70 Works

Mnamon: Lo Ieratico

Marilina Betrò & Daniele Salvoldi
Introduzione critica allo ieratico, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

Mnamon: il Demotico

Marilina Betrò & Daniele Salvoldi
Introduzione critica al demotico, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

Mnamon: Il Geroglifico egiziano corsivo

Marilina Betrò & Daniele Salvoldi
Introduzione critica al geroglifico egiziano corsivo, risorse elettroniche e bibliografia.

Ricerche e didattica

Andrea Taddei

Managing biotic interactions during early seagrass life-stages to improve seed-based restoration

Elena Balestri, Virginia Menicagli & Claudio Lardicci
1. Seagrasses are declining globally, and effective restoration actions to promote the recovery of degraded meadows are urgently needed. Harnessing positive plant interactions during early life stages is considered a valuable strategy to improve terrestrial and coastal habitat restoration. Yet, its application to seagrass restoration is still in infancy, and very little is known on the role played by biotic interactions in shaping newly established populations. 2. We assessed the feasibility of manipulating intra- and...

Data from: A new small, mesorostrine inioid (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Delphinida) from four late Miocene localities of the Pisco Basin, Peru

Olivier Lambert, Alberto Collareta, Aldo Benites-Palomino, Claudio Di Celma, Christian De Muizon, Mario Urbina & Giovanni Bianucci
The moderately rich past diversity of the superfamily Inioidea (Cetacea, Odontoceti) in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans contrasts with the present survival of a single genus (Inia, Amazon river dolphin, family Iniidae) in freshwater deposits of South America and of a single species (Pontoporia blainvillei, Franciscana, family Pontoporiidae) along the eastern coast of that continent. However, part of the late Miocene to Pliocene inioid fossil record is made of relatively fragmentarily known species, for...

Data from: Climatic refugia boosted allopatric diversification in Western Mediterranean vipers

Fernando Martínez-Freiría, Inês Freitas, Marco A. L. Zuffi, Philippe Golay, Sylvain Ursenbacher & Guillermo Velo-Antón
Abstract: Aim: to understand the role of climate in fostering diversification, this study reconstructs the historical biogeography of Western Mediterranean vipers Location: Western Mediterranean Basin Taxon: Vipera aspis and V. latastei-monticola complex Methods: phylogeographic analyses were performed over mitochondrial (three genes) and nuclear sequences (two genes), extensively covering species ranges. A total of 4,056 records were assigned to genetic units, using interpolations of genetic data, to test phylogenetic niche conservatism, under a 3D hypervolume approach,...

Fast saccadic eye-movements in humans suggest that numerosity perception is automatic and direct.

Elisa Castaldi, David Burr, Marco Turi & Paola Binda
Fast saccades are rapid automatic oculomotor responses to salient and ecologically important visual stimuli such as animals and faces. Discriminating the number of friends, foe or prey may also have an evolutionary advantage. In this study participants were asked to saccade rapidly towards the more numerous of two arrays. Participants could discriminate numerosities with high accuracy and great speed, as fast as 190 ms. Intermediate numerosities were more likely to elicit fast saccades than very...

Propagule composition regulates the success of an invasive seaweed across a heterogeneous seascape

Fabio Bulleri, Ezequiel M. Marzinelli, Sofie Voerman & Paul Gribben
1. Propagule pressure is acknowledged as a key determinant of invasion success. Nonetheless, the role of morphological or physiological attributes of propagules (i.e., their quality) in regulating invader establishment has been little explored. In particular, no study has investigated how the presence of propagules differing in quality within an inoculum influences establishment across heterogeneous landscapes. 2. We experimentally tested the hypothesis that the quality (+Fronds+Rhizoids; +Fronds–Rhizoids; –Fronds+Rhizoids) and the diversity (1, 2, 3 fragment types)...

Data from: The functional role of serial dependence

Guido Marco Cicchini, Kyriaki Mikellidou & David C. Burr
The world tends to be stable from moment to moment, leading to strong serial correlations in natural scenes. As similar stimuli usually require similar behavioral responses, it is highly likely that the brain has developed strategies to leverage these regularities. A good deal of recent psychophysical evidence is beginning to show that the brain is sensitive to serial correlations, causing strong drifts in observer responses towards previously seen stimuli. However, it is still not clear...

Data from: Context-dependent expression of sexual dimorphism in island populations of the common wall lizard (Podarcis muralis)

Roberto Sacchi, Marco Mangiacotti, Stefano Scali, Marco Sannolo, Marco A. L. Zuffi, Daniele Pellitteri-Rosa, Adriana Bellati, Paolo Galeotti & Mauro Fasola
The condition-dependent sexual dimorphism model explains the evolution and maintenance of sexual dimorphism in traits targeted by sexual selection, and predicts that the magnitude of sexual dimorphism depends on the variability of individual condition, male traits being more variable than female corresponding traits. Most convincing examples concern insects, while studies among vertebrates are scanty because manipulating condition often is not possible, and the time to reach sexual maturity may be too long. Islands offer a...

Data from: EEG theta dynamics within frontal and parietal cortices for error processing during reaching movements in a prism adaptation study altering visuo-motor predictive planning

Pieranna Arrighi, Luca Bonfiglio, Fabrizio Minichilli, Nicoletta Cantore, Maria Chiara Carboncini, Emily Piccotti, Bruno Rossi & Paolo Andre
Modulation of frontal midline theta (fmθ) is observed during error commission, but little is known about the role of theta oscillations in correcting motor behaviours. We investigate EEG activity of healthy partipants executing a reaching task under variable degrees of prism-induced visuo-motor distortion and visual occlusion of the initial arm trajectory. This task introduces directional errors of different magnitudes. The discrepancy between predicted and actual movement directions (i.e. the error), at the time when visual...

Data from: Pan-Atlantic analysis of the overlap of a highly migratory species, the leatherback turtle, with pelagic longline fisheries

Sabrina Fossette, Matthew J. Witt, Philip Miller, Michel A. Nalovic, Diego Albareda, Antonio P. Almeida, Annette C. Broderick, Didiher Chacón-Chaverri, Michael S. Coyne, Andres Domingo, Scott Eckert, Daniel Evans, Alejandro Fallabrino, Sandra Ferraroli, Angela Formia, Bruno Giffoni, Graeme C. Hays, George Hughes, Laurent Kelle, Aimee Leslie, Milagros López-Mendilaharsu, Paolo Luschi, Laura Prosdocimi, Sergio Rodriguez-Heredia, Avanaisa Turny … & Brendan J. Godley
Large oceanic migrants play important roles in ecosystems, yet many species are of conservation concern as a result of anthropogenic threats, of which incidental capture by fisheries is frequently identified. The last large populations of the leatherback turtle, Dermochelys coriacea, occur in the Atlantic Ocean, but interactions with industrial fisheries could jeopardize recent positive population trends, making bycatch mitigation a priority. Here, we perform the first pan-Atlantic analysis of spatio-temporal distribution of the leatherback turtle...

Data from: Variation in the impact of non-native seaweeds along gradients of habitat degradation: a meta-analysis and an experimental test

Laura Tamburello, Elena Maggi, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, Giuseppe Bellistri, Alex James Rattray, Chiara Ravaglioli, Luca Rindi, Jason Roberts & Fabio Bulleri
Biological invasions are acknowledged among the main drivers of global changes in biodiversity. Despite compelling evidence of species interactions being strongly regulated by environmental conditions, there is a dearth of studies investigating how the effects of non-native species vary among areas exposed to different anthropogenic pressures. Focusing on marine macroalgae, we performed a meta-analysis to test whether and how the direction and magnitude of their effects on resident communities and species varies in relation to...

Laboratory Scale-up, Optimisation, and Characterisation of Ce-based Metal-organic Frameworks (MOFs) for CO2 Capture Applications

Stephen Shearan, Marco Taddei & Enrico Andreoli
Provided here are the experimental data for the synthesis and characterisation of crystallinity and CO2 capture performance of Ce-based metal-organic frameworks. For more details on this material, please find the information in the following open-access paper: 10.26434/chemrxiv.13252544.v2 The project took place at Swansea University, Bay Campus, in the Energy Safety Research institute from 1st October until the 31st December 2021. The material was characterised using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) to ensure crystallinity and CO2 sorption...

Data from: Rapid evolution of distinct Helicobacter pylori subpopulations in the Americas

Kaisa Thorell, Koji Yahara, Elvire Berthenet, Daniel J. Lawson, Jane Mikhail, Ikuko Kato, Alfonso Mendez, Cosmeri Rizzato, María Mercedes Bravo, Rumiko Suzuki, Yoshio Yamaoka, Javier Torres, Samuel K. Sheppard & Daniel Falush
For the last 500 years, the Americas have been a melting pot both for genetically diverse humans and for the pathogenic and commensal organisms associated with them. One such organism is the stomach-dwelling bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which is highly prevalent in Latin America where it is a major current public health challenge because of its strong association with gastric cancer. By analyzing the genome sequence of H. pylori isolated in North, Central and South America,...

Synaptic alterations in visual cortex reshape contrast-dependent gamma oscillations and inhibition-excitation ratio in a genetic mouse model of migraine

Nicolò Meneghetti, Chiara Cerri, Eleonora Vannini, Elena Tantillo, Angelita Tottene, Daniela Pietrobon, Matteo Caleo & Alberto Mazzoni
Abstract Background Migraine affects a significant fraction of the world population, yet its etiology is not completely understood. In vitro results highlighted thalamocortical and intra-cortical glutamatergic synaptic gain-of-function associated with a monogenic form of migraine (familial-hemiplegic-migraine-type-1: FHM1). However, how these alterations reverberate on cortical activity remains unclear. As altered responsivity to visual stimuli and abnormal processing of visual sensory information are common hallmarks of migraine, herein we investigated the effects of FHM1-driven synaptic alterations in...

Additional file 1 of The prognostic value of the previous nephrectomy in pretreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving immunotherapy: a sub-analysis of the Meet-URO 15 study

Sara Elena Rebuzzi, Alessio Signori, Giuseppe Luigi Banna, Annalice Gandini, Giuseppe Fornarini, Alessandra Damassi, Marco Maruzzo, Ugo De Giorgi, Umberto Basso, Silvia Chiellino, Luca Galli, Paolo Andrea Zucali, Emanuela Fantinel, Emanuele Naglieri, Giuseppe Procopio, Michele Milella, Francesco Boccardo, Lucia Fratino, Stefania Pipitone, Riccardo Ricotta, Stefano Panni, Veronica Mollica, Mariella Sorarù, Matteo Santoni, Alessio Cortellini … & Sebastiano Buti
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Stratification of patients by IMDC score at disease onset and nivolumab treatment start (N = 493)*. * Missing data for 63 patients. Abbrevviations: PG prognostic group, RG risk group.

Additional file 3 of The prognostic value of the previous nephrectomy in pretreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving immunotherapy: a sub-analysis of the Meet-URO 15 study

Sara Elena Rebuzzi, Alessio Signori, Giuseppe Luigi Banna, Annalice Gandini, Giuseppe Fornarini, Alessandra Damassi, Marco Maruzzo, Ugo De Giorgi, Umberto Basso, Silvia Chiellino, Luca Galli, Paolo Andrea Zucali, Emanuela Fantinel, Emanuele Naglieri, Giuseppe Procopio, Michele Milella, Francesco Boccardo, Lucia Fratino, Stefania Pipitone, Riccardo Ricotta, Stefano Panni, Veronica Mollica, Mariella Sorarù, Matteo Santoni, Alessio Cortellini … & Sebastiano Buti
Additional file 3: Figure S3. Kaplan Meiers curves showing the prognostic role of nephrectomy in mRCC patients according to the type of nephrectomy.

The prognostic value of the previous nephrectomy in pretreated metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving immunotherapy: a sub-analysis of the Meet-URO 15 study

Sara Elena Rebuzzi, Alessio Signori, Giuseppe Luigi Banna, Annalice Gandini, Giuseppe Fornarini, Alessandra Damassi, Marco Maruzzo, Ugo De Giorgi, Umberto Basso, Silvia Chiellino, Luca Galli, Paolo Andrea Zucali, Emanuela Fantinel, Emanuele Naglieri, Giuseppe Procopio, Michele Milella, Francesco Boccardo, Lucia Fratino, Stefania Pipitone, Riccardo Ricotta, Stefano Panni, Veronica Mollica, Mariella Sorarù, Matteo Santoni, Alessio Cortellini … & Sebastiano Buti
Abstract Background Nephrectomy is considered the backbone of managing patients with localized and selected metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). The prognostic role of nephrectomy has been widely investigated with cytokines and targeted therapy, but it is still unclear in the immunotherapy era. Methods We investigated the Meet-URO-15 study dataset of 571 pretreated mRCC patients receiving nivolumab as second or further lines about the prognostic role of the previous nephrectomy (received in either the localized or...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    25
  • 2021
    6
  • 2020
    15
  • 2019
    5
  • 2018
    6
  • 2017
    1
  • 2016
    6
  • 2015
    4
  • 2014
    1
  • 2013
    1

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    42
  • Text
    12
  • Image
    6
  • Collection
    4
  • Journal Article
    4
  • Audiovisual
    1
  • Other
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Pisa
    70
  • University of Florence
    14
  • University of Cagliari
    10
  • University of Genoa
    9
  • Ospedale Santa Chiara
    8
  • Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust
    8
  • University of Bologna
    8
  • MultiMedica
    8
  • Policlinico di Modena
    8
  • Istituto Oncologico Veneto
    8