8 Works

Data from: Genetic structure and diversity among historic and modern populations of the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis)

Jessica R. Brandt, Peter J. Van Coeverden De Groot, Kelsey E. Witt, Paige K. Engelbrektsson, Kristofer M. Hegen, Ripan S. Malhi, Oliver A. Ryder, Alfred L. Roca & Kristofer M Helgen
The Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), once widespread across Southeast Asia, now consists of as few as 30 individuals within Sumatra and Borneo. To aid in conservation planning, we sequenced 218 bp of control region mitochondrial (mt) DNA, identifying 17 distinct mitochondrial haplotypes across modern (N = 13) and museum (N = 26) samples. Museum specimens from Laos and Myanmar had divergent mtDNA, consistent with the placement of western mainland rhinos into the distinct subspecies D....

Mammal occurrence identified from metabarcoding of two leech species from Sabah, Malaysia

R. Drinkwater, I.D. Schnell, K. Bohmann, H. Bernard, G. Veron, E. Clare, T.P. Gilbert & S.J. Rossiter
This dataset contains the results from a metabarcoding study of terrestrial leech blood meals to detect differences in the diets of two leech species, Haemadipsa picta and Haemadipsa sumatrana. Mammal taxa were identified using metabarcoding of 16s rRNA and comparisons of operational taxonomic units (OTUs) to a curated reference database from NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information) GenBank. All leeches were collected from the Stability of Altered Forest Ecosystems project (SAFE; www.SAFEproject.net) as part of...

Data from: The evolutionary history of polycotylid plesiosaurians

Valentin Fischer, Roger B J Benson, Patrick S Druckenmiller, Hilary F Ketchum & Nathalie Bardet
Polycotylidae is a clade of plesiosaurians that appeared during the Early Cretaceous and became speciose and abundant early in the Late Cretaceous. However, this radiation is poorly understood. Thililua longicollis from the Middle Turonian of Morocco is an enigmatic taxon possessing an atypically long-neck and, as originally reported, a series of unusual cranial features that cause unstable phylogenetic relationships for polycotylids. We reinterpret the holotype specimen of Thililua longicollis and clarify its cranial anatomy. Thililua...

Data from: Modelling landscape connectivity for greater horseshoe bat using an empirical quantification of resistance

David Pinaud, Fabien Claireau, Maxime Leuchtmann & Christian Kerbiriou
1. Habitat fragmentation and isolation as a result of human activities have been recognized as great threats to population viability. Evaluating landscape connectivity in order to identify and protect linkages has therefore become a key challenge in applied ecology and conservation. 2. One useful approach to evaluate connectivity is Least-Cost Path (LCP) analysis. However, several studies have highlighted importance of parameterization with empirical, biologically-relevant proxies of factors affecting movements, as well as the need to...

Data from: Bat overpasses: an insufficient solution to restore habitat connectivity across roads

Fabien Claireau, Yves Bas, Sébastien J. Puechmaille, Jean-François Julien, Benjamin Allegrini & Christian Kerbiriou
1. Roads have many negative effects on wildlife, including their role in habitat fragmentation. Habitat fragmentation affects bats during their daily movements between roosts and foraging areas. As bats are protected in Europe, developers must implement specific mitigation measures that are hierarchically structured to achieve a null net impact. However, very few specific mitigation measures have been undertaken specifically for bats. Bat overpasses are among proposed improvements intended to reduce the impact of roads, but...

Data from: Synchronized shift of oral, fecal and urinary microbiotas in bats and natural infection dynamics during seasonal reproduction

Muriel Dietrich, Teresa Kearney, Ernest C.J. Seamark, Janusz T. Paweska & Wanda Markotter
Seasonal reproduction is a period of extreme physiological and behavioral changes, yet we know little about how it may affect host microbial communities (i.e. microbiota) and pathogen transmission. Here, we investigated shifts of the bacterial microbiota in saliva, urine and faeces during the seasonal reproduction of bats in South Africa, and test for an interaction in shedding patterns of both bacterial (Leptospira) and viral (adeno- and herpes-viruses) agents. Based on a comparative approach in two...

Data from: Geometric morphometrics of nested symmetries unravels hierarchical inter- and intra-individual variation in biological shapes

Yoland Savriama & Sylvain Gerber
Symmetry is a pervasive feature of organismal shape and the focus of a large body of research in Biology. Here, we consider complex patterns of symmetry where a phenotype exhibits a hierarchically structured combination of symmetries. We extend the Procrustes ANOVA for the analysis of nested symmetries and the decomposition of the overall morphological variation into components of symmetry (among-individual variation) and asymmetry (directional and fluctuating asymmetry). We illustrate its use with the Aristotle’s lantern,...

Data from: Biotic predictors complement models of bat and bird responses to climate and tree diversity in European forests

Luc Barbaro, Eric Allan, Evy Ampoorter, Bastien Castagneyrol, Yohan Charbonnier, Hans De Wandeler, Christian Kerbiriou, Harriet Milligan, Aude Vialatte, Monique Carnol, Marc Deconchat, Pallieter De Smedt, Herve Jactel, Julia Koricheva, Isabelle Le Viol, Bart Muys, Michael Scherer-Lorenzen, Kris Verheyen & Fons Van Der Plas
Bats and birds are key providers of ecosystem services in forests. How climate and habitat jointly shape their communities is well studied, but whether biotic predictors from other trophic levels may improve bird and bat diversity models is less known, especially across large bioclimatic gradients. Here, we achieved multi-taxa surveys in 209 mature forests replicated in six European countries from Spain to Finland, to investigate the importance of biotic predictors (i.e., the abundance or activity...

Registration Year

  • 2018
    8

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    8

Affiliations

  • National Museum of Natural History
    7
  • University of Liège
    2
  • University of Greifswald
    2
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    2
  • National Museum
    1
  • University of Adelaide
    1
  • Ghent University
    1
  • University of Pretoria
    1
  • Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier
    1
  • University of Toulouse
    1