51 Works

Kangaroos display gazing and gaze alternations during an unsolvable problem task

Alan McElligott, Kristine O’Keeffe & Alexandra Green
Domestication is generally assumed to have resulted in enhanced communication abilities between non-primate mammals and humans, although the number of species studied is very limited (e.g. cats, Felis catus; dogs, Canis familiaris; wolves, Canis lupus; goats, Capra hircus; horses, Equus caballus). In species without hands for pointing, gazing at humans when dealing with inaccessible food during an unsolvable task, and in particular gaze alternations between a human and the unsolvable task (considered forms of showing),...

Efficient learning of quantum noise

Robin Harper, Steven Flammia & Joel Wallman
Noise is the central obstacle to building large-scale quantum computers. Quantum systems with sufficiently uncorrelated and weak noise could be used to solve computational problems that are intractable with current digital computers. There has been substantial progress towards engineering such systems. However, continued progress depends on the ability to characterize quantum noise reliably and efficiently with high precision. Here we introduce a protocol that comprehensively and efficiently characterizes the error rates of quantum noise and...

Inclusive Publishing in Australia: A Preliminary Report

Mrva-Montoya Agata
Despite the developments in digital technologies, people with a print disability such as blindness or low vision have limited access to reading material in accessible formats. This “global book famine” affects their opportunities for learning, participating in the social and economic life of society, and leading a balanced life. With limited research in this area, and poor understanding and collaboration among alternative content producers and publishers, a potential opportunity exists to transform the creation and...

Supplementary data 1: Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy

Kirsten McCaffery, Rachael Dodd, Erin Cvejic, Julie Ayre, Carys Batcup, Jennifer Isautier, Tessa Copp, Carissa Bonner, Kristen Pickles, Brooke Nickel, Thomas Dakin, Samuel Cornell & Michael S Wolf
Supplementary data for Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy. Box 1. Survey Items and Scoring Scale

Mixing genetically differentiated populations successfully boosts diversity of an endangered carnivore

Elspeth A. McLennan, Catherine E. Grueber, Phil Wise, Katherine Belov & Carolyn J. Hogg
Biodiversity decline and genetic erosion are among the most challenging conservation issues. Genetic admixture, the mixing of two or more genetically differentiated populations, can increase genetic diversity of admixed individuals. However, genetic admixture for conservation purposes is rare due to concerns over outbreeding depression, loss of local adaptations and scepticism regarding the benefits of mixing populations. We used an introduced population of Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) descended from two genetically differentiated source populations to illustrate...

Claims Submitted to the Multilateral Development Bank Accountability Mechanisms – 1994-2020

Susan Park
The dataset represents a summary depiction of grievance cases brought to the Accountability Mechanisms (AMs) of the six Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) from 1994 to 2018: The Asian Development Bank, the African Development Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the World Bank (IBRD/IDA) and the World Bank Group (IFC and MIGA). These Accountability Mechanisms were created to enable people adversely or potentially adversely affected by a project or program...

Effects of nutrient limitation on the synthesis of N-rich phytoplankton toxins: a meta-analysis

Karen Brandenburg, Laura Siebers, Joost Keuskamp, Thomas Jephcott & Dedmer Van De Waal
Eutrophication has played a major role in the worldwide increase of harmful algal blooms (HABs). Higher input of key nutrients, such as nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), can stimulate the growth of harmful algal species in freshwater, estuarine, and coastal marine ecosystems. Some HAB-forming taxa, particularly several cyanobacteria and dinoflagellate species, are harmful through the production of N-rich toxins that have detrimental effects on the environment and human health. Here, we test how changes in...

Prey-switching does not protect a generalist turtle from bioenergetic consequences when its preferred food is scarce

James Van Dyke, Kristen Petrov, Ricky-John Spencer, Natasha Malkiewicz, Jessica Lewis & Claudia Keitel
Background: Optimal foraging theory explains how animals make foraging decisions based on the availability, nutritional content, and handling times of different food types. Generalists solve this problem by consuming a variety of food types, and switch between them with relative ease. Specialists eat few food types, and may starve if those food types are not available. We integrated stable isotope analyses with previously-published stomach contents and environmental data to investigate how the foraging ecologies of...

In the Mind of Innovators. Understanding Key Cognitions Driving Novelty

Carlos Vazquez Hernandez
The document shows an initial exploration of the key cognitions experienced by innovators. Cognitions are understood as the different mental activities humans perform to process information to acquire knowledge. Presented herein is a set of mental activities that innovators experience while innovating.

Using genomics to optimise and evaluate the performance of underwater forest restoration

Georgina Wood, Ezequiel M. Marzinelli, Adriana Verges, Alexandra Campbell, Peter Steinberg & Melinda Coleman
1. Restoration is an emerging intervention to reverse the degradation and loss of marine habitat-formers and the ecosystem services they underpin. Current best practice seeks to restore populations by transplanting donor individuals chosen to replicate genetic diversity and structure of extant, nearby populations. However, genetic characteristics are rarely empirically examined across generations, despite their potential role in influencing restoration success. 2. We used genomics to design a restoration program for lost underwater forests of Phyllospora...

Self-compatible blueberry cultivars require fewer floral visits to maximise fruit production than a partially self-incompatible cultivar

Liam K. Kendall, Vesna Gagic, Lisa Evans, Brian Cutting, Jessica Scalzo, Yolanda Hanusch, Jeremy Jones, Maurizio Rocchetti, Carolyn Sonter, Matthew Keir & Romina Rader
Effective pollination is a complex phenomenon determined by the outcome of the interaction between pollen transfer and a plants’ pollinator dependency, yet most studies investigate pollinator effectiveness without consideration of plant mating system differences. We investigated pollinator effectiveness in three types of blueberry that differed in their degree of pollinator dependency as measured by plant mating system: two self-compatible highbush cultivars and one partially self-incompatible rabbiteye cultivar. We quantified pollinator effectiveness as a function of...

Data from: Development and validation of a RAD-Seq target-capture based genotyping assay for routine application in advanced black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) breeding programs

Jarrod L. Guppy, David B. Jones, Shannon R. Kjeldsen, Agnes Le Port, Mehar S. Khatkar, Nicholas M. Wade, Melony J. Sellars, Eike J. Steinig, Herman W. Raadsma, Dean R. Jerry & Kyall R. Zenger
Background The development of genome-wide genotyping resources has provided terrestrial livestock and crop industries with the unique ability to accurately assess genomic relationships between individuals, uncover the genetic architecture of commercial traits, as well as identify superior individuals for selection based on their specific genetic profile. Utilising recent advancements in de-novo genome-wide genotyping technologies, it is now possible to provide aquaculture industries with these same important genotyping resources, even in the absence of existing genome...

Data from: Field trials of chemical suppression of embryonic cane toads (Rhinella marina) by older conspecifics

Samantha McCann, Michael Crossland, Matthew Greenlees & Richard Shine
1. Laboratory experiments have shown that the viability of embryos of the invasive cane toad (Rhinella marina) can be reduced by exposure to chemical cues from older conspecific larvae. These effects (very strong in laboratory trials) may offer an exciting new approach to controlling this problematic invasive species in Australia. However, the degree to which the method works in natural environments has yet to be assessed. 2. Our experiments in the laboratory and in semi-natural...

Rural and metro free-text raw data from the DaPPHne study

Jo Longman & Megan Passey

Data from: Cold and hungry: combined effects of low temperature and resource scarcity on an edge-of-range temperate primate, the golden snub-nose monkey

Rong Hou, Colin A. Chapman, Ollie Jay, Songtao Guo, Baoguo Li & David Raubenheimer
Both biotic and abiotic factors play important roles in influencing ecological distributions and niche limits. Where biotic and abiotic stressors co-occur in space and time, homeostatic systems face a different category of challenge in which stressors compound to impose a challenge that is greater than the sum of the separate factors. We studied the homeostatic strategies of the golden snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus roxellana), a species living in temperate deciduous forests at the edge of the...

Data from: Upgrades of coastal protection infrastructure affect benthic communities

Lea Mamo, Augustine Porter, Alejandro Tagliafico, Melinda Coleman, Stephen Smith, Will Figueira & Brendan Kelaher
Sea level rise, storm surges, aging and wear are forcing upgrades to breakwaters and seawalls to protect coastal areas from erosion and inundation. Such upgrades involve the introduction of new material which may consequently act as an ecological disturbance that can alter established marine communities and ecosystem function. Mitigating ecological impacts requires an understanding of how species assemblages are affected by such works. Here, we use the major upgrade of a regularly wave-overtopped breakwater as...

Missionaries on a Pilgrimage, or Pilgrims on a Mission? Elements of Pilgrimage in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Missionary Experience

Elisha McIntyre & Daniel H. Olsen
The purpose of this paper is to consider the ways in which proselytizing missions by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints are pilgrimage-like. After outlining the historical and theological background behind the Church’s missionary efforts and discuss how this missionary work is organized both practically and social, the similarities between Church missions and religious pilgrimage are compared based on six themes: journeying and the sacred, liminality, communitas, hardships, status, and change...

Data from: The global diversity and distribution of lizard clutch sizes

Shai Meiri, Luciano Avila, Aaron Bauer, David Chapple, Indraneil Das, Tiffany Doan, Paul Doughty, Ryan Ellis, Lee Grismer, Fred Kraus, Mariana Morando, Paul Oliver, Daniel Pincheira-Donoso, Marco-Antonio Ribeiro-Junior, Glenn Shea, Omar Torres-Carvajal, Alex Slavenko & Uri Roll
Aim. Clutch size is a key life-history trait. In lizards, it ranges over two orders of magnitude. The global drivers of spatial and phylogenetic variation in clutch have been extensively studied in birds, but such tests in other organisms are lacking. To test the generality of latitudinal gradients in clutch size, and their putative drivers, we present the first global-scale analysis of clutch sizes across of lizard taxa. Location, Global Time period. Recent Major taxa...

Fire Safety Engineering: Regulation, Control and Accreditation Report 1 of 8

Stephen Kip, Michael Wynn-Jones, Peter Johnson & Ashley Brinson
The Regulation, Control and Accreditation Report examines the current requirements or controls over practitioners employed or engaged in the building industry in the practice of fire safety engineering

Feasibility assessment of Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) deployment with Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) co-combustion at New South Wales (NSW) coal power plants

Gustavo Fimbres Weihs, Minh Ho, Dianne Wiley, Rameen Hayat Malik, Joseph Jones, Ali Abbas, Jake Zhai, Wahyu Meka & Paul Fennell
Burning coal to produce electricity is one of the main contributors of carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. This study aims to find out if it is practical and cost-effective to reduce those emissions in NSW by burning waste materials along with the coal, separating the carbon dioxide from the rest of the combustion gases and storing the carbon dioxide deep underground Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), or rubbish, is a combination of many different materials,...

Country to country extinction-risk footprint data

Amanda Irwin
This file provides detailed information on the flow of territorial extinction-risk footprint (in the rows) to consumption extinction-risk footprint (in the columns) for 189 countries globally

Supplementary data 2: Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy

Kirsten McCaffery, Rachael Dodd, Erin Cvejic, Julie Ayre, Carys Batcup, Jennifer Isautier, Tessa Copp, Carissa Bonner, Kristen Pickles, Brooke Nickel, Thomas Dakin, Samuel Cornell & Michael S Wolf
Supplementary data for Disparities in COVID-19 related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours by health literacy. Table S1. Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours related to COVID-19 in full analysis sample.

Phenotypic analysis of the unstimulated in vivo HIV CD4 T cell reservoir

Jason Neidleman, Xiaoyu Luo, Julie Frouard, Guorui Xie, Feng Hsiao, Tongcui Ma, Vincent Morcilla, Ashley Lee, Sushama Telwatte, Reuben Thomas, Whitney Tamaki, Benjamin Wheeler, Rebecca Hoh, Ma Somsouk, Poonam Vohra, Jeffrey Milush, Katherine Sholtis James, Nancie Archin, Peter Hunt, Steven Deeks, Steven Yukl, Sarah Palmer, Warner Greene & Nadia Roan
The latent reservoir is a main barrier for curing HIV. But because latently-infected cells cannot be phenotyped directly, the features of the in vivo reservoir have remained elusive. Here, we describe a method that leverages high-dimensional phenotyping using CyTOF to trace latently-infected cells reactivated ex vivo to their original pre-activation states. Our results suggest that contrary to common assumptions, the reservoir is not randomly distributed among cell subsets, and is remarkably conserved between individuals. However,...

Female Ex-Offenders, Discrimination and Work: The Role of the Success Works Initiative

Diane van den Broek, Prudence Black & Eleni Psillakis
THIS REPORT PROVIDES A BRIEF COMMENTARY ON FEMALE EX-OFFENDERS AND THE ISSUES THEY FACE REGARDING EMPLOYABILITY AND DISCRIMINATION IN AUSTRALIA AND OVERSEAS. It presents research on the unique initiative Success Works, a program aimed at securing labour market opportunities for women affected by the criminal justice system, either who are currently in prison or already in the community. The Success Works program (SWP) is an innovative pilot initiative of Dress for Success Sydney (DfSS). The...

Producing Accessible Books in Australia: A Snapshot

Agata Mrva-Montoya
This exploratory study of Australian alternative format providers involved in the retroactive conversion of print into accessible formats seeks to better understand the issues affecting the remediation practices used in the production of accessible content. The key aim of the study is to identify the key challenges that the producers encounter, facilitate better communication with publishers and access to appropriate files for conversion, and improve the delivery of print conversion services so that people with...

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Text


  • University of Sydney
  • University of Queensland
  • Northwestern University
  • Macquarie University
  • Southern Cross University
  • George Washington University
  • Northwest University
  • Institute of Applied Ecology
  • Monash University
  • University College London