26 Works

Data from: Selection against recombinant hybrids maintains reproductive isolation in hybridizing Populus species despite F1 fertility and recurrent gene flow

Camille Christie, Kai N. Stölting, Luisa Bresadola, Barbara Fussi, Berthold Heinze, Daniel Wegmann, Christian Lexer & Camille Christe
Natural hybrid zones have proven to be precious tools for understanding the origin and maintenance of reproductive isolation (RI) and therefore species. Most available genomic studies of hybrid zones using whole- or partial-genome resequencing approaches have focused on comparisons of the parental source populations involved in genome admixture, rather than exploring fine-scale patterns of chromosomal ancestry across the full admixture gradient present between hybridizing species. We have studied three well-known European ‘replicate’ hybrid zones of...

Data from: Genetic Allee effects and their interaction with ecological Allee effects

Meike J. Wittmann, Hanna Stuis & Dirk Metzler
1. It is now widely accepted that genetic processes such as inbreeding depression and loss of genetic variation can increase the extinction risk of small populations. However, it is generally unclear whether extinction risk from genetic causes gradually increases with decreasing population size or whether there is a sharp transition around a specific threshold population size. In the ecological literature, such threshold phenomena are called “strong Allee effects” and they can arise for example from...

Data from: Genetic structure of phenotypic robustness in the Collaborative Cross mouse diallel panel

Paula N. Gonzalez, Mihaela Pavlicev, Philipp Mitteroecker, Fernando Pardo-Manuel De Villena, Richard Spritz, Ralph Marcucio & Benedikt Hallgrimsson
Developmental stability and canalization describe the ability of developmental systems to minimize phenotypic variation in the face of stochastic micro-environmental effects, genetic variation and environmental influences. Canalization is the ability to minimize the effects of genetic or environmental effects, while developmental stability is the ability to minimize the effects of micro-environmental effects within individuals. Despite much attention, the mechanisms that underlie these two components of phenotypic robustness remain unknown. We investigated the genetic structure of...

Data from: Ancient DNA reveals differences in behaviour and sociality between brown bears and extinct cave bears

Gloria Gonzalez-Fortes, Aurora Grandal-D'Anglade, Ben Kolbe, Daniel Fernandes, Ioana N. Meleg, Ana Garcia-Vazquez, Ana C. Pinto-Llona, Silviu Constantin, Trino J. De Torres, Jose E. Ortiz, Christine Frischauf, Gernot Rabeder, Michael Hofreiter, Axel Barlow & Gloria G. Fortes
Ancient DNA studies have revolutionized the study of extinct species and populations, providing insights on phylogeny, phylogeography, admixture and demographic history. However, inferences on behaviour and sociality have been far less frequent. Here, we investigate the complete mitochondrial genomes of extinct Late Pleistocene cave bears and middle Holocene brown bears that each inhabited multiple geographically proximate caves in northern Spain. In cave bears, we find that, although most caves were occupied simultaneously, each cave almost...

Data from: BsRADseq: screening DNA methylation in natural populations of non-model species

Emiliano Trucchi, Anna B. Mazzarella, Gregor D. Gilfillan, Maria T. Lorenzo, Peter Schönswetter & Ovidiu Paun
Epigenetic modifications are expected to occur at a much faster rate than genetic mutations, potentially causing isolated populations to stochastically drift apart, or if they are subjected to different selective regimes, to directionally diverge. A high level of genome-wide epigenetic divergence between individuals occupying distinct habitats is therefore predicted. Here, we introduce bisulfite-converted restriction site associated DNA sequencing (bsRADseq), an approach to quantify the level of DNA methylation differentiation across multiple individuals. This reduced representation...

Data from: Allometry in Anisian (Middle Triassic) segminiplanate conodonts and its implications for conodont taxonomy

Yanlong Chen, Thomas A. Neubauer, Leopold Krystyn & Sylvain Richoz
Conodonts are a clade of chordates and are valuable indicator fossils for biostratigraphy. The segminiplanate (neogondolelliform) conodonts represent a major morphological group ranging from upper Carboniferous to Upper Triassic marine sediments. However, the morphological similarity of segminiplanate P1 elements generates problems for taxonomy, especially in the Permian and Triassic clades. This paper represents the first study of morphological variation in Triassic segminiplanate conodonts using a geometric morphometric approach. The laminar microstructures observed in conodont cross-sections...

Data from: Long live the alien: is high genetic diversity a pivotal aspect of crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) long-lasting and successful invasion?

Emiliano Trucchi, Benoit Facon, Paolo Gratton, Emiliano Mori, Nils Chr. Stenseth & Sissel Jentoft
Studying the evolutionary dynamics of an alien species surviving and continuing to expand after several generations can provide fundamental information on the relevant features of clearly successful invasions. Here, we tackle this task by investigating the dynamics of the genetic diversity in invasive crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) populations, introduced to Italy about 1500 years ago, which are still growing in size, distribution range and ecological niche. Using genome-wide RAD markers, we describe the structure of...

Data from: Evolution in situ: hybrid origin and establishment of willows (Salix L.) on alpine glacier forefields

Susanne Gramlich, Patrick Sagmeister, Stefan Dullinger, Franz Hadacek & Elvira Hörandl
Little attention has been paid to the evolutionary consequences of the colonizing dynamics and succession processes following glacier retreat. Here we studied hybrid populations that have recently formed and established on glacier forefields of the European Alps owing to secondary contact of a lowland colonizer with a subalpine species. We analyzed the composition of two hybrid populations between Salix purpurea and Salix helvetica with nine microsatellite markers by using Bayesian methods (structure and NewHybrids), and...

Data from: Multivariate analysis of genotype-phenotype association

Philipp Mitteroecker, James M. Cheverud & Mihaela Pavlicev
With the advent of modern imaging and measurement technology, complex phenotypes are increasingly represented by large numbers of measurements, which may not bear biological meaning one by one. For such multivariate phenotypes, studying the pairwise associations between all measurements and all alleles is highly inefficient and prevents insight into the genetic pattern underlying the observed phenotypes. We present a new method for identifying patterns of allelic variation (genetic latent variables) that are maximally associated—in terms...

Data from: The impact of reconstruction methods, phylogenetic uncertainty and branch lengths on inference of chromosome number evolution in American daisies (Melampodium, Asteraceae)

Jamie McCann, Gerald M. Schneeweiss, Tod F. Stuessy, Jose L. Villaseñor & Hanna Weiss-Schneeweiss
Chromosome number change (polyploidy and dysploidy) plays an important role in plant diversification and speciation. Investigating chromosome number evolution commonly entails ancestral state reconstruction performed within a phylogenetic framework, which is, however, prone to uncertainty, whose effects on evolutionary inferences are insufficiently understood. Using the chromosomally diverse plant genus Melampodium (Asteraceae) as model group, we assess the impact of reconstruction method (maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, Bayesian methods), branch length model (phylograms versus chronograms) and phylogenetic...

Data from: Mechanistic model of evolutionary rate variation en route to a nonphotosynthetic lifestyle in plants

Susann Wicke, Kai F. Müller, Claude W. DePamphilis, Dietmar Quandt, Sidonie Bellot & Gerald M. Schneeweiss
Because novel environmental conditions alter the selection pressure on genes or entire subgenomes, adaptive and nonadaptive changes will leave a measurable signature in the genomes, shaping their molecular evolution. We present herein a model of the trajectory of plastid genome evolution under progressively relaxed functional constraints during the transition from autotrophy to a nonphotosynthetic parasitic lifestyle. We show that relaxed purifying selection in all plastid genes is linked to obligate parasitism, characterized by the parasite’s...

Data from: Identifying homomorphic sex chromosomes from wild-caught adults with limited genomic resources

Alan Brelsford, Guillaume Lavanchy, Roberto Sermier, Anna Rausch & Nicolas Perrin
We demonstrate a genotyping-by-sequencing approach to identify homomorphic sex chromosomes and their homolog in a distantly related reference genome, based on noninvasive sampling of wild-caught individuals, in the moor frog Rana arvalis. Double-digest RADseq libraries were generated using buccal swabs from 30 males and 21 females from the same population. Search for sex-limited markers from the unfiltered data set (411 446 RAD tags) was more successful than searches from a filtered data set (33 073...

Data from: Causes and consequences of large clonal assemblies in a poplar hybrid zone

David Macaya-Sanz, Myriam Heuertz, Dorothea Lindtke, Giovanni G. Vendramin, Christian Lexer & Santiago C. Gonzalez-Martinez
Asexual reproduction is a common and fundamental mode of reproduction in plants. Although persistence in adverse conditions underlies most known cases of clonal dominance, proximal genetic drivers remain unclear, in particular for populations dominated by a few large clones. In this study, we studied a clonal population of the riparian tree Populus alba in the Douro river basin (northwestern Iberian Peninsula) where it hybridizes with Populus tremula, a species that grows in highly contrasted ecological...

Data from: How ants, birds and bats affect crop yield along shade gradients in tropical cacao agroforestry

Pierre Gras, Teja Tscharntke, Bea Maas, Aiyen Tjoa, Awal Hafsah & Yann Clough
Tropical agroforests are diverse systems where several predator groups shape animal communities and plant–arthropod interactions. Ants, birds and bats in particular can reduce herbivore numbers and thereby increase crop yield. However, the relative importance of these groups, whether they interact, and how this interaction is affected by management and landscape context, is poorly understood. We jointly manipulated access of ants, birds and bats in Indonesian smallholder cacao agroforestry across gradients of shade and distance to...

Data from: Drought history affects grassland plant and microbial carbon turnover during and after a subsequent drought event

Lucia Fuchslueger, Michael Bahn, Roland Hasibeder, Sandra Kienzl, Karina Fritz, Michael Schmitt, Margarete Watzka & Andreas Richter
Drought periods are projected to become more severe and more frequent in many European regions. While effects of single strong droughts on plant and microbial carbon (C) dynamics have been studied in some detail, impacts of recurrent drought events are still little understood. We tested whether the legacy of extreme experimental drought affects responses of plant and microbial C and nitrogen (N) turnover to further drought and rewetting. In a mountain grassland we conducted a...

Data from: Adaptive evolution and segregating load contribute to the genomic landscape of divergence in two tree species connected by episodic gene flow

Camille Christe, Kai N. Stölting, Margot Paris, Christelle Fraїsse, Nicolas Bierne & Christian Lexer
Speciation often involves repeated episodes of genetic contact between divergent populations before reproductive isolation (RI) is complete. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) holds great promise for unravelling the genomic bases of speciation. We have studied two ecologically divergent, hybridizing species of the ‘model tree’ genus Populus (poplars, aspens, cottonwoods), Populus alba and P. tremula, using >8.6 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from WGS of population pools. We used the genomic data to (i) scan these species’ genomes...

Data from: Evolutionary potential in the Alpine: trait heritabilities and performance variation of the dwarf willow Salix herbacea from different elevations and microhabitats

Janosch Sedlacek, Andrés J. Cortés, Julia Wheeler, Oliver Bossdorf, Guenter Hoch, Jaroslav Klápště, Christian Lexer, Christian Rixen, Sonja Wipf, Sophie Karrenberg & Mark Van Kleunen
Alpine ecosystems are seriously threatened by climate change. One of the key mechanisms by which plants can adapt to changing environmental conditions is through evolutionary change. However, we still know little about the evolutionary potential in wild populations of long-lived alpine plants. Here, we investigated heritabilities of phenological traits, leaf size, and performance traits in natural populations of the long-lived alpine dwarf shrub Salix herbacea using relatedness estimates inferred from SSR (Simple Sequence Repeat) markers....

Data from: Reliability and discriminative ability of a new method for soccer kicking evaluation

Ivan Radman, Barbara Wessner, Norbert Bachl, Lana Ruzic, Markus Hackl, Arnold Baca & Goran Markovic
Radman et al. dataCopy of Radman data.xlsx

Data from: BMI and WHR are reflected in female facial shape and texture: a geometric morphometric image analysis

Christine Mayer, Sonja Windhager, Katrin Schaefer & Philipp Mitteroecker
Facial markers of body composition are frequently studied in evolutionary psychology and are important in computational and forensic face recognition. We assessed the association of body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) with facial shape and texture (color pattern) in a sample of young Middle European women by a combination of geometric morphometrics and image analysis. Faces of women with high BMI had a wider and rounder facial outline relative to the size of...

Data from: Taxonomic and numerical sufficiency in depth- and salinity-controlled marine paleocommunities

Martin Zuschin, Rafal Nawrot, Mathias Harzhauser, Oleg Mandic & Adam Tomašových
Numerical and taxonomic resolution of compositional datasets affects investigator’s ability to detect and measure relationships between communities and environmental factors. We test whether varying numerical (untransformed, square-root- and fourth-root transformed relative abundance, and presence-absence data) and taxonomic resolutions (species, genera, families) reveal different insights into Lower to Middle Miocene molluscan communities along bathymetric and salinity gradients. The marine subtidal has a more even species-abundance distribution, a higher number of rare species, and a higher species-family...

Data from: Genomic and functional approaches reveal a case of adaptive introgression from Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar) in P. trichocarpa (black cottonwood)

Adriana Suarez-Gonzalez, Charles Hefer, Camille Christie, Oliver Corea, Christian Lexer, Quentin C. B. Cronk, Carl J. Douglas, Charles A. Hefer & Camille Christe
Natural hybrid zones in forest trees provide systems to study the transfer of adaptive genetic variation by introgression. Previous landscape genomic studies in Populus trichocarpa, a keystone tree species, indicated genomic footprints of admixture with its sister species P. balsamifera and identified candidate genes for local adaptation. Here, we explored patterns of introgression and signals of local adaptation in P. trichocarpa and P. balsamifera, employing genome resequencing data from three chromosomes in pure species and...

Data from: Not going with the flow: a comprehensive time-calibrated phylogeny of dragonflies (Anisoptera: Odonata: Insecta) provides evidence for the role of lentic habitats on diversification

Harald Letsch, Brigitte Gottsberger & Jessica L. Ware
Ecological diversification of aquatic insects has long been suspected to have been driven by differences in freshwater habitats, which can be classified into flowing (lotic) waters and standing (lentic) waters. The contrasting characteristics of lotic and lentic freshwater systems imply different ecological constraints on their inhabitants. The ephemeral and discontinuous character of most lentic water bodies may encourage dispersal by lentic species in turn reducing geographical isolation among populations. Hence, speciation probability would be lower...

Data from: A novel method to infer the origin of polyploids from AFLP data reveals that the Alpine polyploid complex of Senecio carniolicus (Asteraceae) evolved mainly via autopolyploidy

Manuela Winkler, Pedro Escobar García, Andreas Gattringer, Michaela Sonnleitner, Karl Hülber, Peter Schönswetter & Gerald M. Schneeweiss
Despite its evolutionary and ecological relevance the mode of polyploid origin has been notoriously difficult to be reconstructed from molecular data. Here, we present a method to identify the putative parents of polyploids and thus to infer the mode of their origin (auto- versus allopolyploidy) from Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) data. To this end, we use Cohen's d of distances between in silico polyploids, generated within a priori defined scenarios of origin from a...

Data from: Untangling the early diversification of eukaryotes: a phylogenomic study of the evolutionary origins of Centrohelida, Haptophyta, and Cryptista

Fabien Burki, Maia Kaplan, Denis V. Tikhonekov, Vasily Zlatogursky, Bui Quang Minh, Liudmila V. Radaykina, Alexey Smirnov, Alexander P. Mylnikov, Patrick J. Keeling & Denis V. Tikhonenkov
Assembling the global eukaryotic tree of life has long been a major effort of Biology. In recent years, pushed by the new availability of genome-scale data for microbial eukaryotes, it has become possible to revisit many evolutionary enigmas. However, some of the most ancient nodes, which are essential for inferring a stable tree, have remained highly controversial. Among other reasons, the lack of adequate genomic datasets for key taxa has prevented the robust reconstruction of...

Data from: Lateral plate number in low-plated threespine stickleback: a study of plasticity and heritability

Truls H. Hansson, Barbara Fischer, Anna B. Mazzarella, Kjetil L. Voje & Leif Asbjørn Vøllestad
In the threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus model system, phenotypes are often classified into three morphs according to lateral plate number. Morph identity has been shown to be largely genetically determined, but substantial within-morph variation in plate number exists. In this study, we test whether plate number has a plastic component in response to salinity in the low-plated morph using a split-clutch experiment where families were split in two, one half raised in water at 0...

Registration Year

  • 2016
    26

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    26

Affiliations

  • University of Vienna
    26
  • University of Oslo
    4
  • University of Fribourg
    4
  • University of British Columbia
    3
  • University of Innsbruck
    3
  • University of Göttingen
    2
  • University of Calgary
    2
  • Institute for Interdisciplinary Mountain Research
    1
  • Oslo University Hospital
    1
  • University of Zagreb
    1