2,127 Works

Super-dominant pathobiontic bacteria in the nasopharyngeal microbiota as causative agents of secondary bacterial infection in influenza patients

Tian Qin, Taoran Geng, Haijian Zhou, Yang Han, Hongyu Ren, Zhifeng Qiu, Xudong Nie, Tiekuan Du, Junrong Liang, Pengcheng Du, Wei Jiang, Taisheng Li & Jianguo Xu
The source of secondary lower respiratory tract bacterial infections in influenza patients is not fully understood. A case–control study was conducted during the 2017–2018 influenza epidemic period in Beijing, China. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 52 virologically confirmed influenza patients and 24 healthy medical staff. The nasopharyngeal microbiota taxonomic composition was analysed using high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene V3–V4 regions. The super-dominant pathobiontic bacterial genus (SDPG) was defined as that accounting for >50%...

Long non-coding RNA PCAT1 drives clear cell renal cell carcinoma by upregulating YAP via sponging miR-656 and miR-539

Rui Wang, Bin Zheng, Hongyan Liu & Xiuxian Wan
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common RCC subtype with high metastasis, poor prognosis and conventional chemotherapy resistance. Prostate cancer associated transcript 1 (PCAT1) is an important lncRNA that was reported to be involved in cell proliferation, migration and invasion of several types of cancer cells. However, its role in ccRCC is still undetermined. This study found that PCAT1 levels were elevated in ccRCC tumors as well as several ccRCC cells, and...

Increasing SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing capacity during the COVID-19 epidemic in Beijing: experience from a general hospital

Qi Wang, Xiaotao Zhao, Zhihong Yue, Xiaohui Bai, Huiying Rao, Na Han, Tianbing Wang, Hui Wang & Baoguo Jiang
Under the ongoing COVID-19 prevention and control measures in China, increasing the laboratory severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid testing capacity has become the top priority. Since the COVID-19 outbreak in Xinfadi market in Beijing in June 2020, large-scale screening of key populations has been carried out, challenging the nucleic acid testing capabilities of hospital laboratories. Therefore, within 48 hours, Peking University People’s Hospital (PKUPH) transformed a non-nucleic acid testing laboratory into...

Risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection: a retrospective cohort study based on contacts tracing

Tao Liu, Wenjia Liang, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Zihui Chen, Guanhao He, Tie Song, Shaowei Chen, Ping Wang, Jialing Li, Yunhua Lan, Mingji Cheng, Jinxu Huang, Jiwei Niu, Liang Xia, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Lifeng Lin, Qiong Huang, Zuhua Rong, Aiping Deng, Weilin Zeng, Jiansen Li, Xing Li, Xiaohua Tan … & Wenjun Ma
This study aimed to estimate the attack rates, and identify the risk factors of COVID-19 infection. Based on a retrospective cohort study, we investigated 11,580 contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong Province from 10 January to 15 March 2020. All contacts were tested by RT-PCR to detect their infection of SARS-COV-2. Attack rates by characteristics were calculated. Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors of infection for COVID-19. A total of 515 of...

The PirB toxin protein from Vibrio parahaemolyticus induces apoptosis in hemocytes of Penaeus vannamei

Zhou Zheng, Ruiwei Li, Jude Juventus Aweya, Defu Yao, Fan Wang, Shengkang Li, Tran Ngoc Tuan & Yueling Zhang
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is a major debilitating disease that causes massive shrimp death resulting in substantial economic losses in shrimp aquaculture. The Pir toxin proteins secreted by a unique strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus play an essential role in the pathogenesis of AHPND. At present, most studies on the effects of Pir toxin proteins in shrimp focus on digestive tissues or organs such as hepatopancreas, stomach, etc., with none on the immune organs. In...

The PirB toxin protein from Vibrio parahaemolyticus induces apoptosis in hemocytes of Penaeus vannamei

Zhou Zheng, Ruiwei Li, Jude Juventus Aweya, Defu Yao, Fan Wang, Shengkang Li, Tran Ngoc Tuan & Yueling Zhang
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND) is a major debilitating disease that causes massive shrimp death resulting in substantial economic losses in shrimp aquaculture. The Pir toxin proteins secreted by a unique strain of Vibrio parahaemolyticus play an essential role in the pathogenesis of AHPND. At present, most studies on the effects of Pir toxin proteins in shrimp focus on digestive tissues or organs such as hepatopancreas, stomach, etc., with none on the immune organs. In...

Clinical significance of long noncoding RNA MNX1-AS1 in human cancers: a meta-analysis of cohort studies and bioinformatics analysis based on TCGA datasets

Kang Chen, Jian-Xin Gan, Ze-Ping Huang, Jun Liu & Hai-Peng Liu
MNX1-AS1 expression has been proposed to be abnormally upregulated in multiple human malignancies and be linked with the survival outcome of patients. However, relevant conclusions were yielded based on the limited samples. Therefore, we herein implemented a meta-analysis of the published cohort studies to further decipher the relationship of MNX1-AS1 level to prognosis and clinicopathological features in various cancers. Additionally, using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets we carried out a bioinformatics analysis to make...

Clinical significance of long noncoding RNA MNX1-AS1 in human cancers: a meta-analysis of cohort studies and bioinformatics analysis based on TCGA datasets

Kang Chen, Jian-Xin Gan, Ze-Ping Huang, Jun Liu & Hai-Peng Liu
MNX1-AS1 expression has been proposed to be abnormally upregulated in multiple human malignancies and be linked with the survival outcome of patients. However, relevant conclusions were yielded based on the limited samples. Therefore, we herein implemented a meta-analysis of the published cohort studies to further decipher the relationship of MNX1-AS1 level to prognosis and clinicopathological features in various cancers. Additionally, using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets we carried out a bioinformatics analysis to make...

Cytotoxicity and polyol pathway inhibitory activities of chemical constituents isolated from the pericarp of Toona sinensis

Rongshen Wang, Di Liu, Xiaoxiao Liu, Fan Liu, Lulu Xuan, Ying Tang & Wanzhong Li
Toona sinensis is a medicinal and edible plant that belongs to the genus Toona of family Meliaceae. Phytochemical investigations carried out on this plant, seven apotirucallane-type triterpenoids (1–7), two cycloartane-type triterpenoids (8–9), four sterols (10–13), two sesquiterpenes (14–15), four phenols (16–19), and one lignin (20) were isolated from the pericarp of T. sinensis by silica gel column and preparative middle pressure liquid chromatography. Their structures were identified by interpretation of NMR and comparison with those...

Thioridazine hydrochloride: an antipsychotic agent that inhibits tumor growth and lung metastasis in triple-negative breast cancer via inducing G0/G1 arrest and apoptosis

Yanlin Song, Lu Li, Jiao Chen, Hongli Chen, Bomiao Cui, Yun Feng, Ping Zhang, Qiangsheng Zhang, Yong Xia & Min Luo
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive type of breast cancer and still lacks available targeted therapy options. Thioridazine hydrochloride (Thi-hyd), a common phenothiazine antipsychotic drug, has shown great tumor-suppressive potential in several types of cancer cells. In this study, we explored the anti-tumor effects of Thi-hyd on TNBC. Thi-hyd significantly inhibited the viability and migration of TNBC cells in vitro. PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was verified to be related to Thi-hyd-induced tumor inhibition. G0/G1...

The synergistic antitumor activity of 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs) and anti-PD-L1 antibody inducing immunogenic cell death

Xiao-Chuan Duan, Li-Yuan Peng, Xin Yao, Mei-Qi Xu, Hui Li, Shuai-Qiang Zhang, Zhuo-Yue Li, Jing-Ru Wang, Zhen-Han Feng, Guang-Xue Wang, Ai Liao, Ying Chen & Xuan Zhang
Cancer immunotherapy is a strategy that is moving to the frontier of cancer treatment in the current decade. In this study, we show evidence that 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs), act as immunogenic cell death (ICD) inducers, stimulating an antitumor response which results in synergistic antitumor activity by combining anti-PD-L1 antibody (aPD-L1) in vivo. To investigate the antitumor immunity induced by NPPA-PTX NPs, the expression of both ICD marker calreticulin (CRT) and high mobility...

MMP-9-mediated regulation of hypoxia-reperfusion injury-related neutrophil inflammation in an in vitro proximal tubular cell model

Yan Dong, Hong Zhao, Jiangwei Man, Shengjun Fu & Li Yang
Hypoxia-reperfusion (HR) and inflammation are causes of renal allograft injury. Pathological evidence has indicated that ischemia followed by reperfusion leads to the proteolysis and destruction of the extracellular matrix (ECM) in renal tubular epithelial cells. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), such as MMP-2 and MMP-9, play roles in cleaving and reshaping the ECM. Acute accumulation of MMP-9 secreted from neutrophils promotes the incidence of inflammation and exacerbates graft trauma. Our goal was to investigate the activities of...

Analysis of mRNA‑lncRNA and mRNA‑lncRNA-pathway co‑expression networks based on WGCNA in developing pediatric sepsis

Xiaojuan Zhang, Yuqing Cui, Xianfei Ding, Shaohua Liu, Bing Han, Xiaoguang Duan, Haibo Zhang & Tongwen Sun
Pediatric sepsis is a great threat to death worldwide. However, the pathogenesis has not been clearly understood until now in sepsis. This study identified differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs based on Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. And the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was performed to explore co-expression modules associated with pediatric sepsis. Then, Gene Ontology (GO), KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway, mRNA‑lncRNA and mRNA‑lncRNA-pathway co-expression network analysis was conducted in...

Nanoparticle-mediated delivery of Tanshinone IIA reduces adverse cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarctions in a mice model: role of NF-κB pathway

Shuai Mao, Lei Wang, Peipei Chen, Yong Lan, Rui Guo & Minzhou Zhang
Our previous works have shown that tanshinone IIA inhibited maladaptive extracellular matrix remodeling in cardiac fibroblasts implicating its potential role in treating of pathologic cardiac remodeling. However, the intrinsically poor solubility and bioavailability of tanshinone IIA hindered its clinical application. Here we develop monomethoxy-poly (ethylene glycol)-poly (lactic acid)-D-α-Tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (mPEG-PLA-TPGS) nanoparticle incorporating tanshinone IIA (tanshinone IIA-NPs) and study its efficacy in post-infarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling. Male C57BL/6 mice underwent left coronary...

Two new sesquiterpenoid lactone derivatives from Lindera aggregata

Song-Song Wen, Yan Wang, Jia-Ping Xu, Qi Liu, Lei Zhang, Jing Zheng, Lin Li, Na Zhang, Xin Liu, Yu-Wen Xu & Zhen-Liang Sun
Two new sesquiterpenoid lactone derivatives, linderin A (1) and linderin B (2) comprising a sesquiterpenoid lactone and a methyl geranylhomogentisate moiety together with six known compounds were isolated from the roots of Lindera aggregata. Their chemical structures were elucidated using extensive spectroscopic analysis including 1 D, 2 D NMR, and HR-ESI-MS data and compared with previously reported data. The absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were assigned based on the electronic circular dichroism calculation. Compound...

Silencing of the chemokine CXC receptor 4 (CXCR4) hampers cancer progression and increases cisplatin (DDP)-sensitivity in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)

Wenguang Wang, Zhilu Gan, Qiang Liu, Shenshen Yan, Rexiti Mulati & Yujie Wang
Aberrant expression of the chemokine CXC receptor 4 (CXCR4) is closely associated with cancer progression and drug-resistance in multiple cancers, and we first investigated the role of CXCR4 in regulating cancer pathogenesis and cisplatin (DDP)-resistance in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) in the present study. Here, we identified that CXCR4 acted as an oncogene to promote cancer progression and genetically silencing of CXCR4 increased cisplatin (DDP)-sensitivity in ccRCC in vitro and in vivo. Functionally,...

Comparative study of bioinformatic tools for the identification of chimeric RNAs from RNA Sequencing

Sandeep Singh & Hui Li
Chimeric RNAs are gaining more and more attention as they have broad implications in both cancer and normal physiology. To date, over 40 chimeric RNA prediction methods have been developed to facilitate their identification from RNA sequencing data. However, a limited number of studies have been conducted to compare the performance of these tools; additionally, previous studies have become outdated as more software tools have been developed within the last three years. In this study,...

Protective effect of Qingre Huoxue decoction against myocardial infarction via PI3K/Akt autophagy pathway based on UPLC-MS, network pharmacology, and in vivo evidence

Zheng Jin, Wenbo Zhang, Yuan Luo, Xiushen Li, Lijin Qing, Qiang Zuo, Junfeng Fang & Wei Wu
Qingre Huoxue (QRHX) decoction, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used to prevent and treat myocardial infarction (MI). This study elucidates the possible mechanisms of QRHX in preventing or treating MI in a rat model. The chemical constituents of QRHX were identified by UPLC-MS. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the Sham (normal saline), Model (normal saline), QRHX-L, QRHX-M and QRHX-H group (n = 10 per group). QRHX decoction was administered by gavage to...

Kazak faecal microbiota transplantation induces short-chain fatty acids that promote glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion by regulating gut microbiota in db/db mice

Xue Han, Ye Wang, Peipei Zhang, Manli Zhu, Ling Li, Xinmin Mao, Xiaoting Sha & Linlin Li
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from Kazak individuals with normal glucose tolerance (KNGT) significantly reduces plasma glycolipid levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus db/db mice. However, the mechanism behind this effect has not been reported. To study the mechanism of improved glycolipid disorders in db/db mice by FMT from a KNGT donor. The normal diet group consisted of db/m mice orally administered 0.2 mL phosphate buffer saline (PBS) (db/m + PBS). For the db/db + PBS...

Multiple Imputation Inference with Integer-Valued Point Estimates

Bo Liu & Jerome P. Reiter
We consider settings where an analyst of multiply imputed data desires an integer-valued point estimate and an associated interval estimate, for example, a count of the number of individuals with certain characteristics in a population. Even when the point estimate in each completed dataset is an integer, the multiple imputation point estimator, that is, the average of these completed-data estimators, is not guaranteed to be an integer. One natural approach is to round the standard...

Hepatitis B virus middle surface antigen loss promotes clinical variant persistence in mouse models

Junyu Lin, Jing Li, Peilin Xie, Yue Han, Demin Yu, Jia Chen & Xinxin Zhang
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) middle surface antigen (MHBs) mutation or deletion occurs in patients with chronic HBV infection. However, the functional role of MHBs in HBV infection is still an enigma. Here, we reported that 7.33% (11/150) isolates of CHB patients had MHBs start codon mutations compared with 0.00% (0/146) in acute hepatitis B (AHB) patients. Interestingly, MHBs loss accounted for 11.88% (126/1061) isolates from NCBI GenBank, compared with 0.09% (1/1061) and 0.00% (0/1061) for...

Long non-coding RNA XIST promotes osteoporosis by inhibiting the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell by sponging miR-29b-3p that suppresses nicotinamide N-methyltransferase

Jiang Yu, Min Xiao & Guohai Ren
Bone formation is important in the development of osteoporosis (OP). X–inactive specific transcript (XIST), a lncRNA, is involved in this process; however, mode of its action is not known. We compared the serum levels of XIST and miR-29b-3p among the patients with and without OP. In rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), during osteogenic differentiation, XIST expression was detected first, followed by overexpression or suppression of miR-29b-3p and NNMT. Expression of osteogenic genes, ALP...

Long non-coding RNA XIST promotes osteoporosis by inhibiting the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell by sponging miR-29b-3p that suppresses nicotinamide N-methyltransferase

Jiang Yu, Min Xiao & Guohai Ren
Bone formation is important in the development of osteoporosis (OP). X–inactive specific transcript (XIST), a lncRNA, is involved in this process; however, mode of its action is not known. We compared the serum levels of XIST and miR-29b-3p among the patients with and without OP. In rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), during osteogenic differentiation, XIST expression was detected first, followed by overexpression or suppression of miR-29b-3p and NNMT. Expression of osteogenic genes, ALP...

POU class 2 homeobox associating factor 1 (POU2AF1) participates in abdominal aortic aneurysm enlargement based on integrated bioinformatics analysis

Jinze Meng, Hao Wen, Xintong Li, Boyang Luan, Shiqiang Gong, Jie Wen, Yifei Wang & Lei Wang
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is life-threatening, its natural course is progressively sac expansion and rupture. Elegant studies have been conducted to investigate the molecular markers associated with AAA growth and expansion, this topic however, still needs to be further elucidated. This study aimed to identify potential genes for AAA growth and expansion based on comprehensive bioinformatics approaches. Firstly, 29 up-regulated genes were identified through DEGs analysis between large AAA and small AAA in GSE57691. Secondly,...

Toluene oxidation removal from air over CoxOy/AC catalyst

Haian Xia, Juan Huang, Kaikai Cui, Guizhi Zhang & Hongmei Xie
The CoxOy/AC catalysts were prepared by wet impregnation method for toluene oxidation removal from air. The thermal stability of cobalt nitrate and Co oxide on the activated carbon (AC) support surface was analysed by thermal analysis. The physicochemical properties of the prepared catalysts were characterised by XRD, SEM, H2-TPR, and XPS. AC support with high specific surface area and developed pore structure can promote the dispersion of Co species on its surface to form highly...

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