8 Works

Data from: Trade-offs between water loss and gas exchange influence habitat suitability of a woodland salamander

Eric A. Riddell, Jared McPhail, Jason D. Damm & Michael W. Sears
1. Reversible acclimation increases resilience to environmental stress, but acclimation may have hidden costs due to underlying links between related physiological traits. Interactions between physiological traits might result in trade-offs that undermine whole-organism performance if the change in a related trait reduces the net benefits of acclimation or increases susceptibility to alternative environmental stressors. 2. Metabolic rate and water loss rate are two fundamental physiological traits that could interact due to their dependence on gas...

Data from: Identifying demographic and environmental drivers of recruitment and population growth in a cavity nesting sea duck population

Abigail J. Lawson, James S. Sedinger & Eric J. Taylor
Traits with the greatest proportional effects on fitness are typically conserved (Stearns 1992), and traits with larger temporal variation frequently play a dominant role in population dynamics (Cooch et al. 2001). We examined recruitment patterns and population growth in Common Goldeneyes (Bucephala clangula; hereafter goldeneye), using Pradel mark-recapture models from a long-term nest box study (1997-2010). Our objectives were to estimate recruitment (f) and population growth (λ) relative to recruitment origin group (in-situ or unknown),...

Data from: Humeral loads during swimming and walking in turtles: implications for morphological change during aquatic reinvasions

Vanessa K. Hilliard Young, Charlotte E. Wienands, Brittany P. Wilburn & Richard W. Blob
During evolutionary reinvasions of water by terrestrial vertebrates, ancestrally tubular limb bones often flatten to form flippers. Differences in skeletal loading between land and water might have facilitated such changes. In turtles, femoral shear strains are significantly lower during swimming than during walking, potentially allowing a release from loads favoring tubular shafts. However, flipper-like morphology in specialized tetrapod swimmers is most accentuated in the forelimbs. To test if the forelimbs of turtles also experience reduced...

Data from: A novel, bounding gait in swimming turtles: implications for aquatic locomotor diversity

Christopher J. Mayerl & Richard W. Blob
Turtles are an iconic lineage in studies of animal locomotion, typifying the use of slow, alternating footfalls during walking. Alternating movements of contralateral limbs are also typical during swimming gaits for most freshwater turtles. Here, we report a novel gait in turtles, in which the pleurodire Emydura subglobosa swims using a bounding gait that coordinates bilateral protraction of both forelimbs with bilateral retraction of both hindlimbs. Use of this bounding gait is correlated with increased...

Data from: Arsenic induces members of the mmu-miR-466-669 cluster which reduces NeuroD1 expression

Jui-Tung Liu & Lisa J. Bain
Chronic arsenic exposure can result in adverse development effects including decreased intellectual function, reduced birth weight, and altered locomotor activity. Previous in vitro studies have shown that arsenic inhibits stem cell differentiation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate multiple cellular processes including embryonic development and cell differentiation. The purpose of this study was to examine whether altered miRNA expression was a mechanism by which arsenic inhibited cellular differentiation. The pluripotent P19 mouse embryonal...

Data from: Hindlimb muscle function in turtles: is novel skeletal design correlated with novel muscle function?

Christopher J. Mayerl, Jenna E. Pruett, Morgan N. Summerlin, Angela R. V. Rivera & Richard W. Blob
Variations in musculoskeletal lever systems have formed an important foundation for predictions about the diversity of muscle function and organismal performance. Changes in the structure of lever systems may be coupled with changes in muscle use and give rise to novel muscle functions. The two extant turtle lineages, cryptodires and pleurodires, exhibit differences in hindlimb structure. Cryptodires possess the ancestral musculoskeletal morphology, with most hip muscles originating on the pelvic girdle, which is not fused...

Data from: A bridge between oceans: Overland migration of marine birds in a wind energy corridor

Juliet S. Lamb, David J. Newstead, Lianne M. Koczur, Bart M. Ballard, M. Clay Green, Patrick G.R. Jodice & Patrick G. R. Jodice
Located at the shortest overland route between the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean, Mexico's Tehuantepec Isthmus is a globally important migratory corridor for many terrestrial bird species. The Pacific coast of the Isthmus also contains a significant wetland complex that supports large multi-species aggregations of non-breeding waterbirds during the boreal winter. In recent years, extensive wind energy development has occurred in the plains bordering these wetlands, directly along the migratory flyway. Using recent...

Data from: Recurrent sublethal warming reduces embryonic survival, inhibits juvenile growth, and alters species distribution projections under climate change

Michael A. Carlo, Eric A. Riddell, Ofir Levy & Michael W. Sears
The capacity to tolerate climate change often varies across ontogeny in organisms with complex life cycles. Recently developed species distribution models incorporate traits across life stages; however, these life-cycle models primarily evaluate effects of lethal change. Here, we examine impacts of recurrent sublethal warming on development and survival in ecological projections of climate change. We reared lizard embryos in the laboratory under temperature cycles that simulated contemporary conditions and warming scenarios. We also artificially warmed...

Registration Year

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