82 Works

Spatially exlicit capture histories for small mammals and predators in a Tasmanian forest system

Billie Lazenby, Nicholas Mooney & Christopher Dickman
The following data represents three years of capture-recapure records from individually marked co-occurring small mammals and predators from four spatially independent sites situated in cool temperate forests in southern Tasmania, Australia. Data for small mammals was collected for the swamp rat, Rattus lutreolus, and long-tailed mouse, Pseudomys higginsi, using Elliott small mammal live capture and release traps. Data for predators was collected for the Tasmanian devil, Sarcophilus harrisii, and feral cat, Felis catus, using remote...

Supplementary material for: Phylogenomic analysis of ultraconserved elements reveals the recent evolutionary radiation of the fairy wrasses (Teleostei: Labridae: Cirrhilabrus)

Yi-Kai Tea, Xin Xu, Joseph DiBattista, Nathan Lo, Peter Cowman & Simon Ho
The fairy wrasses (genus Cirrhilabrus) are among the most captivating and successful of the extant wrasse lineages (Teleostei: Labridae), with their 61 species accounting for nearly 10% of the family. Although species complexes within the genus have been diagnosed on the basis of coloration patterns and synapomorphies, attempts to resolve the evolutionary relationships using molecular and morphological data have largely been unsuccessful. Here we use a phylogenomic analysis of 991 ultraconserved elements (UCEs) and mitochondrial...

Exercise training has morph-specific effects on telomere, body condition and growth dynamics in a color-polymorphic lizard

Christopher Friesen, Wilson Wilson, Nicky Rollings, Joanna Sudyka, Mathieu Giraudeau, Camilla Whittington & Mats Olsson
Alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) are correlated suites of sexually selected traits that are likely to impose differential physiological costs on different individuals. While moderate activity might be beneficial, animals living in the wild often work at the margins of their resources and performance limits. Individuals using ARTs may have divergent capacities for activity. When pushed beyond their respective capacities, they may experience condition loss, oxidative stress, and molecular damage that must be repaired with limited...

Ningen – a video installation and oral history archive of Brazilian immigrants living in Japan and Japanese immigrants living in Brazil

Frederico Câmara

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cultural Protocols

2020 NRAUS Australia New Zealand Food Category Cost Dataset

Michelle Blumfield, Carlene Starck, Tim Keighley, Peter Petocz, Anna Roesler, Elif Inan-Eroglu, Tim Cassettari, Skye Marshall & Flavia Fayet-Moore
This Australian and New Zealand food category cost dataset was created to inform diet and economic modelling for low and medium socioeconomic households in Australia and New Zealand. The dataset was created according to the INFORMAS protocol, which details the methods to systematically and consistently collect and analyse information on the price of foods, meals and affordability of diets in different countries globally. Food categories were informed by the Food Standards Australian New Zealand (FSANZ)...

Towards Interspecies Sustainability: The Future for Thoroughbreds and Thoroughbred Racing

Iris Marie Bergmann
The international thoroughbred racing industry is increasingly vulnerable to public scrutiny due to its horse welfare record. At the same time, the industry is concerned about its sustainability. The interface of welfare and sustainability however offers little for the horses because of a disconnect between dominant conceptions of sustainability and the protection of animals arising from an anthropocentric orientation of most conceptualisations of sustainability. This study investigates the interface of animal protection and sustainability, a...

Fire Safety and Engineering: Technical Papers - Book 1

Vaughan Beck &

Nitrogen enrichment buffers phosphorus limitation by mobilizing mineral-bound soil phosphorus in grasslands

Ruzhen Wang, Junjie Yang, Heyong Liu, Jordi Sardans, Yunhai Zhang, Xiaobo Wang, Cunzheng Wei, Xiaotao Lü, Feike Dijkstra, Yong Jiang, Xingguo Han & Josep Peñuelas
Phosphorus (P) limitation is expected to increase due to nitrogen (N)-induced terrestrial eutrophication, although most soils contain large P pools immobilized in minerals (Pi) and organic matter (Po). Here we assessed whether transformations of these P pools can increase plant available pools alleviating P limitation under enhanced N availability. The mechanisms underlying these possible transformations were explored by combining results from a 10-year field N-addition experiment and a 3700-km transect covering wide ranges in soil...

Secondary predation constrains DNA-based diet reconstruction in two threatened shark species

Mark De Bruyn, Matteo Barbato, Joseph D. DiBattista & Matt K. Broadhurst
Increasing fishing effort, including bycatch and discard practices, are impacting marine biodiversity, particularly among slow-to-reproduce taxa such as elasmobranchs, and specifically sharks. While some fisheries involving sharks are sustainably managed, collateral mortalities continue, contributing towards > 35% of species being threatened with extinction. To effectively manage shark stocks, life-history information, including resource use and feeding ecologies is pivotal, especially among those species with wide-ranging distributions. Two cosmopolitan sharks bycaught off eastern Australia are the common...

Re-allocation of nitrogen and phosphorus from roots drives regrowth of grasses and sedges after defoliation under deficit irrigation and nitrogen enrichment

Ruzhen Wang, Tom Cresswell, Mathew Johansen, Jennifer Harrison, Yong Jiang, Claudia Keitel, Timothy Cavagnaro & Feike Dijkstra
1. Re-allocation of nutrients from roots to shoots is essential for plant regrowth in grasslands, particularly in nutrient-poor conditions. However, the response of root nutrient re-allocation to changes in nitrogen (N) and water availability remains largely unknown. 2. Using a novel 15N and 32P labelling technique, we quantified the contribution of N and phosphorus (P) to shoot regrowth from either root re-allocation or direct soil uptake for perennial grasses exposed to high-frequency deficit irrigation (HFDI)...

Mobilisation and physiotherapy intervention following hip fracture: snapshot survey across six countries from the Fragility Fracture Network Physiotherapy Group

Kate Purcell, Anne Tiedemann, Morten Tange Kristensen, Caitriona Cunningham, Vegar Hjermundrud, Patrocinio Ariza-Vega, Monica Perracini & Catherine Sherrington
Hip fracture guidelines recommend early mobilisation, multidisciplinary care, physiotherapy and fall prevention interventions. This study documents mobilisation practices and physiotherapy interventions provided post-hip fracture in six countries. Physiotherapists from orthopaedic wards in Denmark, Australia, Spain, Brazil, Norway and Ireland provided information regarding mobilisation and physiotherapy for 10 consecutive hip fracture patients (>60 years), between 2014 and 2018. Physiotherapists (n = 107) entered data on 426 patients. Two-thirds of patients (283, 66%) attempted standing 0-1 days...

Knowledge, skills and barriers to evidence-based practice and the impact of a flipped classroom training program for physical therapists: an observational study

Leora Harrison, David Wong, Alison R Harmer & Matthew Jennings
Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, skills and barriers to evidence-based practice and the impact of evidence-based practice training for physical therapy clinicians. Methods: Physical therapists from a health district in Sydney, Australia were invited to participate. The primary outcome was the Assessing Competency in Evidence-based Medicine scale (range 0-15; 15 is high knowledge and skill) to quantify knowledge and skills. The secondary outcomes were the four subscales of the BARRIERS scale (range 1-4; 4 is...

Bisulfite sequencing (RRBS-seq): CpG methylation reports for Australian invasive cane toads

Roshmi Rekha Sarma, Michael R Crossland, Harrison J.F Eyck, Jayna L DeVore, Richard J Edwards, Michael Cocomazzo, Jia Zhou, Gregory P Brown, Richard Shine & Lee Ann Rollins
In response to novel environments, invasive populations often evolve rapidly. Standing genetic variation is an important predictor of evolutionary response but epigenetic variation may also play a role. Here we use an iconic invader, the cane toad (Rhinella marina), to investigate how manipulating epigenetic status affects phenotypic traits. We collected wild toads from across Australia, bred them, and experimentally manipulated DNA methylation of the subsequent two generations (G1, G2) through exposure to the DNA methylation...

Antipredator responses towards cat fur in wild brown rats tested in a semi-natural environment

Miguel Bedoya-Perez, Anna Le, Iain McGregor & Mathew Crowther
Sensitivity to predator-related cues and performance of antipredator behaviors are universal among prey species. Rodents exhibit a diverse suite of antipredator behaviors that have been examined in both field and laboratory studies. However, the results from the laboratory have not always translated to the field. While laboratory studies consistently indicate strong fear-inducing effects of cat fur/skin odors, it is unclear whether this occurs in the field with wild rats. To address this issue, we tested...

Llara subsoil constraint prediction dataset

Patrick Filippi & Brett Whelan
This dataset holds covariate data that was used for predicting subsoil constraints across the University of Sydney farm "Llara", Narrabri, NSW Australia. It includes terrain attributes, gamma radiometrics from an aerial survey and the 5th and 50th centile Landsat NDVI calculated from a 20 year assessment.

Data from: Dingoes dining with death

Thomas Newsome & Emma Spencer
Dingoes (Canis dingo) are known for hunting and killing animals to meet their energetic requirements, but like almost all predators they also scavenge animal remains. To improve our understanding of dingo scavenging ecology, we investigated the role of abiotic and biotic factors in shaping carcass utilisation by dingoes and further determined whether dingo scavenging influenced carcass persistence in the landscape. To do so, we monitored visitation and scavenging by dingoes using remote cameras positioned on...

Student social isolation: Remedying causes and impact in large business schools

Celina McEwen
Social isolation is an issue for universities because most students experience various forms of isolation during their studies. This can be a more or less persistent feeling that impacts students’ wellbeing and/or their capacity to fulfil their study potential. Whether the causes are academic, environmental, socio-cultural or health-related, social isolation can be remedied at the point of crisis or as a preventative measure throughout students’ university life. This research report examines the literature on social...

SNP genotyping of North Head and northern Sydney Long-nosed bandicoots (Perameles nasuta)

Holly Nelson, Greta Frankham, Viyanna Leo, Jennifer Anson, Mark Eldridge & Mark De Bruyn
Wildlife species impacted by habitat loss and fragmentation often require conservation efforts to maintain populations. Long-nosed bandicoots (Perameles nasuta) still persist within the highly urbanised matrix of northern Sydney (Australia). These data are from a conservation genetics project investigating population structure and genetic diversity of the North Head Long-nosed bandicoot (Perameles nasuta) population and individuals from surrounding suburbs throughout northern Sydney. The population at North Head, Sydney, is currently listed as an Endangered population due...

Novel modified nano-silica/polymer composite in water-based drilling fluids to plug shale pores

Fei Liu, Zheng Zheng, Xiuying Wang, Xiaqing Li, Zhaoxiang Zhang, Xuewu Wang, Xiaodong Dai, Yanping Xin, Qingxue Liu, Hailei Yao, Shunyao Jiang, Chao Liu & Xingyan Li
The rapid growth of global energy demand necessitates high-performance water-based drilling fluids (WDFs) with excellent-plugging performance in the deep excavation of shale gas formation. Herein, we report an organic-inorganic nanocomposite (NS-D) as a plugging agent in WDFs to plug the nanoporous of shale and abate the hydration expansion of shale by integrating the advantages of inorganic and polymer nano plugging agents. The results of Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (H-NMR)...

Dataset for 'Urban children's connections to nature and environmental behaviours differ with age and gender'

Ryan Keith, Lisa Given, John Martin & Dieter Hochuli

Non-adaptive molecular evolution of seminal fluid proteins in drosophila

Alberto Civetta, Bahar Patlar, Vivek Jayaswal & Jose Ranz
Seminal fluid proteins (SFPs) are a group of reproductive proteins that are amongst the most evolutionarily divergent known. As SFPs can impact male and female fitness, these proteins have been proposed to evolve under post-copulatory sexual selection (PCSS). However, the fast change of the SFPs can also result from non-adaptive evolution, and the extent to which selective constraints prevent SFPs rapid evolution remains unknown. Using intra- and interspecific sequence information, along with genomics and functional...

COVID-19 and Australia’s mental health: an overview of academic literature, policy documents, lived experience accounts, media and community reports

M. Bower, S. Smout, S. Ellsmore, A. Donohoe-Bales, P.P. Sivaprakash, C. Lim, M. Gray, A. Francis, A. Grager, J. Riches &

Facilitating men’s involvement in care work

Elizabeth Hill & Rae Cooper
Gender Equality in Working Life Research Initiative Insights Series

Self-organization and information transfer in Antarctic krill swarms

Ashley Ward, Alicia Burns, Timothy Schaerf, Joseph Lizier, So Kawaguchi, Martin Cox, Rob King & Jens Krause
Antarctic krill swarms are one of the largest known animal aggregations, and yet, despite being the keystone species of the Southern Ocean, little is known about how swarms are formed and maintained. Understanding the local interactions between individuals that provide the basis for these swarms is fundamental to knowing how swarms arise in nature, and what potential factors might lead to their breakdown. Here we analyzed the trajectories of captive, wild-caught krill in 3D to...

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  • University of Sydney
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  • Sichuan University
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  • Nanjing University
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  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
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