Data from: Malagasy bats shelter a considerable genetic diversity of pathogenic Leptospira suggesting notable host-specificity patternsYann Gomard, Muriel Dietrich, Nicolas Wieseke, Beza Ramasindrazana, Erwan Lagadec, Steven M. Goodman, Koussay Dellagi & Pablo Tortosa
Pathogenic Leptospira are the causative agents of leptospirosis, a disease of global concern with major impact in tropical regions. Despite the importance of this zoonosis for human health, the evolutionary and ecological drivers shaping bacterial communities in host reservoirs remain poorly investigated. Here, we describe Leptospira communities hosted by Malagasy bats, composed of mostly endemic species, in order to characterize host–pathogen associations and investigate their evolutionary histories. We screened 947 individual bats (representing 31 species,...
Data from: An eco-epidemiological study of Morbilli-related paramyxovirus infection in Madagascar bats reveals host-switching as the dominant macro-evolutionary mechanismJulien Mélade, Nicolas Wieseke, Beza Ramasindrazana, Olivier Flores, Erwan Lagadec, Yann Gomard, Steven M. Goodman, Koussay Dellagi & Hervé Pascalis
An eco-epidemiological investigation was carried out on Madagascar bat communities to better understand the evolutionary mechanisms and environmental factors that affect virus transmission among bat species in closely related members of the genus Morbillivirus, currently referred to as Unclassified Morbilli-related paramyxoviruses (UMRVs). A total of 947 bats were investigated originating from 52 capture sites (22 caves, 18 buildings, and 12 outdoor sites) distributed over different bioclimatic zones of the island. Using RT-PCR targeting the L-polymerase...
Discrimination of fennel chemotypes applying IR and Raman spectroscopy – discovery of a new γ-asarone chemotypeAndrea Krähmer, Gennadi Gudi, Hans Krüger, Lothar Henning & Hartwig Schulz
Data from: The evolution of annelids reveals two adaptive routes to the interstitial realmTorsten Hugo Struck, Anja Golombek, Anne Weigert, Franziska Anni Franke, Wilfried Westheide, Günter Purschke, Christoph Bleidorn & Kenneth Michael Halanych
Many animals permanently inhabit the marine interstitium, the space between sand grains [ 1, 2 ]. Different evolutionary scenarios may explain the existence of interstitial animals [ 3, 4 ]. These scenarios include (1) that the interstitial realm is the ancestral habitat of bilaterians [ 5, 6 ], (2) that interstitial taxa evolved from larger ancestors by miniaturization, or (3) progenesis [ 3 ]. The first view mirrors the former hypothesis that interstitial annelids, called...
Data from: Plant species richness negatively affects root decomposition in grasslandsHongmei Chen, Liesje Mommer, Jasper Van Ruijven, Hans De Kroon, Christine Fischer, Arthur Gessler, Anke Hildebrandt, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Christian Wirth & Alexandra Weigelt
Plant diversity enhances many ecosystem functions, including root biomass production, which drives soil carbon input. Although root decomposition accounts for a large proportion of carbon input for soil, little is known about plant diversity effect on this process. Plant diversity may affect root decomposition in two non-exclusive ways: by providing roots of different substrate quality (e.g. root chemistry) and/or by altering the soil environment (e.g. microclimate). To disentangle these two pathways, we conducted three decomposition...
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research1
German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research1
University of Freiburg1
Berlin Brandenburg Institute of Advanced Biodiversity Research1
Peuplement Végétaux et Bio-agresseurs en Milieu Tropical1
Centre de Recherche et de Veille sur les Maladies Emergentes dans l’Océan Indien1