54 Works

Data from: Determinants of tree cover in tropical floodplains

Joshua H. Daskin, Filipe Aires & A. Carla Staver
In uplands, water availability and fire limit tree cover, differentiating between tropical forest, savanna, and grassland biomes. In contrast, we know less about tropical floodplain tree cover determinants, although these habitats similarly include near-treeless grasslands, moderately treed savannas, and forests. Using GIS and remotely sensed data from 13 large tropical and sub-tropical floodplain ecosystems on five continents, we show that floodplain tree cover increases with climatic water balance (= rainfall - potential evapotranspiration) and decreases...

MOESM1 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 1: Database S1. The B. glabrata protein database used in the proteomic data analysis.

Additional file 6 of Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 6: Figure S1. The representative MS/MS spectrum of LTGMAFR, supporting both B. glabrata and S. mansoni glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH).

Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Abstract Background Schistosomiasis is a harmful neglected tropical disease caused by infection with Schistosoma spp., such as Schistosoma mansoni. Schistosoma must transition within a molluscan host to survive. Chemical analyses of schistosome-molluscan interactions indicate that host identification involves chemosensation, including naïve host preference. Proteomic technique advances enable sophisticated comparative analyses between infected and naïve snail host proteins. This study aimed to compare resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata snail-conditioned water (SCW) to identify potential attractants...

Additional file 8 of Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 8: Table S5. A list of the total proteins, unique proteins and corresponding peptides identified in susceptible B. glabrata SCW with reference to the S. mansoni proteome, and enriched GO terms related to the proteins.

Inferring the mammal tree: Species-level sets of phylogenies for questions in ecology, evolution, and conservation

Nathan S. Upham, Jacob A. Esselstyn & Walter Jetz
Big, time-scaled phylogenies are fundamental to connecting evolutionary processes to modern biodiversity patterns. Yet inferring reliable phylogenetic trees for thousands of species involves numerous trade-offs that have limited their utility to comparative biologists. To establish a robust evolutionary timescale for all ~6000 living species of mammals, we developed credible sets of trees that capture root-to-tip uncertainty in topology and divergence times. Our ‘backbone-and-patch’ approach to tree-building applies a newly assembled 31-gene supermatrix to two levels...

Trophic rewilding revives biotic resistance to shrub invasion

Jennifer Guyton, Johan Pansu, Tyler Kartzinel, Tyler Coverdale, Arjun Potter, Joshua Daskin, Matthew Hutchinson, Ana Gledis Da Conceição, Mike Peel, Marc Stalmans & Robert Pringle
Trophic rewilding seeks to rehabilitate degraded ecosystems by repopulating them with large animals, thereby reestablishing strong top-down interactions. Yet there are vanishingly few tests of whether such initiatives can restore ecosystem structure and functions, and on what timescales. Here we show that war-induced collapse of large-mammal populations in Mozambique’s Gorongosa National Park exacerbated woody encroachment by the invasive shrub Mimosa pigra—one of the world’s ‘100 worst’ invasive species—and that one decade of concerted trophic rewilding...

Data from: Long-term dynamics of liana seedlings suggest decelerating increases in liana relative abundance over time

Maria Natalia Umaña, Eric Manzané-Pinzón & Liza Comita
Over the past decades, tropical forests have experienced both compositional and structural changes. In the Neotropics, researchers at multiple sites have observed significant increases in the abundance and biomass of lianas (i.e. woody vines) relative to trees. However, the role of dynamics at early life stages in contributing to increasing liana abundance remains unclear. We took advantage of a unique dataset on seedling dynamics over 16 years in ~20,000 1-m2plots in a tropical forest in...

Risk perceptions of extreme heat events at the state, county, and census tract level in the U.S.

Peter Howe, Jennifer R. Marlon, Xinran Wang & Anthony Leiserowitz
Project summary, description or abstract: This dataset contains model estimates of how Americans perceive the health risks of extreme heat events at the state, county, and census tract level in the U.S. Estimates are produced using a statistical model based on national survey data. These data are associated with the following publication: Howe, Peter D., Jennifer R. Marlon, Xinran Wang, and Anthony Leiserowitz. “Public perceptions of the health risks of extreme heat across U.S. states,...

Data from: Optogenetically induced low-frequency correlations impair perception

Anirvan S. Nandy, Jonathan J. Nassi, Monika P. Jadi & John H. Reynolds
Deployment of covert attention to a spatial location can cause large decreases in low-frequency correlated variability among neurons in macaque area V4 whose receptive-fields lie at the attended location. It has been estimated that this reduction accounts for a substantial fraction of the attention-mediated improvement in sensory processing. These estimates depend on assumptions about how population signals are decoded and the conclusion that correlated variability impairs perception, is purely hypothetical. Here we test this proposal...

Data from: Resource acquisition strategies facilitate Gilbertiodendron dewevrei monodominance in African lowland forests

Jefferson Hall, David Harris, Kristin Saltonsall, Vincent Medjibe, Mark Ashton & Benjamin Turner
1. Tropical forests are hyperdiverse, yet extensive areas of monodominant forest occur in the tropics worldwide. Most long-lived and persistent monodominant tree species form ectomycorrhizal fungi symbioses, allowing them to obtain nutrients directly from soil organic matter. This might promote monodominance by reducing nutrient availability to co-occurring species, the majority of which form associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. 2. Gilbertiodendron dewevrei forest is the most widespread monodominant forest in tropical Africa. Its distribution appears determined...

MOESM9 of Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 9: Table S6. The results of PPIs shown in Fig. 5 and the co-expression data export from STRING to support the PPI of S. mansoni proteins.

MOESM6 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 6: Figure S1. The representative MS/MS spectrum of LTGMAFR, supporting both B. glabrata and S. mansoni glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH).

MOESM5 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 5: Table S4. A list of the total proteins, unique proteins and corresponding peptides identified in susceptible B. glabrata with reference to the B. glabrata proteome.

Additional file 7 of Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 7: Figure S2. The representative MS/MS of supporting peptides of S. mansoni protein identification.

Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Abstract Background Schistosomiasis is a harmful neglected tropical disease caused by infection with Schistosoma spp., such as Schistosoma mansoni. Schistosoma must transition within a molluscan host to survive. Chemical analyses of schistosome-molluscan interactions indicate that host identification involves chemosensation, including naïve host preference. Proteomic technique advances enable sophisticated comparative analyses between infected and naïve snail host proteins. This study aimed to compare resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata snail-conditioned water (SCW) to identify potential attractants...

replication_code_annotated_jiv_final – Supplemental material for Violence and Discrimination Against Men Who Have Sex With Men in Lebanon: The Role of International Displacement and Migration

Lilla Orr, Fatma M. Shebl, Robert Heimer, Kaveh Khoshnood, Russell Barbour, Danielle Khouri, Elie Aaraj, Jacques E. Mokhbat & Forrest W. Crawford
Supplemental material, replication_code_annotated_jiv_final for Violence and Discrimination Against Men Who Have Sex With Men in Lebanon: The Role of International Displacement and Migration by Lilla Orr, Fatma M. Shebl, Robert Heimer, Kaveh Khoshnood, Russell Barbour, Danielle Khouri, Elie Aaraj, Jacques E. Mokhbat and Forrest W. Crawford in Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Data from: Empirical and Bayesian approaches to fossil-only divergence times: a study across three reptile clades

Alan H. Turner, Adam C. Pritchard & Nicholas J. Matzke
Estimating divergence times on phylogenies is critical in paleontological and neontological studies. Chronostratigraphically-constrained fossils are the only direct evidence of absolute timing of species divergence. Strict temporal calibration of fossil-only phylogenies provides minimum divergence estimates, and various methods have been proposed to estimate divergences beyond these minimum values. We explore the utility of simultaneous estimation of tree topology and divergence times using BEAST tip-dating on datasets consisting only of fossils by using relaxed morphological clocks...

Data from: Fine-scale genetic structure and flowering output of the seagrass Enhalus acoroides undergoing disturbance

Shuo Yu, Yunchao Wu, Ester A. Serrao, Jingping Zhang, Zhijian Jiang, Chi Huang, Lijun Cui, Anitra Thorhaug & Xiaoping Huang
Seagrass are under great stress in the tropical coast of Asia, where Enhalus acoroides is frequently the dominant species with a large food web. Here, we investigate the question of the fine‐scale genetic structure of this ecologically important foundation species, subject to severe anthropogenic disturbance in China. The genetic structure will illuminate potential mechanisms for population dynamics and sustainability, which are critical for preservation of biodiversity and for decision‐making in management and restoration. We evaluated...

Fruit syndromes in Viburnum: correlated evolution of color, nutritional content, and morphology in bird-dispersed fleshy fruits

Miranda Sinnott-Armstrong, Chong Lee, Wendy Clement & Michael Donoghue
Premise A key question in plant dispersal via animal vectors is where and why fruit colors vary between species and how color relates to other fruit traits. To better understand the factors shaping the evolution of fruit color diversity, we tested for the existence of syndromes of traits (color, morphology, and nutrition) in the fruits of Viburnum. We placed these results in a larger phylogenetic context and reconstructed ancestral states to assess how Viburnum fruit...

Additional file 2 of Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 2: Table S1. Statistical analysis of behavioural bioassays. Two-way ANONA method was used to evaluate the significance of the behavioural modifications.

MOESM2 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 2: Table S1. Statistical analysis of behavioural bioassays. Two-way ANONA method was used to evaluate the significance of the behavioural modifications.

MOESM4 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 4: Table S3. A list of the total proteins, unique proteins and corresponding peptides identified resistant B. glabrata with reference to the B. glabrata proteome.

MOESM8 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 8: Table S5. A list of the total proteins, unique proteins and corresponding peptides identified in susceptible B. glabrata SCW with reference to the S. mansoni proteome, and enriched GO terms related to the proteins.

Lebanon_supplement_final – Supplemental material for Violence and Discrimination Against Men Who Have Sex With Men in Lebanon: The Role of International Displacement and Migration

Lilla Orr, Fatma M. Shebl, Robert Heimer, Kaveh Khoshnood, Russell Barbour, Danielle Khouri, Elie Aaraj, Jacques E. Mokhbat & Forrest W. Crawford
Supplemental material, Lebanon_supplement_final for Violence and Discrimination Against Men Who Have Sex With Men in Lebanon: The Role of International Displacement and Migration by Lilla Orr, Fatma M. Shebl, Robert Heimer, Kaveh Khoshnood, Russell Barbour, Danielle Khouri, Elie Aaraj, Jacques E. Mokhbat and Forrest W. Crawford in Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Registration Year

  • 2019
    54

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    39
  • Text
    8
  • Collection
    4
  • Image
    3

Affiliations

  • Yale University
    54
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    19
  • University of the Sunshine Coast
    18
  • Southern Medical University
    18
  • Hohai University
    18
  • Shandong University
    18
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
    18
  • Virginia Commonwealth University
    18
  • Northeast Forestry University
    18
  • Jiangsu University
    18