43 Works

No One Left Behind: Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals in Australia

Claire E. Brolan & Leanne Smith
Australia was one of 193 countries that came together at the high-level United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Summit in New York in September 2015 to commit to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs are a universal agenda, and their implementation is the shared responsibility of all countries at all stages of development, including OECD nations like Australia. Following a 2018 parliamentary inquiry into Australia’s SDG...

Short-term resistance that persists: Rapidly induced silicon anti-herbivore defence affects carbon-based plant defences

Jamie Waterman, Casey Hall, Meena Mikhael, Christopher Cazzonelli, Susan Hartley & Scott Johnson
1. Silicon (Si) is known to alleviate diverse biotic and abiotic stresses including insect herbivory. Si accumulation in plants, notably the Poaceae, can be induced through stimulation of the jasmonic acid (JA) pathway (associated with chewing herbivores). Nevertheless, the temporal dynamics of Si accumulation as a defence response and its consequential effects on carbon-based defences (e.g. phenolics), particularly in the short-term, remain unclear. 2. The model grass Brachypodium distachyon was grown in a hydroponic solution...

COVID-19 Impacts on Immigration Detention: Global Responses

Vivienne Chew, Melissa Phillips & Min Yamada Park
This Edited Collection brings together a range of country reports documenting the impacts of COVID-19 on immigration detention practices globally. Compiled jointly by the International Detention Coalition and the Humanitarian and Development Research Initiative at Western Sydney University, this report highlights how governments and civil society organisations have responded to the practice of immigration detention.

Feeding My Child: How Mothers Experience Nutrition Across the World. A Companion Report to The State of the World’s Children 2019

Virginia Schmied, Juliano Diniz De Oliveira, Catharine Fleming, Kaitlyn Hockey, Girish Lala, Georgina Theakstone & Amanda Third
The first 1,000 days, from conception to age two, is a critical period for growth and development, and a period when diet quality is more important than at other times of life. However, as The State of the World’s Children 2019: Children, Food and Nutrition reported, malnutrition – in the forms of stunting, wasting and overweight – means that globally one in three children are not growing well. To address this concern, there is an...

Promoting Intercultural Understanding, Connectedness, and Belonging: An Independent Evaluation of Together for Humanity Programs

Fran Gale, Michel Edenborough, Emery Boccanfuso, Mary Hawkins, Russell Thomson & Catherine Sell
This report presents an independent evaluation of the extent to which Together for Humanity’s programs – particularly the Prejudice and Belonging and Good Practice Programs – achieve their aims. Critical, was understanding the extent to which Together for Humanity programs support learners to improve their understandings and skills in intercultural understanding, belonging and connectedness, resilience, compassion, and creative and critical thinking. Further, the report contextualises Together for Humanity’s operations within an updated scope of current...

Data from: Low coverage genomic data resolve the population divergence and gene flow history of an Australian rain forest fig wasp

Graham Stone, Lisa Cooper, Lynsey Bunnefeld, Jack Hearn, James Cook & Konrad Lohse
Population divergence and gene flow are key processes in evolution and ecology. Model-based analysis of genome-wide datasets allows discrimination between alternative scenarios for these processes even in non-model taxa. We used two complementary approaches (one based on the blockwise site frequency spectrum (bSFS), the second on the Pairwise Sequentially Markovian Coalescent (PSMC)) to infer the divergence history of a fig wasp, Pleistodontes nigriventris. Pleistodontes nigriventris and its fig tree mutualist Ficus watkinsiana are restricted to...

Listening to and Incorporating the Voices of Sessional Academic Staff: Building a Supportive and Sustainable Workplace for Women at Western Sydney University. Final Research Report to Vice Chancellor's Gender Equity Fund

Ashwini Kanitkar, Nicky Laurance & Jane Mears
This is the final report for the project ‘Listening to and Incorporating the Voices of Sessional Academic Staff: Building a Supportive and Sustainable Workplace for Women at Western Sydney University’. The aim of this project was to document the experiences of female sessional staff, to explore strategies adopted by those sessional staff members to improve their working and personal lives, to make recommendations for change and ultimately, to build a supportive and sustainable workplace for...

Contrasting effects of Miocene and Anthropocene levels of atmospheric CO2 on silicon accumulation in a model grass

Fikadu. N. Biru, Christopher I. Cazzonelli, Rivka Elbaum, Scott. N. Johnson, Fikadu. N. Biru & Rivka Elbaum
Grasses are hyper-accumulators of silicon (Si) which they acquire from the soil and deposit in tissues to resist environmental stresses. Moreover, given the high metabolic costs of herbivore defensive chemicals and structural constituents (e.g. cellulose), grasses may substitute Si for these components when carbon (C) is limited. Indeed, high Si uptake grasses evolved in the Miocene when atmospheric CO2 concentration was much lower than present levels. It is; however, unknown how pre-industrial CO2 concentrations affect...

Evidence for speciation underground in diving beetles (Dytiscidae) from a subterranean archipelago

Barbara Langille, Josephine Hyde, Kathleen Saint, Tessa Bradford, Danielle Stringer, Simon Tierney, William Humphreys, Andrew Austin & Steven Cooper
Most subterranean animals are assumed to have evolved from surface ancestors following colonisation of a cave system, however very few studies have raised the possibility of ‘subterranean speciation’ in underground habitats (i.e. obligate cave-dwelling organisms (troglobionts) descended from troglobiotic ancestors). Numerous endemic subterranean diving beetle species from spatially-discrete calcrete aquifers in Western Australia (stygobionts) have evolved independently from surface ancestors; however, several cases of sympatric sister species raises the possibility of subterranean speciation. We tested...

Developing LGBT+ Inclusive Supporter Groups in the Big Bash League

Ryan Storr, Jorge Knijnik, Keith D. Parry, Anneke Collison & Emma Staples

Creative Production Synergies in Penrith and the Blue Mountains

Cecelia Cmielewski, Phillip Mar, Ien Ang, David Rowe & Deborah Stevenson
This project was commissioned by Penrith City Council and conducted by a research team from Western Sydney University’s Institute for Culture and Society (ICS). Penrith City Council and Blue Mountains City Council in collaboration with Blue Mountains Economic Enterprise contributed resources for the project. Regional leadership in arts and cultural production is evident in Penrith and the Blue Mountains through the different yet complementary approaches of the City Councils. A strategic alliance between Penrith and...

Male and female genotype and a genotype-by-genotype interaction mediate the effects of mating on cellular but not humoral immunity in female decorated crickets

Ben Sadd, Kylie Hampton, Kristin Duffield, Scott Sakaluk & John Hunt
Sexually antagonistic coevolution is predicted to lead to the divergence of male and female genotypes related to the effects of substances transferred by males at mating on female physiology. The outcome of mating should thus depend on the specific combination of mating genotypes. Although mating has been shown to influence female immunity in diverse insect taxa, a male-female genotype-by-genotype effect on female immunity post-mating remains largely unexplored. Here, we investigate the effects of mating on...

Food and Me. How Adolescents Experience Nutrition Across the World. A Companion Report to The State of the World's Children 2019

Catharine Fleming, Juliano Diniz De Oliveira, Kaitlyn Hockey, Girish Lala, Virginia Schmied, Georgina Theakstone & Amanda Third
Adolescence is defined by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as the period between ages 10 and 19. It can be seen as one of the ‘healthiest’ times of life, sitting between early life mortality and chronic disease in adulthood. However, this is also a time of great physical, emotional and social change, with rapid biological growth requiring additional nutrition. As the State of the World’s Children 2019: Children, Food and Nutrition reported, malnutrition, in the...

Migration and the Gender Impacts of COVID-19 on Nepalese Women: Global Development Working Paper 1

Patrick Kilby & Joyce Wu
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted lives globally: while most attention has been on the various challenges faced by each country, there are also the people ‘stranded’ overseas with little if any support in getting home. The stranded people can be tourists, visiting families, students, or they are migrant workers whose remittances bolster the household and home country’s national GDP. It is these migrants that are often overlooked in COVID-19 responses. In particular, the women who...

Dalarinji – 'Your Story': Preliminary Report to Community

Karen Soldatic, Linda Briskman, Ben Lawson, John Leha, William Trewlynn & Kim Spurway
This report provides the preliminary findings drawing upon indepth qualitative interviews with young Indigenous LGBTIQA+ people (14 - 25 years) and their experiences of growing up Queer across NSW and the eastern seaboard. Over a period of 12 months (September 2019 - September 2020) 16 young Indigenous people who self-identified as LGBTIQA+ were interviewed across four primary areas including: What it means to be young, Indigenous, LGBTIQA+ for their emotional and social wellbeing;how they navigated...

Data from: Macronutrient intake and simulated infection threat independently affect life history traits of male decorated crickets

Kristin Duffield, Kylie Hampton, Thomas Houslay, James Rapkin, John Hunt, Ben Sadd & Scott Sakaluk
Nutritional geometry has advanced our understanding of how macronutrients (e.g., proteins and carbohydrates) influence the expression of life history traits and their corresponding trade-offs. For example, recent work has revealed that reproduction and immune function in male decorated crickets are optimized at very different protein:carbohydrate (P:C) dietary ratios. However, it is unclear how an individual’s macronutrient intake interacts with its perceived infection status to determine investment in reproduction or other key life history traits. Here,...

Benchmarking Summer Heat Across Penrith, New South Wales

Sebastian Pfautsch, Agnieszka Wujeska-Klause & Susanna Rouillard
This report documents variation of summer temperatures across the Local Government Area of Penrith in Western Sydney. Between 14 December 2019 and 31 March 2020, more than 1.4 million measurements of air temperatures were collected using 120 data loggers. The network of data loggers covered the entire Local Government Area from Emu Plains in the west to St Marys in the east and Agnes Banks in the north to Badgerys Creek in the south. Analyses...

The 10K Initiative: Towards Meaningful Relationships and Network Centred Aged Care

Alison Rahn, Debbie Horsfall, Helen Psychogios, Rosemary Leonard & Jasmine Lance
It is well accepted that as people age their social worlds often shrink. Additionally, living in an aged care facility can disrupt people’s social worlds, resulting in loneliness, isolation and misery for many. Being connected, having a positive identity, continuing to contribute to the fabric of society are essential to positive healthy ageing, increased life expectancy and overall life satisfaction fundamental to wellbeing. As such, a whole of population approach focussing on social networks and...

The evolution of startle displays: a case study in praying mantises

Marta Vidal-Garcia, James C. O’Hanlon, Gavin J. Svenson & Kate D. L. Umbers
Anti-predator defences are typically regarded as static signals that conceal prey or advertise their unprofitability. However, startle displays are performed by prey when attacked and can include a spectacular array of movements, colours, and sounds. Here we present the first phylogenetically-controlled comparative analyses of startle displays including behaviour, using praying mantises as a test case. For 58 species, with a dated phylogeny, we estimate the strength of phylogenetic signal in the presence and ‘complexity’ (number...

Benefits of Early Adopter Feedback in Innovation Commercialisation

Dilupa Nakandala, Hilal Hurriyet & Neil Perry
In this report we analyse how successful innovative firms select early adopter users, collect feedback from them and create benefits in the innovation commercialisation stage. Adopting the multiple case study method, we investigated 14 successful innovative firms operating in Australia, conducted in-depth interviews with managers holding high-level responsibilities in the case firms and analysed the data using a thematic analysis method. We find that innovator firms’ access to end users depends on the type of...

Benchmarking Tree Canopy in Sydney's Hot Schools

Sebastian Pfautsch, Agnieszka Wujeska-Klause & Susanna Rouillard
This project identified the 100 most vulnerable schools to heat in Greater Western Sydney using a newly developed Heat Score. The Heat Score combines socio-economic information that captures exposure, sensitivity and adaptivity of local communities to heat with environmental data related to surface and air temperatures of urban space. Analyses provided in this report will assist the development of the most effective tree planting strategies for each of Sydney’s 100 hot schools.

Advancing LGBTQ+ Safety and Inclusion: Understanding the Lived Experiences and Health Needs of Sexuality and Gender Diverse People in Greater Western Sydney

Kerry Robinson, Cris Townley, Jacqueline Ullman, Nida Denson, Cristyn Davies, Peter Bansel, Michael Atkinson & Sarah Lambert
This scoping research was an exploration of the lived experiences of LGBTQ+ people, of the issues they encounter in relation to access to services in the region, and of best practice service provision to sexuality and gender diverse communities in Western Sydney. The research participants included LGBTQ+ community leaders and members as well as key service providers from relevant organisations in Western Sydney. This mixed method research included both quantitative and qualitative approaches: an online...

Understandings and Responses to Domestic Violence in the African Great Lakes Communities of Western Sydney

Selda Dagistanli, Nadine Umutoni Wa Shema, Cris Townley, Kerry Robinson, Peter Bansel, Kate Huppatz, Melanie Thomas, Emmanuel Musoni, Jean Pierre Abega, Ladislas Bizimana & Ken Mufumbiro
The project is a partnership between the Sexualities and Genders Research initiative of Western Sydney University (WSU) and the Great Lakes Agency for Peace and Development (GLAPD). The project is guided by three research questions: - what are the views and attitudes of Great Lakes community members in Australia on domestic violence within their communities?; - what are the views and experiences of health professionals on domestic violence in the Great Lakes community?; and -...

Allometric modelling of plant biomass from drone-acquired photographs: drone images, ground control marker coordinates and biomass data from 36 sites, 2016-2020

A. Cunliffe, K. Anderson, F. Boschetti, H. Graham, R. Brazier, I. Myers-Smith, T. Astor, M. Boer, L. Calvo, P. Clark, M. Cramer, M. Encinas-Lara, S. Escarzaga, J. Fernández-Guisuraga, A. Fisher, K. Gdulová, B. Gillespie, A. Griebel, N. Hanan, M. Hanggito, S. Haselberger, C. Havrilla, W. Ji, J. Karl, M. Kirchhoff … & R. Wojcikiewicz
This dataset contains RGB photographs acquired from drone surveys. There are 741 harvest plots from 38 surveys at 36 sites around the world. Each site was approximately 1 ha in area. Included with the photographic images are the coordinates of ground control markers, biomass, taxonomic and location data for harvest plots and ancillary metadata. The observations can be used to obtain allometric size-biomass models. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award...

Leadership: Cumberland City Council Learning and Leadership Program: Research and Evaluation Report

Christine Woodrow & Kerry Staples
The early childhood education and care context is a challenging and complex environment which requires a wide range of knowledge and skills from the educators who work there. Educators provide leadership to children's learning, manage and negotiate complex relationships with children, families, colleagues, other staff and agencies, yet they do not always identify as confident leaders. This research report investigated the impact and output of a bespoke professional learning program involving 25 early educators designed...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    43

Resource Types

  • Text
    26
  • Dataset
    17

Affiliations

  • Western Sydney University
    43
  • University of Exeter
    3
  • University of Edinburgh
    2
  • Northern Arizona University
    2
  • Illinois State University
    2
  • University of Oviedo
    1
  • University of Adelaide
    1
  • New Mexico State University
    1
  • Royal Botanic Gardens
    1
  • West Virginia University
    1