The following data represents three years of capture-recapure records from individually marked co-occurring small mammals and predators from four spatially independent sites situated in cool temperate forests in southern Tasmania, Australia. Data for small mammals was collected for the swamp rat, Rattus lutreolus, and long-tailed mouse, Pseudomys higginsi, using Elliott small mammal live capture and release traps. Data for predators was collected for the Tasmanian devil, Sarcophilus harrisii, and feral cat, Felis catus, using remote...
Knowledge, skills and barriers to evidence-based practice and the impact of a flipped classroom training program for physical therapists: an observational studyLeora Harrison, David Wong, Alison R Harmer & Matthew Jennings
Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, skills and barriers to evidence-based practice and the impact of evidence-based practice training for physical therapy clinicians. Methods: Physical therapists from a health district in Sydney, Australia were invited to participate. The primary outcome was the Assessing Competency in Evidence-based Medicine scale (range 0-15; 15 is high knowledge and skill) to quantify knowledge and skills. The secondary outcomes were the four subscales of the BARRIERS scale (range 1-4; 4 is...
Changes in participant behaviour and attitudes are associated with knowledge and skills gained by using a turtle conservation citizen science appClaudia Santori, Ryan J. Keith, Camilla M. Whittington, Mike B. Thompson, James U. Van Dyke & Ricky-John Spencer
Citizen science has become a popular way to collect biodiversity data and engage the wider public in scientific research. It has the potential to improve the knowledge and skills of participants, and positively change their behaviour and attitude towards the environment. Citizen science outcomes are particularly valuable for wildlife conservation, as they could help alleviate human impacts on the environment. We used an online questionnaire to investigate the consequences of participating in an Australian turtle...
Phylogenomic analysis of ultraconserved elements resolves the evolutionary and biogeographic history of Segmented Trapdoor SpidersXin Xu, Yong-Chao Su, Simon Y. W. Ho, Matjaž Kuntner, Hirotsugu Ono, Fengxiang Liu, Chia-Chen Chang, Natapot Warrit, Varat Sivayyapram, Khin Pyae Pyae Aung, Dinh Sac Pham, Y. Norma-Rashid & Daiqin Li
The segmented trapdoor spiders (Liphistiidae) are the sole surviving family of the suborder Mesothelae, which forms the sister lineage to all other living spiders. Liphistiids have retained a number of plesiomorphic traits and their present-day distribution is limited to East and Southeast Asia. Studying this group has the potential to shed light on the deep evolutionary history of spiders, but the phylogeny and divergence times of the family have not been resolved with confidence. We...
For quantum computers to reach their full potential will require error correction. We study the surface code, one of the most promising quantum error correcting codes, in the context of predominantly dephasing (Z-biased) noise, as found in many quantum architectures. We find that the surface code is highly resilient to Y-biased noise, and tailor it to Z-biased noise, whilst retaining its practical features. We demonstrate ultrahigh thresholds for the tailored surface code: ~39% with a...
Wing interference patterns (WIPs) are stable structural colours displayed on insect wings which are only visible at specific viewing geometries and against certain backgrounds. These patterns are widespread among flies and wasps, and growing evidence suggests that they may function as species- and sex-specific mating cues in a range of taxa. As such, it is expected that WIPs should differ between species and show clear sexual dimorphisms. However, the true extent to which WIPs vary...
Genomic vulnerability of a dominant seaweed points to future-proofing pathways for Australia’s underwater forestsGeorgina Wood
Globally, critical habitats are in decline, threatening ecological, economic and social values and prompting calls for “future proofing” efforts that enhance resilience to climate change. Such efforts rely on predicting how neutral and adaptive genomic patterns across a species’ distribution will change under future climate scenarios, but data is scant for most species of conservation concern. Here, we use seascape genomics to characterize genetic diversity, structure and gene-environmental associations in a dominant forest-forming seaweed, Phyllospora...
University of Sydney7
University of Wollongong1
Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment1
University of Malaya1
La Trobe University1
National University of Singapore1
Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology1
University of Yangon1