105 Works

Data from: Late Oligocene caviomorph rodents from Contamana, Peruvian Amazonia

Myriam Boivin, Laurent Marivaux, Adriana M. Candela, Maëva J. Orliac, François Pujos, Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi, Julia V. Tejada-Lara & Pierre-Olivier Antoine
The Deseadan South American Land Mammal Age (late Early Oligocene – Late Oligocene) attests to a time of great diversification in the caviomorph rodent fossil record. Nevertheless, Deseadan rodent-bearing localities in Neotropical lowlands are few and poorly known. Here we describe the rodent assemblages from two Late Oligocene localities, near Contamana, Loreto, Peru. Seven taxa are new to science: Palaeosteiromys amazonensis gen. et sp. nov., Plesiosteiromys newelli gen. et sp. nov., Loretomys minutus gen. et...

Data from: Walking on ashes: insect trace fossils from Laetoli indicate poor grass cover associated with early hominin environments

Jorge F. Genise & Terry Harrison
More than 4000 insect trace fossils collected in recent years from Pliocene deposits at Laetoli in northern Tanzania provide new insights on early hominin palaeoenvironments. These trace fossils include: Fictovichnus gobiensis, Coprinisphaera murguiai, C. kheprii, Coprinisphaera ispp., Quirogaichnus isp., Teisseirei linguatus isp. nov., Celliforma ritchiei isp. nov., C. spirifer, C. germanica, C. cfr. curvata, Celliforma ispp., Rosellichnus isp., Vondrichnus planoglobus, Laetolichnus kwekai igen. et isp. nov. and Krausichnidae indet. They reveal that at least one...

Data from: Do neophobia and dietary wariness explain ecological flexibility? An analysis with two seed-eating birds of contrasting habits

Sergio R. Camín, Valeria Martín-Albarracín, María Milagros Jefferies & Luis Marone
The neophobia threshold hypothesis (NTH) suggests that the acquisition and maintenance of a high behavioral and ecological flexibility in the evolutionary and adaptive history of a species is the consequence of lower levels of neophobia towards new micro-habitats and of dietary wariness of novel foods. To test this idea we assessed the degree of neophobia and dietary wariness in two seed-eating bird species with contrasting degrees of ecological flexibility that inhabit the central Monte desert...

Data from: Palaeobiology of the early sauropodomorph Mussaurus patagonicus inferred from its long bone histology

Ignacio Cerda
We present here a detailed histological study of long bones from an ontogenetic series of Mussaurus patagonicus, an early sauropodomorph from the Early Jurassic of Argentina. Twenty long bones, including humeri, femora and fibulae, obtained from thirteen individuals of different body sizes were sampled for histological analysis. In general terms, the cortical bone is formed by a well vascularized fibrolamellar and parallel fibred bone. Except for the smaller individuals, cyclical growth marks (CGMs) are well...

Data from: Genetic signals of artificial and natural dispersal linked to colonization of South America by non-native Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)

Daniel Gomez-Uchida, Diego Cañas-Rojas, Carla M. Riva-Rossi, Javier E. Ciancio, Miguel A. Pascual, Billy Ernst, Eduardo Aedo, Selim S. Musleh, Francisca Valenzuela-Aguayo, Thomas P. Quinn, James E. Seeb & Lisa W. Seeb
Genetics data have provided unprecedented insights into evolutionary aspects of colonization by non-native populations. Yet, our understanding of how artificial (human-mediated) and natural dispersal pathways of non-native individuals influence genetic metrics, evolution of genetic structure, and admixture remains elusive. We capitalize on the widespread colonization of Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in South America, mediated by both dispersal pathways, to address these issues using data from a panel of polymorphic SNPs. First, genetic diversity and the...

Data from: Ecomorphology of the African felid ensemble: the role of the skull and postcranium in determining species segregation and assembling history

Miriam M. Morales & Norberto P. Giannini
Morphology of extant felids is regarded as highly conservative. Most previous studies have focussed on skull morphology, so a vacuum exists about morphofunctional variation in postcranium and its role in structuring ensembles of felids in different continents. The African felid ensemble is particularly rich in ecologically specialized felids. We studied the ecomorphology of this ensemble using 31 cranial and 93 postcranial morphometric variables measured in 49 specimens of all 10 African species. We took a...

Data from: On the existence of non-microbiotherian Australidelphian marsupials (Diprotodontia) in the Eocene of Patagonia

Malena Lorente, Laura Chornogubsky & Francisco J. Goin
A diverse assemblage of extinct mammals of early–middle Eocene age (Ypresian–Lutetian boundary) come from the Patagonian localities of La Barda and Laguna Fría around Paso del Sapo in northwestern Chubut Province (Argentina). Metatherians are well represented, mostly by dental remains of ‘Didelphimorphia’, Paucituberculata, Sparassodonta, Microbiotheria, and Polydolopimorphia. Here we analyse three calcanea and one astragalus referable to the same, indeterminate taxon, from La Barda, showing the fusion of their ectal and sustentacular facets. This facet...

Data from: Mating system of Caiman yacare (Reptilia Alligatoridae) described from microsatellite genotypes

Guillermo N. Ojeda, Patricia S. Amavet, Eva C. Rueda, Pablo A. Siroski & Alejandro Larriera
The yacare caiman (Caiman yacare) is a reptile from South America and 1 of the 2 crocodilian species present in Argentina. The degradation of their natural habitat and strong hunting pressure led to a sharp numerical decline of wild populations. Nowadays, C. yacare is included in Appendix II of CITES, and ranching practices in some areas in Argentina are helping hatching success. In this context, it is important to better understand the population structure and...

Temporal Inflection Points in Decorated Pottery: a Bayesian Refinement of the Late Formative Chronology in the Southern Lake Titicaca Basin, Bolivia

Christine Hastorf, Erik Marsh, Andrew Roddick, Maria Bruno, Scott Smith & John Janusek
The Late Formative Period immediately precedes the emergence of Tiwanaku, one of the earliest South American states, yet is one of the most poorly understood periods in the southern Lake Titicaca Basin (Bolivia). In this paper, we refine this period’s ceramic chronology with large sets of dates from eight sites, focusing on temporal inflection points in decorated ceramic styles. These points, estimated here by Bayesian models, index specific moments of change: (1) cal AD 140...

Data from: Trait matching and phenological overlap increase the spatio-temporal stability and functionality of plant-pollinator interactions

Natacha P. Chacoff, Diego P. Vázquez & Silvia B. Lomáscolo
Morphology and phenology influence plant-pollinator network structure, but whether they generate more stable pairwise interactions with higher pollination success is unknown. Here we evaluate the importance of morphological trait matching, phenological overlap and specialisation for the spatio-temporal stability (measured as variability) of plant-pollinator interactions and for pollination success, while controlling for species abundance. To this end, we combined a six-year plant-pollinator interaction dataset, with information on species traits, phenologies, specialisation, abundance and pollination success, into...

Data from: How important is it to consider lineage diversification heterogeneity in macroevolutionary studies? lessons from the lizard family Liolaemidae

Melisa Olave, Luciano Avila, Jack Sites & Mariana Morando
Macroevolutionary and biogeographical studies commonly apply multiple models to test state-dependent diversification. These models track the association between states of interest along a phylogeny, although many of them do not consider whether different clades might be evolving under different evolutionary drivers. Yet, they are still commonly applied to empirical studies without careful consideration of possible lineage diversification heterogeneity along the phylogenetic tree. A recent biogeographic study has suggested that orogenic uplift of the southern Andes...

Negative impacts of dominance on bee communities: Does the influence of invasive honey bees differ from native bees?

Lucas Alejandro Garibaldi, Lucas Garibaldi, Néstor Pérez-Méndez, Guaraci Cordeiro, Alice Hughes, Michael Orr, Isabel Alves Dos Santos, Breno Freitas, Favízia Freitas De Oliveira, Gretchen Lebuhn, Ignasi Bartomeus, Marcelo Aizen, Patricia Andrade, Betina Blochtein, Danilo Boscolo, Patricia Drumond, Maria Gaglianone, Barbara Gemmill-Herren, Rosana Halinski, Cristiane Krug, Marcia Maues, Lucia Piedade Kiill, Mardiore Pinheiro, Carmen Pires & Blandina Felipe Viana
Invasive species can reach high abundances and dominate native environments. One of the most impressive examples of ecological invasions is the spread of the African sub-species of the honey bee throughout the Americas, starting from its introduction in a single locality in Brazil. The invasive honey bee is expected to more negatively impact bee community abundance and diversity than native dominant species, but this has not been tested previously. We developed a comprehensive and systematic...

Data from: Latitudinal and altitudinal patterns of plant community diversity on mountain summits across the tropical Andes

Francisco Cuesta, Priscilla Muriel, Luis D. Llambí, Stephan Halloy, Nikolay Aguirre, Stephan Beck, Julieta Carilla, Rosa I. Meneses, Soledad Cuello, Alfredo Grau, Luis E. Gámez, Javier Irazábal, Jorge Jacome, Ricardo Jaramillo, Lirey Ramírez, Natalia Samaniego, David Suárez-Duque, Natali Thompson, Alfredo Tupayachi, Paul Viñas, Karina Yager, María T. Becerra, Harald Pauli & William D. Gosling
The high tropical Andes host one of the richest alpine floras of the world, with exceptionally high levels of endemism and turnover rates. Yet, little is known about the patterns and processes that structure altitudinal and latitudinal variation in plant community diversity. Herein we present the first continental-scale comparative study of plant community diversity on summits of the tropical Andes. Data were obtained from 792 permanent vegetation plots (1m2) within 50 summits, distributed along a...

Data from: Long necks enhance and constrain foraging capacity in aquatic vertebrates

Rory P. Wilson, Agustina Gómez-Laich, Juan E. Sala, Giacomo Dell'Omo, Mark D. Holton & Flavio Quintana
Highly specialized diving birds display substantial dichotomy in neck length with, for example, cormorants and anhingas having extreme necks, while penguins and auks have minimized necks. We attached acceleration loggers to Imperial cormorants Phalacrocorax atriceps and Magellanic penguins Spheniscus magellanicus, both foraging in waters over the Patagonian Shelf, to examine the difference in movement between their respective heads and bodies in an attempt to explain this dichotomy. The penguins had head and body attitudes and...

Data from: Genome-wide association mapping of quantitative traits in a breeding population of sugarcane

Josefina Racedo, Lucia Gutierrez, María Francisca Perera, Santiago Ostengo, Esteban Mariano Pardo, María Inés Cuenya, Bjorn Welin & Atilio Pedro Castagnaro
Background: Molecular markers associated with relevant agronomic traits could significantly reduce the time and cost involved in developing new sugarcane varieties. Previous sugarcane genome-wide association analyses (GWAS) have found few molecular markers associated with relevant traits at plant-cane stage. The aim of this study was to establish an appropriate GWAS to find molecular markers associated with yield related traits consistent across harvesting seasons in a breeding population. Sugarcane clones were genotyped with DArT (Diversity Array...

Data from: Evolution of morphological integration in the skull of Carnivora (Mammalia): changes in Canidae lead to increased evolutionary potential of facial traits

Fabio Andrade Machado, Thiago Macek Gonçalves Zahn & Gabriel Marroig
Morphological integration refers to the fact that different phenotypic traits of organisms are not fully independent from each other, and tend to covary to different degrees. The covariation among traits is thought to reflect properties of the species' genetic architecture and thus can have an impact on evolutionary responses. Furthermore, if morphological integration changes along the history of a group, inferences of past selection regimes might be problematic. Here we evaluated the stability and evolution...

Data from: Phylogenomic reclassification of the world’s most venomous spiders (Mygalomorphae, Atracinae), with implications for venom evolution

Marshal Hedin, Shahan Derkarabetian, Martín J. Ramírez, Cor Vink & Jason E. Bond
Here we show that the most venomous spiders in the world are phylogenetically misplaced. Australian atracine spiders (family Hexathelidae), including the notorious Sydney funnel-web spider Atrax robustus, produce venom peptides that can kill people. Intriguingly, eastern Australian mouse spiders (family Actinopodidae) are also medically dangerous, possessing venom peptides strikingly similar to Atrax hexatoxins. Based on the standing morphology-based classification, mouse spiders are hypothesized distant relatives of atracines, having diverged over 200 million years ago. Using...

Data from: The rise of the ruling reptiles and ecosystem recovery from the Permian-Triassic mass extinction

Martín D. Ezcurra & Richard J. Butler
One of the key faunal transitions in Earth history occurred after the Permo-Triassic mass extinction (ca. 252.2 Ma), when the previously obscure archosauromorphs (which include crocodylians, dinosaurs, and birds) become the dominant terrestrial vertebrates. Here, we place all known middle Permian–early Late Triassic archosauromorph species into an explicit phylogenetic context, and quantify biodiversity change through this interval. Our results indicate the following sequence of diversification: a morphologically conservative and globally distributed post-extinction ‘disaster fauna’; a...

Data from: Colonization history and population differentiation of the Honey Bees (Apis mellifera L.) in Puerto Rico

Jenny P. Acevedo-Gonzalez, Alberto Galindo-Cardona, Arian Avalos, Charles W. Whitfield, Dania M. Rodriguez, Jose L. Uribe-Rubio & Tugrul Giray
Honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) are the primary commercial pollinators across the world. The subspecies A. m. scutellata originated in Africa and was introduced to the Americas in 1956. For the last 60 years it hybridized successfully with European subspecies, previous residents in the area. The result of this hybridization was called Africanized Honey Bee (AHB). AHB has spread since then, arriving to Puerto Rico (PR) in 1994. The honey bee population on the island...

Data from: Beyond neutral and forbidden links: morphological matches and the assembly of mutualistic hawkmoth-plant networks

Federico D. Sazatornil, Marcela Moré, Santiago Benitez-Vieyra, Andrea A. Cocucci, Ian J. Kitching, Boris O. Schlumpberger, Paulo E. Oliveira, Marlies Sazima & Felipe W. Amorim
A major challenge in evolutionary ecology is to understand how co-evolutionary processes shape patterns of interactions between species at community level. Pollination of flowers with long corolla tubes by long-tongued hawkmoths has been invoked as a showcase model of co-evolution. Recently, optimal foraging models have predicted that there might be a close association between mouthparts' length and the corolla depth of the visited flowers, thus favouring trait convergence and specialization at community level. Here, we...

Data from: Northernmost distribution of the Andean bear (Tremarctos ornatus) in South America, and fragmentation of its associated Andean forest and Paramo ecosystems

Daniel Rodríguez, Adriana Reyes, Nicolás Reyes-Amaya, Silvana Gallegos-Sánchez, Jorge Gutierre, Raúl Suárez & Fernando Prieto
Current northernmost distribution of the Andean bear (Tremarctos ornatus) is not defined precisely; mentioned to be located “at the Serranía del Perijá” without accurate/confirmed distribution records, and placed by the IUCN at the Serranía de Portuguesa (Venezuela). There is an information gap on the fragmentation of the Andean bear associated ecosystems (Andean forest and Paramo) throughout its distribution in Colombia and Venezuela. The aim of this study is to provide precise knowledge on the current...

Data from: Species delimitation with ABC and other coalescent-based methods: a test of accuracy with simulations and an empirical example with lizards of the Liolaemus darwinii complex (Squamata: Liolaemidae)

Arley Camargo, Mariana Morando, Luciano Javier Avila &
Species delimitation is a major research focus in evolutionary biology because accurate species boundaries are a prerequisite for the study of speciation. New species delimitation methods (SDMs) can accommodate non-monophyletic species and gene tree discordance as a result of incomplete lineage sorting via the coalescent model, but do not explicitly accommodate gene flow after divergence. Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) can incorporate gene flow and estimate other relevant parameters of the speciation process while testing alternative...

Data from: Quaternary range and demographic expansion of Liolaemus darwinii (Squamata: Liolaemidae) in the Monte Desert of Central Argentina using Bayesian phylogeography and ecological niche modelling

Arley Camargo, Fernanda P. Werneck, Mariana Morando, , Luciano J. Avila & Jack W. Sites
Until recently, most phylogeographic approaches have been unable to distinguish between demographic and range expansion processes, making it difficult to test for the possibility of range expansion without population growth and vice versa. In this study, we applied a Bayesian phylogeographic approach to reconstruct both demographic and range expansion in the lizard Liolaemus darwinii of the Monte Desert in Central Argentina, during the Late Quaternary. Based on analysis of 14 anonymous nuclear loci and the...

Botanical affinity of the taxa encountered in the Maywood Formation

Michal Zaton, Hu Mingxi, Mercedes Di Pasquo & Paul Myrow
This dataset lists the species of palynomorphs occurring in the Middle Devonian (Givetian) deposits of the Maywood Formation of Cottonwood Canyon, Wyoming, USA. The palynological investigation was carried out in order to decipher the age and paleoenvironment of the microconchid tubeworms (Tentaculita) which were described from the deposits of the Maywood Formation. The retrieved data suggest a likely brackish water origin for the deposits studied, although temporary fully freshwater conditions cannot be ruled out. Indeed,...

Forest phenoclusters for Argentina based on vegetation phenology and climate

Eduarda Silveira, Volker Radeloff, Guillermo Martínez Pastur, Sebastián Martinuzzi, Natalia Politi, Leonidas Lizarraga, Luis Rivera, Gregorio Gavier-Pizarro, He Yin, Yamina Rosas, Noelia Calamari, María Navarro, Yanina Sica, Ashley Olah, Julieta Bono & Anna Pidgeon
Forest biodiversity conservation and species distribution modeling greatly benefit from broad-scale forest maps depicting tree species or forest types rather than just presence and absence of forest, or coarse classifications. Ideally, such maps would stem from satellite image classification based on abundant field data for both model training and accuracy assessments, but such field-data does not exist in many parts of the globe. However, different forest types and tree species differ in their vegetation phenology,...

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