15 Works

Complex genetic patterns and distribution limits mediated by native congeners of the worldwide invasive red‐eared slider turtle

Sayra Espindola, Ella Vázquez-Domínguez, Miguel Nakamura, Luis Osorio-Olvera, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Edward Myers, Isaac Overcast, Brendan Reid & Frank Burbrink
Non-native (invasive) species offer a unique opportunity to study the geographic distribution and range limits of species, wherein the evolutionary change driven by interspecific interactions between native and non-native closely related species is a key component. The red-eared slider turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans (TSE), has been introduced and successfully established worldwide. It can coexist with its native congeners T. cataspila, T. venusta and T. taylori in Mexico. We performed comprehensive fieldwork, executed a battery of...

The effect of locomotion mode on body shape evolution in teleost fishes

Sarah T. Friedman, Samantha A. Price & Peter C. Wainwright
Teleost fishes vary in their reliance on median and paired fins (MPF) or undulation of the body (BCF) to generate thrust during straight-line, steady swimming. Previous work indicates that swimming mode is associated with different body shapes, though this has never been empirically demonstrated across the diversity of fishes. As the body does not play as active a mechanical role in steady swimming by MPF swimmers, this may relax constraints and spur higher rates of...

Data from: The rise of biting during the cenozoic fueled reef fish body shape diversification

Katherine Corn, Sarah Friedman, Edward Burress, Christopher Martinez, Olivier Larouche, Samantha Price & Peter Wainwright
Diversity of feeding mechanisms is a hallmark of reef fishes, but the history of this variation is not fully understood. Here, we explore the emergence and proliferation of a biting mode of feeding, which enables fishes to feed on attached benthic prey. We find that feeding modes other than suction, including biting, ram biting, and an intermediate group that uses both biting and suction, were nearly absent among the lineages of teleost fishes inhabiting reefs...

Cape ground squirrel site comparison dataset

Mary Manjerovic, Eric Hoffman, Christopher Parkinson & Jane Waterman
Male mating strategies respond to female availability such that variation in resources that affect spatial distribution can also alter cost-benefit tradeoffs within a population. In arid-adapted species, rainfall alters reproduction, behavior, morphology, and population density such that populations differing in resource availability may also differ in successful reproductive strategies. Here we compare two populations of Cape ground squirrels (Xerus inauris), a sub-Saharan species with year-round breeding and intense mating competition. Unlike most mammals where males...

Dataset for Raman enhanced four-wave mixing in silicon core fibers

Shiyu Sun, Meng Huang, Dong Wu, Li Shen, Haonan Ren, Thomas Hawkins, John Ballato, Ursula J. Gibson, Goran Mashanovich & Anna Peacock
This dataset supports the publication "Raman enhanced four-wave mixing in silicon core fibers" published in Optics Letters, including four Excel files and a Readme.txt.

FishShapes v1: functionally relevant measurements of teleost shape and size on three dimensions

Samantha Price, Sarah Friedman, Katherine Corn, Olivier Larouche, Kasey Brockelsby, Anna Lee, Nick Bertrand, Mailee Danao, Megan Coyne, John Estrada, Rachel Friedman, Evan Hoeft, Mikayla Iwan, Dominique Gross, Jo Hsuan Kao, Brian Landry, Monica Linares, Carley McGlinn, Jennifer Nguyen, Allison Proffitt, Sierra Rodriguez, Maxwell Rupp, Erin Shen, Victoria Susman, Angelly Tovar … & Peter Wainwright
Teleost fishes account for 96% of all fish species and exhibit a spectacular variety of body forms. Teleost lineages range from deep-bodied to elongate (e.g. eels, needlefish), laterally compressed (e.g. ribbonfish) to globular (e.g. pufferfish) and include uniquely shaped lineages such as seahorses, flatfishes and ocean sunfishes. Adaptive body shape convergence within fishes has long been hypothesized but the nature of the relationships between fish form and ecological and environmental variables remain largely unknown at...

SNP genotypes for healthy and CIM-affected GSDs

Leigh Anne Clark, Sarah Bell, Jacquelyn Evans, Katy Evans, Kate Tsai, Rooksana Noorai, Thomas Famula & Dolores Holle
German shepherd dogs (GSDs) are predisposed to an inherited motility disorder of the esophagus, termed congenital idiopathic megaesophagus (CIM), in which swallowing is ineffective and the esophagus is enlarged. Affected puppies are unable to properly pass food into their stomachs and consequently regurgitate their meals and show a failure to thrive, often leading to euthanasia. Here, we generated genome-wide SNP profiles for healthy and CIM-affected GSDs using the Illumina CanineHD BeadChip, containing 220,853 SNPs.

Divergent processes drive parallel evolution in marine and freshwater fishes

Sarah Friedman, Mike Collyer, Samantha Price & Peter Wainwright
Evolutionary comparisons between major environmental divides, such as between marine and freshwater systems, can reveal the fundamental processes governing diversification dynamics. Although processes may differ due to the different scales of their biogeographic barriers, freshwater and marine environments nevertheless offer similar opportunities for diversification in benthic, demersal, and pelagic habitats. Here, we compare the evolutionary patterns and processes shaping teleost diversity in each of these three habitats and between marine and freshwater systems. Using specimens...

Data from: Coyote diet in North America: geographic and ecological patterns during range expansion

Alex Jensen, Courtney Marneweck, John Kilgo & David Jachowski
This dataset was used to review and analyze coyote diets across North America in "Coyote diets in North America: geographic and ecological patterns during range expansion" by Jensen et al. in Mammal Review. We only include data from studies that reported data as percent frequency of occurrence and from multiple seasons. We ultimately used 93 of the included studies (294 seasonal records) in our analyses.

Resolving higher-level phylogenetic networks with repeated hybridization in a complex of polytypic salamanders (Plethodontidae: Desmognathus)

Robert Pyron, Kyle O'Connell, Hector Banos, Edward Myers & David Beamer
Repeated hybridization between newly forming lineages is a common feature of ecological speciation and ecomorphological diversification. However, computational constraints currently limit our ability to reconstruct network radiations from gene-tree data. Available methods are limited to level-1 networks wherein reticulations do not share edges, and higher-level networks may be non-identifiable in many cases. We present a heuristic method for recovering information from higher-level networks across a range of potentially identifiable empirical scenarios, supported by a theorem...

Shade and Fertilizer Affects Yield and Quality in a Clonal Plantation of Yaupon Holly

Jeffrey Adelberg, Cory Tanner, Rabia El-hawaz & Nishanth Tharayil
Yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria Ait.) is the only native American source of caffeinated tea and the small amounts of tea product that is available is currently wild-collected from diverse populations. A clonal field plantation of yaupon was grown under shading and fertilizer treatments and harvested three times in one season to observe changes in yield and phytochemistry. The June and September harvest produced more mass than the July harvest for all treatments. Shading and fertility...

Data from: Corn stover removal responses on soil test P and K levels in Coastal Plain Ultisols

Jeffrey Novak, James Frederick, Donald Watts, Thomas Ducey & Douglas Karlen
This is digital research data corresponding to a published manuscript, Corn stover removal responses on soil test P and K levels in Coastal Plain Ultisols, in Sustainability. 2021. 13:4401. Corn (Zea mays L.) stover is used as a biofuel feedstock in the U.S. Selection of stover harvest rates for soils is problematic, however, because excessive stover removal may have consequences on plant available phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) concentrations. Our objective was to quantify stover...

Litter decomposition and nutrient release from monospecific and mixed litters: comparisons of litter quality, fauna and decomposition sites effects

Kai Yang, Jiaojun Zhu, Weiwei Zhang, Qian Zhang, Deliang Lu, Yakun Zhang, Xiao Zheng, Shuang Xu & G. Geoff Wang
Litter decomposition and nutrient release are key processes for soil C and nutrient cycling. However, the relative importance of the effects of litter quality, fauna and decomposition sites on litter decomposition remains poorly understood. Moreover, the macronutrient and micronutrient (C, N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Cu and Zn) release in the decomposition process are even less well-known. In this study, we performed 5040 litterbag samplings of monospecific (Larix gmelinii, Acer mono, Quercus mongolica, and...

Transcript- and annotation-guided genome assembly of the European starling

Katarina Stuart, Richard Edwards, Yuanyuan Cheng, Wes Warren, Dave Burt, William Sherwin, Natalie Hofmeister, Scott Werner, Gregory Ball, Melissa Bateson, Matthew Brandley, Katherine Buchanan, Phillip Cassey, David Clayton, Tim De Meyer, Simone Meddle & Lee Rollins
The European starling, Sturnus vulgaris, is an ecologically significant, globally invasive avian species that is also suffering from a major decline in its native range. Here, we present the genome assembly and long-read transcriptome of an Australian-sourced European starling (S. vulgaris vAU), and a second North American genome (S. vulgaris vNA), as complementary reference genomes for population genetic and evolutionary characterisation. S. vulgaris vAU combined 10x Genomics linked-reads, low-coverage Nanopore sequencing, and PacBio Iso-Seq full-length...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Journal Article
  • Output Management Plan


  • Clemson University
  • University of California, Davis
  • United States Department of Agriculture
  • Agricultural Research Service
  • University of Adelaide
  • Rice University
  • Ghent University
  • University of Queensland
  • George Washington University
  • Dalhousie University