25 Works

Home range use in the West Australian seahorse Hippocampus subelongatus is influenced by sex and partner’s home range but not by body size or paired status

Charlotta Kvarnemo, Susanne E. Andersson, Jonas Elisson, Glenn I. Moore & Adam G. Jones
These data and scripts form the basis for Kvarnemo C, Andersson SE, Elisson J, Moore GI and Jones AG (2021). Home range use in the West Australian seahorse Hippocampus subelongatus is influenced by sex and partner's home range but not by body size or paired status. Journal of Ethology 39: 235–248. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10164-021-00698-y. The abstract below is from this paper: Genetic monogamy is the rule for many species of seahorse, including the West Australian seahorse Hippocampus...

Allele frequency files for population genomic and phenotypic association analyses

Zhongqi Chen
Adaptation to local environments involves evolution of ecologically important traits and underlying physiological processes. One challenge in studying the genetic architecture of local adaptation is to achieve high marker density to detect candidate genes in natural populations that often have small blocks of linkage disequilibrium. Here, we used low coverage whole-genome resequencing (lcWGR) to identify genome regions involved in thermal adaptation in wild redband trout Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri, a subspecies of rainbow trout that inhabits...

Data for: Characterizing individual tree-level snags using airborne lidar-derived forest canopy gaps within closed-canopy conifer forests

Jessica M. Stitt, Andrew T. Hudak, Carlos Alberto Silva, Lee A. Vierling & Kerri T. Vierling
1. Airborne lidar is often used to calculate forest metrics about trees but it may also provide a wealth of information about the space between trees. Forest canopy gaps are defined by the absence of vegetative structure and serve important roles for wildlife, such as facilitating animal movement. Forest canopy gaps also occur around snags, keystone structures that provide important substrates to wildlife species for breeding, roosting, and foraging. 2. We wanted to test a...

The role of neutral and adaptive genomic variation in population diversification and speciation in two ground squirrel species of conservation concern

Soraia Barbosa, Kimberly Andrews, Amanda Goldberg, Digpal Gour, Paul Hohenlohe, Courtney Conway & Lisette Waits
Understanding the neutral (demographic) and adaptive processes leading to the differentiation of species and populations is a critical component of evolutionary and conservation biology. In this context, recently diverged taxa represent a unique opportunity to study the process of genetic differentiation. Northern and southern Idaho ground squirrels (Urocitellus brunneus – NIDGS, and U. endemicus - SIDGS, respectively) are a recently diverged pair of sister species that have undergone dramatic declines in the last 50 years...

Restoration thinning in a drought-prone Idaho forest creates a persistent carbon deficit

Tara Hudiburg & Jeffrey Stenzel

Adaptive shifts underlie the divergence in wing morphology in bombycoid moths

Brett Aiello, Milton Tan, Usama Bin Sikandar, Alexis Alvey, Burhanuddin Bhinderwala, Katalina Kimball, Jesse Barber, Chris Hamilton, Akito Kawahara & Simon Sponberg
The evolution of flapping flight is linked to the prolific success of insects. Across Insecta, wing morphology diversified, strongly impacting aerodynamic performance. In the presence of ecological opportunity, discrete adaptive shifts and early bursts are two processes hypothesized to give rise to exceptional morphological diversification. Here, we use the diverse sister-families Sphingidae and Saturniidae to answer how the evolution of aerodynamically important traits is linked to clade divergence and through what process(es) these traits evolve....

Data from: Fish carcasses alter subyearling Chinook salmon dispersal behavior and density but not growth in experimental mesocosms

Matthew Dunkle, Ryan Dunbeck & Christopher Caudill

Soil biogeochemistry across Central and South American tropical dry forests

Bonnie Waring, Mark De Guzman, Dan Du, Juan Dupuy, Maga Gei, Jessica Gutknecht, Catherine Hulshof, Nicolas Jelinski, Andrew Margenot, David Medvigy, Camila Pizano, Beatriz Salgado-Negret, Naomi Schwartz, Annette Trierweiler, Skip Van Bloem, German Vargas G & Jennifer Powers
The availability of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) controls the flow of carbon (C) among plants, soils, and the atmosphere, thereby shaping terrestrial ecosystem responses to global change. Soil C, N, and P cycles are linked by drivers operating at multiple spatial and temporal scales: landscape-level variation in macroclimate, seasonality, and soil geochemistry; stand-scale heterogeneity in forest composition and structure; and microbial community dynamics at the soil pore scale. Yet in many biomes, we do...

Data from: Intraspecific variation in incubation behaviors along a latitudinal gradient is driven by nest microclimate and selection on neonate quality

Carl Lundblad & Courtney Conway
The strategies by which animals allocate reproductive effort across their lifetimes vary, and the causes of variation in those strategies are actively debated. In birds, most research has focused heavily on variation in clutch size and fecundity, but incubation behavior and other functionally related traits have received less attention. Variation in incubation period duration is notable because time-dependent sources of clutch mortality should impose strong directional selection to minimize the incubation period. However, life-history theory...

Woodland Caribou demographic data and range boundaries

Craig DeMars, Stan Boutin, Robert Serrouya, Sophie Gilbert, Allicia Kelly, Nicholas Larter & Dave Hervieux
As global climate change progresses, wildlife management will benefit from knowledge of demographic responses to climatic variation, particularly for species already endangered by other stressors. In Canada, climate change is expected to increasingly impact populations of threatened woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) and much focus has been placed on how a warming climate has potentially facilitated the northward expansion of apparent competitors and novel predators. Climate change, however, may also exert more direct effects on...

Reconstructing squamate biogeography in Afro-Arabia reveals the influence of a complex and dynamic geologic past

Héctor Tejero-Cicuéndez, Austin H. Patton, Daniel S. Caetano, Jiří Šmíd, Luke J. Harmon & Salvador Carranza
The geographic distribution of biodiversity is central to understanding evolutionary biology. Paleogeographic and paleoclimatic histories often help to explain how biogeographic patterns unfold through time. However, such patterns are also influenced by a variety of other factors, such as lineage diversification, that may affect the probability of certain types of biogeographic events. The complex and well-known geologic and climatic history of Afro-Arabia, together with the extensive research on reptile systematics in the region, makes Afro-Arabian...

Analysis of paralogs in target enrichment data pinpoints multiple ancient polyploidy events in Alchemilla s.l. (Rosaceae)

Diego F. Morales-Briones, Berit Gehrke, Chien-Hsun Huang, Aaron Liston, Hong Ma, Hannah Marx, David Tank & Ya Yang
Target enrichment is becoming increasingly popular for phylogenomic studies. Although baits for enrichment are typically designed to target single-copy genes, paralogs are often recovered with increased sequencing depth, sometimes from a significant proportion of loci, especially in groups experiencing whole-genome duplication (WGD) events. Common approaches for processing paralogs in target enrichment data sets include random selection, manual pruning, and mainly, the removal of entire genes that show any evidence of paralogy. These approaches are prone...

Phylogeny, Evolution, and Biogeography of the North American Trapdoor Spider family Euctenizidae (Araneae: Mygalomorphae) and the discovery of a new ‘Endangered Living Fossil’ along California’s Central Coast

Jason E. Bond, Chris A. Hamilton, Rebecca L. Godwin, Joel M. Ledford & James. Starrett
We report here the discovery of a remarkable new monotypic mygalomorph spider genus, known only from one geographical location along the central coast of California. The single relict species comprising Cryptocteniza kawtakn. gen. n. sp., is morphologically distinct and geographically isolated from other related genera, with its closest phylogenetic relatives found much further to the east in New Mexico and Arizona. Using a phylogenomic approach employing anchored hybrid enrichment, we reconstruct the evolutionary history of...

Range-wide population structure of three tropical deepwater Eteline snappers across the Indo-Pacific basin

Kimberly Andrews
Deep-sea habitats may drive unique dispersal and demographic patterns for fishes, but population genetic analyses to address these questions have rarely been conducted for fishes in these environments. This study investigates the population structure of three tropical deepwater snappers of the genus Etelis that reside at 100 – 400 m depth, with broad and overlapping distributions in the Indo-Pacific. Previous studies showed little population structure within the Hawaiian Archipelago for two of these species: Etelis...

Data from: Comparison between the kinematics for kangaroo rat hopping on a solid versus sand surface

David Lin, Craig McGowan & Joseph Hall
In their natural habitats, animals move on a variety of substrates, ranging from solid surfaces to those that yield and flow (e.g., sand). These substrates impose different mechanical demands on the musculoskeletal system and may therefore elicit different locomotion patterns. The goal of this study is to compare bipedal hopping by desert kangaroo rats (Dipodomys deserti) on a solid versus granular substrate under speed-controlled conditions. To accomplish this goal, we developed a rotary treadmill, which...

The population genomics of repeated freshwater colonizations by Gulf Pipefish

Sarah Flanagan, Emily Rose & Adam Jones
How organisms adapt to the novel challenges imposed by the colonization of a new habitat has long been a central question in evolutionary biology. When multiple populations of the same species independently adapt to similar environmental challenges, the question becomes whether the populations have arrived at their adaptations through the same genetic mechanisms. In recent years, genetic techniques have been used to tackle these questions by investigating the genome‐level changes underlying local adaptation. Here, we...

Data from: Constraining low-altitude lunar dust using the LADEE/UVS data

Himanshi Sharma & Matthew Hedman

Phylogeny of Citharexyleae

Laura Frost, Nataly O'Leary, Laura Lagomarsino, David Tank & Richard Olmstead
As a family of Neotropical origin and primarily Neotropical distribution, the Verbenaceae are a good but understudied system with which to understand Neotropical evolution. Tribe Citharexyleae comprises three genera: Baillonia, Citharexylum—one of the largest genera in Verbenaceae—and Rehdera. A molecular phylogenetic approach was taken to resolve intergeneric relationships in Citharexyleae and infrageneric relationships in Citharexylum. The phylogeny is used to elucidate character evolution in a widespread, morphologically diverse Neotropical genus. Seven plastid regions, two nuclear...

Ecological and behavioral mechanisms of density-dependent habitat expansion in a recovering African ungulate population

Justine A. Becker, Matthew Hutchinson, Arjun Potter, Shinkyu Park, Jennifer Guyton, Kyler Abernathy, Victor Americo, Ana Gledis Da Conceiçāo, Tyler Kartzinel, Luca Kuziel, Naomi Leonard, Eli Lorenzi, Nuno Martins, Johan Pansu, William Scott, Maria Stahl, Kai Torrens, Marc Stalmans, Ryan Long & Robert Pringle
Major disturbances can temporarily remove factors that otherwise constrain population abundance and distribution. During such windows of relaxed top-down and/or bottom-up control, ungulate populations can grow rapidly, eventually leading to resource depletion and density-dependent expansion into less-preferred habitats. Although many studies have explored the demographic outcomes and ecological impacts of these processes, fewer have examined the individual-level mechanisms by which they occur. We investigated these mechanisms in Gorongosa National Park, where the Mozambican Civil War...

Tools of engagement

Daniel Cronan

Data from: Important airborne lidar metrics of canopy structure for estimating snow interception

Micah Russell, Jan Eitel, Timothy Link & Carlos A. Silva

Evolution of body size and wing shape trade-offs in arsenurine silkmoths

Chris Hamilton, Nathalie Winiger, Juliette Rubin, Jesse Breinholt, Rodolphe Rougerie, Ian Kitching, Jesse Barber & Akito Kawahara
One of the key objectives in biological research is understanding how evolutionary processes have produced Earth's diversity. A critical step towards revealing these processes is an investigation of evolutionary tradeoffs – that is, the opposing pressures of multiple selective forces. For millennia, nocturnal moths have had to balance successful flight, as they search for mates or host plants, with evading bat predators. However, the potential for evolutionary trade-offs between wing shape and body size are...

Data from: Assessing accuracy of GAP and LANDFIRE land cover datasets in winter habitats used by greater sage-grouse in Idaho and Wyoming, USA

Marcella R. Fremgen-Tarantino, Peter Olsoy, Graham G. Frye, John W. Connelly, Alan H. Krakauer, Gail L. Patricelli, Andrew Wright Child & Jennifer Sorensen Forbey
Remotely sensed land cover datasets have been increasingly employed in studies of wildlife habitat use. However, meaningful interpretation of these datasets is dependent on how accurately they estimate habitat features that are important to wildlife. We evaluated the accuracy of the GAP dataset, which is commonly used to classify broad cover categories (e.g., vegetation communities) and LANDFIRE datasets, which are classify narrower cover categories (e.g., plant species) and structural features of vegetation. To evaluate accuracy,...

Data from: Modeling tree canopy height using machine learning over mixed vegetation landscapes

Hui Wang, Travis Seaborn & Zhe Wang
Although the random forest algorithm has been widely applied to remotely sensed data to predict characteristics of forests, such as tree canopy height, the effect of spatial non-stationarity in the modeling process is oftentimes neglected. Previous studies have proposed methods to address the spatial variance at local scales, but few have explored the spatial autocorrelation pattern of residuals in modeling tree canopy height or investigated the relationship between canopy height and model performance. By combining...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Audiovisual
  • Software


  • University of Idaho
  • Boise State University
  • University of Florida
  • University of Minnesota
  • University of South Dakota
  • Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute
  • Government of Alberta
  • Gorongosa National Park
  • University of Washington
  • Bucknell University