46 Works

Gross Primary Productivity simulations of Great Britain for emulation, 2001-2010 from JULES land surface model

E. Baker, A. Harper, D. Williamson & P. Challenor
This data is an ensemble of Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES) simulations, ran for a select set of 1kmx1km grid cells in Great Britain, each with a different set of parameter values, from 2001 to 2010. The data includes simulated Gross Primary Productivity (GPP) for 5 different plant functional types on an 8-day average. (Broadleaf trees, Needleleaf trees, C3 grasses, Shrubs, and Cropland) as well as the weighted combined sum. These simulations were obtained...

Shade alters grass growth and architecture by reducing root biomass

Cedrique Solofondranohatra, Maria Vorontsova, Rebecca Dewhirst, Claire Belcher, Stuart Cable, Vololoniaina Jeannoda & Caroline Lehmann
Variable tree cover characterizes tropical grassy biomes. Light availability in the ground layer becomes increasingly limited as tree cover increases while open canopy environments are associated with a flammable grassy ground layer. Grass species dominating the ground layer of these ecosystems have adopted strategies to persist and proliferate with frequent fire. However, there is limited understanding of how grass growth and flammability traits respond to changes in light availability. We experimentally grew 14 grass species...

Provision of high meat content food and object play reduce predation of wild animals by domestic cats Felis catus

Martina Cecchetti, Sarah L. Crowley, Cecily E.D. Goodwin & Robbie A. McDonald
Predation by domestic cats Felis catus can be a threat to biodiversity conservation,​ but its mitigation is controversial.​​ Confinement and collar-mounted devices can impede cat hunting success and reduce numbers of animals killed,​ but some owners do not wish to inhibit what they see as natural behavior, perceive safety risks associated with collars, or are concerned about device loss and ineffectiveness.​ In a controlled and replicated trial, we tested novel, non-invasive interventions that aim to...

Llanbedr (Mochras Farm) Core Scanning Dataset

Magret Damaschke, Simon Wylde, Mengjie Jiang, Teuntje Hollaar & Clemens V Ullmann
A core scanning dataset from part of the Llanbedr (Mochras Farm) drill core that was drilled onshore in the Cardigan Bay Basin, Wales, UK. This core scan dataset was obtained using the Itrax XRF Scanner MC at the Core Scanning Facility (CSF) at the British Geological Survey (BGS), UK. It contains X-ray fluorescence (XRF) elemental data expressed as elemental counts or peak areas and optical images of each representative core stick. The dataset was created...

Dataset from: Warming effects on grassland productivity depend on plant diversity

Junjiong Shao, Xuhui Zhou, Kees Van Groenigen, Guiyao Zhou, Huimin Zhou, Lingyan Zhou, Meng Lu, Jianyang Xia, Lin Jiang, Bruce Hungate, Yiqi Luo, Fangliang He & Madhav Thakur
Aim: Climate warming and biodiversity loss both alter plant productivity, yet we lack an understanding of how biodiversity regulates the responses of ecosystems to warming. In this study, we examine how plant diversity regulates the responses of grassland productivity to experimental warming using meta-analytic techniques. Location: Global Major taxa studied: Grassland ecosystems Methods: Our meta-analysis is based on warming responses of 40 different plant communities obtained from 20 independent studies on grasslands across five continents....

Factors influencing nature interactions vary between cities and types of nature interactions

Rui Ying Rachel Oh, Kelly Fielding, Thi Phuong Le Nghiem, Chia-Chen Chang, Danielle Shanahan, Kevin Gaston, Román Carrasco & Richard Fuller
1. There is mounting concern that people living more urbanised, modern lifestyles have fewer and lower quality interactions with nature, and therefore have limited access to the associated health and wellbeing benefits. Yet, variation in the different types of nature interactions and the factors that influence these interactions across populations are poorly understood. 2. We compared four types of nature interactions by administering surveys across two cities that differ markedly in urbanisation pattern and population...

Moving academic conferences online: understanding patterns of delegate engagement

Cassandra Raby & Joah Madden
Scientific conferences are a key component of academic communication and development. During the COVID-19 pandemic in-person conferences are rapidly moving online, yet these virtual events may not provide the same opportunities as in-person conferences. If virtual meetings are to continue to provide effective communication and networking between researchers and stakeholders, they must be adapted to increase delegate engagement and enthusiasm. Here we present a case study of a recent medium-sized online conference. We assessed the...

Large scale manufacturing route to metamaterial coatings using thermal spray techniques and their response to solar radiation

Nadimul Faisal, Nazmi Sellami, Federico Venturi, Tanvir Hussain, Tapas Mallick, Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki, Alex Bishop, Hari Upadhyaya, Nirmal Kumar Katiyar & Saurav Goel
Metamaterials, an artificial periodic two- or three-dimensional configuration can change propagation characteristics of electromagnetic waves (i.e., reflection, transmission, absorption). The current challenges in the field of metamaterial coatings are their manufacturing in large scale and large length scale. There is a clear need to enhance process technologies and scalability of these. Thermal spraying is a method used to deposit small to large scale coatings where the sprayed layer is typically formed by successive impact of...

Securing technology-critical metals for Britain

Allan Walton, Paul Anderson, Gavin Harper, Vicky Mann, John Beddington, Andy Abbott, Andrew Bloodworth, Dave OudeNijeweme, Emma Schofield, Frances Wall, Neil Glover, Rob Chaddock, Robert Gross, Robert Lee, Robin Grimes, Rupert Lewis, Vernon Gibson, Paul McGuiness & Romana Ogrin

Data and code for Caves, Dixit, Colebrook-Robjent, Hamusikili, Stevens, Thorogood, and Spottiswoode: Hosts elevate either within-clutch consistency or between-clutch distinctiveness of egg phenotypes in defence against brood parasites

Eleanor Caves, Tanmay Dixit, Martin Stevens, Rose Thorogood & Claire Spottiswoode
In host-parasite arms races, hosts can evolve signatures of identity to enhance detection of parasite mimics. In theory, signatures are most effective when within-individual variation is low (“consistency”), and between-individual variation is high (“distinctiveness”). However, empirical support for positive covariation in signature consistency and distinctiveness across species is mixed. Here we attempt to resolve this puzzle by partitioning distinctiveness according to how it is achieved: (1) greater variation within each trait, contributing to elevated “absolute...

Data from: Avian disease surveillance on the island of San Cristóbal, Galápagos.

Joshua Lynton-Jenkins & Camille Bonneaud
Endemic island species face unprecedented threats, with many populations in decline or at risk of extinction. One important threat is the introduction of novel and potentially devastating diseases, made more pressing due to accelerating global connectivity, urban development, and climatic changes. In the Galápagos archipelago two important wildlife diseases: avian pox (Avipoxvirus spp.) and avian malaria (Plasmodium spp. and related Haemosporidia) challenge endemic species. San Cristóbal island has seen a paucity of disease surveillance in...

Contributions of wild and provisioned foods to the diets of domestic cats that depredate wild animals

Martina Cecchetti, Sarah Crowley, Cecily Goodwin, Holly Cole, Jennifer McDonald, Stuart Bearhop & Robbie McDonald
Predation of wildlife by domestic cats Felis catus presents a threat to biodiversity conservation in some ecological contexts. The proportions of wild prey captured and eaten by domestic cats and thus the contributions of wild prey to cat diets are hard to quantify. This limits understanding of any impacts of cats may have on wild animal populations and confounds analyses of the effects of interventions aimed at reducing wildlife killing. We used stable isotope analyses...

Data for: Marking through moults: An evaluation of visible implant elastomer to permanently mark individuals in a lower termite species

Rebecca Padget & Faye Thompson
1. Advances in individual marking methods have facilitated detailed studies of animal populations and behaviour as they allow tracking of individuals through time and space. Hemimetabolous insects, representing a wide range of commonly-used model organisms, present a unique challenge to individual marking as they are not only generally small-bodied, but also moult throughout development, meaning that traditional surface marks are not persistent. 2. Visible implant elastomer (VIE) offers a potential solution as small amounts of...

Genotyping by sequencing data of five legume tree species widespread in the rainforests of West and Central Africa

Rosalía Piñeiro, Olivier J Hardy, Carolina Tovar, Shyam Gopalakrishnan, Filipe Garrett Vieira & M. Thomas P. Gilbert
Although today the forest cover is continuous in Central Africa this may have not always been the case, as the scarce fossil record in this region suggests that arid conditions might have significantly reduced tree density during the Ice Ages. Our aim was to investigate whether the dry ice-age periods left a genetic signature on tree species that can be used to infer the date of the past fragmentation of the rainforest. We sequenced reduced...

Low-cost tools mitigate climate change during reproduction in an endangered marine ectotherm

Leo Clarke, Rebecca Elliot, Elena Abella-Perez, Adolfo Marco, Samir Martins & Lucy Hawkes
The impacts of anthropogenic climate change will be most dramatic for species that live in narrow thermal niches, such as reptiles. Given the imminent threat to biodiversity, and that actions to reduce carbon emissions are not yet sufficient, it is important that a sound evidence base of potential mitigation options is available for conservation managers. Successful incubation and production of male sea turtle hatchlings is threatened by increased global temperatures (sex is determined by the...

Multi-year time shift study of bacteria and phage dynamics in the phyllosphere

Emily Dewald-Wang, Nicole Parr, Katie Tiley, Alina Lee & Britt Koskella
Coevolutionary dynamics shape diversity within and among populations but are difficult to study directly. Time shift experiments, where populations of species A from one point in time are experimentally challenged against populations of species B from past, contemporary, and/or future time points, and vice versa, are a particularly powerful tool to measure coevolution. This approach has been primarily applied to study host-parasite interactions and proven useful in directly measuring coevolutionary change and distinguishing among coevolutionary...

Supplementary Data - Statistical emulation of winter ambient fine particulate matter concentrations from emission changes in China

Luke Conibear, Carly Reddington, Ben Silver, YING CHEN, Christoph Knote, Steve Arnold & Dominick Spracklen
The trained emulators per grid cell in China that predict ambient fine particulate matter concentrations from emission changes in five anthropogenic sectors.

ASYFAIR Germany dataset: asylum adjudication in Germany (2018/19)

Nicole Hoellerer & Nick Gill
The Project: ASYFAIR is a multi-disciplinary research project, employing a combination of methodologies to produce rich data sets on legal asylum procedures. The purpose of the study is to examine legal aspects of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS), which was reformed by the European Union in 2013 and that seeks to implement a set of standardise procedures of asylum determination. The ASYFAIR project offers the opportunity to assess progress towards harmonisation of asylum determination...

Major population splits coincide with episodes of rapid climate change in a forest-dependent bird

Vera-Maria Warmuth, Malcolm Burgess, Marko Mägi, Toni Laaksonen, Andrea Manica, Andreas Nord, Craig Primmer, Glenn-Peter Sætre, Wolfgang Winkel & Hans Ellegren
Climate change influences population demography by altering patterns of gene flow and reproductive isolation. Direct mutation rates offer the possibility for accurate dating on the within-species level but are currently only available for a handful of vertebrate species. Here, we use the first directly estimated mutation rate in birds to study the evolutionary history of pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca). Using a combination of demographic inference and environmental niche modelling, we show that all major population...

Dataset associated with 'Scaling of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction with magnetization in Pt/Co(Fe)B/Ir multilayers'

Khulaif Alshammari, Eloi Haltz, Mohammed Alyami, Mannan Ali, Paul Keatley, Christopher Marrows, Joseph Barker & Thomas Moore
Magnetic multilayers with perpendicular anisotropy and an interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction contain chiral domain walls and skyrmions that are promising for applications. Here we measure the temperature dependence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) in Pt/CoFeB/Ir and Pt/CoB/Ir multilayers by means of static domain imaging. First, the temperature dependences of saturation magnetization ($M_{\rm{S}}$), exchange stiffness ($A$) and intrinsic perpendicular anisotropy ($K_{\rm{u}}$) are determined. Then the demagnetized domain pattern in each multilayer is imaged by wide-field Kerr microscopy...

Potential risk zone for anthropogenic mortality of carnivores in Gandaki province, Nepal

Binaya Adhikari, Kedar Baral, Shivish Bhandari, Michelle Szydlowski, Ripu Kunwar, Saroj Panthi, Bijaya Neupane & Raj Koirala
Anthropogenic pressures in human-dominated landscapes often contribute to wildlife mortality. Carnivores are especially vulnerable to human-induced mortality due to the perceived threat to livestock and humans. Despite having widespread conservation implications, carnivore mortality data has been largely underutilized within Nepal. This study utilized Maxent to identify high-risk areas and explore the contribution of habitat attributes associated with carnivore mortality using the casualty database within the Gandaki province of central Nepal. We categorized the risk to...

Phage gene expression and host responses lead to infection-dependent costs of CRISPR immunity

Sean Meaden
CRISPR-Cas immune systems are widespread in bacteria and archaea, but not ubiquitous. Previous work has demonstrated that CRISPR immunity is associated with an infection-induced fitness cost, which may help explain the patchy distribution observed. However, the mechanistic basis of this cost has remained unclear. Using Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA14 and its phage DMS3vir as a model, we perform a 30-day evolution experiment under phage mediated selection. We demonstrate that although CRISPR is initially selected for, bacteria...

The influence of biogeographical and evolutionary histories on morphological trait-matching and resource specialization in mutualistic hummingbird-plant networks

Bo Dalsgaard, Pietro Maruyama, Jesper Sonne, Katrine Hansen, Thais Zanata, Stefan Abrahamczyk, Ruben Alarcon, Andréa Araujo, Francielle Araújo, Silvana Buzato, Edgar Chávez-González, Aline Coelho, Pete Cotton, Román Díaz-Valenzuela, Maria Dufke, Paula Enríquez, Manoel Martins Dias Filho, Erich Fischer, Glauco Kohler, Carlos Lara, Flor Maria Las-Casas, Liliana Rosero Lasprilla, Adriana Machado, Caio Machado, Maria Maglianesi … & Ana M. Martín González
Functional traits can determine pairwise species interactions, such as those between plants and pollinators. However, the effects of biogeography and evolutionary history on trait-matching and trait-mediated resource specialization remain poorly understood. We compiled a database of 93 mutualistic hummingbird-plant networks (including 181 hummingbird and 1,256 plant species), complemented by morphological measures of hummingbird bill and floral corolla length. We divided the hummingbirds into their principal clades and used knowledge on hummingbird biogeography to divide the...

Harnessing Artificial Intelligence technology and social media data to support Cultural Ecosystem Service assessments

Lukas Egarter Vigl, Thomas Marsoner, Valentina Giombini, Caroline Pecher, Heidi Simion, Egon Stemle, Erich Tasser & Daniel Depellegrin
Cultural Ecosystem Services (CES), such as aesthetic and recreational enjoyment, as well as sense of place and cultural heritage, play an outstanding role in the contribution of landscapes to human well-being. Scientists, however, still often struggle to understand how landscape characteristics contribute to deliver these intangible benefits, largely because it is hard to navigate how people value nature, and because there is a lack in methods that accommodate both comprehensive and time-efficient evaluations. Recent advances...

Resource quality determines the evolution of resistance and its genetic basis

Katherine Roberts, Sean Meaden, Stephen Sharpe, Toby Doyle, Suzanne Kay, Lewis Bartlett, Steve Paterson & Mike Boots
Parasites impose strong selection on their hosts, but the level of any evolved resistance may be constrained by the availability of resources. However, studies identifying the genomic basis of such resource-mediated selection are rare, particularly in non-model organisms. Here, we investigated the role of nutrition in the evolution of resistance to a DNA virus (PiGV), and any associated trade-offs in a lepidopteran pest species (Plodia interpunctella). Through selection experiments and whole genome re-sequencing we identify...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    46

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    44
  • Other
    2

Affiliations

  • University of Exeter
    46
  • Imperial College London
    4
  • University of Glasgow
    3
  • University of Leeds
    3
  • University of Queensland
    2
  • Royal Botanic Gardens
    2
  • University of Cambridge
    2
  • University of California, Berkeley
    2
  • Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso
    2
  • Zoological Society of London
    2