51 Works

Stability of elemental content correlates with plant resistance to soil impoverishment

Ruzhen Wang, Linyou Lü, Yanzhuo Cao, Jordi Sardans, Heyong Liu, Yuge Zhang, Josep Peñuelas, Feike Dijkstra & Yong Jiang
Aims We investigated whether plant resistance to soil impoverishment would depend on their flexibility in taking up nutrients and on maintaining elemental stoichiometry. Methods We mixed sand with grassland soil in mass proportions of 0, 10, 30, 50 and 70% to simulate soil impoverishment as caused by a gradient of desertification intensity and examined how plant nitrogen (N) uptake (15NH4NO3 and NH415NO3 labelling) and nutrient stoichiometry were associated with plant growth responses of a sedge...

Fire Safety Engineering: Comparison of FSE Guidance Documents and Assessment Criteria Special Report

Ashley Brinson, Peter Johnson, Stephen Kip, Jose Torero, David Lange & Tobias Salomonsson
The Comparison of FSE Guidance Documents and Assessment Criteria Report provides a review of four guidance documents for fire safety engineering to determine their suitability for use in Australia. A commissioned research report for the Australian Building Codes Board

Fire Safety Engineering: The Final Report 8 of 8

Peter Johnson, David Lange, Jose Torero, Ashley Brinson & Marianne Foley
The Final Report develops a pragmatic plan on a transition from the current state of fire safety engineering and design in Australia, which differs across states and territories in relation to regulation, registration, and other practice controls, to the required regulatory, education, accreditation and registration state which will ensure a full and proper profession for fire safety engineers.

The hidden army: coralivorous Crown of Thorns seastars can spend years as herbivorous juveniles

Dione Deaker, Antonio Agüera, Huang-An Lin, Corinne Lawson, Claire Budden, Symon Dworjanyn, Benjamin Moss & Maria Byrne
Crown of Thorns seastar (COTS) outbreaks are a major threat to coral reefs. Although the herbivorous juveniles and their switch to corallivory are key to seeding outbreaks, they remain a black box in our understanding of COTS. We investigated the impact of a delay in diet transition due to coral scarcity in cohorts reared on coralline algae for 10 months and 6.5 yrs before being offered coral. Both cohorts achieved an asymptotic size (16–18 mm...

Colonization history affects heating rates of invasive cane toads

Gregory P. Brown, Richard Shine & Georgia Kosmala
Amphibians in hot climates may be able to avoid high temperatures by controlling their rates of heating. In northern Australia, invasive cane toads (Rhinella marina) experience hot dry conditions in newly-colonized (western) sites but milder conditions in longer-occupied (eastern) sites. Under standardized conditions, toads from western sites heated less rapidly than did conspecifics from an eastern site. The availability of free water slowed heating rates of eastern but not western toads. Thus, the colonization of...

Data for: Angels in disguise: Sympatric hybridization in the marine angelfishes is widespread and occurs between deeply divergent lineages

Yi-Kai Tea, Jean-Paul Hobbs, Federico Vitelli, Joseph DiBattista, Simon Ho & Nathan Lo
Hybridization is not uncommon in marine environments where physical barriers are attenuated. Research conducted on hybridization in coral reefs has grown rapidly, but the majority of studies have focused on parapatric species along biogeographical suture zones. Comparatively little attention has been directed towards sympatric hybridization on coral reefs, despite the large amount of biogeographical overlap that occurs among coral reef species. Here we investigate if the propensity for hybridization along suture zones represents a general...

Data from: Amelioration of ocean acidification and warming effects through physiological buffering of a macroalgae

Steve Doo, Aero Leplastrier, Alexia Graba-Landry, Januar Harianto, Ross Coleman & Maria Byrne
Concurrent anthropogenic global climate change and ocean acidification is expected to have a negative impact on calcifying marine organisms. While knowledge of biological responses of organisms to oceanic stress has emerged from single species experiments, these do not capture ecologically relevant scenarios where the potential for multi-organism physiological interactions is assessed. Marine algae provide an interesting case study, as their photosynthetic activity elevates pH in the surrounding microenvironment, potentially buffering more acidic conditions for associated...

Missionaries on a Pilgrimage, or Pilgrims on a Mission? Elements of Pilgrimage in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Missionary Experience

Elisha McIntyre & Daniel H. Olsen
The purpose of this paper is to consider the ways in which proselytizing missions by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints are pilgrimage-like. After outlining the historical and theological background behind the Church’s missionary efforts and discuss how this missionary work is organized both practically and social, the similarities between Church missions and religious pilgrimage are compared based on six themes: journeying and the sacred, liminality, communitas, hardships, status, and change...

Feasibility assessment of Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) deployment with Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) co-combustion at New South Wales (NSW) coal power plants

Gustavo Fimbres Weihs, Minh Ho, Dianne Wiley, Rameen Hayat Malik, Joseph Jones, Ali Abbas, Jake Zhai, Wahyu Meka & Paul Fennell
Burning coal to produce electricity is one of the main contributors of carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. This study aims to find out if it is practical and cost-effective to reduce those emissions in NSW by burning waste materials along with the coal, separating the carbon dioxide from the rest of the combustion gases and storing the carbon dioxide deep underground Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), or rubbish, is a combination of many different materials,...

Phenotypic analysis of the unstimulated in vivo HIV CD4 T cell reservoir

Jason Neidleman, Xiaoyu Luo, Julie Frouard, Guorui Xie, Feng Hsiao, Tongcui Ma, Vincent Morcilla, Ashley Lee, Sushama Telwatte, Reuben Thomas, Whitney Tamaki, Benjamin Wheeler, Rebecca Hoh, Ma Somsouk, Poonam Vohra, Jeffrey Milush, Katherine Sholtis James, Nancie Archin, Peter Hunt, Steven Deeks, Steven Yukl, Sarah Palmer, Warner Greene & Nadia Roan
The latent reservoir is a main barrier for curing HIV. But because latently-infected cells cannot be phenotyped directly, the features of the in vivo reservoir have remained elusive. Here, we describe a method that leverages high-dimensional phenotyping using CyTOF to trace latently-infected cells reactivated ex vivo to their original pre-activation states. Our results suggest that contrary to common assumptions, the reservoir is not randomly distributed among cell subsets, and is remarkably conserved between individuals. However,...

Female Ex-Offenders, Discrimination and Work: The Role of the Success Works Initiative

Diane van den Broek, Prudence Black & Eleni Psillakis
THIS REPORT PROVIDES A BRIEF COMMENTARY ON FEMALE EX-OFFENDERS AND THE ISSUES THEY FACE REGARDING EMPLOYABILITY AND DISCRIMINATION IN AUSTRALIA AND OVERSEAS. It presents research on the unique initiative Success Works, a program aimed at securing labour market opportunities for women affected by the criminal justice system, either who are currently in prison or already in the community. The Success Works program (SWP) is an innovative pilot initiative of Dress for Success Sydney (DfSS). The...

Supplementary data 2: Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy

Kirsten McCaffery, Rachael Dodd, Erin Cvejic, Julie Ayre, Carys Batcup, Jennifer Isautier, Tessa Copp, Carissa Bonner, Kristen Pickles, Brooke Nickel, Thomas Dakin, Samuel Cornell & Michael S Wolf
Supplementary data for Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy. Table S1. Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours related to COVID-19 in full analysis sample.

Country to country extinction-risk footprint data

Amanda Irwin
This file provides detailed information on the flow of territorial extinction-risk footprint (in the rows) to consumption extinction-risk footprint (in the columns) for 189 countries globally

Fire Safety Engineering: Regulation, Control and Accreditation Report 1 of 8

Stephen Kip, Michael Wynn-Jones, Peter Johnson & Ashley Brinson
The Regulation, Control and Accreditation Report examines the current requirements or controls over practitioners employed or engaged in the building industry in the practice of fire safety engineering

Data from: Cold and hungry: combined effects of low temperature and resource scarcity on an edge-of-range temperate primate, the golden snub-nose monkey

Rong Hou, Colin A. Chapman, Ollie Jay, Songtao Guo, Baoguo Li & David Raubenheimer
Both biotic and abiotic factors play important roles in influencing ecological distributions and niche limits. Where biotic and abiotic stressors co-occur in space and time, homeostatic systems face a different category of challenge in which stressors compound to impose a challenge that is greater than the sum of the separate factors. We studied the homeostatic strategies of the golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana), a species living in temperate deciduous forests at the edge of the...

Data from: Upgrades of coastal protection infrastructure affect benthic communities

Lea Mamo, Augustine Porter, Alejandro Tagliafico, Melinda Coleman, Stephen Smith, Will Figueira & Brendan Kelaher
Sea level rise, storm surges, aging and wear are forcing upgrades to breakwaters and seawalls to protect coastal areas from erosion and inundation. Such upgrades involve the introduction of new material which may consequently act as an ecological disturbance that can alter established marine communities and ecosystem function. Mitigating ecological impacts requires an understanding of how species assemblages are affected by such works. Here, we use the major upgrade of a regularly wave-overtopped breakwater as...

Firstborn sex defines early childhood growth of subsequent siblings

Anthony Liu, Samuel Schafer, Ralph Nanan, Felicia Sundling & David Raubenheimer
Animal studies have shown that maternal resource allocation can be sex-biased in order to maximize reproductive success, yet this basic concept has not been investigated in humans. In this study we explored the relationships between maternal factors, offspring sex and prenatal and postnatal weight gain. Sex-specific regression models not only indicated that maternal ethnicity impacted male (n = 2456) and female (n = 1871) childrens’ postnatal weight gain differently but also that parity and mode...

Producing Accessible Books in Australia: A Snapshot

Agata Mrva-Montoya
This exploratory study of Australian alternative format providers involved in the retroactive conversion of print into accessible formats seeks to better understand the issues affecting the remediation practices used in the production of accessible content. The key aim of the study is to identify the key challenges that the producers encounter, facilitate better communication with publishers and access to appropriate files for conversion, and improve the delivery of print conversion services so that people with...

Data from: The global diversity and distribution of lizard clutch sizes

Shai Meiri, Luciano Avila, Aaron Bauer, David Chapple, Indraneil Das, Tiffany Doan, Paul Doughty, Ryan Ellis, Lee Grismer, Fred Kraus, Mariana Morando, Paul Oliver, Daniel Pincheira-Donoso, Marco-Antonio Ribeiro-Junior, Glenn Shea, Omar Torres-Carvajal, Alex Slavenko & Uri Roll
Aim. Clutch size is a key life-history trait. In lizards, it ranges over two orders of magnitude. The global drivers of spatial and phylogenetic variation in clutch have been extensively studied in birds, but such tests in other organisms are lacking. To test the generality of latitudinal gradients in clutch size, and their putative drivers, we present the first global-scale analysis of clutch sizes across of lizard taxa. Location, Global Time period. Recent Major taxa...

Characterising biogeochemical fluctuations in a world of extremes

Kennedy Wolfe & Maria Byrne
Coastal and intertidal habitats are at the forefront of anthropogenic influence and environmental change. The species occupying these habitats are adapted to a world of extremes, which may render them robust to the changing climate or more vulnerable if they are at their physiological limits. We characterised the diurnal, seasonal and interannual patterns of flux in biogeochemistry across an intertidal gradient on a temperate sandstone platform in eastern Australia over six years (2009–2015) and present...

To clean or not to clean: cleaning mutualism breakdown in a tidal environment

Katie Dunkley, Ashley Ward, Sarah Perkins & Jo Cable
The dynamics and prevalence of mutualistic interactions, which are responsible for the maintenance and structuring of all ecological communities, are vulnerable to changes in abiotic and biotic environmental conditions. Mutualistic outcomes can quickly shift from cooperation to conflict, but it unclear how resilient and stable mutualistic outcomes are to more variable conditions. Tidally controlled coral atoll lagoons that experience extreme diurnal environmental shifts thus provide a model from which to test plasticity in mutualistic behavior...

Management of urban wetlands for conservation can reduce aquatic biodiversity and increase mosquito risk

Jayne Hanford, Cameron Webb & Dieter Hochuli
1. Global wetland loss means constructed urban wetlands are an increasingly valuable resource for conservation. However, priorities for managing urban wetlands for conservation are often seen to conflict with management to reduce potential mosquito risks. Understanding the ecological and public health consequences of wetland management practices is vital to maximise the conservation value of urban wetlands without negatively impacting public health, however are often untested. 2. We conducted a landscape-scale experiment to test the ecological...

Efficient learning of quantum noise

Robin Harper, Steven Flammia & Joel Wallman
Noise is the central obstacle to building large-scale quantum computers. Quantum systems with sufficiently uncorrelated and weak noise could be used to solve computational problems that are intractable with current digital computers. There has been substantial progress towards engineering such systems. However, continued progress depends on the ability to characterize quantum noise reliably and efficiently with high precision. Here we introduce a protocol that comprehensively and efficiently characterizes the error rates of quantum noise and...

Concordance to link IUCN Red List Threats to CPC economic sectors

Amanda Irwin
This concordance was used to connect IUCN Red List Threat data to economic sectors, classified according to the UN Statistics Division's Central Product Classification.

Ocean acidification induces distinct transcriptomic responses across life history stages of the sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma

Hannah Devens, Phillip Davidson, Dione Deaker, Kathryn Smith, Maria Byrne & Gregory Wray
Ocean acidification (OA) from seawater uptake of rising carbon dioxide emissions impairs development in marine invertebrates, particularly in calcifying species. Plasticity in gene expression is thought to mediate many of these physiological effects, but how these responses change across life history stages remains unclear. The abbreviated lecithotrophic development of the sea urchin Heliocidaris erythrogramma provides a valuable opportunity to analyze gene expression responses across a wide range of life history stages, including the benthic, post-metamorphic...

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Text


  • University of Sydney
  • University of Queensland
  • Northwestern University
  • Macquarie University
  • Southern Cross University
  • George Washington University
  • Northwest University
  • Institute of Applied Ecology
  • Monash University
  • University College London