1. Bee populations and other pollinators face multiple, synergistically acting threats, which have led to population declines, loss of local species richness and pollination services, and extinctions. However, our understanding of the degree, distribution and causes of declines is patchy, in part due to inadequate monitoring systems, with the challenge of taxonomic identification posing a major logistical barrier. Pollinator conservation would benefit from a high-throughput identification pipeline. 2. We show that the metagenomic mining and...
Data from: Yet another empty forest: considering the conservation value of a recently established tropical nature reserveRachakonder Sreekar, Kai Zhang, Jianchu Xu, Rhett D. Harrison & Rachakonda Sreekar
The primary approach used to conserve tropical biodiversity is in the establishment of protected areas. However, many tropical nature reserves are performing poorly and interventions in the broader landscape may be essential for conserving biodiversity both within reserves and at large. Between October 2010 and 2012, we conducted bird surveys in and around a recently established nature reserve in Xishuangbanna, China. We constructed a checklist of observed species, previously recorded species, and species inferred to...
Data from: Assessing models of speciation under different biogeographic scenarios; an empirical study using multi-locus and RNA-seq analysesTaylor Edwards, Marc Tollis, PingHsun Hsieh, Ryan N. Gutenkunst, Zhen Liu, Kenro Kusumi, Melanie Culver & Robert W. Murphy
Evolutionary biology often seeks to decipher the drivers of speciation, and much debate persists over the relative importance of isolation and gene flow in the formation of new species. Genetic studies of closely related species can assess if gene flow was present during speciation, because signatures of past introgression often persist in the genome. We test hypotheses on which mechanisms of speciation drove diversity among three distinct lineages of desert tortoise in the genus Gopherus....
Data from: Molecular evolution of the nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 gene Nrf2 in Old World fruit bats (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae)Qiuyuan Yin, Lei Zhu, Di Liu, David M. Irwin, Shuyi Zhang & Yi-Hsuan Pan
Mammals developed antioxidant systems to defend against oxidative damage in their daily life. Enzymatic antioxidants and low molecular weight antioxidants (LMWAs) constitute major parts of the antioxidant systems. Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2, encoded by the Nrf2 gene) is a central transcriptional regulator, regulating transcription, of many antioxidant enzymes. Frugivorous bats eat large amounts of fruits that contain high levels of LMWAs such as vitamin C, thus, a reliance on LMWAs might greatly reduce...
Data from: Discriminative host sanction together with relatedness promote the cooperation in fig/fig wasp mutualismRui-Wu Wang, Bao-Fa Sun & Yan Yang
1. Sanctioning or punishing is regarded as one of the most important dynamics in the evolution of cooperation. However, it has not been empirically examined yet whether or not such enforcement selection by sanctioning or punishing and classical theories like kin or reciprocity selection are separate mechanisms contributing to the evolution of cooperation. In addition, it remains largely unclear what factors determine the intensity or effectiveness of sanction. 2. Here, we show that in the...
Kunming Institute of Zoology5
Chinese Academy of Sciences2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences2
Institute of Zoology2
Royal Ontario Museum1
Shenyang Agricultural University1
World Agroforestry Centre1
University of East Anglia1
Kunming Institute of Botany1
East China Normal University1