15 Works

Gut microbiota in reintroduction of Giant Panda

Jingsi Tang, Chengdong Wang, Hemin Zhang, Jiangchao Zhao, Wei Guo, Sudhanshu Mishra, Fanli Kong, Bo Zeng, Ruihong Ning, Desheng Li, Jiandong Yang, Mingyao Yang, Mingwang Zhang, Qingyong Ni, Yan Li & Ying Li
Reintroduction is a key approach in the conservation of endangered species. In recent decades, many reintroduction projects have been conducted for conservation purposes, but the rate of success has been low. Given the important role of gut microbiota in health and diseases, we questioned whether gut microbiota would play a crucial role in giant panda's wild‐training process. The wild procedure is when captive‐born babies live with their mothers in a wilderness enclosure and learn wilderness...

Data from: Odontochilus napoensis sp. nov. (Orchidoideae: Orchidaceae) from southwestern Guangxi, China

Huan Tang, Hui-Zhe Feng & Yun-Feng Huang
Odontochilus napoensis, a new species from southwestern Guangxi, China, is described and illustrated. It is close to Odontochilus inabae (Hayata) T. P. Lin, but can be distinguished by its glabrous ovary, solitary flower, and 2.0–3.5 mm long filaments of flanges. It is also similar to O. nanlingensis (L. P. Siu & K. Y. Lang) Ormerod, but differs by the solitary, not resupinate flower, and light greenish–brown lateral sepals.

Evolution of Rosaceae chloroplast genomes highlights unique Cerasus diversification and independent origins of fruit cherry

Jing Zhang, Yan Wang, Tao Chen, Qing Chen, Lei Wang, Zhen-Shan Liu, Hao Wang, Rui Xie, Wen He, Ming Li, Cong-Li Liu, Shao-Feng Yang, Meng-Yao Li, Yuan-Xiu Lin, Yun-Ting Zhang, Yong Zhang, Ya Luo, Hao-Ru Tang, Li-Zhi Gao & Xiao-Rong Wang
Rosaceae plants comprise numerous fruit crops with huge economic values. The lack of genomic characteristics has largely blocked our understanding about the Rosaceae gene and plastome evolution. Here, we analyzed 121 Rosaceae chloroplast (cp) genomes of 51 taxa from 19 genera, predominantly including the Cerasus plants and their relatives. To our knowledge, we generated the first comprehensive map of genomic variation across Rosaceae plastomes. Protein-coding genes of Rosaceae plastomes were characterized with high proportion (over...

Revelation of genetic diversity and structure of wild Elymus excelsus (Poaceae: Triticeae) collection from western China by SSR markers

Yan Li Xiong
Hosting unique and important plant germplasms, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP), as the third pole of the world, and Xinjiang, located in the centre of the Eurasian continent, are major distribution areas of perennial Triticeae grasses, especially the widespread Elymus species. Elymus excelsus Turcz. ex Griseb, a perennial forage grass with strong tolerance to environmental stresses, such as drought, cold and soil impoverishment, can be appropriately used for grassland establishment due to its high seed production....

Data from: Variations in the glucosinolates of the individual edible parts of three stem mustards (Brassica juncea)

Bo Sun, Yu-Xiao Tian, Qing Chen, Yong Zhang, Ya Luo, Yan Wang, Meng-Yao Li, Rong-Gao Gong, Xiao-Rong Wang, Fen Zhang & Hao-Ru Tang
The composition and content of glucosinolates were investigated in the edible parts (petioles, peel, and flesh) of tuber mustard, bamboo shoots mustard, and baby mustard by high performance liquid chromatography to reveal the association between the different cooking methods and their glucosinolate profiles. Eight glucosinolates were identified from tuber mustard and baby mustard, including three aliphatic glucosinolates, four indole glucosinolates, and one aromatic glucosinolate. Only six of the eight glucosinolates were detected in bamboo shoots...

The Bayesian trees of the nuclear gene DMC1 and the chloroplast gene rps16 sequences

Haiqin Zhang
Some plants with low fertility are morphologically intermediate between Roegneria stricta and Roegneria turczaninovii, and were suspected to be natural hybrids between these species. In this study, karyotype analysis showed that natural hybrids and its putative parents were tetraploids (2n = 4x = 28). Meiotic pairing in natural hybrids is more irregular than its putative parents. Results of genomic in situ hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization indicate that natural hybrids contain the same genome...

Functional diversity response to geographic and experimental precipitation gradients varies with plant community type

Xiaoan Zuo, Shenglong Zhao, Huan Cheng, Ya Hu, Shaokun Wang, Ping Yue, Renrao Liu, Alan K. Knapp, Melinda D. Smith, Qiang Yu, Sally E. Koerner & Liu Renrao
Precipitation is a primary determinant of plant community structure in drylands. However, the empirical evidence and predictions are lacking for how plant functional diversity in desert and steppe communities respond to altered precipitation regimes. We examined how precipitation changes along the natural and experimental gradients affect different components of functional diversity in desert-shrub and steppe-grass communities. We compared the associations of precipitation changes with community-weighted means (CWM) of six traits, functional divergence (FDvar) of each...

Data from: Downregulation of endometrial mesenchymal marker SUSD2 causes cell senescence and cell death in endometrial carcinoma cells

Shaqiu Zhang, Ni Zeng, Nour Alowayed, Yogesh Singh, Anchun Cheng, Florian Lang & Madhuri S. Salker
The cause of death among the majority of endometrial cancer patients involves migration of cancer cells within the peritoneal cavity and subsequent implantation of cancer spheroids into neighbouring organs. It is, thereby, important to identify factors that mediate metastasis. Cell adhesion and migration are modified by the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) marker Sushi domain containing 2 (SUSD2), a type I transmembrane protein that participates in the orchestration of cell adhesion and migration through interaction with...

Data from: Shifts of tundra bacterial and archaeal communities along a permafrost thaw gradient in Alaska

Jie Deng, Yunfu Gu, Jin Zhang, Kai Xue, Yujia Qin, Mengting Yuan, Huaqun Yin, Zhili He, Liyou Wu, Edward Schuur, James Tiedje, Jizhong Zhou, James M. Tiedje & Edward A. G. Schuur
Understanding the response of permafrost microbial communities to climate warming is crucial for evaluating ecosystem feedbacks to global change. This study investigated soil bacterial and archaeal communities by Illumina MiSeq sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons across a permafrost thaw gradient at different depths in Alaska with thaw progression for over three decades. Over 4.6 million passing 16S rRNA gene sequences were obtained from a total of 97 samples, corresponding to 61 known classes and...

Data from: Genetic diversity and differentiation of the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) population in western Sichuan, China, based on the second exon of the major histocompatibility complex class II DQB (MhcMamu-DQB1) alleles

Yong-Fang Yao, Qiu-Xia Dai, Jing Li, Qing-Yong Ni, Ming-Wang Zhang & Huai-Liang Xu
Background: Rhesus macaques living in western Sichuan, China, have been separated into several isolated populations due to habitat fragmentation. Previous studies based on the neutral or nearly neutral markers (mitochondrial DNA or microsatellites) showed high levels of genetic diversity and moderate genetic differentiation in the Sichuan rhesus macaques. Variation at the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) loci is widely accepted as being maintained by balancing selection, even with a low level of neutral variability in some...

Data from: New insights on water buffalo genomic diversity and post-domestication migration routes from medium density SNP chip data

Licia Colli, Marco Milanesi, Elia Vajana, Daniela Iamartino, Lorenzo Bomba, Francesco Puglisi, Marcello Del Corvo, Ezequiel Luis Nicolazzi, Sahar Saad El-Din Ahmed, Jesus Rommel V. Herrera, Libertado Cruz, Shuju Zhang, Aixin Liang, Gouhua Hua, Ligou Yang, Xingjie Hao, Fuyuan Zuo, Song-Jia Lai, Shuilian Wang, Ruyu Liu, Yundeng Gong, Mahdi Mokhber, Yongjiang Mao, Feng Guan, Augustin Vlaic … & Liguo Yang
The domestic water buffalo is native to the Asian continent but through historical migrations and recent importations, nowadays has a worldwide distribution. The two types of water buffalo, i.e., river and swamp, display distinct morphological and behavioral traits, different karyotypes and also have different purposes and geographical distributions. River buffaloes from Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Egypt, Romania, Bulgaria, Italy, Mozambique, Brazil and Colombia, and swamp buffaloes from China, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia and Brazil were genotyped with...

Data from: Little white lies: pericarp color provides insights into the origins and evolution of Southeast Asian weedy rice

Yongxia Cui, Beng Kah Song, Lin-Feng Li, Ya-Ling Li, Zhongyun Huang, Ana L. Caicedo, Yulin Jia & Kenneth M. Olsen
Weedy rice is a conspecific form of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) that infests rice fields and results in severe crop losses. Weed strains in different world regions appear to have originated multiple times from different domesticated and/or wild rice progenitors. In the case of Malaysian weedy rice, a multiple-origin model has been proposed based on neutral markers and analyses of domestication genes for hull color and seed shattering. Here we examined variation in pericarp...

Data from: Decomposition of leaf litter mixtures across biomes: The role of litter identity, diversity and soil fauna

Shixing Zhou, Olaf Butenschoen, Sandra Barantal, I. Tanya Handa, Marika Makkonen, Veronique Vos, Rien Aerts, Matty P. Berg, Brendan McKie, Jasper Van Ruijven, Stephan Hättenschwiler & Stefan Scheu
1. At broad spatial scales, the factors regulating litter decomposition remain ambiguous, with the understanding of these factors largely based on studies investigating site-specific single litter species, whereas studies using multi litter species mixtures across sites are rare. 2. We exposed in microcosms containing single species and all possible mixtures of four leaf litter species differing widely in initial chemical and physical characteristics from a temperate forest to the climatic conditions of four different forests...

Data from: Ovipositor and mouthparts in a fossil insect support a novel ecological role for early orthopterans in 300 million years old forests

Lu Chen, Alexander Blanke, Jun-Jie Gu, Qiang Yang, Dong Ren & Olivier Béthoux
A high portion of the earliest known, Pennsylvanian, insect fauna is composed of the so-called ‘lobeattid insects’, which systematic affinities and role as foliage feeders remain debated. We investigated hundreds of samples of a new lobeattid species from the Xiaheyan locality using a combination of photographic techniques, including Reflectance Transforming Imaging, and geometric morphometrics, to document its morphology, and infer its phylogenetic position and ecological role. Ctenoptilus frequens sp. nov. possessed a sword-shaped ovipositor whose...

Data from: Identifying differentially expressed genes under heat stress and developing molecular markers in orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) through transcriptome analysis

Lin K. Huang, Hai D. Yan, J. Wang, T. Frazier, X. X. Zhao, X. Q. Zhang, X. Huang, D. F. Yan, W. J. Zang, X. Ma, Y. Peng, Y. H. Yan, W. Liu & G. Yin
Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a long-lived, cool-season forage grass that is commonly used for hay production. Despite its economic importance, orchardgrass genome remains relatively unexplored. In this study, we used Illumina RNA sequencing to identify gene-associated molecular markers, including simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), as well as heat stress-induced differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in two orchardgrass genotypes, ‘Baoxing’ (heat resistant) and ‘01998’ (heat susceptible). Approximately 163 million high-quality trimmed reads...

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