141 Works

Data from: PolyPatEx: an R package for paternity exclusion in autopolyploids

Alexander B. Zwart, Carole Elliott, Tara Hopley, David Lovell & Andrew Young
Microsatellite markers have demonstrated their value for performing paternity exclusion and hence exploring mating patterns in plants and animals. Methodology is well established for diploid species and several software packages exist for elucidating paternity in diploids, however these issues are not so readily addressed in polyploids due to the increased complexity of the exclusion problem and a lack of available software. We introduce PolyPatEx, an R package for paternity exclusion analysis using microsatellite data in...

Data from: Population structure of a global agricultural invasive pest, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Yu-Jia Qin, Matthew N. Krosch, Mark K. Schutze, Yue Zhang, Xiao-Xue Wang, Chandra S. Prabhakar, Agus Susanto, Alvin K.W. Hee, Sunday Ekesi, Kemo Badji, Mahfuza Khan, Yu-Bing Huang, Jia-Jiao Wu, Qiao-Ling Wang, Ge Yan, Li-Huan Zhu, Zi-Hua Zhao, Li-Jun Liu, Anthony R. Clarke, Zhi-Hong Li & Alvin K. W. Hee
Bactrocera dorsalis, the Oriental fruit fly, is one of the world’s most destructive agricultural insect pests and a major impediment to international fresh commodity trade. The genetic structuring of the species across its entire geographic range has never been undertaken, because under a former taxonomy B. dorsalis was divided into four distinct taxonomic entities, each with their own, largely non-overlapping, distributions. Based on the extensive sampling of six a priori groups from 63 locations, genetic...

Data from: Integrating local knowledge and research to refine the management of an invasive non-native grass in critically endangered grassy woodlands

Jennifer Firn, Emma Ladouceur & Josh Dorrough
1. Globally the prevalence and impact of invasive non-native plant species is increasing rapidly. Experimentally-based research aimed at supporting management is limited in its ability to keep up with this pace, partly because of the importance of understanding historical abiotic and biotic conditions. Contrastingly, landholders are in unique positions to witness species turnover in grasslands, adapt management practices in response, and learn from successes and failures. 2. This local knowledge could be crucial for identifying...

Data from: Development and field validation of a regional, management-scale habitat model: a koala Phascolarctos cinereus case study

Bradley Law, Gabriele Caccamo, Paul Roe, Anthony Truskinger, Traecey Brassil, Leroy Gonsalves, Anna McConville & Matthew Stanton
Species distribution models have great potential to efficiently guide management for threatened species, especially for those that are rare or cryptic. We used MaxEnt to develop a regional-scale model for the koala Phascolarctos cinereus at a resolution (250 m) that could be used to guide management. To ensure the model was fit for purpose, we placed emphasis on validating the model using independently-collected field data. We reduced substantial spatial clustering of records in coastal urban...

Data from: Valuable habitat and low deforestation can reduce biodiversity gains from development rights markets

Kate J. Helmstedt & Matthew D. Potts
1. Illegal private land deforestation threatens global biodiversity, even in areas with native habitat requirements stipulated by law. Compliance can be improved by allowing landholders to meet legal reserve requirements by buying and selling the rights to have deforested land through a Tradeable Development Rights system (TDR). While this policy mechanism may prevent native habitat area loss, the spatial pattern of reserved areas will shift, creating novel landscape patterns. The resulting altered fragmentation and connectivity...

Data from: Self-deception in nonhuman animals: weak crayfish escalated aggression as if they were strong

Michael Angilletta, Gregory Kubitz & Robbie Wilson
Humans routinely deceive themselves when communicating to others, but no one knows whether other animals do the same. We ask whether dishonest signaling between crayfish meets a condition required for self-deception: dishonest individuals and honest individuals escalate aggression according to their signals of strength rather than actual strength. Using game theory, we predicted how an animal’s knowledge of its strength should affect its decision to escalate aggression. At the evolutionary equilibrium, an animal that knows...

ISIMIP3b ocean input data

Matthias Büchner
The Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP) provides a framework for the collation of a consistent set of climate impact data across sectors and scales. It also provides a unique opportunity for considering interactions between climate change impacts across sectors through consistent scenarios.
The ISIMIP3b part of the third simulation round is dedicated to a quantification of climate-related risks at different levels of global warming and socio-economic change. ISIMIP3b group I simulations are based on historical...

Individual variation in marine larval-fish swimming speed and the emergence of dispersal kernels

Scott Burgess, Michael Bode, Jeffrey Leis & Luciano Mason
Dispersal emerges as a consequence of how an individual’s phenotype interacts with the environment. Not all dispersing individuals have the same phenotype, and variation among individuals can generate complex variation in the distribution of dispersal distances and directions. While active locomotion performance is an obvious candidate for a dispersal phenotype, its effects on dispersal are difficult to measure or predict, especially in small organisms dispersing in wind or currents. Therefore, we analyzed the effects of...

Data from: Larval dispersal and fishing pressure influence recruitment in a coral reef fishery

Richard J. Hamilton, Diego Lozano-Cortés, Michael Bode, Glenn Almany, Hugo B. Harrison, John Pita, Pablo Saenz-Agudelo, Colin Gereniu, Nate Peterson, Howard Choat, Peter A. Waldie & Michael L. Berumen
Understanding larval connectivity patterns in exploited fishes is a fundamental prerequisite for developing effective management strategies and assessing the vulnerability of a fishery to recruitment overfishing and localised extinction. To date however, researchers have not considered how regional variations in fishing pressure also influence recruitment. We used genetic parentage analyses and modelling to infer the dispersal patterns of bumphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum) larvae in the Kia fishing grounds, Isabel Province, Solomon Islands. We then extrapolated...

Data derived state probabilities for Z. noltei monitoring study. Observed variables were shoot density at four sites in this study

Paula Hatum
1. In general, it is not feasible to collect enough empirical data to capture the entire range of processes that define a complex system, either intrinsically or when viewing the system from a different geographical or temporal perspective. In this context, an alternative approach is to consider model transferability, which is the act of translating a model built for one environment to another less well-known situation. Model transferability and adaptability may be extremely beneficial -...

Adherence to 24-hour movement guidelines among rural Brazalian preschool children: associations with parenting practices

Widjane Sheila Ferreira Goncalves, Rebecca Byrne, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Marcelo Tavares Viana & Stewart G. Trost
Abstract Background: Young children residing in rural areas of low-and-middle income countries (LMICs) such as Brazil are at greater risk of obesity and related chronic health conditions. Yet, the extent to which rural preschool children from Brazil aged 3- to 6-years meet the World Health Organisation (WHO) 24-hour movement guidelines is unknown. Parents play a central role in the development of children’s movement behaviors with logistic support, co-participation, modelling, and setting rules and limits recognized...

Additional file 1 of Adherence to 24-hour movement guidelines among rural Brazalian preschool children: associations with parenting practices

Widjane Sheila Ferreira Goncalves, Rebecca Byrne, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Marcelo Tavares Viana & Stewart G. Trost
Supplementary Material 1 STROBE Statement–checklist of items that should be included in reports of observational studies

Additional file 1 of Understanding how and under what circumstances decision coaching works for people making healthcare decisions: a realist review

Junqiang Zhao, Janet Jull, Jeanette Finderup, Maureen Smith, Simone Maria Kienlin, Anne Christin Rahn, Sandra Dunn, Yumi Aoki, Leanne Brown, Gillian Harvey & Dawn Stacey
Additional file 1: Appendix A: Demographic of executive and stakeholder group members. Appendix B: Initial program theory. Appendix C: Relevance rating checklist. Appendix D: Data extraction form.

Additional file 3 of Meal replacement as a weight loss strategy for night shift workers with obesity: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Piumika Sooriyaarachchi, Ranil Jayawardena, Toby Pavey & Neil A. King
Additional file 3. Roles and responsibilities of DSMB.

Additional file 4 of Meal replacement as a weight loss strategy for night shift workers with obesity: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Piumika Sooriyaarachchi, Ranil Jayawardena, Toby Pavey & Neil A. King
Additional file 4. Consent form.

A robust and efficient variable selection method for linear regression

Zhuoran Yang, Liya Fu, You-Gan Wang, Zhixiong Dong & Yunlu Jiang
Variable selection is fundamental to high dimensional statistical modeling, and many approaches have been proposed. However, existing variable selection methods do not perform well in presence of outliers in response variable or/and covariates. In order to ensure a high probability of correct selection and efficient parameter estimation, we investigate a robust variable selection method based on a modified Huber's function with an exponential squared loss tail. We also prove that the proposed method has oracle...

Additional file 1 of Different epidemiology of bloodstream infections in COVID-19 compared to non-COVID-19 critically ill patients: a descriptive analysis of the Eurobact II study

Niccolò Buetti, Alexis Tabah, Ambre Loiodice, Stéphane Ruckly, Abdullah Tarik Aslan, Giorgia Montrucchio, Andrea Cortegiani, Nese Saltoglu, Bircan Kayaaslan, Firdevs Aksoy, Akova Murat, Özlem Akdoğan, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu, Cem Erdogan, Marc Leone, Ricard Ferrer, José-Artur Paiva, Yoshiro Hayashi, Mahesh Ramanan, Andrew Conway Morris, François Barbier & Jean-François Timsit
Additional file 1. Additional methods (definitions, additional methods, statistical analyses and ethics), Additional tables (Tables S1–S8) and Additional figures (Figs. S1–S2).

Additional file 1 of Different epidemiology of bloodstream infections in COVID-19 compared to non-COVID-19 critically ill patients: a descriptive analysis of the Eurobact II study

Niccolò Buetti, Alexis Tabah, Ambre Loiodice, Stéphane Ruckly, Abdullah Tarik Aslan, Giorgia Montrucchio, Andrea Cortegiani, Nese Saltoglu, Bircan Kayaaslan, Firdevs Aksoy, Akova Murat, Özlem Akdoğan, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu, Cem Erdogan, Marc Leone, Ricard Ferrer, José-Artur Paiva, Yoshiro Hayashi, Mahesh Ramanan, Andrew Conway Morris, François Barbier & Jean-François Timsit
Additional file 1. Additional methods (definitions, additional methods, statistical analyses and ethics), Additional tables (Tables S1–S8) and Additional figures (Figs. S1–S2).

Additional file 2 of The adverse effect of ambient temperature on respiratory deaths in a high population density area: the case of Malta

Shafkat Jahan, John Paul Cauchi, Charles Galdies, Kathleen England & Darren Wraith
Additional file 2: Fig. S2 the estimated overall cumulative exposure–response association (RR) using manually placed knots for temperature.

The adverse effect of ambient temperature on respiratory deaths in a high population density area: the case of Malta

Shafkat Jahan, John Paul Cauchi, Charles Galdies, Kathleen England & Darren Wraith
Abstract Background The effect of ambient temperature on respiratory mortality has been consistently observed throughout the world under different climate change scenarios. Countries experiencing greater inter–annual variability in winter temperatures (and may not be lowest winter temperatures) have greater excess winter mortality compared to countries with colder winters. This study investigates the association between temperature and respiratory deaths in Malta which has one of the highest population densities in the world with a climate that...

Additional file 3 of The adverse effect of ambient temperature on respiratory deaths in a high population density area: the case of Malta

Shafkat Jahan, John Paul Cauchi, Charles Galdies, Kathleen England & Darren Wraith
Additional file 3: Fig. S3 the estimated relative risk of temperature-related respiratory mortality using a double threshold model.

Intersection of food insecurity and moral experiences of those involved in paediatric healthcare: A scoping review of child, caregiver and healthcare provider perspectives

Amanda J Taylor, Sabine Baker & Danielle Gallegos
Food insecurity is a significant social and health issue for children in high-income countries and contributes to sub-optimal child outcomes. This scoping review examines how food insecurity intersects with the moral experiences of those involved in providing and receiving paediatric health care. Multiple databases were searched using a priori inclusion criteria, papers were screened by multiple reviewers. Searches yielded nine papers. Descriptive data was summarised and qualitative results extracted from included papers were analysed using...

Supplemental material - Intersection of food insecurity and moral experiences of those involved in paediatric healthcare: A scoping review of child, caregiver and healthcare provider perspectives

Amanda J Taylor, Sabine Baker & Danielle Gallegos
Supplemental material for Intersection of food insecurity and moral experiences of those involved in paediatric healthcare: A scoping review of child, caregiver and healthcare provider perspectives by Amanda J Taylor, Sabine Baker and Danielle Gallegos in Journal of Child Health Care

Supplemental material - Intersection of food insecurity and moral experiences of those involved in paediatric healthcare: A scoping review of child, caregiver and healthcare provider perspectives

Amanda J Taylor, Sabine Baker & Danielle Gallegos
Supplemental material for Intersection of food insecurity and moral experiences of those involved in paediatric healthcare: A scoping review of child, caregiver and healthcare provider perspectives by Amanda J Taylor, Sabine Baker and Danielle Gallegos in Journal of Child Health Care

Additional file 1 of Impact of a prospective feedback loop on care review activities in older patients at the end of life. A stepped-wedge randomised trial

Christine Brown, Xing J. Lee, Alison Farrington, Carla Shield, Hannah E. Carter, Steven M. McPhail, Magnolia Cardona, Kenneth Hillman, Leonie Callaway, Lindy Willmott, Ben P. White, Gillian Harvey, Nicholas Graves & Adrian G. Barnett
Additional file 1: Supplementary file 1. Screening tools.

Registration Year

  • 2022
    71
  • 2021
    16
  • 2020
    7
  • 2019
    6
  • 2018
    14
  • 2017
    5
  • 2016
    5
  • 2015
    6
  • 2014
    8
  • 2013
    3

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    78
  • Text
    34
  • Collection
    20
  • Image
    6
  • Audiovisual
    2
  • Journal Article
    1

Affiliations

  • Queensland University of Technology
    141
  • University of Queensland
    35
  • UNSW Sydney
    20
  • Flinders University
    11
  • Monash University
    11
  • Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital
    11
  • University of Malta
    8
  • Ministry for Health
    8
  • University of Washington
    7
  • Prince Charles Hospital
    7