141 Works

Data from: Reconstructing the evolution of giant extinct kangaroos: comparing the utility of DNA, morphology, and total evidence

Manuela Cascini, Kieren J. Mitchell, Alan Cooper & Matthew J. Phillips
Combined “total evidence” analysis of molecular and morphological data offers the opportunity to objectively merge fossils into the tree of life, and challenges the primacy of solely DNA based phylogenetic and dating inference, even among modern taxa. To investigate the relative utility of DNA, morphology, and total evidence for evolutionary inference, we sequenced the first near-complete mitochondrial genomes from extinct Australian megafauna: a 40-50 thousand year old giant short-faced kangaroo (Simosthenurus occidentalis) and giant wallaby...

Data from: Passive acoustics and sound recognition provide new insights on status and resilience of an iconic endangered marsupial (koala Phascolarctos cinereus) to timber harvesting

Bradley S. Law, Traecey Brassil, Leroy Gonsalves, Paul Roe, Anthony Truskinger & Anna McConville
Retention forestry aims to mitigate impacts of native forestry on biodiversity, but data are limited on its effectiveness for threatened species. We used acoustics to investigate the resilience of a folivorous marsupial, the koala Phascolarctos cinereus, to timber harvesting where a key mitigation practice is landscape exclusion of harvesting. We deployed acoustic recorders at 171 sites to record male bellows (~14,640 hours) for use in occupancy modelling and for comparisons of bellow rate (bellows night-1)....

Hygroscopic growth and size distribution data for: In situ measurements of human cough aerosol hygroscopicity

Robert Groth, Luke Cravigan, Sadegh Niazi, Zoran Ristovski & Graham Johnson
The airborne dynamics of respiratory droplets, and the transmission routes of pathogens embedded within them, are governed primarily by the diameter of the particles. These particles are composed of the fluid which lines the respiratory tract, and is primarily mucins and salts, which will interact with the atmosphere and evaporate to reach an equilibrium diameter. Measuring organic volume fraction (OVF) of cough aerosol has proved challenging due to large variability and low material volume produced...

Sensing Science and Engineering Centre (SEC) Subsurface Data

This data consists of time stamped strain and extensometer data from the foundations of the Science and Engineering Centre (SEC) building on the Gardens Point campus of Queensland University of Technology. Twelve vibrating wire strain guages are mounted on sister bars to the steel reinforcement in the pile column report strain in four orientations (North, South, East and West) over three heights (Upper, Middle and Lower). This data is logged to a central server at...

ISIMIP3b ocean input data

Matthias Büchner
The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a consistent set of climate impact data across sectors and scales. It also provides a unique opportunity for considering interactions between climate change impacts across sectors through consistent scenarios.
The ISIMIP3b part of the third simulation round is dedicated to a quantification of climate-related risks at different levels of global warming and socio-economic change. ISIMIP3b group I simulations are based on historical...

Natural variation at a single gene generates sexual antagonism across fitness components in Drosophila

Bosco Rusuwa, Henry Chung, Scott Allen, Francesca Frentui & Steve Chenoweth
Mutations with conflicting fitness effects in males and females accumulate in sexual populations, reducing their adaptive capacity. Although quantitative genetic studies indicate that sexually antagonistic polymorphisms are common, their molecular basis and population genetic properties remain poorly understood. Here, we show in fruit flies how natural variation at a single gene generates sexual antagonism through phenotypic effects on cuticular hydrocarbon (CHC) traits that function as both mate signals and protectors against abiotic stress across a...

Morphological characteristics of pollen from triploid watermelon and its fate on stigmas in a hybrid crop production system

Erandi C. W. Subasinghe Arachchige, Lisa J. Evans, Ulrika Samnegard & Romina Rader
Hybrid crop production is more reliant on pollinators compared to open-pollinated crops because they require cross-pollination between a male-fertile and a male-sterile line. Little is known about how stigma receipt of pollen from male-sterile genotypes affects reproduction in hybrids. Non-viable and non-compatible pollen cannot fertilise plant ovules, but may still interfere with pollination success. Here we used seedless watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai) as a model hybrid plant, to evaluate the morphology, physiology,...

Additional file 1 of Meal replacement as a weight loss strategy for night shift workers with obesity: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Piumika Sooriyaarachchi, Ranil Jayawardena, Toby Pavey & Neil A. King
Additional file 1. SPIRIT checklist.

Additional file 1 of Meal replacement as a weight loss strategy for night shift workers with obesity: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Piumika Sooriyaarachchi, Ranil Jayawardena, Toby Pavey & Neil A. King
Additional file 1. SPIRIT checklist.

Additional file 4 of Meal replacement as a weight loss strategy for night shift workers with obesity: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Piumika Sooriyaarachchi, Ranil Jayawardena, Toby Pavey & Neil A. King
Additional file 4. Consent form.

Understanding how and under what circumstances decision coaching works for people making healthcare decisions: a realist review

Junqiang Zhao, Janet Jull, Jeanette Finderup, Maureen Smith, Simone Maria Kienlin, Anne Christin Rahn, Sandra Dunn, Yumi Aoki, Leanne Brown, Gillian Harvey & Dawn Stacey
Abstract Background Decision coaching is non-directive support delivered by a trained healthcare provider to help people prepare to actively participate in making healthcare decisions. This study aimed to understand how and under what circumstances decision coaching works for people making healthcare decisions. Methods We followed the realist review methodology for this study. This study was built on a Cochrane systematic review of the effectiveness of decision coaching interventions for people facing healthcare decisions. It involved...

Understanding how and under what circumstances decision coaching works for people making healthcare decisions: a realist review

Junqiang Zhao, Janet Jull, Jeanette Finderup, Maureen Smith, Simone Maria Kienlin, Anne Christin Rahn, Sandra Dunn, Yumi Aoki, Leanne Brown, Gillian Harvey & Dawn Stacey
Abstract Background Decision coaching is non-directive support delivered by a trained healthcare provider to help people prepare to actively participate in making healthcare decisions. This study aimed to understand how and under what circumstances decision coaching works for people making healthcare decisions. Methods We followed the realist review methodology for this study. This study was built on a Cochrane systematic review of the effectiveness of decision coaching interventions for people facing healthcare decisions. It involved...

Integrated coral rubble vulnerability map of the Great Barrier Reef (RRAP Rubble Stabilisation, QUT)

Julio Salcedo-Castro, Scott Bryan, David Callaghan & Catherine Kim

Additional file 1 of Adherence to 24-hour movement guidelines among rural Brazalian preschool children: associations with parenting practices

Widjane Sheila Ferreira Goncalves, Rebecca Byrne, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Marcelo Tavares Viana & Stewart G. Trost
Supplementary Material 1 STROBE Statement–checklist of items that should be included in reports of observational studies

Additional file 3 of The adverse effect of ambient temperature on respiratory deaths in a high population density area: the case of Malta

Shafkat Jahan, John Paul Cauchi, Charles Galdies, Kathleen England & Darren Wraith
Additional file 3: Fig. S3 the estimated relative risk of temperature-related respiratory mortality using a double threshold model.

The adverse effect of ambient temperature on respiratory deaths in a high population density area: the case of Malta

Shafkat Jahan, John Paul Cauchi, Charles Galdies, Kathleen England & Darren Wraith
Abstract Background The effect of ambient temperature on respiratory mortality has been consistently observed throughout the world under different climate change scenarios. Countries experiencing greater inter–annual variability in winter temperatures (and may not be lowest winter temperatures) have greater excess winter mortality compared to countries with colder winters. This study investigates the association between temperature and respiratory deaths in Malta which has one of the highest population densities in the world with a climate that...

Impact of a prospective feedback loop on care review activities in older patients at the end of life. A stepped-wedge randomised trial

Christine Brown, Xing J. Lee, Alison Farrington, Carla Shield, Hannah E. Carter, Steven M. McPhail, Magnolia Cardona, Kenneth Hillman, Leonie Callaway, Lindy Willmott, Ben P. White, Gillian Harvey, Nicholas Graves & Adrian G. Barnett
Abstract Background Hospitalisation rates for older people are increasing, with end-of-life care becoming a more medicalised experience. Innovative approaches are warranted to support early identification of the end-of-life phase, communicate prognosis, provide care consistent with people’s preferences, and improve the use of healthcare resources. The Intervention for Appropriate Care and Treatment (InterACT) trial aimed to increase appropriate care and treatment decisions for older people at the end of life, through implementation of a prospective feedback...

Prevalence of vision conditions in children in a very remote Australian community

Scott A Read, Shelley Hopkins, Alex A Black, Sharon A Bentley, John Scott & Joanne M Wood
Understanding the prevalence of vision conditions in a population is critical for determining the most appropriate strategies for detecting and correcting eye conditions in a community. This is particularly important in very remote regions where access to vision testing services is limited. Although recent studies have provided detailed analyses of the prevalence of vision conditions in Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander children in urban and regional areas of Australia, there is a paucity of research...

Additional file 1 of CELPI: trial protocol for a randomised controlled trial of a Carer End of Life Planning Intervention in people dying with dementia

G Arendts, L Chenoweth, BJ Hayes, E Campbell, M Agar, C Etherton-Beer, K Spilsbury, K Howard, G Braitberg, M Cubitt, C Sheehan, L Magann, T Sudharshan, LM Schnitker, J Pearce, I Gilmore, N Cerra, J duPreez, R Jaworski, S-C Soh & A Celenza
Additional file 1. Carer Needs Assessment.

Additional file 1 of Health service use for young males and females with a mental disorder is higher than their peers in a population-level matched cohort

Rebecca J Mitchell, Anne McMaugh, Reidar P Lystad, Cate M Cameron & Olav Nielssen
Additional file 1: Supplementary Table 1. Case identification and diagnostic classification. Supplementary Table 2. Health conditions and ICD-10-AM classifications. Supplementary Table 3. Principal diagnosis of the first read mission for young people hospitalised with a mental disorder by sex, linked health and mortality data NSW, 2005-2018. Supplementary Table 4. Rate ratio of further hospital admissions for young people hospitalised with a mental disorder and their matched comparison by sex, linked health and mortality data NSW,...

Health service use for young males and females with a mental disorder is higher than their peers in a population-level matched cohort

Rebecca J Mitchell, Anne McMaugh, Reidar P Lystad, Cate M Cameron & Olav Nielssen
Abstract Background To inform healthcare planning and resourcing, population-level information is required on the use of health services among young people with a mental disorder. This study aims to identify the health service use associated with mental disorders among young people using a population-level matched cohort. Method A population-based matched case-comparison retrospective cohort study of young people aged ≤ 18 years hospitalised for a mental disorder during 2005–2018 in New South Wales, Australia was conducted...

User perceptions of Checked In Care: Care Cohort: Helping to connect older people through the internet

Margaret MacAndrew, Elizabeth Beattie, Deborah Brooks, Elaine Fielding & John Perkins
Presented at the International Dementia Scholars Collaboration, “Emerging Technologies for Aging and Dementia” virtual conference June 8-9 2022.
Background: Check In Care: Care Cohort (CIC:CC) is an advanced telecare app for older people to simplify access to online communication and activities through a simple interface. Objective: To evaluate the acceptability and usability of CIC:CC for older adults using aged care services including residential, assisted living and community care. Methods: At the completion of a...

Data from: \"Transcriptome sequencing of the Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Diptera: Tephritidae)\" in Genomic Resources Notes accepted 1 December 2013 to 31 January 2014

Kumaran Nagalingam, Peter Prentis & A. R. Clarke
Contigs from Library 1An unannotated version of the trascriptome assembly (contigs and unigenes) is presented here.F-Contig.faContigs from Library 2An unannotated version of the trascriptome assembly (contigs and unigenes) is presented here.UF-Contig.faAll-UnigeneAn unannotated version of the trascriptome assembly (contigs and unigenes) is presented here.Sequence assembly and Contig annotationThe raw reads were used to generate a de novo assembly. High quality reads were then assembled into contigs and tese contigs were then further assembled into unigenes using...

Data from: \"454 sequencing of reduced representation libraries to discover single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Megabunus harvestmen\" in Genomic Resources Notes accepted 1 December 2013 to 31 January 2014

Gregor Wachter, Birgit Schlick-Steiner, Florian Steiner & Wolfgang Arthofer
Harvestmen or daddy longlegs (Opiliones) are the third-largest and one of the oldest arachnid groups, and in recent years, there has been an increasing interest in this order. Here we use next-generation sequencing of reduced representation libraries to establish nuclear DNA markers. To the best of our knowledge this dataset represents the largest genomic resource for Megabunus harvestmen available to date.

Data from: The linking of plate tectonics and evolutionary divergences

Matthew J. Phillips, Timothy J. Page, Mark De Bruyn, Joel A. Huey, William F. Humphreys, Jane M. Hughes, Scott R. Santos, Daniel J. Schmidt & Jonathan M. Waters
It is exciting to be living at a time when the big questions in biology can be investigated using modern genetics and computing. Bauzà-Ribot et al. take on one of the fundamental drivers of biodiversity, the effect of continental drift in the formation of the world’s biota, employing next-generation sequencing of whole mitochondrial genomes and modern Bayesian relaxed molecular clock analysis. Bauzà-Ribot et al. conclude that vicariance via plate tectonics best explains the genetic divergence...

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