13 Works

Data from: Early Miocene marine ostracods from southwestern India: implications for their biogeography and the closure of the Tethyan Seaway

Moriaki Yasuhara, Yuanyuan Hong, Skye Yunshu Tian, Wing Ki Chong, Rachel Wai Ching Chu, Hisayo Okahashi, Markus Reuter, Werner E. Piller & Mathias Harzhauser
Twenty-six genera and 34 species of early Miocene Indian shallow-marine ostracods were examined for taxonomy and paleobiogeography. A new genus Paractinocythereis and new species Costa ponticulocarinata were described. Early Miocene Indian ostracod fauna shows strong affinity to Eocene–Miocene Eastern and Western Tethyan ostracod faunas and Miocene–Recent Indo-Pacific ostracod fauna, supporting the Hopping Hotspot Hypothesis that Tethyan biodiversity hotspot have shifted eastward through Arabia to Indo-Australian Archipelago (IAA) together with concomitant biogeographic shifts of the Tethyan...

Abundances of xylobiont beetles in the Leipzig floodplain forest 2016

Nora Haack, Ingo Brunk, Martin Schlegel, Detlef Bernhard, Klaus Henle, Annegret Grimm-Seyfarth & Christian Wirth
The dataset includes abundance data from xylobiont beetles, captured in the Leipzig floodplain forest between March and October 2016. We sampled three strata and three tree species. The strata were the understory with 2 traps, the lower canopy with 12 traps and the upper canopy with 12 traps. The 24 traps in the lower and upper canopy can further be assigned to the tree species Quercus robur, Tilia cordata and Fraxinus excelsior. Each tree was...

Forest inventory data from Finland and Sweden for: Demographic performance of European tree species at their hot and cold climatic edges, plus ancillary climate data

Sophia Ratcliffe, Jonas Dahlgren, Aleksi Lehtonen, Christian Wirth, Paloma Ruiz-Benito, Miguel A. Zavala, Gerald Kaendler, Raisa Mäkipää & Georges Kunstler
1. Species range limits are thought to result from a decline in demographic performance at range edges. However, recent studies reporting contradictory patterns in species demographic performance at their edges cast doubt on our ability to predict climate change demographic impacts. To understand these inconsistent demographic responses at the edges, we need to shift the focus from geographic to climatic edges and analyse how species responses vary with climatic constraints at the edge and species’...

Evaluating the educational effectiveness of a structured, simulator-assisted, peer-led training on cardiovascular physical examination in third-year medical students: A randomized, controlled trial

David Kronschnabl, Christoph Baerwald & Daisy Rotzoll
Background: Previous research suggests that cardiac examination skills in undergraduate medical students frequently need improvement. There are different ways to enhance physical examination (PE) skills such as simulator-based training or peer-assisted learning (PAL). Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a structured, simulator-assisted, peer-led training on cardiovascular PE. Methods: Participants were third-year medical students at Leipzig University Faculty of Medicine. Students were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG) and...

Data from: Entwicklung eines Instruktionsvideos für die Untersuchung von Patienten mit Verdacht auf craniomandibuläre Dysfunktion

Angelika Rauch, Sebastian Hahnel & Oliver Schierz
Zielsetzung Ziel dieser Arbeit war die Erstellung eines Instruktionsvideos, welches das Erlernen der Methodik zur Untersuchung von Patienten mit Verdacht auf craniomandibuläre Dysfunktionen (CMD) unterstützen soll. Nach Betrachten des Videos sollte der Lernende den Ablauf einer Untersuchung und die Anwendung der Untersuchungstechniken kennen. Methodik Ein Instruktionsvideo wurde von zwei Zahnärzten, welche in der Befunderhebung von Patienten mit Verdacht auf CMD erfahren sind, angefertigt. Zusätzlich waren beide Untersucher gemäß der Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD)...

Data from: ‘In and out of’ the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the Himalayas: centers of origin and diversification compared across five clades of Eurasian montane and alpine passerine birds

Martin Päckert, Adrien Favre, Jan Schnitzler, Jochen Martens, Yue-Hua Sun, Dieter Thomas Tietze, Frank Hailer, Ingo Michalak & Patrick Strutzenberger
Encompassing some of the major hotspots of biodiversity on Earth, large mountain systems have long held the attention of evolutionary biologists. The region of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) is considered a biogeographic source for multiple colonization events into adjacent areas including the northern Palearctic. The faunal exchange between the QTP and adjacent regions could thus represent a one-way street (‘out of’ the QTP). However, immigration into the QTP region has so far received only little...

Data from: What’s in a colluvial deposit? New perspectives from archaeopedology.

Sascha Scherer, Katleen Deckers, Jan Dietel, Markus Fuchs, Jessica Henkner, Benjamin Höpfer, Andrea Junge, Ellen Kandeler, Eva Lehndorff, Peter Leinweber, Johanna Lomax, Jan Miera, Christian Poll, Michael Toffolo, Thomas Knopf, Thomas Scholten & Peter Kühn
Colluvial deposits are considered as sedimentary archives for the reconstruction of soil erosion history, Holocene climate, past pedogenesis and land use. However, the human contribution to the formation of colluvial deposits is mainly based on quantitative assumptions derived from the local chronostratigraphy and archaeology. For this reason, there is often a substantial gap in the qualitative identification of specific land use practices that caused prehistoric soil erosion. We use an archaeopedological multi-proxy approach on a...

Ecosystem and biogeochemical coupling in terrestrial ecosystems under global change: A roadmap for synthesis and call for data

Raúl Ochoa-Hueso, Anita C. Risch, Scott L. Collins, Nico Eisenhauer & Wim H. van der Putten

Social norms and cultural diversity in the development of third-party punishment

Bailey House, Patricia Kanngiesser, H. Clark Barrett, Süheyla Yilmaz, Andrew Marcus Smith, Carla Sebastian-Enesco, Alejandro Erut & Joan Silk
Human cooperation is likely supported by our tendency to punish selfishness in others. Social norms play an important role in motivating third-party punishment, and also in explaining societal differences in prosocial behavior. However, there has been little work directly linking social norms to the development of third-party punishment across societies. In this study, we explored the impact of normative information on the development of third-party punishment in 603 children aged 4-14 years, across six diverse...

Invasive earthworms reduce chemical defense and increase herbivory and pathogen infection in native trees

Madhav Thakur, Tom Kuenne, Sybille Unsicker, Arjen Biere, Olga Ferlian, Ulrich Pruschitzki, Lise Thouvenot, Manfred Turke & Nico Eisenhauer
Recent research shows that earthworms can alter defense traits of plants against herbivores and pathogens by affecting soil biochemistry. Yet, the effects of invasive earthworms on defense traits of native plants from previously earthworm-free ecosystems as well as the consequences for multitrophic interactions are virtually unknown. Here we use a combination of an observational study and a complementary experimental study to investigate the effects of invasive earthworms on leaf defense traits, herbivore damage, and pathogen...

Data from: Nutrient availability controls the impact of mammalian herbivores on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in grasslands

Judith Sitters, E.R. Jasper Wubs, Elisabeth S. Bakker, Thomas W. Crowther, Peter B. Adler, Sumanta Bagchi, Jonathan D. Bakker, Lori Biederman, Elizabeth T. Borer, Elsa E. Cleland, Nico Eisenhauer, Jennifer Firn, Laureano Gherardi, Nicole Hagenah, Yann Hautier, Sarah E. Hobbie, Johannes M.H. Knops, Andrew S. MacDougall, Rebecca L. McCulley, Joslin L. Moore, Brent Mortensen, Pablo L. Peri, Suzanne M. Prober, Charlotte Riggs, Anita C. Risch … &
Grasslands have been subject to considerable alteration due to human activities globally, including widespread changes in populations and composition of large mammalian herbivores and elevated supply of nutrients. Grassland soils remain important reservoirs of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N). Herbivores may affect both C and N pools and these changes likely interact with increases in soil nutrient availability. Given the scale of grassland soil fluxes, such changes can have striking consequences for atmospheric C concentrations...

Honey bee virus causes context-dependent changes in host social behavior

Adam Dolezal, Tim Gernat, Geffre Amy, Gyan Harwood, Beryl Jones, Adam Hamilton, Bryony Bonning, Amy Toth, Gene Robinson & Deisy Morselli Gysi
Anthropogenic changes create evolutionarily novel environments that present opportunities for emerging diseases, potentially changing the balance between host and pathogen. Honey bees provide essential pollination services, but intensification and globalization of honey bee management has coincided with increased pathogen pressure, primarily due to a parasitic mite/virus complex. Here, we investigated how honey bee individual and social phenotypes are altered by a virus of concern, Israeli acute paralysis virus (IAPV). Using automated and manual behavioral monitoring...

A graphical null model for scaling biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships

Kathryn Barry, Gabriella Pinter, Joseph Strini, Karrisa Yang, Istvan Lauko, Stefan Schnizter, Adam Clark, Jane Cowles, Akira Mori, Laura Williams, Peter Reich & Alexandra Wright
1. Global biodiversity is declining at rates faster than at any other point in human history. Experimental manipulations at small spatial scales have demonstrated that communities with fewer species consistently produce less biomass than higher diversity communities. Understanding how the global extinction crisis is likely to impact global ecosystem functioning requires applying these local experimental results at substantially larger spatial and temporal scales. 2. Here we propose a null model for scaling biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    13

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    12
  • Text
    1

Affiliations

  • Leipzig University
    13
  • Netherlands Institute of Ecology
    3
  • University of Minnesota
    2
  • University of Graz
    2
  • German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research
    2
  • Arizona State University
    2
  • Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
    2
  • Iowa State University
    2
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
    1
  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    1