58 Works

Data from: Towards an integrated database on Canadian ocean resources: benefits, current states, and research gaps

Andrés M. Cisneros-Montemayor, William Wai Lung Cheung, Karin Bodtker, Louise Teh, Nadja Steiner, Morgan Bailey, Carie Hoover & Ussif Rashid Sumaila
Oceanic ecosystem services support a range of human benefits, and Canada has extensive research networks producing growing data sets. We present a first effort to compile, link, and harmonize available information to provide new perspectives on the status of Canadian ocean ecosystems and corresponding research. The metadata database currently includes 1094 individual assessments and data sets from government (n = 716), nongovernment (n = 320), and academic sources (n = 58), comprising research on marine...

Data from: Mechanisms of thermal adaptation and evolutionary potential of conspecific populations to changing environments

Zhongqi Chen, Anthony P. Farrell, Amanda Matala & Shawn R. Narum
Heterogeneous and ever-changing thermal environments drive the evolution of populations and species, especially when extreme conditions increase selection pressure for traits influencing fitness. However, projections of biological diversity under scenarios of climate change rarely consider evolutionary adaptive potential of natural species. In this study, we tested for mechanistic evidence of evolutionary thermal adaptation among ecologically divergent redband trout populations (Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri) in cardiorespiratory function, cellular response and genomic variation. In a common garden environment,...

Data from: High throughput sequencing of small RNAs reveals dynamic microRNAs expression of lipid metabolism during Camellia oleifera and C. meiocarpa seed natural drying

Jin-Ling Feng, Zhi-Jian Yang, Shi-Pin Chen, Yousry El-Kassaby & Hui Chen
Background: Camellia species are ancient oilseed plants with a history of cultivation over two thousand years. Prior to oil extraction, natural seed drying is often practiced, a process affecting fatty acid quality and quantity. MicroRNAs (miRNA) of lipid metabolism associated with camellia seed natural drying are unexplored. To obtain insight into the function of miRNAs in lipid metabolism during natural drying, Illumina sequencing of C. oleifera and C. meiocarpa small-RNA was conducted. Results: A total...

Data from: Portable device for the detection of colorimetric assays

George S. Luka, Ephriam Nowak, Jamie Kawchuk, Mina Hoorfar & Homayoun Najjaran
In this work, a low-cost, portable device is developed to detect colorimetric assays for in-field and point-of-care (POC) analysis. The device can rapidly detect both pH values and nitrite concentrations of 5 different samples, simultaneously. After mixing samples with specific reagents, a Hi-resolution digital camera collects a picture of the sample, and a single-board computer processes the image in real time to identify the hue-saturation-value (HSV) coordinates of the image. An internal light source reduces...

Data from: Genetic coupling of female mate choice with polygenic ecological divergence facilitates stickleback speciation

Rachael A. Bay, Matthew E. Arnegard, Gina L. Conte, Jacob Best, Nicole L. Bedford, Shaugnessy R. McCann, Matthew E. Dubin, Yingguang Frank Chan, Felicity C. Jones, David M. Kingsley, Dolph Schluter & Catherine L. Peichel
Ecological speciation with gene flow is widespread in nature, but it presents a conundrum: how are associations between traits under divergent natural selection and traits that contribute to assortative mating maintained? Theoretical models suggest that genetic mechanisms inhibiting free recombination between loci underlying these two types of traits (hereafter, “genetic coupling”) can facilitate speciation. Here, we perform a direct test for genetic coupling by mapping both divergent traits and female mate choice in a classic...

Data from: Light and growth form interact to shape stomatal ratio among British angiosperms

Christopher D. Muir
In most plants, stomata are located only on the abaxial leaf surface (hypostomy), but many plants have stomata on both surfaces (amphistomy). High light and herbaceous growth form have been hypothesized to favor amphistomy, but these hypotheses have not been rigorously tested together using phylogenetic comparative methods. I leveraged a large dataset including stomatal ratio, Ellenberg light indicator value, growth form and phylogenetic relationships for 372 species of British angiosperms. I used phylogenetic comparative methods...

Data from: Estimations of evapotranspiration in an age sequence of Eucalyptus plantations in subtropical China

Wenfei Liu, Jianping Wu, Houbao Fan, Honglang Duan, Qiang Li, Yinghong Yuan & Hao Zhang
Eucalyptus species are widely planted for reforestation in subtropical China. However, the effects of Eucalyptus plantations on the regional water use remain poorly understood. In an age sequence of 2-, 4- and 6-year-old Eucalyptus plantations, the tree water use and soil evaporation were examined by linking model estimations and field observations. Results showed that annual evapotranspiration of each age sequence Eucalyptus plantations was 876.7, 944.1 and 1000.7 mm, respectively, accounting for 49.81%, 53.64% and 56.86%...

Data from: A review of riverine ecosystem service quantification: research gaps and recommendations

Dalal E. L. Hanna, Stephanie A. Tomscha, Camille Ouellet Dallaire & Elena M. Bennett
1.Increasing demand for benefits provided by riverine ecosystems threatens their sustainable provision. The ecosystem service concept is a promising avenue to inform riverine ecosystem management, but several challenges have prevented the application of this concept. 2.We quantitatively assess the field of riverine ecosystem services’ progress in meeting these challenges. We highlight conceptual and methodological gaps, which have impeded integration of the ecosystem service concept into management. 3.Across 89 relevant studies, 33 unique riverine ecosystem services...

Data from: Rates of hypoxia induction alter mechanisms of O2 uptake and the critical O2 tension of goldfish

Matthew D. Regan & Jeffrey G. Richards
The rate of hypoxia induction (RHI) is an important but overlooked dimension of environmental hypoxia that may affect an organism’s survival. We hypothesized that, compared with rapid RHI, gradual RHI will afford an organism more time to alter plastic phenotypes associated with O2 uptake and subsequently reduce the critical O2 tension (Pcrit) of O2 uptake rate (ṀO2). We investigated this by determining Pcrit values for goldfish exposed to short (∼24 min), typical (∼84 min) and...

Data from: Effects of gene action, marker density, and time since selection on the performance of landscape genomic scans of local adaptation

Jeremy B. Yoder & Peter Tiffin
Genomic “scans” to identify loci that contribute to local adaptation are becoming increasingly common. Many methods used for such studies have assumed that local adaptation is created by loci experiencing antagonistic pleiotropy and that the selected locus itself is assayed, and few consider how signals of selection change through time. However, most empirical data sets have marker density too low to assume that a selected locus itself is assayed, researchers seldom know when selection was...

Data from: Keeping pace with the Red Queen: identifying the genetic basis of susceptibility to infectious disease

Ailene MacPherson, Sarah P. Otto & Scott L. Nuismer
Genome-wide association studies are widely used to identify "disease genes" conferring resistance/susceptibility to infectious diseases. Using a combination of mathematical models and simulations we demonstrate that genetic interactions between hosts and parasites (GxG interactions) can drastically affect the results of these association scans and hamper our ability to detect genetic variation in susceptibility. When hosts and parasites coevolve, these GxG interactions often make Genome-wide association studies unrepeatable over time or across host populations. Reanalyzing previously...

Hakai Institute Juvenile Salmon Program

Brett Johnson & Brian Hunt
Fall 2017 Version 1.0 Background: The Hakai Institute Juvenile Salmon Program was launched in the spring of 2015 in a collaborative partnership with UBC, SFU, Salmon Coast, Pacific Salmon Foundation, and DFO. The program operates in the Discovery Islands and Johnstone Strait (Figure 1) and thus provides information on the health of juvenile Fraser River salmon after passage through: 1) Strait of Georgia – stratified high plankton biomass zone; and 2) Discovery Islands & Johnstone...

Data from: Co-occurrence of related asexual, but not sexual, lineages suggests that reproductive interference limits coexistence

Jeannette Whitton, Christopher J. Sears & Wayne P. Maddison
We used randomizations to analyse patterns of co-occurrence of sexual and apomictic (asexual) members of the North American Crepis agamic complex (Asteraceae). We expect strong asymmetry in reproductive interactions in Crepis: apomicts produce clonal seeds with no need for pollination and are not subject to reproductive interference from co-occurring relatives. However, because they still produce some viable pollen, apomicts can reduce reproductive success of nearby sexual relatives, potentially leading to eventual local exclusion of sexuals....

Data from: Induced defences alter the strength and direction of natural selection on reproductive traits in common milkweed

Ken A. Thompson, Kaitlin A. Cory & Marc T.J. Johnson
Evolutionary biologists have long sought to understand the ecological processes that generate plant reproductive diversity. Recent evidence indicates that constitutive antiherbivore defences can alter natural selection on reproductive traits, but it is unclear whether induced defences will have the same effect and whether reduced foliar damage in defended plants is the cause of this pattern. In a factorial field experiment using common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca L., we induced plant defences using jasmonic acid (JA) and...

Data from: Group elicitations yield more consistent, yet more uncertain experts in understanding risks to ecosystem services in New Zealand bays

Gerald G. Singh, Jim Sinner, Joanne Ellis, Milind Kandlikar, Benjamin S. Halpern, Terre Satterfield & Kai Chan
The elicitation of expert judgment is an important tool for assessment of risks and impacts in environmental management contexts, and especially important as decision-makers face novel challenges where prior empirical research is lacking or insufficient. Evidence-driven elicitation approaches typically involve techniques to derive more accurate probability distributions under fairly specific contexts. Experts are, however, prone to overconfidence in their judgements. Group elicitations with diverse experts can reduce expert overconfidence by allowing cross-examination and reassessment of...

Data from: A Poissonian model of indel rate variation for phylogenetic tree inference

Yongliang Zhai & Bouchard-Cote Alexandre
While indel rate variation has been observed and analyzed in detail, it is not taken into account by current indel-aware phylogenetic reconstruction methods. In this work, we introduce a continuous time stochastic process, the geometric Poisson indel process, that generalizes the Poisson indel process by allowing insertion and deletion rates to vary across sites. We design an efficient algorithm for computing the probability of a given multiple sequence alignment based on our new indel model....

Data from: Genetic and genomic evidence of niche partitioning and adaptive radiation in mountain pine beetle fungal symbionts

Dario I. Ojeda Alayon, Clement K. M. Tsui, Nicolas Feau, Arnaud Capron, Braham Dhillon, Zhang Yiyuan, Sepideh Massoumi Alamouti, Celia K. Boone, Allan L. Carroll, Janice E.K. Cooke, Amanda D. Roe, Felix A. H. Sperling, Richard C. Hamelin, Janice E. K. Cooke & Yiyuan Zhang
Bark beetles form multipartite symbiotic associations with blue stain fungi (Ophiostomatales, Ascomycota). These fungal symbionts play an important role during the beetle's life cycle by providing nutritional supplementation, overcoming tree defences and modifying host tissues to favour brood development. The maintenance of stable multipartite symbioses with seemingly less competitive symbionts in similar habitats is of fundamental interest to ecology and evolution. We tested the hypothesis that the coexistence of three fungal species associated with the...

Data from: Novel predators reshape holozoan phylogeny and reveal the presence of a two-component signalling system in the ancestor of animals

Elisabeth Hehenberger, Denis V. Tikhonenkov, Martin Kolisko, Javier Del Campo, Anton S. Esaulov, Alexander P. Mylnikov & Patrick J. Keeling
Our understanding of the origin of animals has been transformed by characterizing their most closely related, unicellular sisters: the choanoflagellates, filastereans, and ichthyosporeans. Together with animals, these lineages make up the Holozoa [ 1, 2 ]. Many traits previously considered “animal specific” were subsequently found in other holozoans [ 3, 4 ], showing that they evolved before animals, although exactly when is currently uncertain because several key relationships remain unresolved [ 2, 5 ]. Here...

Data from: Genomic prediction accuracies in space and time for height and wood density of Douglas-fir using exome capture as the genotyping platform

Frances R. Thistlethwaite, Blaise Ratcliffe, Jaroslav Klápště, Ilga Porth, Charles Chen, Michael U. Stoehr & Yousry A. El-Kassaby
Background Genomic selection (GS) can offer unprecedented gains, in terms of cost efficiency and generation turnover, to forest tree selective breeding; especially for late expressing and low heritability traits. Here, we used: 1) exome capture as a genotyping platform for 1372 Douglas-fir trees representing 37 full-sib families growing on three sites in British Columbia, Canada and 2) height growth and wood density (EBVs), and deregressed estimated breeding values (DEBVs) as phenotypes. Representing models with (EBVs)...

Data from: Rain, predators, and spider sociality: a manipulative experiment

Catherine R. Hoffman & Leticia Avilés
Group-living organisms offer a unique perspective on how environmental gradients influence geographic distributions, as not only the properties of individuals, but also those of their groups interact with the environment to determine a species range. In turn, the ranges of group-living organisms should provide insights on the conditions that favor group versus solitary living. Here we show that rain intensity and predation by ants, factors postulated to exclude subsocial Anelosimus spiders from the lowland tropical...

Data from: Trait-mediated community assembly: distinguishing the signatures of biotic and abiotic filters

Deirdre Loughnan & Benjamin Gilbert
Conflicting hypotheses predict how traits mediate species establishment and community assembly. Traits of newly establishing individuals are predicted to converge, or be more similar to the resident, preexisting community, when the biotic or abiotic environment favors a single best phenotype, but are predicted to diverge when trait differences reduce competitive interactions. We tested these competing hypotheses using transplant seedlings in an old-field environment, and assessed the contribution of inter- and intra-specific transplant trait variation to...

Data from: Crossing the (Wallace) line: local abundance and distribution of mammals across biogeographic barriers

Jedediah F. Brodie, Olga Helmy, Margaretha Pangau-Adam, Giyarto Ugiek, Graden Froese, Alys Granados, Jayasilan Mohd-Azlan, Henry Bernard, Anthony J. Giordano, Muhammad Agil & Abdul Haris Mustari
Past and ongoing vertebrate introductions threaten to rearrange ecological communities in the Indo-Malay Archipelago, one of Earth's most biodiverse regions. But the consequences of these translocations are difficult to predict. We compared local abundance and distributions in four tropical mammal lineages that have crossed from Asia to Wallacea or New Guinea. The local abundance of macaques (Macaca spp.), which naturally crossed Wallace's Line, was higher in Sulawesi (east of the line; mean = 3.7 individuals...

Data from: Admixture mapping in a hybrid zone reveals loci associated with avian feather coloration

Alan Brelsford, David P.L. Toews, Darren E. Irwin & David P. L. Toews
Identifying the genetic bases for color patterns has provided important insights into the control and expression of pigmentation and how these characteristics influence fitness. However, much more is known about the genetic bases for traits based on melanin pigments than for traits based on another major class of pigments, carotenoids. Here we use natural admixture in a hybrid zone between Audubon’s and myrtle warblers (Setophaga coronata auduboni / S. c. coronata) to identify genomic regions...

Data from: Temperate grassland songbird species accumulate incrementally along a gradient of primary productivity

William L. Harrower, Diane S. Srivastava, Roy Turkington & Lauchlan H. Fraser
Global analyses of bird communities along elevation gradients suggest that bird diversity on arid mountains is primarily limited by water availability, not temperature or altitude. However, the mechanism by which water availability, and subsequently primary productivity, increases bird diversity is still unclear. Here we evaluate two possible mechanisms from species-energy theory. The more individuals hypothesis proposes that a higher availability of resources increases the total number of individuals that can be supported, and therefore the...

Data from: Effects of predatory ants within and across ecosystems in bromeliad food webs

Ana Z. Gonçalves, Diane S. Srivastava, Paulo S. Oliveira & Gustavo Q. Romero
Predation is one of the most fundamental ecological processes affecting biotic communities. Terrestrial predators that live at ecosystem boundaries may alter the diversity of terrestrial organisms, but they may also have cross-ecosystem cascading effects when they feed on organisms with complex life cycles (i.e. organisms that shift from aquatic juvenile stages to terrestrial adult stages) or inhibit female oviposition in the aquatic environment. The predatory ant Odontomachus hastatus establishes its colonies among roots of Vriesea...

Registration Year

  • 2017
    58

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    58

Affiliations

  • University of British Columbia
    58
  • University of Toronto
    5
  • University of Montana
    3
  • University of Alberta
    3
  • Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
    3
  • University of California System
    2
  • University of Minnesota
    2
  • University of California, Santa Barbara
    2
  • Ministry of Forests Lands and Natural Resource Operations
    2
  • University of Calgary
    2