35 Works

Data from: Matching genetics with oceanography: directional gene flow in a Mediterranean fish species

Celia Schunter, Josep Carreras-Carbonell, Enrique Macpherson, Joaquin Tintoré, Enrique Vidal-Vijande, Ananda Pascual, Paolo Guidetti & Marta Pascual
Genetic connectivity and geographic fragmentation are two opposing mechanisms determining the population structure of species. While the first homogenizes the genetic background across populations the second one allows their differentiation. Therefore, knowledge of processes affecting dispersal of marine organisms is crucial to understand their genetic distribution patterns and for the effective management of their populations. In this study, we use genetic analyses of eleven microsatellites in combination with oceanographic satellite and dispersal simulation data to...

Data from: Downscaling pollen-transport networks to the level of individuals

Cristina Tur, Anna Traveset, Kristian Trøjelsgaard & Jens M. Olesen
1. Most plant-pollinator network studies are conducted at species level whereas little is known about network patterns at the individual level. In fact, nodes in traditional species-based interaction networks are aggregates of individuals establishing the actual links observed in nature. Thus, emergent properties of interaction networks might be the result of mechanisms acting at the individual level. 2. Pollen loads carried by insect flower-visitors from two mountain communities were studied to construct pollen-transport networks. For...

Data from: Phenological asynchrony in plant–butterfly interactions associated with climate: a community-wide perspective

Isabel Donoso, Constanti Stefanescu, Alejandro Martínez-Abraín & Anna Traveset
Although much information has been accumulated on the effects of climate change on particular species worldwide, research aimed at assessing how such change influences biotic interactions from a community-wide perspective is still in its infancy. We contribute to filling in this gap by analyzing a 17-year (1996–2012) dataset that includes records of flower-visitation interactions between 12 butterfly species and 17 plant species in a coastal wetland area in northeastern Iberian Peninsula. We assessed the extent...

Pollinator surveys of two populations located in the North and South of Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain) in 2021 from May to July focused on Eryngium maritimum pollinators

Ivan Cortes
The aim of this study is to analyse the role played by E. maritimum in the dune pollination network of the Balearic Islands, where there is an intense anthropogenic impact in its habitat. For this purpose, two populations located in the North and South of Mallorca were chosen, in which diurnal transects were carried out to observe and capture pollinators on 15 plant species during the anthesis period of E. maritimum. The flowering period of...

Pollinator richness, pollination networks and diet adjustment along local and landscape gradients of resource diversity

Carmelo Gómez-Martinez, Miguel González-Estévez, Joana Cursach & Amparo Lázaro
Loss of habitats and native species, introduction of invasive species, and changing climate regimes lead to the homogenization of landscapes and communities, affecting the availability of habitats and resources for economically important guilds, such as pollinators. Understanding how pollinators and their interactions vary along resource diversity gradients at different scales may help to determine their adaptability to current diversity loss related to global change. We used data on 20 plant-pollinator communities along gradients of flower...

Data from: Genetic diversity and historical biogeography of the Maltese wall lizard, Podarcis filfolensis (Squamata: Lacertidae)

Virginia Rodríguez, Richard P. Brown, Bàrbara Terrasa, Valentín Pérez-Mellado, Antònia Picornell, José A. Castro & Cori Ramon
Podarcis filfolensis is an endemic lizard from the Maltese archipelago. There is evidence of human-mediated decline and even extirpation of some insular populations of this species. However, information about the intraspecific genetic diversity and phylogeographic patterns of this species is limited. Here we analyze genetic markers from a multi-locus dataset (mtDNA, 2,533 bp; nuclear c-mos gene, 353 bp; 11 microsatellites) for individuals from extant populations of P. filfolensis. Despite generally low genetic variability, two main...

Data from: Consequences of plant invasions on compartmentalization and species’ roles in plant–pollinator networks

Matthias Albrecht, Benigno Padrón, Ignasi Bartomeus & Anna Traveset
Compartmentalization—the organization of ecological interaction networks into subsets of species that do not interact with other subsets (true compartments) or interact more frequently among themselves than with other species (modules)—has been identified as a key property for the functioning, stability and evolution of ecological communities. Invasions by entomophilous invasive plants may profoundly alter the way interaction networks are compartmentalized. We analysed a comprehensive dataset of 40 paired plant–pollinator networks (invaded versus uninvaded) to test this...

Data from: Global patterns of the double mutualism phenomenon

Francisco Fuster, Christopher Kaiser-Bunbury, Jens M. Olesen & Anna Traveset
A double mutualism (DM) occurs when two interacting species benefit each other in two different functions, e.g. when an animal species acts both as pollinator and seed disperser of the same plant. Besides the double benefit, a DM also imposes a larger risk to both functions if the performance of one partner declines. We conducted the first global review of DMs involving pollinators and seed dispersers, aiming to: (1) assess their prevalence across ecosystems and...

Data from: Natural disturbances can produce misleading bioassessment results: identifying metrics to detect anthropogenic impacts in intermittent rivers

Maria Soria, Cayetano Gutiérrez-Cánovas, Núria Bonada, Raúl Acosta, Pablo Rodríguez-Lozano, Pau Frotuño, Gemma Burgazzi, Dolors Vinyoles, Francesc Gallart, Jérôme Latron, Pilar Llorens, Narcís Prat & Núria Cid
Ecosystems experience natural disturbances and anthropogenic impacts that affect biological communities and ecological processes. When natural disturbance modifies anthropogenic impacts, current widely used bioassessment metrics can prevent accurate assessment of biological quality. Our aim was to assess the ability of biomonitoring metrics to detect anthropogenic impacts at both perennial and intermittent sites, and in the latter including both flowing and disconnected pool aquatic phases. Specifically, aquatic macroinvertebrates from 20 rivers were sampled along gradients of...

Cell wall thickness and composition are involved in photosynthetic limitation

Jaume Flexas, María José Clemente-Moreno, Josefina Bota, Tim J. Brodribb, Jorge Gago, Yusuke Mizokami, Miquel Nadal, Alicia V. Perera-Castro, Margalida Roig-Oliver, Daisuke Sugiura, Dongliang Xiong & Marc Carriquí
The key role of cell walls in setting mesophyll conductance to CO2 (gm) and, consequently, photosynthesis, is reviewed. First, the theoretical properties of cell walls that can affect gm are presented. Then, we focus on cell wall thickness (Tcw) reviewing empirical evidence showing that Tcw varies strongly among species and phylogenetic groups in a way that correlates with gm and photosynthesis i.e. the thicker the mesophyll cell walls, the lower gm and photosynthesis. Potential interplays...

Data from: Performance assessment of two whole-lake acoustic positional telemetry systems - is reality mining of free-ranging aquatic animals technologically possible?

Henrik Baktoft, Petr Zajicek, Thomas Klefoth, Jon Christian Svendsen, Lene Jacobsen, Martin Wæver Pedersen, David March Morla, Christian Skov, Shinnosuke Nakayama & Robert Arlinghaus
Acoustic positional telemetry systems (APTs) represent a novel approach to study the behaviour of free ranging aquatic animals in the wild at unprecedented detail. System manufactures promise remarkably high temporal and spatial resolution. However, the performance of APTs has rarely been rigorously tested at the level of entire ecosystems. Moreover, the effect of habitat structure on system performance has only been poorly documented. Two APTs were deployed to cover two small lakes and a series...

Data from: Multilocus genetic diversity and historical biogeography of the endemic wall lizard from Ibiza and Formentera, Podarcis pityusensis (Squamata: Lacertidae)

Virginia Rodríguez, Richard P. Brown, Barbara Terrasa, Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Jose A. Castro, Antonia Picornell & M. Misericordia Ramon
Two monophyletic sister species of wall lizards inhabit the two main groups of Balearic Islands: Podarcis lilfordi from islets and small islands around Mallorca and Menorca and Podarcis pityusensis from Ibiza, Formentera and associated islets. Genetic diversity within the endangered P. lilfordi has been well characterized, but P. pityusensis has not been studied in depth. Here, 2430 bp of mtDNA and 15 microsatellite loci were analysed from P. pityusensis populations from across its natural range....

Data from: A camera-based method for estimating absolute density in animals displaying home range behaviour

Andrea Campos-Candela, Miquel Palmer, Salvador Balle & Josep Alós
1.The measurement of animal density may take advantage of recent technological achievements in wildlife video recording. Fostering the theoretical links between the patterns depicted by cameras and absolute density is required to exploit this potential. 2.We explore the applicability of the Hutchinson-Waser's postulate (i.e., when animal density is stationary at a given temporal and spatial scale, the absolute density is given by the average number of animals counted per frame), which is a counter-intuitive statement...

Data from: Stable isotopes reveal the effect of trawl fisheries on the diet of commercially exploited species

Hilmar Hinz, Joan Moranta, Stephen Balestrini, Marija Sciberras, Julia R. Pantin, James Monnington, Alex Zalewski, Michel J. Kaiser, Mattias Sköld, Patrik Jonsson, Francois Bastardie & Jan Geert Hiddink
Bottom trawling can change food availability for benthivorous demersal species by (i) changing benthic prey composition through physical seabed impacts and (ii) by removing overall benthic consumer biomass increasing the net availability of benthic prey for remaining individuals. Thus trawling may both negatively and positively influence the quantity and quality of food available. Using δ13C and δ15N we investigated potential diet changes of three commercially exploited species across trawling gradients in the Kattegat (plaice, dab...

Data from: Effects of neonicotinoid insecticide exposure and monofloral diet on nest-founding bumblebee queens

Mar Leza, Kristal M. Watrous, Jade Bratu & S. Hollis Woodard
Bumblebees are among the world’s most important groups of pollinating insects in natural and agricultural ecosystems. Each spring, queen bumblebees emerge from overwintering and initiate new nests, which ultimately give rise to workers and new reproductives later in the season. Nest initiation and survival are thus key drivers of both bumblebee pollination services and population dynamics. We performed the first laboratory experiment with the model bumblebee species Bombus impatiens that explores how early nesting success...

Additional file 2 of Sex and age differences in the association of fatty liver index-defined non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with cardiometabolic risk factors: a cross-sectional study

Sergio Fresneda, Manuela Abbate, Carla Busquets-Cortés, Arturo López-González, Pilar Fuster-Parra, Miquel Bennasar-Veny & Aina M. Yáñez
Additional file 2: Table S1. Differences between men and women in the prevalence of categories of FLI by age intervals.

Data from: Biogeographical scenarios modulate seagrass resistance to small-scale perturbations

Fernando Tuya, Yolanda Fernández‐Torquemada, Jesús Zarcero, Yoana Del Pilar-Ruso, Ina Csenteri, Fernando Espino, Pablo Manent, Leticia Curbelo, Adriá Antich, José A. De La Ossa, Laura Royo, Inés Castejon-Silvo, Gabriele Procaccini, Jorge Terrados & Fiona Tomas
1. Seagrasses constitute a key coastal habitat worldwide, but are are exposed to multiple perturbations. Understanding elements affecting seagrass resistance to disturbances is critical for conservation. Distinct biogeographical scenarios are intrinsically linked with varying ecological and evolution backgrounds shaped across millennia. 2. We addressed whether the resistance (change in shoot abundances) and performance (change in leaf morphology and growth) of the seagrass Cymodocea nodosa to a local stressor, light reduction, varied across three regions (Southeast...

Data from: Leaf economics spectrum in rice: Leaf anatomical, biochemical and physiological trait trade-offs

Dongliang Xiong & Jaume Flexas
The leaf economics spectrum (LES) is an eco-physiological concept describing the trade-offs of leaf structural, and physiological traits, that has been widely investigated across multiple scales. However, the effects of the breeding process on the LES in crops, as well as the mechanisms of the trait trade-offs underlying the LES, have not been thoroughly elucidated to date. In this study, a dataset, including leaf anatomical, biochemical and functional traits, was constructed to evaluate the trait...

Data from: C4 savanna grasses fail to maintain assimilation in drying soil under low CO2 compared with C3 trees despite lower leaf water demand

Joe Quirk, Chandra Bellasio, David A. Johnson, Colin P. Osborne & David J. Beerling
1) C4 photosynthesis evolved when grasses migrated out of contracting forests under a declining atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2]a) and drying climate around 30 million years ago. C4 grasses are hypothesised to benefit from improved plant–water relations in open habitats like savannas, giving advantages over C3 plants under low [CO2]a. But experimental evidence in a low CO2 environment is limited and comparisons with C3 trees are needed to understand savanna vegetation patterns. 2) To test whether...

Die posttalaiotische Siedlung von Es Rossels (Felanitx, Malloca)

Christoph Rinne & Bartomeu Salvà Simonet
Madrider Mitteilungen, 57 (2016)

Mediators’ and Disputing Parties’ Perceptions of Trust‐Building in Family Mediation

Joan Albert Riera Adrover, Maria Elena Cuartero Castaner & Juan Jose Montano Moreno

Habitat loss increases seasonal interaction rewiring in plant-pollinator networks

Amparo Lázaro & Carmelo Gómez-Martínez
Understanding the flexibility of interactions and network rewiring (i.e. reassembly of interactions due to partner-switching) is necessary to comprehend how future anthropogenic changes will affect interspecific interactions and the functioning of communities. A higher rewiring could be expected in more disturbed landscapes because these landscapes contain fewer and more generalist species with more homogeneous traits. We sampled pollination interactions in 20 wild Olea europaea communities along a disturbance gradient to evaluate the hypothesis that the...

A meta‐analysis of insularity effects on herbivory and plant defences

Xoaquín Moreira, Bastien Castagneyrol, Carlos García‐Verdugo & Luis Abdala‐Roberts
Aim: Plants on islands are often subjected to lower levels of herbivory relative to those at mainland sites. As a consequence, island plants are predicted to exhibit lower levels of physical and chemical defences, which renders them more susceptible to introduced herbivores. Yet, instances of high pressure by superabundant herbivores native to islands have been reported in many insular systems, which presumably would result in heightened plant defences. To date, no quantitative review has been...

Sex and age differences in the association of fatty liver index-defined non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with cardiometabolic risk factors: a cross-sectional study

Sergio Fresneda, Manuela Abbate, Carla Busquets-Cortés, Arturo López-González, Pilar Fuster-Parra, Miquel Bennasar-Veny & Aina M. Yáñez
Abstract Background Despite the extensive scientific evidence accumulating on the epidemiological risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), evidence exploring sex- and age-related differences remains insufficient. The present cross-sectional study aims to investigate possible sex differences in the prevalence of FLI-defined NAFLD as well as in its association with common risk factors across different age groups, in a large sample of Spanish working adults. Methods This cross-sectional study included data from 33,216 Spanish adult...

Additional file 1 of Sex and age differences in the association of fatty liver index-defined non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with cardiometabolic risk factors: a cross-sectional study

Sergio Fresneda, Manuela Abbate, Carla Busquets-Cortés, Arturo López-González, Pilar Fuster-Parra, Miquel Bennasar-Veny & Aina M. Yáñez
Additional file 1: Figure S1. BMI (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm) and fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL), total cholesterol (mg/dL), HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL) and triglycerides (mg/dL) for men and women by categories of FLI.

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  • University of the Balearic Islands
  • University of Barcelona
  • Misión Biológica de Galicia
  • Aarhus University
  • University of Tasmania
  • Huazhong Agricultural University
  • University of Salamanca
  • University of California, Riverside
  • Technical University of Denmark
  • Liverpool John Moores University