30 Works

Additional file 1 of An examination of the association between marital status and prenatal mental disorders using linked health administrative data

Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng, Fenglian Xu & David Sibbritt
Additional file 1.

Multivariate trait analysis reveals diatom plasticity constrained to a reduced set of biological axes

Phoebe Argyle, Nathan G. Walworth, Jana Hinners, Sinéad Collins, Naomi M. Levine & Martina A. Doblin
Trait-based approaches to phytoplankton ecology have gained traction in recent decades as phenotypic traits are incorporated into ecological and biogeochemical models. Here, we use high-throughput phenotyping to explore both intra- and interspecific constraints on trait combinations that are expressed in the cosmopolitan marine diatom genus Thalassiosira. We demonstrate that within Thalassiosira, phenotypic diversity cannot be predicted from genotypic diversity, and moreover, plasticity can create highly divergent phenotypes that are incongruent with taxonomic grouping. Significantly, multivariate...

Predator protection dampens the landscape of fear

Eamonn Wooster
Apex predators structure ecosystems by hunting mesopredators and herbivores. Their ecological influence is determined not only by the number of animals they kill, but also by how prey alter their behaviours to reduce risk. Predation risk is variable in space and time creating a landscape of fear. In Australia, dingoes hunt red foxes and suppress their populations. As both predators are commonly subjected to eradication programs, the question arises whether humans alter the risk dingoes...

A high-throughput assay for quantifying phenotypic traits of microalgae

Phoebe Argyle, Jana Hinners, Nathan G. Walworth, Sinead Collins, Naomi M. Levine & Martina A. Doblin
High-throughput methods for phenotyping microalgae are in demand across a variety of research and commercial purposes. Many microalgae can be readily cultivated in multi-well plates for experimental studies which can reduce overall costs, while measuring traits from low volume samples can reduce handling. Here we develop a high-throughput quantitative phenotypic assay (QPA) that can be used to phenotype microalgae grown in multi-well plates. The QPA integrates 10 low-volume, relatively high-throughput trait measurements (growth rate, cell...

Sand impingements on cathodic protection of marine carbon steel in natural sea water

Shan Gao, Xiaohui Zou, Yubin Zhao, Hao Chen, Qiliang Zhang, Yi Huang & Yunze Xu
In this work, the influence of sand impingements on cathodic protection (CP) of marine carbon steel in natural sea water was studied in comparison with the CP performances in static and flowing sea water without sand particles. Results show that the propagation of local active anodic dissolution at the steel inclusions could be totally inhibited by providing sufficient cathodic current in the sea water free of sand particles. However, the local ‘CP shielding’, potential fluctuation...

An examination of the association between marital status and prenatal mental disorders using linked health administrative data

Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng, Fenglian Xu & David Sibbritt
Abstract Background International research shows marital status impacts the mental health of pregnant women, with prenatal depression and anxiety being higher among non-partnered women. However, there have been few studies examining the relationship between marital status and prenatal mental disorders among Australian women. Methods This is a population-based retrospective cohort study using linked data from the New South Wales (NSW) Perinatal Data Collection (PDC) and Admitted Patients Data Collection (APDC). The cohort consists of a...

Microbial contamination of groundwater self-supply in urban Indonesia

Timothy Foster, Franziska Genter, Juliet Willetts, Cindy Rianti Priadi, Gita Lestari Putri & Mochamad Adhiraga Pratama

Population genomics and sexual signals identify reproductive interference in Uperoleia

Renee Catullo, Frederick Jaya, Jessie Tanner, Michael Whitehead, Paul Doughty, Scott Keogh & Craig Moritz
When closely related species come into contact via range expansion, both may experience reduced fitness as a result of the interaction. Selection is expected to favor traits that minimize costly interspecies reproductive interactions (such as mismating) via a phenomenon called reproductive character displacement (RCD). Research on RCD frequently assumes secondary contact between species, but the geographic history of species interactions is often unknown. Landscape genomic data allows tests of geographic hypotheses about species origins and...

Recovery of phosphorus from wastewater: A review based on current phosphorous removal technologies

Yulin Zheng, Yongshan Wan, Yue Zhang, Jinsheng Huang, Yicheng Yang, Daniel C. W. Tsang, Hailong Wang, Hao Chen & Bin Gao
Phosphorus (P) as an essential nutrient for life sustains the productivity of food systems; yet misdirected P often accumulates in wastewater and triggers water eutrophication if not properly treated. Although technologies have been developed to remove P, little attention has been paid to the recovery of P from wastewater. This work provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art P removal technologies in the science of wastewater treatment. Our analyses focus on the mechanisms, removal efficiencies,...

QDataSet: Quantum Datasets for Machine Learning

Christopher Ferrie, Elija Perrier, Akram Youssry & Dacheng Tao

Predictability of thermal fluctuations influences functional traits of a cosmopolitan marine diatom

Raissa Gill, Sinead Collins, Phoebe Argyle, Michaela Larsson, Robert Fleck & Martina Doblin
Evolutionary theory predicts that organismal plasticity should evolve in environments that fluctuate regularly. However, in environments that fluctuate less predictably, plasticity may be constrained because environmental cues become less reliable for expressing the optimum phenotype. Here we examine how the predictability of +5 °C temperature fluctuations impacts the phenotype of the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. Thermal regimes were informed by temperatures experienced by microbes in an ocean simulation, and featured regular or irregular temporal sequences...

Dodonaphy - a Software using Hyperbolic Space for Bayesian Phylogenetic Inference

Matthew Macaulay, Aaron Darling & Mathieu Fourment
Bayesian inference for phylogenetics is a gold standard for computing distributions of phylogenies. It faces the challenging problem of moving throughout the high-dimensional space of trees. However, hyperbolic space offers a low dimensional representation of tree-like data. In this paper, we embed genomic sequences into hyperbolic space and perform hyperbolic Markov Chain Monte Carlo for Bayesian inference. The posterior probability is computed by decoding a neighbour joining tree from proposed embedding locations. We empirically demonstrate...

Digital Platform Complaint Handling: Options for an External Dispute Resolution Scheme

Derek Wilding, Karen Lee, Anita Stuhmcke & Holly Raiche

Achieving fully-equiaxed fine β-grains in titanium alloy produced by additive manufacturing

Aitang Xue, Xin Lin, Lilin Wang, Xufei Lu, Lukai Yuan, Hanlin Ding & Weidong Huang
The achievement of fine equiaxed β grain with conventional intragranular (α-Ti+β-Ti) microstructure in additive manufacturing titanium alloy remains a big challenge. We conquer this challenge by synergistically controlling β-grains during both solidification and subsequent thermal-cycles of laser directed energy deposition (DED), and a solution + quenching heat-treatment. Both the strength and plasticity of heat-treated Ti6Al4V3Ni0.05B are superior to those reported new DED titanium alloy and comparable to that of DED Ti6Al4V, because of the fine-equiaxed...

Achieving fully-equiaxed fine β-grains in titanium alloy produced by additive manufacturing

Aitang Xue, Xin Lin, Lilin Wang, Xufei Lu, Lukai Yuan, Hanlin Ding & Weidong Huang
The achievement of fine equiaxed β grain with conventional intragranular (α-Ti+β-Ti) microstructure in additive manufacturing titanium alloy remains a big challenge. We conquer this challenge by synergistically controlling β-grains during both solidification and subsequent thermal-cycles of laser directed energy deposition (DED), and a solution + quenching heat-treatment. Both the strength and plasticity of heat-treated Ti6Al4V3Ni0.05B are superior to those reported new DED titanium alloy and comparable to that of DED Ti6Al4V, because of the fine-equiaxed...

Recovery of phosphorus from wastewater: A review based on current phosphorous removal technologies

Yulin Zheng, Yongshan Wan, Yue Zhang, Jinsheng Huang, Yicheng Yang, Daniel C. W. Tsang, Hailong Wang, Hao Chen & Bin Gao
Phosphorus (P) as an essential nutrient for life sustains the productivity of food systems; yet misdirected P often accumulates in wastewater and triggers water eutrophication if not properly treated. Although technologies have been developed to remove P, little attention has been paid to the recovery of P from wastewater. This work provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art P removal technologies in the science of wastewater treatment. Our analyses focus on the mechanisms, removal efficiencies,...

Sand impingements on cathodic protection of marine carbon steel in natural sea water

Shan Gao, Xiaohui Zou, Yubin Zhao, Hao Chen, Qiliang Zhang, Yi Huang & Yunze Xu
In this work, the influence of sand impingements on cathodic protection (CP) of marine carbon steel in natural sea water was studied in comparison with the CP performances in static and flowing sea water without sand particles. Results show that the propagation of local active anodic dissolution at the steel inclusions could be totally inhibited by providing sufficient cathodic current in the sea water free of sand particles. However, the local ‘CP shielding’, potential fluctuation...

Data from: Leaf litter breakdown along an elevational gradient in Australian alpine streams

Lloyd Werry, Mirco Bundschuh, Simon Mitrovic, Richard Lim & Ben Kefford
These data were generated to investigate the rate of leaf litter breakdown and how temperature and other factors such as microbial and and invertebrate activities were influenced over elevational and temporal gradients. Breakdown of allochthonous organic matter is a central step in nutrient cycling in stream ecosystems. There is concern that increased temperatures from climate change will alter the breakdown rate of organic matter with important consequences for ecosystem functioning of alpine streams. Dried leaves...

Melanoma stem cells promote metastasis via exosomal miR-1268a inactivation of autophagy

Xiaoshuang Li, Doudou Liu, Hao Chen, Bin Zeng, Qiting Zhao, Yuhan Zhang, Yuting Chen, Jianyu Wang & H. Rosie Xing
Abstract Background Metastatic melanoma has a high mortality rate and poor survival. This is associated with efficient metastatic colonization, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Communication between cancer stem cells (CSCs) and cancer cells plays an important role in metastatic dissemination. Whether cancer stem cells can alter the metastatic properties of non-CSC cells; and whether exosomal crosstalk can mediate such interaction, have not been demonstrated in melanoma prior to this report. Results The results revealed...

Additional file 1 of An examination of the association between marital status and prenatal mental disorders using linked health administrative data

Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng, Fenglian Xu & David Sibbritt
Additional file 1.

An examination of the association between marital status and prenatal mental disorders using linked health administrative data

Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng, Fenglian Xu & David Sibbritt
Abstract Background International research shows marital status impacts the mental health of pregnant women, with prenatal depression and anxiety being higher among non-partnered women. However, there have been few studies examining the relationship between marital status and prenatal mental disorders among Australian women. Methods This is a population-based retrospective cohort study using linked data from the New South Wales (NSW) Perinatal Data Collection (PDC) and Admitted Patients Data Collection (APDC). The cohort consists of a...

Experimental study on the seismic behavior of RC columns improved with central large-diameter butted steel rods

Hanming Zhang, Jie Luo, Jianchun Xiao, Jing Chen, Zhuoqun Liu, Yi Zhang, Zongli Luo & Hong Zhang
Abstract A reinforced concrete (RC) column improved with central large-diameter butted steel rods (CLBSR column) has been proposed to increase the limit value of the axial compression ratio. This paper presents the seismic behavior analysis of CLBSR columns subjected to low-cycle reciprocating loading. The CLBSR columns were also compared with the RC column improved with central large-diameter steel rods (CLSR column) and the RC column improved with central reinforcement bars (CRB column) under the same...

Experimental study on the seismic behavior of RC columns improved with central large-diameter butted steel rods

Hanming Zhang, Jie Luo, Jianchun Xiao, Jing Chen, Zhuoqun Liu, Yi Zhang, Zongli Luo & Hong Zhang
Abstract A reinforced concrete (RC) column improved with central large-diameter butted steel rods (CLBSR column) has been proposed to increase the limit value of the axial compression ratio. This paper presents the seismic behavior analysis of CLBSR columns subjected to low-cycle reciprocating loading. The CLBSR columns were also compared with the RC column improved with central large-diameter steel rods (CLSR column) and the RC column improved with central reinforcement bars (CRB column) under the same...

Additional file 1 of Melanoma stem cells promote metastasis via exosomal miR-1268a inactivation of autophagy

Xiaoshuang Li, Doudou Liu, Hao Chen, Bin Zeng, Qiting Zhao, Yuhan Zhang, Yuting Chen, Jianyu Wang & H. Rosie Xing
Additional file 1: Fig. S1. A The process of miR-1268a derived from OL-SCs cells entering OL cells through exosomes (Cy5 marks miR-1268a, PKH26 marks exosomes, and DiO marks cell membrane). Scale bar, 10 nm. B, C Graphs of the results of the remaining two replicate experiments in the cell cycle. D The proliferation ability of OL cells transfected with mir-1268a mimics and NC mimics was detected by EdU analysis, p > 0.05. E The spheroidization...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    30

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    11
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    10
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    6
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    2
  • Report
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Technology Sydney
    30
  • Fudan University
    12
  • Affiliated Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College
    10
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    10
  • Hunan Agricultural University
    10
  • Zhongda Hospital Southeast University
    10
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    9
  • University of Tennessee Health Science Center
    8
  • Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center
    8
  • Wenzhou Medical University
    8