50 Works

Understanding Varied Attitudes Towards Muslims

Kevin Dunn, Rachel Sharples, Thierno M. O. Diallo, Alexia Derbas, Matteo Vergani, Craig McGarty, Fethi Mansouri, Yin Paradies & Amanuel Elias
The focus of this research was to determine the prevalence and type of Islamophobia in the Victorian population. Islamophobia sentiment feeds the actions of right-wing extremist attacks on Muslim communities. But it has also become widespread in Australian society, and normalised in everyday settings, such as our mainstream media. Islamophobia cannot be treated with a singular approach or mode of intervention. Our study comes at a critical time; it provides empirical evidence on the extent...

Improving Financial Capability Among University Students Using a Mobile App: Wallet$mart Project Evaluation

Michelle Cull & Catherine Attard
This report details the findings of a research evaluation conducted for UniBank (Teachers Mutual Bank Ltd) exploring the effectiveness of the Wallet$mart mobile app in improving university students' financial capability. Students undertook to trial the Wallet$mart app during 2020 at Western Sydney University, in partnership with UniBank and supported by App developer, Tangible. This report evaluates the effectiveness of the trial and makes recommendations for further development of the app prior to the app being...

Free2Be... Yet?: The second National Study of Australian High School Students Who Identify as Gender and Sexuality Diverse

Jacqueline Ullman
Free2Be…Yet?, a follow-up to the 2015 Free2Be? report, details the findings from a second nationwide survey of gender and sexuality diverse Australian secondary school students. The name, while also intended to signal the continuation of the original line of research, was designed to highlight the central research question for teenagers: Is your school a place where it is safe for you to be yourself? Are you free to be you? As with the previous iteration...

Intralocus sexual conflict over optimal nutrient intake and the evolution of sex differences in lifespan and reproduction

John Hunt, Michael Hawkes, Sarah Lane, James Rapkin, Kim Jensen, Clarissa House & Scott Sakaluk
Despite widespread variation in lifespan across species, three clear patterns exist: sex differences in lifespan are ubiquitous, lifespan is commonly traded against reproduction, and nutrition has a major influence on these traits and how they trade-off. One process that potentially unites these patterns is Intralocus Sexual Conflict (IASC) over the optimal intake of nutrients for lifespan and reproduction. If nutrient intake has sex-specific effects on lifespan and reproduction and nutrient choice is genetically linked across...

Siliceous and non-nutritious: nitrogen limitation increases anti-herbivore silicon defenses in a model grass

Scott Johnson
Silicon (Si) accumulation alleviates a diverse array of environmental stresses in many plants, including conferring physical resistance against insect herbivores. It has been hypothesised that grasses, in particular, utilise ‘low metabolic cost’ Si for structural and defensive roles under nutrient limitation. While carbon (C) concentrations often negatively correlate with Si concentrations, the relationship between nitrogen (N) status and Si is more variable. Moreover, the impacts of N limitation on constitutive physical Si defences (e.g. silica...

Elevated atmospheric CO2 changes defence allocation in wheat but herbivore resistance persists

Scott Johnson, Ximena Cils-Stewart, Jamie Waterman, Fikadu Biru & Rhiannon Rowe
Predicting how plants allocate to different anti-herbivore defences in response to elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations is important for understanding future patterns of crop susceptibility to herbivory. Theories of defence allocation, especially in the context of environmental change, largely overlook the role of silicon (Si), despite it being the major anti-herbivore defence in the Poaceae. We demonstrated that elevated levels of atmospheric CO2 (e[CO2]) promoted plant growth by 33% and caused wheat (Triticum aestivum) to...

Silicon enrichment alters functional traits in legumes depending on plant genotype and symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing bacteria

Rocky Putra, Rebecca K. Vandegeer, Shawan Karan, Jeff R. Powell, Susan E. Hartley & Scott N. Johnson
1. Silicon (Si) uptake and deposition (silicification) in tissues is known to alleviate stresses and generally improve plant health. This is mostly studied in Si-high accumulators, such as grasses, with comparatively less known about its effects on other plant functional groups, such as legumes. There is speculation that Si may positively impact the symbiosis between legumes and the nitrogen-fixing bacteria (rhizobia) they associate with, but this is poorly understood. This study examined the effects of...

Leaf silicification provides herbivore defence regardless of the extensive impacts of water stress

Rebecca Vandegeer, Ximena Cibils-Stewart, Richard Wuhrer, Susan Hartley, David Tissue & Scott Johnson
Altered precipitation patterns due to climate change are likely to impose water-deficit stress in plants resulting in changes to specific leaf mass, leaf water content and chemical defences that may impact herbivorous arthropods. Grasses, in particular, accumulate large concentrations of silicon (Si) which provides physical defence against herbivores. Although Si uptake by plants may be affected by water availability, very few studies have investigated the combined effect of water-deficit stress and Si on insect herbivore...

Social Media Insights from Sexuality and Gender Diverse Young People During COVID-19

Benjamin Hanckel & Shiva Chandra
To date, this report is the largest qualitative study of sexuality and gender diverse young people and their use of social media platforms. This study had two broad aims: firstly to better understand the ways sexuality and gender diverse young people are engaging with social media platforms, and secondly, using a rapid prototyping methodological design, to reimagine with young people the ways platforms can respond to LGBTQIA+ young people’s needs. This ‘reimagining’ explored how platforms...

Final Report: Planning for Parramatta’s Cultural Infrastructur

Cecelia Cmielewski, Cecilia Hilder, Ryan van den Nouwelant, David Rowe, Deborah Stevenson, Liam Magee & Ien Ang
The "Cultural Infrastructure and Investment Strategy 2021-2040" was Commissioned by the City of Parramatta. The Strategy is designed to: *Identify priorities for future cultural infrastructure that will consolidate Parramatta as a desirable destination to live, work and play; *Assist with a strategic and coordinated approach within Council to advance the delivery of cultural infrastructure within the City; *Direct sound decision making about planning, funding, delivering and negotiating for cultural infrastructure over the next 20 years;...

Liquid Waste Management in the Construction Projects

Srinath Perera, Mary Hardie & Shiyamini Ratnasabapathy
The construction industry is increasingly concerned with improving its environmental performance and reducing the environmental impact. Construction projects utilise water and generate wastewater. A considerable volume of water is used for washing and cleaning processes at construction sites which is often unmetered. At the same time, liquid waste/wastewater generated from construction projects is harmful to the environment and human health, pollutes the groundwater and the ground soil and therefore, it is important to manage liquid...

Data from Time Travelling with Technology: a technology-based program for promoting relationships and engagement in aged care

Madeleine Radnan, Caroline Jones, Andrew Leahy & Weicong Li
This dataset contains transcripts of conversations between elderly people and a facilitator during group reminiscence therapy sessions in a day-respite aged care facility in Sydney Australia. Each session consisted of 2-4 older adults, sometimes including family and carers, and ran for approximately 30 minutes. Each session displayed locations of significance to the clients on a television using Google Maps and Google Street View in a program called Time Travelling with Technology (TTT). Half the sessions...

Mountains, Molehills and Milestones: Participant Experiences from the WSU Mentoring Programs

Michelle Cull, Kristy Coxon & Manisha Dayal
This study uses a series of narratives (stories) of experiences of professional and academic staff participating in mentoring programs at Western Sydney University as either mentors or mentees in the last five years. The narratives, as prompted by open-ended questions through an online survey instrument, reflect on participants’ mentoring goals, the outcomes of the program, any challenges experienced and recommendations for future staff involved in mentoring programs at the university. In addition, the study examines...

Gender and Sexuality Diversity in Schools: Parental Experiences and Schooling Responses: Tasmania Snapshot Report

Tania Ferfolja, Jacqueline Ullman & Lucy Hobby
This Australian Research Council (ARC) funded project (DP180101676) examined parents’ perspectives on the in/exclusion of gender and sexuality diversity (GSD) in public school curriculum. Findings from the GSDS national survey of Australian parents of K-12 government school students were isolated to the 45 (2.1%) parents who resided in the state of Tasmania (TAS).

Gender and Sexuality Diversity in Schools: Parental Experiences and Schooling Responses: Australian Capital Territory Snapshot Report

Tania Ferfolja, Jacqueline Ullman & Lucy Hobby
This Australian Research Council (ARC) funded project (DP180101676) examined parents’ perspectives on the in/exclusion of gender and sexuality diversity (GSD) in public school curriculum. Findings from the GSDS national survey of Australian parents of K-12 government school students were isolated to the 40 (1.9%) parents who resided in the Australian Capital Territory (hereafter, ACT).

An Exploration of WSU Staff's Understandings of Trans and Gender Diversity: Vice Chancellor's Gender Equality Fund 2020

Lucy Nicholas, Kerry Robinson & Cris Townley
This research explored WSU cisgender staff understandings of trans and gender diversity (TGD), school-based support for TGD students and staff, and University policy on TGD. A key aim was to identify the needs of staff in regard to working more effectively with TGD students and staff in order to develop more inclusive policies and practices and to contribute to reducing inequalities based on gender diversity. Research Methodology: This multi-method research included a staff on-line survey...

Dance for Life: Expressive Arts for Cultural Wellbeing with Young People: Research and Evaluation Report

Karin Mackay & Rachael Jacobs
Developing strong mental health and wellbeing of young people is one of the most pressing issues Australian Society is currently facing. Anxiety and depressive disorders are increasing worldwide in adolescents with social, political, and environmental causes implicated. In Australia a post pandemic report on youth mental health and wellbeing found that 51% had difficulty completing daily tasks with 34% experiencing high or very high levels of distress (Headspace 2021). Worldwide public health policy has gradually...

Changes in participant behaviour and attitudes are associated with knowledge and skills gained by using a turtle conservation citizen science app

Claudia Santori, Ryan J. Keith, Camilla M. Whittington, Mike B. Thompson, James U. Van Dyke & Ricky-John Spencer
Citizen science has become a popular way to collect biodiversity data and engage the wider public in scientific research. It has the potential to improve the knowledge and skills of participants, and positively change their behaviour and attitude towards the environment. Citizen science outcomes are particularly valuable for wildlife conservation, as they could help alleviate human impacts on the environment. We used an online questionnaire to investigate the consequences of participating in an Australian turtle...

Opposing community assembly patterns for dominant and non-dominant plant species in herbaceous ecosystems globally

Carlos Alberto Arnillas, Elizabeth Borer, Eric Seabloom, Juan Alberti, Selene Baez, Jonathon Bakker, Elizabeth Boughton, Yvonne Buckley, Miguel Bugalho, Ian Donohue, John Dwyer, Jennifer Firn, Riley Gridzak, Nicole Hagenah, Yann Hautier, Aveliina Helm, Anke Jentsch, , Kimberly Komatsu, Lauri Laanisto, Ramesh Laungani, Rebecca McCulley, Joslin Moore, John Morgan, Pablo Peri … & Marc Cadotte
Biotic and abiotic factors interact with dominant plants —the locally most frequent or with the largest coverage— and non-dominant plants differently, partially because dominant plants modify the environment where non-dominant plants grow. For instance, if dominant plants compete strongly, they will deplete most resources, forcing non-dominant plants into a narrower niche space. Conversely, if dominant plants are constrained by the environment, they might not exhaust available resources but instead may ameliorate environmental stressors that usually...

Global Media Journal Australia Special Issue: Covideology: Mediating the Significance of a Pandemic

Hart Cohen
In developing the call for papers for this issue of GMJ/AU in September of 2020, little did we know the pandemic would not only be unfinished by the time of publication, but that it would be raging unchecked with deadly consequences through 2021. As we wrote: Over the last few months from early 2020, we have been waking up to a world that is less recognisable and less familiar to what we would have expected...

Guide to Climate-Smart Playgrounds: Research Findings and Application

Sebastian Pfautsch & Agnieszka Wujeska-Krause
Outdoor play is vital for positive socialisation and development of children including cognitive, psychological, and physiological benefits. Playing outdoors increases attention, creative thought processes and problem-solving skills as well as combating obesity, mental health problems and improving social skills of children. Encouraging and supporting outdoor play is particularly important today, where the daily time interval children are engaging in physical activity is contracting. However, the lack of shade and hot playground equipment make it unsafe...

Construct NSW: Digitalisation of Construction: Detailed Report on Digitalisation of Design and Construction of Class 2 Buildings in New South Wales

Srinath Perera, Xiaohua Jin, Marini Samaratunga & Kasun Gunasekara
This report presents the findings of a research project set out to review the state of digitalisation of the class 2 (multi-unit) building sector of the New South Wales construction industry with specific reference to the production of design drawings and as-built drawings. It involved a detailed worldwide literature review followed by gathering data through a quantitative survey of class 2 building designers and builders (including developers). The survey included questions regarding the organisation profiles,...

Gender and Sexuality Diversity in Schools: Parental Experiences and Schooling Responses: Western Australia Snapshot Report

Tania Ferfolja, Jacqueline Ullman & Lucy Hobby
This Australian Research Council (ARC) funded project (DP180101676) examined parents’ perspectives on the in/exclusion of gender and sexuality diversity (GSD) in public school curriculum. Findings from the GSDS national survey of Australian parents of K-12 government school students were isolated to the 174 (8.3%) parents who resided in the state of Western Australia (hereafter, WA).

Exploring the Benefits of the Evenness Virtual Reality-based Sensory Room

Caroline Mills & Danielle Tracey
This small-scale study represents the first independent investigation of the Evenness VR Sensory Room. This study had four core objectives: To identify the reported benefits of the Evenness VR Sensory Room and the impact according to the user’s age, disability, initial needs or VR participation rate. To evaluate the feasibility and implementation of the Evenness VR Sensory Room. To identify improvements to future iterations of the product and process. To understand the reported differences between...

Differential geographic patterns in song components of male Albert’s lyrebirds

Fiona Backhouse, Anastasia Dalziell, Robert Magrath, Aaron Rice, Taylor Crisologo & Justin Welbergen
Geographic variation in bird song has received much attention in evolutionary studies, yet few consider components within songs that may be subject to different constraints and follow different evolutionary trajectories. Here we quantify patterns of geographic variation in the socially-transmitted ‘whistle’ song of Albert’s lyrebirds (Menura alberti), an oscine passerine renowned for its remarkable vocal abilities. Albert’s lyrebirds are confined to narrow stretches of suitable habitat, allowing us to map likely paths of cultural transmission...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Report
  • Dataset
  • Text
  • Journal


  • Western Sydney University
  • University of Sheffield
  • La Trobe University
  • Charles Sturt University
  • University of Minnesota
  • Australian National University
  • Macquarie University
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
  • University of Quebec at Montreal
  • University of Washington