10 Works

Effects of different functional structure parameters of plant communities on slope runoff in different periods of the year in semiarid grasslands

Jian Hou, Yihe Lu, Zongshan Li & Huoxing Zhu
Research on sustainable use of water resources is needed to ensure food security, limit erosion, and prevent land degradation. Owing to the importance of water conservation to ecosystems, further research on the water conservation functions of different ecosystems is needed. Given the influence on water conservation functions, it is critical to identify environmental factors mediating slope runoff. In this study, the focal study area was the Yangjuangou catchment (36°42' N, 109°31' E) of the Loess...

Soil properties and N-cycling community data for 324 samples

Jichen Wang
Soil microbial communities, key players of many crucial ecosystem functions, are prone to degradation due to intensified environmental perturbations. However, few ecological concepts and practices have been developed for rescuing these degraded microbial communities. Here, we carried out a pot experiment (totally 324 pots) with or without arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation and at three levels (one, three and six species) of plant diversity to disentangle how the AMF and vegetation rescue the soil nitrogen...

A 130-year global inventory of methane emissions from livestock: trends, patterns, and drivers

Lei Zhang, Hanqin Tian, Hao Shi, Shufen Pan, Jinfeng Chang, Shree R.S. Dangal, Xiaoyu Qin, Siyuan Wang, Francesco N. Tubiello, Josep G. Canadell & Robert B. Jackson
Livestock contributes approximately one-third of global anthropogenic methane (CH4) emissions. Quantifying the spatial and temporal variations of these emissions is crucial for climate change mitigation. Although country-level information is reported regularly through national inventories and global databases, spatially-explicit quantification of century-long dynamics of CH4 emissions from livestock has been poorly investigated. Using the Tier 2 method adopted from the 2019 Refinement to 2006 IPCC guidelines, we estimated CH4 emissions from global livestock at a spatial...

Uptake of nitrogen forms by diploid and triploid white poplar depends on seasonal carbon use strategy and elevated summer ozone

Miaomiao Wang, Guolei Li, Zhaozhong Feng, Yong Liu, Yansen Xu & Mercedes Uscola
This dataset contains data from an experiment described in the paper: "Miaomiao Wang, Guolei Li, Zhaozhong Feng, Yong Liu, Yansen Xu, Mercedes Uscola. Uptake of nitrogen forms by diploid and triploid white poplar depends on seasonal carbon use strategy and elevated summer ozone. Journal of Experimental Botany, erab317, https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erab317". In the study, we investigated the mechanisms of N forms acquisition in response to developmental phase allowing us to analyze the plasticity in N forms preferences...

Dataset of spillover effects of protected areas on the QTP

Yu Shen, Guohua Liu, Wei Zhou, Yuqing Liu, Hao Cheng & Xukun Su
Aim: Although protected areas (PAs) are assumed to reduce threats to nature within boundaries, their spillover effects remain equivocal. It is necessary to not only determine whether PAs truly achieve conservation targets but also whether they promote or inhibit natural habitat degradation in adjacent areas by blockage or leakage spillover. This study aims to choose 54 nature reserves (NRs) focusing on forest protection as a case study to assess PA conservation effectiveness and spillover prevalence....

Data from: Stream microbial communities and ecosystem functioning show complex responses to multiple stressors in wastewater

Francis J. Burdon, Yaohui Bai, Marta Reyes, Manu Tamminen, Phillip Staudacher, Simon Mangold, Heinz Singer, Katja Räsänen, Adriano Joss, Scott D. Tiegs, Jukka Jokela, Rik I. L. Eggen & Christian Stamm
Multiple anthropogenic drivers are changing ecosystems globally, with a disproportionate and intensifying impact on freshwater habitats. A major impact of urbanisation are inputs from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Initially designed to greatly reduce nutrient loads, WWTPs increasingly release a multitude of micropollutants (i.e., synthetic chemicals) and organisms (including antibiotic resistant bacteria) to receiving environments. This pollution may have pervasive impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Viewed through multiple lenses of macroecological and ecotoxicological theory, we...

Data from: The microbially-mediated soil organic carbon loss under degenerative succession in an alpine meadow

Yuguang Zhang, Xiao Liu, Jing Cong, Hui Lu, Yuyu Sheng, Xiulei Wang, Diqiang Li, Xueduan Liu, Huaqun Yin, Jizhong Zhou & Ye Deng
Land-cover change has long been recognized as having marked effect on the amount of soil organic carbon (SOC). However, the microbially-mediated processes and mechanisms on SOC are still unclear. In this study, the soil samples in a degenerative succession from alpine meadow to alpine steppe meadow in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau were analyzed using high-throughput technologies, including Illumina sequencing and GeoChip functional gene arrays. The soil microbial community structure and diversity were significantly (P < 0.05)...

Data from: Rapid response to changing environments during biological invasions: DNA methylation perspectives

Xuena Huang, Shiguo Li, Ping Ni, Yangchun Gao, Bei Jiang, Zunchun Zhou & Aibin Zhan
Dissecting complex interactions between species and their environments has long been a research hot spot in the fields of ecology and evolutionary biology. The well-recognized Darwinian evolution has well-explained long-term adaptation scenarios; however, “rapid” processes of biological responses to environmental changes remain largely unexplored, particularly molecular mechanisms such as DNA methylation that have recently been proposed to play crucial roles in rapid environmental adaptation. Invasive species, which have capacities to successfully survive rapidly changing environments...

Data from: Adaptation to deep-sea chemosynthetic environments as revealed by mussel genomes

Jin Sun, Yu Zhang, Ting Xu, Yang Zhang, Huawei Mu, Yanjie Zhang, Yi Lan, Christopher J. Fields, Jerome H. L. Hui, Wei-Peng Zhang, Runsheng Li, Wenyan Nong, Fiona K. M. Cheung, Jian-Wen Qiu & Pei-Yuan Qian
Hydrothermal vents and methane seeps are extreme deep-sea ecosystems that support dense populations of specialised macrobenthos such as mussels. But lack of genome information hinders understanding of the adaptation of these animals to such inhospitable environment. Here we report the genomes of a deep-sea vent/seep mussel Bathymodiolus platifrons and a shallow-water mussel Modiolus philippinarum. Phylogenetic analysis shows that these mussel species diverged approximately 110.4 million years ago. Many gene families, especially those for stabilising protein...

Bis-urea macrocycles with a deep cavity

Guobao Huang, Kari Rissanen, Wei Jiang, Zhenfeng He, Chen-Xi Cai, Fangfang Pan & Dingqiao Yang
Two bis-urea macrocycles with a deep cavity demonstrate an enzyme-like binding, and the influence of dipole alignments on molecular recognition.

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