63 Works

Gravity maps of the contact region of the Bohemian Massif, Eastern Alps, Vienna Basin and Western Carpathians

Jan Švancara, Bruno Meurers, Miroslav Bielik & Petr Špaček
A collection of gravity maps of the broader contact region of the Bohemian Massif, the Eastern Alps, the Vienna Basin and the Western Carpathians. Includes maps with basic topography and georeferenced raster images without topography, from which layers can be created in GIS. It includes a map of complete Bouguer anomalies, a map of horizontal gravity gradients and 3 types of maps of residual gravity anomalies.

AI3SD Video: Quantum Machine Learning

Anatole von Lilienfeld
Many of the most relevant observables of matter depend explicitly on atomistic and electronic details, rendering a first principles approach to computational materials design mandatory. Alas, even when using high-performance computers, brute force high-throughput screening of material candidates is beyond any capacity for all but the simplest systems and properties due to the combinatorial nature of compound space, i.e. all the possible combinations of compositional and structural degrees of freedom. Consequently, efficient exploration algorithms exploit...

Response: Language and robots

Mark Coeckelbergh
Six commentaries on the paper “You, robot: on the linguistic construction of artificial others” articulate different points of view on the significance of linguistic interactions with robots. The author of the paper responds to each of these commentaries by highlighting salient differences. One of these regards the dangerously indeterminate notion of “quasi-other” and whether it should be maintained. Accordingly, the critical study of the linguistic aspects of human-robot relations implies a critical study of society...

Praxeologische Unterrichtsforschung am Beispiel des dialogischkonfessionellen Religionsunterrichts in Wien

Stefan Becks, Christine Rajič, Thomas Krobath, Sonja Danner, Mónika Solymár, Gabriele Hösch-Schagar & Irina N. Dura-Niţu
Dieser Beitrag enthält eine Darstellung und Diskussion ausgewählter Ergebnisse einer Begleitstudie zum dialogisch-konfessionellen Religionsunterricht in Wien. Diese besondere Form des Religionsunterrichts zeichnet sich durch einen interreligösen Fokus aus, in dem Schüler*innen sowohl das Bewusstsein für die eigene Religion vertiefen als auch lernen sollen, mit anderen in einen Dialog über Konfessionen zu treten. Der Unterricht richtet sich deshalb an gemischt-konfessionelle Lerngruppen. Die hier präsentierte Studie bezieht sich auf die Ausgestaltungsform des sogenannten Delegationsmodells, in dem eine...

Rezension zu: Demrich, Sarah / Riegel, Ulrich (Hg.): Wester and Eastern Perspectives on Religion and Religiosity

Ednan Aslan
ÖRF 30 (2022) 1, 289–295 •

Association of 7 million+ tweets featuring suicide-related content with daily calls to the Suicide Prevention Lifeline and with suicides, United States, 2016–2018

Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Ulrich S Tran, Hubert Baginski, Mark Sinyor, Markus J Strauss, Steven A Sumner, Martin Voracek, Benedikt Till, Sean Murphy, Frances Gonzalez, Madelyn Gould, David Garcia, John Draper & Hannah Metzler
Objective:The aim of this study was to assess associations of various content areas of Twitter posts with help-seeking from the US National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (Lifeline) and with suicides.Methods:We retrieved 7,150,610 suicide-related tweets geolocated to the United States and posted between 1 January 2016 and 31 December 2018. Using a specially devised machine-learning approach, we categorized posts into content about prevention, suicide awareness, personal suicidal ideation without coping, personal coping and recovery, suicide cases and...

Single-molecule tracking of Nodal and Lefty in live zebrafish embryos supports hindered diffusion model

Timo Kuhn, Amit Landge, David Mörsdorf, Jonas Coßmann, Johanna Gerstenecker, Daniel Capek, Patrick Müller & J. Christof M. Gebhardt
The hindered diffusion model postulates that the movement of a signaling molecule through an embryo is affected by tissue geometry and binding-mediated hindrance, but these effects have not been directly demonstrated in vivo. Here, we visualize extracellular movement and binding of individual molecules of the activator-inhibitor signaling pair Nodal and Lefty in live developing zebrafish embryos using reflected light-sheet microscopy. We observe that diffusion coefficients of molecules are high in extracellular cavities, whereas mobility is...

Reconstruction of microbial habitats through deep time: an isotope geochemical perspective on stromatolites

Sebastian Viehmann
Stromatolites are laminated, presumably microbial, structures, consisting largely of an authigenic precipitate, and manifest the appearance of microbial life in the geological rock record at least 3.4 Ga ago. Thus, stromatolites provide unique geochemical archives of aqueous environments on Earth and their habitability. It is, however, still incompletely understood under which physico-chemical conditions stromatolites formed and how these environments changed with the co-evolution of the atmosphere-hydrosphere-lithosphere systems through deep time. This contribution targets the potential...

The Grammars of AI: Towards a Structuralist and Transcendental Hermeneutics of Digital Technologies

Mark Coeckelbergh
After its rejection of the linguistic turn, influential strands in empirically-oriented philosophy of technology tend to neglect or are even hostile towards structuralist and transcendental approaches to technology. Drawing on Cassirer, Bourdieu, Wittgenstein, and Ricoeur, this article offers an account of the meaning of technologies that theorizes precisely those aspects of technology and shows what this hermeneutics means for understanding digital technologies such as AI and algorithmic data processing. It argues that a transcendental and...

Additional file 1 of Population dynamics and demographic history of Eurasian collared lemmings

Edana Lord, Aurelio Marangoni, Mateusz Baca, Danijela Popović, Anna V. Goropashnaya, John R. Stewart, Monika V. Knul, Pierre Noiret, Mietje Germonpré, Elodie-Laure Jimenez, Natalia I. Abramson, Sergey Vartanyan, Stefan Prost, Nickolay G. Smirnov, Elena A. Kuzmina, Remi-André Olsen, Vadim B. Fedorov & Love Dalén
Additional file 1: Table S1. Modern Nuclear Genome sample information. Table S2. Ancient Mitogenome Sample Information. Table S3. Modern Mitogenome Sample Information. Table S4. Divergence times for each node in the phylogenetic tree estimated using BEAST. Table S5. The priors used to specify tip-date information for each ancient sample in the phylogenetic analysis. Table S6. Demographic Modelling using Approximate Bayesian Computation. Table S7. Marginal Likelihood Estimation for demographic models: constant size, skyline, skyride. Table S8....

Data for: Innate immune function and antioxidant capacity of nestlings of an African raptor co-vary with the level of urbanization around breeding territories

Chima Josiah Nwaogu, Arjun Amar, Arne Hegemann, Carina Nebel, Caroline Isaksson & Petra Sumasgutner
Urban areas provide breeding habitats for many species. However, animals raised in urban environments face challenges such as altered food availability and quality, pollution, and pathogens assemblages. These challenges can affect physiological processes like immune function and antioxidant defences which are important for fitness. Here, we explore how levels of urbanisation influence innate immune function, immune response to a mimicked bacterial infection and antioxidant capacity of nestling Black Sparrowhawks Accipiter melanoleucus in South Africa. We...

A Decade of SCUBA-2: A Comprehensive Guide to Calibrating 450 μm and 850 μm Continuum Data at the JCMT

Steve Mairs, Jessica Dempsey, Graham Bell, Harriet Parsons, Malcolm Currie, Per Friberg, Xue-Jian Jiang, Alexandra Tetarenko, Dan Bintley, Jamie Cookson, Shaoliang Li, Mark Rawlings, Jan Wouterloot, David Berry, Sarah Graves, Izumi Mizuno, Alexis-Ann Acohido, Alyssa Clark, Jeff Cox, Miriam Fuchs, James Hoge, Jonathan Kemp, Elisa Lee, Callie Matulonis, William Montgomerie … & Patrice Smith
The Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) is the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope's continuum imager, operating simultaneously at 450 and 850 μm. SCUBA-2 was commissioned in 2009-2011 and since that time, regular observations of point-like standard sources have been performed whenever the instrument is in use. Expanding the calibrator observation sample by an order of magnitude compared to previous work, in this paper we derive updated opacity relations at each wavelength for a new...

Data from: Testosterone eliminates strategic prosocial behavior in healthy males

Hana Kutlikova, Lei Zhang, Jack Van Honk & Claus Lamm
Humans are strategically more prosocial when their actions are being watched by others than when they act alone. Using a psychopharmacogenetic approach, we investigated the computational and endocrinological mechanisms of such audience-driven prosociality. 187 male participants received either a single dose of testosterone or a placebo and performed a prosocial and self-benefitting reinforcement learning task. Crucially, the task was performed either in private or when being watched. Rival theories suggest that the hormone might either...

A Decade of SCUBA-2: A Comprehensive Guide to Calibrating 450 μm and 850 μm Continuum Data at the JCMT

Steve Mairs, Jessica Dempsey, Graham Bell, Harriet Parsons, Malcolm Currie, Per Friberg, Xue-Jian Jiang, Alexandra Tetarenko, Dan Bintley, Jamie Cookson, Shaoliang Li, Mark Rawlings, Jan Wouterloot, David Berry, Sarah Graves, Izumi Mizuno, Alexis-Ann Acohido, Alyssa Clark, Jeff Cox, Miriam Fuchs, James Hoge, Jonathan Kemp, Elisa Lee, Callie Matulonis, William Montgomerie … & Patrice Smith
The Submillimetre Common User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) is the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope's continuum imager, operating simultaneously at 450 and 850 μm. SCUBA-2 was commissioned in 2009-2011 and since that time, regular observations of point-like standard sources have been performed whenever the instrument is in use. Expanding the calibrator observation sample by an order of magnitude compared to previous work, in this paper we derive updated opacity relations at each wavelength for a new...

Data from: An integrative skeletal and paleogenomic analysis of stature variation suggests relatively reduced health for early European farmers

Stephanie Marciniak, Christina Bergey, Ana Maria Silva, Agata Hałuszko, Mirosław Furmanek, Barbara Veselka, Petr Velemínský, Giuseppe Vercellotti, Joachim Wahl, Gunita Zarina, Cristina Longhi, Jan Kolář, Rafael Garrido-Pena, Raúl Flores-Fernández, Ana M. Herrero-Corral, Angela Simalcsik, Werner Müller, Alison Sheridan, Žydrūnė Miliauskienė, Rimantas Jankauskas, Vyacheslav Moiseyev, Kitti Köhler, Ágnes Király, Beatriz Gamarra, Olivia Cheronet … & George H. Perry
Human culture, biology, and health were shaped dramatically by the onset of agriculture ~12,000 years before present (BP). This shift is hypothesized to have resulted in increased individual fitness and population growth as evidenced by archaeological and population genomic data alongside a decline in physiological health as inferred from skeletal remains. Here, we consider osteological and ancient DNA data from the same prehistoric individuals to study human stature variation as a proxy for health across...

Dataset, statistical analysis code, and supplementary material of juvenile ravens' responses towards acoustic cues of different social categories

Mario Gallego-Abenza
Social competence i.e., defined as the ability to adjust the expression of social behaviour to the available social information, is known to be influenced by early-life conditions. Brood size might be one of the factors determining such early conditions, particularly in species with extended parental care. We here tested in ravens, whether growing up in families of different sizes affects the chicks’ responsiveness to social information. We experimentally manipulated the brood size of 20 captive...

Scripts and metadata of the manuscript: Characterization of tmt-opsin2 in medaka fish provides insight into the interplay of light and temperature for behavioral regulation

Theresa Zekoll, Monika Waldherr & Kristin Tessmar-Raible
One of the big challenges in the study of animal behavior is to combine the molecular-level questions of functional genetics, typically performed in the lab, with meaningful combinations of environmental stimuli. Light and temperature are important external cues, influencing the behaviors of organisms. Thus, understanding the combined effect of light and temperature changes on wildtype versus genetically modified animals is a first step to understand the role of individual genes in the ability of animals...

Aufgestaut – Bioarchäologische Funde aus einem kaiserzeitlichen Kanal im Auxiliarkastell Carnuntum

Manfred Philipp, Michaela Popovtschak, Ursula Thanheiser & Günther Karl Kunst
From a sewer in the Auxiliary Fort Carnuntum, dating to the end of the 2nd/beginning of the 3rd century ad, bulk matrix samples were retrieved for bioarchaeological analysis. Archaeobotanical evidence attests 144 charred items. These finds are dominated by field crops and associated segetals such as barley, naked wheat, emmer, einkorn, broomcorn millet, and lentil. However, the plant assemblage is dominated by 1210 mineralized finds with an emphasis on fruit, including fig, grape, apple/pear, plum,...

Archive data supporting the results in the paper: Long-term soil warming alters fine root dynamics and morphology, and their ectomycorrhizal fungal community in a temperate forest soil\"

Steve Kwatcho Kengdo, Derek Peršoh, Andreas Schindlbacher, Jakob Heinzle, Ye Tian, Wolfgang Wanek & Werner Borken
Climate warming is predicted to affect temperate forests severely, but the response of fine roots, key to plant nutrition, water uptake, soil carbon and nutrient cycling is unclear. Understanding how fine roots will respond to increasing temperature is a prerequisite for predicting the functioning of forests in a warmer climate. We studied the response of fine roots and their ectomycorrhizal (EcM) fungal and root-associated bacterial communities to soil warming by 4 °C in a mixed...

Genetic structure and evolution of diploid Cochlearia in Iceland

Anne Krag Brysting, Luka Natassja Olsen, Marie Kristine Brandrud, Terezie Mandakova, Martin Lysak, Charlotte Sletten Bjorå, Eduardo Cires & Inger Nordal
Within the northern European Cochlearia (Brassicaceae), considerable chromosome variation has taken place without corresponding morphological differentiation, which has resulted in an intricate species complex including two base chromosome numbers and several ploidy levels. Here, we dig into the situation in Iceland. The distribution, genetic structure, taxonomy and origin of the two Cochlearia cytotypes (2n = 12 and 2n = 14) present in Iceland are discussed. Chromosome counts indicate that the 2n = 12 populations are...

Humans of AI3SD: Dr Barbara Zdrazil

Michelle Pauli & Barbara Zdrazil
This interview forms part of our Humans of AI3SD Series.

In this Humans of AI4SD interview she discusses how chemists can generate new knowledge from data, moving away from the "one drug, one target" paradigm, how Covid has boosted collaboration, and what she considers important to pursue a career in research.

Morphometry of the pedipalp patella provides new characters for species-level taxonomy in whip spiders (Arachnida, Amblypygi): A test case with description of a new species of Phrynus

Michael Seiter, Luca Strobl, Thomas Schwaha, Lorenzo Prendini & Frederic D. Schramm
Whip spiders (Amblypygi Thorell, 1883) are easily distinguished from their spider relatives (Araneae Clerck, 1757) by their raptorial pedipalps, the second pair of appendages, which are covered in spines and used to grasp and impale prey. Among other characters, the number, distribution, and size differences among the pedipalp spines continue to be important for whip spider systematics at different levels in the taxonomic hierarchy. However, traditional meristic and qualitative characters used to describe the pedipalp...

Challenges and obstacles for women* in the course of migration

Germaine Pötgen
Blogpost on Challenges and obstacles for women* in the course of migration by Germaine Pötgen

Unraveling the evolutionary history of the snakefly family Inocelliidae (Insecta: Raphidioptera) through integrative phylogenetics

Xingyue Liu, Rongrong Shen, Horst Aspöck, Ulrike Aspöck, John Plant & Yuting Dai
Inocelliidae is one of the two extant families of the holometabolan order Raphidioptera (snakeflies), with the modern fauna represented by seven genera and 44 species. The evolutionary history of the family is little known. Here we present the first phylogenetic and biogeographic analyses based on a worldwide sampling of taxa and datasets combined with morphological characters and mitochondrial genomes, aiming to investigate the intergeneric phylogeny and historical biogeography of Inocelliidae. The phylogenetic inference from the...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    63

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    30
  • Text
    20
  • Journal Article
    7
  • Collection
    5
  • Audiovisual
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Vienna
    63
  • Natural History Museum Vienna
    7
  • South African National Biodiversity Institute
    6
  • University of Liège
    6
  • University of Aberdeen
    6
  • University of Alaska Fairbanks
    6
  • Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
    6
  • Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
    6
  • University of Warsaw
    6
  • University of Winchester
    6