2019) e, em menor proporção, os Ciclones do Atlântico Sul (SAC), o Sistema de Ventos do Hemisfério Sul (SHWW) (Baker and Fritz...

Predição do comportamento elétrico dos OTFTs a partir dos dados de caracterização morfológica

Dennis Cabrera García
Para uma boa resposta elétrica dos transistores de filmes finos orgânicos (OTFTs) é de vital importância a morfologia e estructura na formação dos filmes poliméricos. Devido ao tempo implementado para cubrir esses tópicos na eletrônica orgânica surge a necessidade de um simulador que possa predecir, com um alto índice de fiabilidade, a resposta elétrica dos OTFTs, variando os parámetros de fabricação do mesmo.

Revisando o documentário animado: um olhar sobre a formação de um gênero híbrido e paradoxal

Jennifer Serra

Prospecção e atividade anti-inflamatória de compostos produzidos/transformados pela microbiota da própolis

Josy Lazarini
A própolis é uma mistura resinosa proveniente das resinas e botões florais de plantas, coletadas por abelhas Apis melífera. Grande parte dos estudos relacionam a atividade biológica da própolis com sua composição química composta por flavonoides, ácidos fenólicos, chalconas, entre outros metabólitos secundários. Considera-se que esta composição esteja relacionada à origem botânica das plantas que são utilizadas pelas abelhas, como Dalbergia ecastophyllum (fonte da própolis vermelha) e Baccharis dracunculifolia (fonte da própolis verde). Contudo, não...

Assessment of genetic diversity and population structure of Eulaema nigrita (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini) as a factor of habitat type in Brazilian Atlantic forest fragments

Claudineia Costa, Clycie Machado & Tiago Francoy
In many organisms, habitat affects ecological and genetic diversity and, for certain species, it is expected that a large population should have higher genetic diversity than a smaller population. We analysed the genetics of males of the orchid bee, Eulaema nigrita (Hymenoptera: Apidae), and examined the links between local abundance and habitat with genetic diversity. We also investigated the impact of landscape features on genetic population structure, through microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA analysis, among populations...

Reconstructing squamate biogeography in Afro-Arabia reveals the influence of a complex and dynamic geologic past

Héctor Tejero-Cicuéndez, Austin H. Patton, Daniel S. Caetano, Jiří Šmíd, Luke J. Harmon & Salvador Carranza
The geographic distribution of biodiversity is central to understanding evolutionary biology. Paleogeographic and paleoclimatic histories often help to explain how biogeographic patterns unfold through time. However, such patterns are also influenced by a variety of other factors, such as lineage diversification, that may affect the probability of certain types of biogeographic events. The complex and well-known geologic and climatic history of Afro-Arabia, together with the extensive research on reptile systematics in the region, makes Afro-Arabian...

Human activities with videos, inertial units and ambient sensors

Caetano M. Ranieri, Scott MacLeod, Mauro Dragone, Patricia A. Vargas & Roseli A. F. Romero
Worldwide demographic projections point to a progressively older population. This fact has fostered research on Ambient Assisted Living, which includes developments on smart homes and social robots. To endow such environments with truly autonomous behaviours, algorithms must extract semantically meaningful information from whichever sensor data is available. Human activity recognition is one of the most active fields of research within this context. Proposed approaches vary according to the input modality and the environments considered. Different...

Data from: Effects of food intake and hydration state on behavioral thermoregulation and locomotor activity in the tropidurid lizard Tropidurus catalanensis

Dylan J. Padilla Perez, Jose Eduardo De Carvalho & Carlos Navas
Theoretical models predict that lizards adjust their body temperature through behavioral thermoregulation as a function of food availability. However, behavioral thermoregulation is also governed by interactions among physiological and ecological factors other than food availability, such as hydration state, and sometimes it can even conflict with the locomotor activity of animals. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of food intake and hydration state on behavioral thermoregulation and voluntary locomotor activity in the lizard Tropidurus...

Tempo and mode of evolution of Oryzomyine rodents (Rodentia, Cricetidae, Sigmodontinae): a phylogenomic approach

Alexandre Percequillo, Joyce Prado, Edson Abreu, Jeronymo Dalapicolla, Ana Carolina Pavan, Elisandra Chiquito, Pamella Brennand, Scott Steppan, Alan Lemmon & Emily Lemmon
The tribe Oryzomyini is an impressive group of rodents, comprising 30 extant genera and an estimated 147 species. Recent remarkable advances in the understanding of the diversity, taxonomy and systematics of the tribe have mostly derived from analyses of single or few genetic markers. However, the evolutionary history and biogeography of Oryzomyini, its origin and diversification across the Neotropics, remain unrevealed. Here we use a multi-locus dataset (over 400 loci) obtained through anchored phylogenomics to...

Data for: Phylogenomic analyses reveal non-monophyly of the antbird genera Herpsilochmus and Sakesphorus (Thamnophilidae), with description of a new genus for Herpsilochmus sellowi

Gustavo Bravo, Bret Whitney, Ricardo Belmonte-Lopes, Marcos Bornschein, Natalia Aristizabal, Renata Beco, Jaqueline Battilana, Luciano Naka, Alexandre Aleixo, Marcio Pie, Luis Silveira, Elizabeth Derryberry & Robb Brumfield
The family Thamnophilidae is a species-rich Neotropical radiation of passerine birds. Current classification of its 235 species is mostly based on morphological similarities, but recent studies integrating comprehensive phenotypic and phylogenetic data have redefined taxonomic limits of several taxa. Here, we assess generic relationships of Herpsilochmus, Sakesphorus, Thamnophilus, Biatas, and Dysithamnus using DNA sequences from the mitochondrion, nuclear exons, and ultraconserved elements (UCEs), with further attention to interspecific relationships within Herpsilochmus. We show that Herpsilochmus...

Dimensões do trabalho sexual no documentário brasileiro: uma crítica feminista de Rua Guaicurus

Juliana Gusman & Rosana Soares

Registration Year

  • 2021
    119

Resource Types

  • Output Management Plan
    68
  • Dataset
    42
  • Data Paper
    6
  • Text
    2
  • Journal Article
    1

Affiliations

  • Universidade de São Paulo
    78
  • University of Sao Paulo
    41
  • Sao Paulo State University
    4
  • Federal University of São Carlos
    4
  • Federal University of Paraná
    4
  • Duke University
    3
  • University of California Los Angeles
    3
  • Federal University of Uberlândia
    3
  • Federal University of Technology – Paraná
    2
  • Federal University of Paraíba
    2