70 Works

Phylogenetic relatedness mediates persistence and density of soil seed banks

Margherita Gioria, Petr Pyšek, Carol Baskin & Angelino Carta
Soil seed banks can strongly affect survival and expansion of plant populations by spreading mortality risks and distributing genetic diversity through time. Knowledge of the main factors regulating the ability of seeds to persist in the soil beyond the first growing season is however limited. While morphological and physiological seed traits, and the degree of environmental uncertainty are considered important in shaping the seed-banking strategies of plants, global assessments that explicitly account for phylogenetic relatedness...

Garfagnina goats with Illumina CaprineSNP50 BeadChip

Christos Dadousis, Francesca Cecchi, Michela Ablondi, Maria Chiara Fabbri, Alessandra Stella & Riccardo Bozzi
The objective of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity of the Garfagnina (GRF) goat, a breed that currently risks extinction. For this purpose, 48 goats were genotyped with the Illumina CaprineSNP50 BeadChip and analyzed together with 214 goats belonging to 9 other Italian breeds (~25 goats/breed) from the AdaptMap project [Argentata (ARG), Bionda dell’Adamello (BIO), Ciociara Grigia (CCG), Di Teramo (DIT), Garganica (GAR), Girgentana (GGT), Orobica (ORO), Valdostana (VAL) and Valpassiria (VSS)]. Comparative...

Diurnal timing of nonmigratory movement by birds: the importance of foraging spatial scales

Julie Mallon, Marlee Tucker, Annalea Beard, , Keith Bildstein, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, John Brzorad, Evan Buechley, Javier Bustamante, Carlos Carrapato, José Castillo-Guerrero, Elizabeth Clingham, Mark Desholm, Christopher DeSorbo, Robert Domenech, Hayley Douglas, Olivier Duriez, Peter Enggist, Nina Farwig, Wolfgang Fiedler, Anna Gagliardo, Clara García-Ripollés, Juan Antonio Gil, Morgan Gilmour, Roi Harel … & Bill Fagan
Timing of activity can reveal an organism’s efforts to optimize foraging either by minimizing energy loss through passive movement or by maximizing energetic gain through foraging. Here, we assess whether signals of either of these strategies are detectable in the timing of activity of daily, local movements by birds. We compare the similarities of timing of movement activity among species using six temporal variables: start of activity relative to sunrise, end of activity relative to...

Analysis of RNA-seq, DNA target enrichment, and Sanger nucleotide sequence data resolves deep splits in the phylogeny of cuckoo wasps (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae)

Thomas Pauli, Karen Meusemann, Sandra Kukowka, Manuela Sann, Alexander Donath, Christoph Mayer, Jan Philip Oeyen, Yolanda Ballesteros, Alexander Berg, Eric Van Den Berghe, Hermes Escalona, Adalgisa Guglielmino, Manfred Niehuis, Massimo Olmi, Lars Podsiadlowski, Carlo Polidori, Jeroen De Rond, Paolo Rosa, Thomas Schmitt, Franco Strumia, Mareike Wurdack, Shanlin Liu, Xin Zhou, Bernhard Misof, Ralph Peters … & Oliver Niehuis
The wasp family Chrysididae (cuckoo wasps, gold wasps) comprises exclusively parasitoid and kleptoparasitic species, many of which feature a stunning iridescent coloration and phenotypic adaptations to their parasitic life style. Previous attempts to infer phylogenetic relationships among the family’s major lineages (subfamilies, tribes, genera) based on Sanger sequence data were insufficient to statistically resolve the monophyly and the phylogenetic position of the subfamily Amiseginae and the phylogenetic relationships among the tribes Allocoeliini, Chrysidini, Elampini, and...

Data from: Climate shapes the geographic distribution and introgressive spread of colour ornamentation in common wall lizards

Maravillas Ruiz Minano, Geoffrey While, Weizhao Yang, Christopher Burridge, Roberto Sacchi, Marco Zuffi, Stefano Scali, Daniele Salvi & Tobias Uller
Climate can exert an effect on the strength of sexual selection, but empirical evidence is limited. Here, we tested if climate predicts the geographic distribution and introgressive spread of sexually selected male colour ornamentation across 114 populations of the common wall lizard, Podarcis muralis. Colouration was highly structured across the landscape, and did not reflect genetic differentiation. Instead, colour ornamentation was consistently exaggerated in hot and dry environments, suggesting that climate-driven selection maintains geographic variation...

Data from: Below-ground processes control the success of an invasive seaweed

Paul E. Gribben, Torsten Thomas, Antonio Pusceddu, Lisa Bonechi, Silvia Bianchelli, Emanuela Buschi, Shaun Nielsen, Chiara Ravaglioli & Fabio Bulleri
1. Whilst the successful establishment and spread of invasive species can be determined by above ground processes, results are often equivocal. Emergent research, mostly from terrestrial ecosystems, demonstrates that below-ground processes (nutrient cycling, chemical properties) under microbial control can mediate interactions between native and invasive plants. Because microbes can control similar sediment properties in marine ecosystem that influence plant fitness, we argue that below-ground properties should also exert strong control interactions between native and invasive...

Mnamon: Il Copto

Marilina Betrò & Daniele Salvoldi
Introduzione critica al copto, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

Mnamon: Il Latino

Filippo Battistoni & Mirko Donninelli
Introduzione critica al latino, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

Editoriale

Riccardo Di Donato

Data from: Reproductive and post-reproductive life history of wild-caught Drosophila melanogaster under laboratory conditions

Peter Klepsatel, Martina Gáliková, Nicola De Maio, Sara Ricci, Christian Schlötterer & Thomas Flatt
The life history of the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) is well understood, but fitness components are rarely measured by following single individuals over their lifetime, thereby limiting insights into lifetime reproductive success, reproductive senescence and post-reproductive lifespan. Moreover, most studies have examined long-established laboratory strains rather than freshly caught individuals and may thus be confounded by adaptation to laboratory culture, inbreeding or mutation accumulation. Here, we have followed the life histories of individual females from...

The Modernist Iconography of Sleep. Leo Steinberg, Picasso and The Representation of States of Consciousness

Marcello Sessa

Mnamon: Il Geroglifico egiziano

Marilina Betrò & Daniele Salvoldi
Introduzione critica al geroglifico egiziano, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

NON-ERGODIC PROBABILISTIC SEISMIC HAZARD METHODOLOGY USING PHYSICS-BASED GROUND MOTION PREDICTION: THE CASE OF L’AQUILA, ITALY - PART II METHODOLOGY

EDIDIAH JOEL AGUIRRE, BRUNO RUBINO, MAURIZIO VASSALLO, Giuseppe Di Giulio & Francesco Visini

Data from: Linking disturbance and resistance to invasion via changes in biodiversity: a conceptual model and an experimental test on rocky reefs

Fabio Bulleri, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, Andrej Jaklin & Ljiljana Iveša
Biological invasions threaten biodiversity worldwide. Nonetheless, a unified theory linking disturbance and resistance to invasion through a mechanistic understanding of the changes caused to biodiversity is elusive. Building on different forms of the disturbance-biodiversity relationship and on the Biotic Resistance Hypothesis (BRH), we constructed conceptual models showing that, according to the main biodiversity mechanism generating invasion resistance (complementary vs. identity effects), disturbance can either promote or hinder invasion. Following the Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis (IDH), moderate...

Data from: Like a pig out of water: seaborne spread of domestic pigs in Southern Italy and Sardinia during the Bronze and Iron Ages

Clelia Lega, Domenico Fulgione, Angelo Genovese, Lorenzo Rook, Marco Masseti, Meirav Meiri, Antonella Cinzia Marra, Francesco Carotenuto & Pasquale Raia
Southern Italy has a long history of human occupation and passage of different cultures since the Early Holocene. Repeated, ancient introductions of pigs in several geographic areas in Europe make it difficult to understand pig translocation and domestication in Italy. The archeozoological record may provide fundamental information on this, hence shedding light on peopling and on trading among different ancient cultures in the Mediterranean. Yet, because of the scanty nature of the fossil record, ancient...

Data from: Assessing reliance on vector navigation in the long-distance oceanic migrations of green sea turtles

Giulia Cerritelli, Giuseppe Bianco, Giacomo Santini, Annette C. Broderick, Brendan J. Godley, Graeme C. Hays, Paolo Luschi & Susanne Åkesson
Vector navigation, i.e. maintaining a constant heading for a given amount of time, is hypothesized to provide a viable basis for the navigational feats of a number of long-distance animal migrants. Since animals following this strategy are subject to drift by wind or by ocean current, performing long migrations relying on vector navigation is particularly challenging. We tested whether vector navigation could be involved in the migrations of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) that migrate between...

Microbleeds, cerebral hemorrhage, and functional outcome after endovascular thrombectomy

Imad Derraz, Federico Cagnazzo, Nicolas Gaillard, Riccardo Morganti, Cyril Dargazanli, Raed Ahmed, Pierre-Henri Lefevre, Carlos Riquelme, Isabelle Mourand, Gregory Gascou, Alain Bonafe, Caroline Arquizan & Vincent Costalat
Objective—To determine whether the presence, number, and distribution of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) on pretreatment MRI scans are associated with an increased risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) or poor functional outcome following endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Methods—We analyzed prospectively collected data of consecutive patients treated by EVT for AIS, in a comprehensive stroke center where MRI is the first-line pretreatment imaging. Neuroradiologists blinded to clinical data rated CMBs on T2* sequence using...

Supplementary material for Roca-Neyra Equids: Late Miocene to Early Pleistocene Hipparion - Equus database for multivariate and statistical analysis for European fossil Equids

Omar Cirilli, Raymond Louis Bernor & Lorenzo Rook
We undertake a redescription of the equid sample from the early Pleistocene of Roca – Neyra, France. This locality has been recently calibrated at the Pliocene/Pleistocene boundary (2.6 ± 0.2 Ma) and therefore it is of interest for the first appearance of the genus Equus and last appearance of hipparionine horses. The Roca – Neyra equid sample, re – analyzed herein using morphological, morphometrical and statistical analyses, has revealed the co – occurrence of Plesiohipparion...

Data from: Nasal compartmentalization in Kogiidae (Cetacea, Physeteroidea): Insights from a new late Miocene dwarf sperm whale from the Pisco Formation

Aldo Benites-Palomino, Jorge Velez-Juarbe, Alberto Collareta, Diana Ochoa, Ali Altamirano, Matthieu Carré, Manuel J. Laime, Mario Urbina & Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi
Facial compartmentalization in the skull of extant pygmy whales (Kogiidae) is a unique feature among cetaceans that allows the housing of a wide array of organs responsible for echolocation. Recent fossil findings depict a remarkable disparity of the facial bone organization in Miocene kogiids, but the significance of such a rearrangement for the evolution of the clade has been barely explored. Here we describe Kogia danomurai sp. nov., a late Miocene (ca. 5.8 Ma) taxon...

Imaging of the vulnerable carotid plaque: role of imaging techniques and a research agenda

Iacopo Fabiani, Carlo Palombo, Davide Caramella, Jan Nilsson & Raffaele De Caterina
Objectives: Atherothrombosis in the carotid arteries is a main cause of ischemic stroke, and may depend on plaque propensity to complicate with rupture or erosion, in turn related to qualitative features amenable to in vivo imaging. This would provide an opportunity for risk stratification and – potentially – local treatment of more “vulnerable” plaques. We here review current information on this topic. Methods: We systematically reviewed the literature for concepts derived from pathophysiological, histopathological and...

Data from: Asymmetric visual input and route recapitulation in homing pigeons

, Dora Biro, Tim Guilford, Anna Gagliardo, Alex Kacelnik & Antone Martinho
Pigeons (Columba livia) display reliable homing behaviour, but their homing routes from familiar release points are individually idiosyncratic and tightly recapitulated, suggesting that learning plays a role in route establishment. In light of the fact that routes are learned, and that both ascending and descending visual pathways share visual inputs from each eye asymmetrically to the brain hemispheres, we investigated how information from each eye contributes to route establishment, and how information input is shared...

Data from: Loss of genetic diversity and increased embryonic mortality in non-native lizard populations

Sozos N. Michaelides, Geoffrey M. While, Natalia Zajac, Fabien Aubret, Brittny Calsbeek, Roberto Sacchi, Marco A. L. Zuffi & Tobias Uller
Many populations are small and isolated with limited genetic variation and high risk of mating with close relatives. Inbreeding depression is suspected to contribute to extinction of wild populations, but the historical and demographic factors that contribute to reduced population viability are often difficult to tease apart. Replicated introduction events in non-native species can offer insights into this problem because they allow us to study how genetic variation and inbreeding depression are affected by demographic...

Additional file 2 of The prognostic value of the previous nephrectomy in pretreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving immunotherapy: a sub-analysis of the Meet-URO 15 study

Sara Elena Rebuzzi, Alessio Signori, Giuseppe Luigi Banna, Annalice Gandini, Giuseppe Fornarini, Alessandra Damassi, Marco Maruzzo, Ugo De Giorgi, Umberto Basso, Silvia Chiellino, Luca Galli, Paolo Andrea Zucali, Emanuela Fantinel, Emanuele Naglieri, Giuseppe Procopio, Michele Milella, Francesco Boccardo, Lucia Fratino, Stefania Pipitone, Riccardo Ricotta, Stefano Panni, Veronica Mollica, Mariella Sorarù, Matteo Santoni, Alessio Cortellini … & Sebastiano Buti
Additional file 2: Figure S2. Stratification of patients by IMDC and Meet-URO scores at nivolumab treatment start (N = 556)*. * Treatment line / patients: 2nd/384, 3rd/118, 4th/41, 5th/11, 6th/1, 7th/1. Abbreviations: PG prognostic group, RG risk group.

Additional file 2 of The prognostic value of the previous nephrectomy in pretreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving immunotherapy: a sub-analysis of the Meet-URO 15 study

Sara Elena Rebuzzi, Alessio Signori, Giuseppe Luigi Banna, Annalice Gandini, Giuseppe Fornarini, Alessandra Damassi, Marco Maruzzo, Ugo De Giorgi, Umberto Basso, Silvia Chiellino, Luca Galli, Paolo Andrea Zucali, Emanuela Fantinel, Emanuele Naglieri, Giuseppe Procopio, Michele Milella, Francesco Boccardo, Lucia Fratino, Stefania Pipitone, Riccardo Ricotta, Stefano Panni, Veronica Mollica, Mariella Sorarù, Matteo Santoni, Alessio Cortellini … & Sebastiano Buti
Additional file 2: Figure S2. Stratification of patients by IMDC and Meet-URO scores at nivolumab treatment start (N = 556)*. * Treatment line / patients: 2nd/384, 3rd/118, 4th/41, 5th/11, 6th/1, 7th/1. Abbreviations: PG prognostic group, RG risk group.

NON-ERGODIC PROBABILISTIC SEISMIC HAZARD METHODOLOGY USING PHYSICS-BASED GROUND MOTION PREDICTION: THE CASE OF L’AQUILA, ITALY - PART I THEORETICAL BACKGROUND

JEDIDIAH JOEL AGUIRRE, BRUNO RUBINO, MAURIZIO VASSALLO, GIUSEPPE DI GIULIO & FRANCESCO VISINI

Registration Year

  • 2022
    25
  • 2021
    6
  • 2020
    15
  • 2019
    5
  • 2018
    6
  • 2017
    1
  • 2016
    6
  • 2015
    4
  • 2014
    1
  • 2013
    1

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    42
  • Text
    12
  • Image
    6
  • Collection
    4
  • Journal Article
    4
  • Audiovisual
    1
  • Other
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Pisa
    70
  • University of Florence
    14
  • University of Cagliari
    10
  • University of Genoa
    9
  • Ospedale Santa Chiara
    8
  • Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust
    8
  • University of Bologna
    8
  • MultiMedica
    8
  • Policlinico di Modena
    8
  • Istituto Oncologico Veneto
    8