82 Works

Phylogenomic resolution of the root of Panpulmonata, a hyperdiverse radiation of gastropods: new insight into the evolution of air breathing

Patrick Krug, Serena Caplins, Krisha Algoso, Kanique Thomas, Angel Valdes, Rachael Wade, Nur Leena Wong, Douglas Eernisse & Kevin Kocot
Transitions to terrestriality have been associated with major animal radiations including land snails and slugs in Stylommatophora (>20,000 described species), the most successful lineage of ‘pulmonates’ (a non-monophyletic assemblage of air-breathing gastropods). However, phylogenomic studies have failed to robustly resolve relationships among traditional pulmonates and affiliated marine lineages that comprise clade Panpulmonata (Mollusca, Gastropoda), especially two key taxa: Sacoglossa, a group including photosynthetic sea slugs; and Siphonarioidea, intertidal limpet-like snails with a non-contractile pneumostome (narrow...

Geographical variation in the trait-based assembly patterns of multitrophic invertebrate communities

Diane S. Srivastava, A. Andrew M. MacDonald, Valério D. Pillar, Pavel Kratina, Vanderlei J. Debastiani, Laura Melissa Guzman, M. Kurtis Trzcinski, Olivier Dézerald, Ignacio M. Barberis, Paula M. De Omena, Gustavo Q. Romero, Fabiola Ospina Bautista, Nicholas A. C. Marino, Céline Leroy, Vinicius F. Farjalla, Barbara A. Richardson, Ana Z. Gonçalves, Bruno Corbara, Jana S. Petermann, Michael J. Richardson, Michael C. Melnychuk, Merlijn Jocqué, Jacqueline T. Ngai, Stanislas Talaga, Gustavo C. O. Piccoli … & Régis Céréghino
It has been argued that the mechanisms structuring ecological communities may be more generalizable when based on traits than on species identities. If so, patterns in the assembly of community-level traits along environmental gradients should be similar in different places in the world. Alternatively, geographic change in the species pool and regional variation in climate might result in site-specific relationships between community traits and local environments. These competing hypotheses are particularly untested for animal communities....

Discussions of the not-so-fit: how ableism limits diverse thought and investigative potential in evolutionary biology

Amanda N. Klingler, Haley A. Branch, Kelsey J. R. P. Byers, Aaron Panofsky & Danielle Peers
Evolutionary biology and many of its foundational concepts are grounded in a history of ableism and eugenics. The field has not made a concerted effort to divest our concepts and investigative tools from this fraught history and as a result, an ableist investigative lens has persisted into present-day evolutionary research, limiting the scope of research and harming the ability to communicate and synthesize knowledge about evolutionary processes. This failure to divest from our eugenicist and...

Oncorhynchus kisutch genetic stock ID SNP baseline

Christoph Deeg, Ben Sutherland, Tobi Ming, Colin Wallace, Kim Jonsen, Kelsey Flynn, Eric Rondeau, Terry Beacham & Kristina Miller
Genetic stock identification (GSI) using genotypes produced from genotyping-by-sequencing of SNP loci has become the gold standard for stock identification in Pacific salmon, which are found in mixed stocks in the ocean. Sequencing platforms currently applied require large batch sizes and multi-day processing in specialized facilities to perform genotyping by the thousands. However, recent advances in third-generation single-molecule sequencing platforms, like the Oxford Nanopore minION, provide base calling on portable, pocket-sized sequencers and promise real-time,...

Changes in arthropod communities mediate the effects of landscape composition and farm management on pest control ecosystem services in organically managed strawberry crops

Adrian Lu, David Gonthier, Amber Sciligo, Karina Garcia, Taiki Chiba, Gila Juarez & Claire Kremen
Landscape composition and local diversification practices such as polyculture, cover cropping, and hedgerows may promote natural pest control by benefiting natural enemy communities on farms. Our study employs piecewise structural equation modeling (PSEM) to test causal hypotheses regarding the effects of landscape composition and local diversification practices on arthropod communities and pest control ecosystem services. We sampled 27 organic strawberry fields in California’s Central Coast region in 2015 and 2016 (17 repeated between years) for...

Data to accompany 'New evidence suggests no sex bias in herbivory or plant defence'

Risa Sargent
Dioecious plants can exhibit sexual dimorphism across a suite of plant traits, including susceptibility to herbivory and secondary chemistry. One hypothesis is that, due to greater costs of reproduction in females, males should grow faster and invest less in defense, resulting in male-biased herbivory. Indeed, a series of papers and a prominent meta-analysis have established male-biased herbivory as a robust result. However, more recent reviews have raised questions about how general the pattern is, citing...

Data from: A new lineage of Galapagos giant tortoises identified from museum samples

Evelyn L. Jensen, Maud C. Quinzin, Joshua M. Miller, Michael A. Russello, Ryan Garrick, Danielle L. Edwards, Scott Glaberman, Ylenia Chiari, Nikos Poulakakis, Washington Tapia, James P. Gibbs & Adalgisa Caccone
The Galapagos Archipelago is recognized as a natural laboratory for studying evolutionary processes. San Cristóbal was one of the first islands colonized by tortoises, which radiated from there across the archipelago to inhabit 10 islands. Here, we sequenced the mitochondrial control region from six historical giant tortoises from San Cristóbal (five long deceased individuals found in a cave and one found alive during an expedition in 1906) and discovered that the five from the cave...

An inventory of crop wild relatives and wild-utilized plants in Canada

Jens Christian Ulrich, Tara Moreau, Erika Luna-Perez, Kephra I.S. Beckett, Lili K. Simon, Zoë Migicovsky, Axel Diederichsen & Colin K. Khoury
In the face of global pressures of change and biodiversity loss, crop wild relatives (CWR) and wild-utilized plants (WUS) urgently require conservation attention. To advance conservation, we assembled a national inventory of CWR and WUS in Canada. To assess current ex situ conservation, we gathered a virtual metacollection of CWR and WUS accession data from national genebanks and from botanical gardens. The inventory includes 779 CWR and WUS taxa (658 distinct species), with 263 (222...

Seasonality of Morality

IAN HOHM
In a previous exploratory study, we examined annual variation in the endorsement of each moral foundation in the United States from 2017-2018 using a large-scale online dataset of 72,289 participants from yourmorals.org. In these analyses, the binding foundations exhibited a biannual seasonal pattern, such that endorsement peaked in spring and autumn and reached annual lows in summer and mid-winter (late-December). This pattern emerged weakly for harm concerns, and did not emerge for fairness concerns. The...

Influence of Gender Identity and/or Gender Modality on the Delivery of Breast Cancer Care from Diagnosis to Treatment: Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis

Sophia Tan, Dana Toameh & Kathryn Isaac
The systematic review will provide a comprehensive analysis of the incidence and factors associated with breast cancer in transgender and/or Two-Spirit individuals. This systematic review and meta-analysis will understand the current way that treatment is provided differently for transgender and/or Two-Spirit patients. The results of this study will allow for new recommendations to be made when treating breast cancer patients and help reduce any stigma and fear that may occur.

Courage and Sexual Risk-Taking – A Regional Study

Friedrich Götz & Joshua Tan
The current study adopts a geo-psychological big data approach to examine the relationship between regional courage prevalence and various region-level indicators of sexual risk-taking (i.e., 1) regional STD prevalence (chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis), 2) regional prevalence of unintended pregnancies, 3) regional prevalence of high school youth who did not use any method to prevent pregnancy during last sexual intercourse, 4) regional prevalence of high school youth who had sexual intercourse for the first time before age...

Data to accompany from: Effects of neonicotinoid seed treatments on wildbee populations and soybean and corn fields in eastern Ontario

Risa Sargent & Emma Gaudreault
Neonicotinoid-coated corn and soybean seeds are a common crop in Canada and the US. A growing body of research is demonstrating that, through various exposure routes, neonicotinoids can impact a suite of non-target organisms including beneficial insects such as bees. However, to date, only a few studies have examined the effects of neonicotinoids in field settings. We assessed the relationship between agricultural crop soil neonicotinoid levels and wild bee abundance and diversity at 16 agricultural...

Perioperative Stroke Screening Tools In Cardiac Surgery Patients (PESST – Cardiac): A Pilot Study

Alana Flexman
The aim of this pilot study is to use determine the feasibility of using stroke screening tools in a post-cardiac surgery population.

A dataset for pollinator diversity and their interactions with plants in the Pacific NorthWest

Laura Melissa Guzman, Tyler Kelly & Elizabeth Elle
Pollinator populations have declined substantially in recent years. The resulting loss in pollination services has both ecological and economic consequences including reductions in plant diversity and crop production and lower food security. Datasets that identify pollinators and their plant hosts are of utmost importance in order to understand the main causes of pollinator declines. Here we present a dataset, which contains 67,954 individual pollinator records. The data has been collected across the Pacific Northwest, primarily...

Impact of Digitally-Enabled Peer Support Interventions on Mental Health Outcomes in People Living with Type 1 Diabetes

Titilola Yakubu, Samantha Pawer, Tricia Tang & Matthias Görges
Registration of systematic review protocol before initiating data extraction

PROTEIN INTAKE IN COLORECTAL CANCER: A SCOPING REVIEW

Ariana Javer
In this scoping review, we describe the levels of dietary protein intake in patients with colorectal cancer. We will discuss whether the amount of protein these patients consume is adequate compared to that recommended by oncology guidelines.

Data from: Diversity among rare and common congeneric plant species from the Garry oak and Okanagan shrub-steppe ecosystems in British Columbia: implications for conservation

Evan Hersh, Erica Wheeler, Brenda Costanzo, Alisa Ramakrishnan, Allyson Miscampbell, Carol Ritland, Jeannette Whitton, Jamieson Gorrell & William Harrower
Using universal non-coding chloroplast DNA markers (cpDNA), we investigated genetic diversity and genetic structure in four rare and common plant species pairs inhabiting threatened ecosystems (Garry Oak and Okanagan shrub-steppe) in British Columbia. The species found in the Garry oak ecosystem are: Sanicula bipinnatifida (purple sanicle; Apiaceae; rare), Sanicula crassicaulis (Pacific sanicle; Apiaceae; common), and Balsamorhiza deltoidea (deltoid balsamroot; Asteraceae; rare). The species found in the Okanagan shrub-steppe ecosystem are: Balsamorhiza sagittata (arrowleaf balsamroot; Asteraceae;...

Juday Net Zooplankton Data from the 2020 Gulf of Alaska International Year of the Salmon Expedition

Natalya Kuznetsova, Aleksey Somov & Evgeny Pakhomov
This dataset contains zooplankton occurrence data collected in the Northeast Pacific Ocean with a Juday net. These data were collected as part of the International Year of the Salmon (IYS) High Seas Expeditions conducted in March and April 2020, to further improve the understanding of the underlying food web structure and factors impacting salmon early marine winter survival. A Juday net (0.1 m2 mouth area, 160 um mesh size) was deployed to a depth of...

Juday Net Zooplankton Data from the 2019 Gulf of Alaska International Year of the Salmon Expedition

Aleksander Slabinsky, Aleksey Somov & Evgeny Pakhomov
This dataset contains zooplankton data collected in the Northeast Pacific Ocean with a Juday net. These data were collected as part of the International Year of the Salmon (IYS) High Seas Expedition conducted in February and March 2019, to further improve the understanding of factors impacting salmon early marine winter survival. A Juday net (0.1 m2 mouth area, 160 um mesh size) was deployed at 58 stations to a depth of 200 meters, and samples...

Salmon Diet data from the 2019 Gulf of Alaska International Year of the Salmon Expedition

Brian Hunt
This dataset contains salmon stomach content data collected in the Northeast Pacific Ocean during February and March 2019. These data were collected as part of the International Year of the Salmon (IYS) High Seas Expedition, to further improve the understanding of factors impacting salmon early marine winter survival. Salmon were caught with a midwater trawl at 48 of the 58 stations fished. Stomach analysis to examine salmon diet was conducted on all salmon captured (n=425)...

Salmon diet data from the 2020 Gulf of Alaska International Year of the Salmon Expedition

Evgeny Pakhomov & Aleksey Somov
Abstract needed from Data Provider

Dichotomous thinking and solutions for societal issues

James Shyan-Tau Wu & Jiaying Zhao
Dichotomous thinking is the tendency to see things as binary opposition, such right and wrong, or loss and gain. Dichotomous thinking can be useful in everyday situations, allowing people to make decisions quickly. However, in the context of complex societal issues, dichotomous thinking can cause people to be overly fixated on certain solutions without considering other options. Nonetheless, it is not clear whether framing complex societal issues in a more multi-solution way could reduce people’s...

Understanding strategies to reduce the impact of non-emergent visits to the pediatric emergency department: A scoping review

ERICA MCDONALD
The pediatric emergency department (PED) is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and is designed to provide care to children who cannot wait to receive care in another location (such as a family physicians office, urgent care, or a walk-in clinic). The accessibility of the PED makes it a convenient option for any child who requires care. Use of the PED for health concerns that are not emergent may make it difficult...

Global Vitamin D Intake and its Relation to Status in Children 1-10 Years of Age: A Scoping Review (Protocol)

Angela Devlin, Alejandra Wiedman & Victoria Lampkemeyer
Objective: The objective of this scoping review is to identify and map the published literature on vitamin D intake and relationship to vitamin D status in children. Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is a major public health problem worldwide. Low vitamin D status adversely affects bone health and development in children. Recognizing the prevalence of low vitamin D intake and its relationship to status in children is necessary to develop strategies to improve vitamin D intake...

Seasonal Personality Expression (LISS)

Ian Hohm
In a previous study, we examined annual variation in Big 5 personality traits using a large-scale online dataset from openpsychometrics.org. In these analyses, extraversion (E), agreeableness (A), conscientiousness (C), and openness to experience (O) exhibited biannual seasonal patterns. E, A, and C peaked in spring and autumn and reached annual lows in summer and mid-winter (late-December). O peaked in summer and mid-winter and reached annual lows in autumn and spring. The objective of the research...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    82

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    56
  • Text
    25
  • Book
    1

Affiliations

  • University of British Columbia
    82
  • Parks Canada
    4
  • All-Russian Research Institute Fisheries and Oceanography
    4
  • Fisheries and Oceans Canada
    3
  • University of Washington
    2
  • University of Virginia
    2
  • University of Kentucky
    2
  • Beijing Forestry University
    2
  • Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
    2
  • College of Charleston
    1