11 Works

Processed microphysical profiles of convective cloud scenes from satellite over ATTO

AVIHAY EFRAIM, Oliver Lauer, Daniel Rosenfeld, Ramon Braga, Marco Franco, Leslie Kremper, Yannian Zhu, Ulrich Pöschl, Christopher Pöhlker, Meinrat Andreae, Paulo Artaxo, Alessandro De Araújo & Mira Pohlker
We present a new approach of analyzing and interpreting vertical profiles of cloud microstructure obtained by satellite remote sensing. The method is based on a spectral bin microphysics adiabatic parcel model and aims to elucidate the effects of aerosols on the evolution of convective clouds and related microphysical processes, including the activation of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), the growth of cloud droplets, and the formation of precipitation. Characteristic features in the vertical profiles of effective...

Did Government Benefits Help Israeli Households Avoid Hardship during COVID-19? Evidence from a National Survey

Olga Kondratjeva, Talia Schwartz-Tayri, Sam Bufe, Stephen Roll, John Gal & Michael Grinstein-Weiss

House sparrows use learned information selectively based on whether reward is hidden or visible

Yotam Ben-Oren, Noa Truskanov & Arnon Lotem
The dataset contains two files containing the number of visits made by each bird in each of the well types, out of the first 15 visits in each test (one file for Experiment 1 and another for Experiment 2). An additional file contains our handling time samples for each of the treatments used in experiment 1 (exposed, hidden and "wrapped").

Hotspots in the grid: Avian sensitivity and vulnerability to collision risk from energy infrastructure interactions in Europe and North Africa

Jethro George Gauld, João P. Silva, Philip W. Atkinson, Paul Record, Marta Acácio, Volen Arkumarev, Julio Blas, Willem Bouten, Niall Burton, Inês Catry, Jocelyn Champagnon, Elizabeth A. Masden, Gary D. Clewley, Mindaugas Dagys, Olivier Duriez, Klaus‐Michael Exo, Wolfgang Fiedler, Andrea Flack, Guilad Friedemann, Johannes Fritz, Clara García-Ripollés, Stefan Garthe, Dimitri Giunchi, Atanas Grozdanov, Roi Harel … & Victoria Saravia
1. Wind turbines and power lines can cause bird mortality due to collision or electrocution. The biodiversity impacts of energy infrastructure (EI) can be minimised through effective landscape-scale planning and mitigation. The identification of high-vulnerability areas is urgently needed to assess potential cumulative impacts of EI while supporting the transition to zero-carbon energy. 2. We collected GPS location data from 1,454 birds from 27 species susceptible to collision within Europe and North Africa and identified...

Universal Dependencies and Semantics for English and Hebrew Child-directed Speech

Ida Szubert, Omri Abend, Nathan Schneider, Samuel Gibbon, Sharon Goldwater & Mark Steedman

Database PCA: A middle Pleistocene Homo from Nesher Ramla, Israel

Hila May, Israel Hershkovitz, Rachel Sarig, Ariel Pokhojaev, Dominique Grimaud-Hervé, Emiliano Bruner, Cinzia Fornai, Rolf Quam, Juan-Luis Arsuaga, Viktoria A. Krenn, Maria Martinón-Torres, José María Bermúdez De Castro, Laura Martín-Francés, Viviane Slon, Lou Albessard-Ball, Amélie Vialet, Tim Schüler, Giorgio Manzi, Antonio Profico, Fabio Di Vincenzo, Gerhard W. Weber & Yossi Zaidner
It has long been believed that Neanderthals originated and flourished on the European continent. However, recent morphological and genetic studies have suggested that they may have received a genetic contribution from a yet unknown non-European group. Here we report on the recent discovery of archaic Homo fossils from the site of Nesher Ramla, Israel, which we dated to 140,000 to 120,000 years ago. Comprehensive qualitative and quantitative analyses of the parietal bones, mandible, and lower...

Quantifying carbonate denudation from cosmogenic 36Cl and climatic and tectonic controls on carbonate landscape evolution

Richard F Ott , Sean F Gallen & David Helman
Department of Earth Sciences, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland(1);Earth Surface Geochemistry, German Centre for Geoscience Research, Potsdam, Germany(2);Department of Geosciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, US(3);Department of Soil and Water Sciences, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel(4);Advanced School for Environmental Studies, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel(5);Quantifying carbonate denudation and the partitioning between chemical and mechanical surface lowering in karstic areas is challenging. Here...

The rediscovery of a relict unlocks the first global phylogeny of whip spiders (Amblypygi)

Gustavo De Miranda, Siddharth Kulkarni, Jessica Tagliatela, Caitlin Baker, Alessandro P.L. Giupponi, Facundo Labarque, Efrat Gavish-Regev, Michael Rix, Leonardo Carvalho, Livia Fusari, Hannah Wood & Prashant Sharma
Asymmetrical rates of cladogenesis and extinction abound in the Tree of Life, resulting in numerous minute clades that are dwarfed by larger sister groups. Such taxa are commonly regarded as phylogenetic relicts or “living fossils” when they exhibit an ancient first appearance in the fossil record and prolonged external morphological stasis, particularly in comparison to their more diversified sister groups. Due to their special status, various phylogenetic relicts tend to be well-studied and prioritized for...

Is more less? A comprehensive experimental test of soil depth effects on grassland diversity

Lara Braun, Ronen Kadmon, Sara Tomiolo, Maria Májeková & Katja Tielbörger
Soil depth may affect plant diversity in two apparently opposing manners: on the one hand, deeper soil may increase the available space for below-ground niche partitioning, on the other hand, soil depth may have a negative effect on plant diversity by increasing productivity and the rate of competitive exclusion. Due to the scarcity of experimental studies that actively manipulate soil depth, the conditions under which each mechanism dominates are still unclear. Here, we studied the...

Drivers of genetic differentiation and recent evolutionary history of an Eurasian wild pea

Timo Hellwig, Shahal Abbo & Ron Ophir
Aim: Genetic diversity is a major determinant for the capacity of species to persist and adapt to their environments. Unraveling the factors affecting genetic differentiation is crucial to understand how genetic diversity is shaped and species may react to changing environments. We investigated the drivers of genetic differentiation and their interplay with the evolutionary history in a wild pea to test how those may have affected the distribution of genetic diversity. Location: Mediterranean basin, western...

Phylogeny and disparate selection signatures suggest two genetically independent domestication events of pea (Pisum L.)

Timo Hellwig, Shahal Abbo & Ron Ophir
Domestication is considered a model of adaptation that can be used to draw conclusions about the modus operandi of selection in natural systems. Investigating domestication may give insights into how plants react to different intensities of human manipulation, which has direct implication for the continuing efforts of crop improvement. Therefore, scientists of various disciplines study domestication-related questions to understand the biological and cultural bases of the domestication process. We employed restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq)...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    11

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    8
  • Conference Paper
    1
  • Preprint
    1
  • Text
    1

Affiliations

  • Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    11
  • Tel Aviv University
    3
  • Southern Cross University
    1
  • Centre national de la recherche scientifique
    1
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
    1
  • Binghamton University
    1
  • Linnaeus University
    1
  • Federal University of Piauí
    1
  • Federal University of São Carlos
    1
  • Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
    1