12 Works

Data from: Demographic histories and genetic diversities of Fennoscandian marine and landlocked ringed seal subspecies

Tommi Nyman, Mia Valtonen, Jouni Aspi, Minna Ruokonen, Mervi Kunnasranta & Jukka U. Palo
Island populations are on average smaller, genetically less diverse, and at a higher risk to go extinct than mainland populations. Low genetic diversity may elevate extinction probability, but the genetic component of the risk can be affected by the mode of diversity loss, which, in turn, is connected to the demographic history of the population. Here, we examined the history of genetic erosion in three Fennoscandian ringed seal subspecies, of which one inhabits the Baltic...

Data from: A recent local sweep at the PHYA locus in the Northern European Spiterstulen population of Arabidopsis lyrata

Tuomas Toivainen, Tanja Pyhäjärvi, Anne Niittyvuopio & Outi Savolainen
Northern and central European Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. petraea populations are locally adapted to prevailing climatic conditions through differences in timing of life history events. The timing of flowering, and in perennials, the timing of growth cessation influence fitness. Phytochrome A may have an important role in regulating these life-history traits as it perceives changes in daylength. We asked, whether PHYA has contributed to local adaptation to the northern conditions in A. l. petraea. To search...

Data from: Climatic adaptation and ecological divergence between two closely related pine species in Southeast China

Yongfeng Zhou, Lirui Zhang, Jianquan Liu, Guili Wu & Outi Savolainen
Climatic selection contributes greatly to local adaptation and intraspecific differentiation, but this kind of selection could have also promoted interspecific divergence through ecological speciation. In this study, we examined genetic variation within and between two closely related pine species, Pinus massoniana and Pinus hwangshanensis. These two species occur in Southeast China and exhibit contrasting ecological preferences, although hybrids are formed where their distributions overlap. We sampled 26 populations of the two species across their distributional...

Data from: Erosion of beta diversity under interacting global change impacts in a semiarid grassland

Anu Eskelinen & Susan Harrison
1. Human impacts are often thought of as homogenizing natural communities, but it is unclear how these impacts interact to alter the beta diversity (spatial variability) of plant communities. 2. In a grassland with high beta diversity along a soil fertility gradient, we asked which combinations of nutrient enrichment, precipitation enhancement, and disturbance would homogenize communities along the gradient by allowing dominant species from one part of the gradient to increase their abundances in other...

Data from: Avian top predator and the landscape of fear: responses of mammalian mesopredators to risk imposed by the golden eagle

Mari S. Lyly, Alexandre Villers, Elina Koivisto, Pekka Helle, Tuomo Ollila & Erkki Korpimäki
Top predators may induce extensive cascading effects on lower trophic levels, for example, through intraguild predation (IGP). The impacts of both mammalian and avian top predators on species of the same class have been extensively studied, but the effects of the latter upon mammalian mesopredators are not yet as well known. We examined the impact of the predation risk imposed by a large avian predator, the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos, L.), on its potential mammalian...

Data from: Proxy comparison in ancient peat sediments: pollen, macrofossil and plant DNA

Laura Parducci, Minna Väliranta, J. Sakari Salonen, Tiina Ronkainen, Irina Matetovici, Sonia L. Fontana, Tiina Eskola, Pertti Sarala & Yoshihisa Suyama
We compared DNA, pollen and macrofossil data obtained from Weichselian interstadial and Holocene (maximum age 8400 cal yr BP) peat sediments from northern Europe and used them to reconstruct contemporary floristic compositions at two sites. The majority of the samples provided plant DNA sequences of good quality with success amplification rates depending on age. DNA and sequencing analysis provided five plant taxa from the older site and nine taxa from the younger site, corresponding to...

Data from: Larval melanism in a geometrid moth: promoted neither by a thermal nor seasonal adaptation but desiccating environments

Panu Välimäki, Sami M. Kivelä, Jani Raitanen, Veli-Matti Pakanen, Emma Vatka, Maarit I. Mäenpää, Netta Keret & Toomas Tammaru
1. Spatio-temporal variation in the degree of melanism is often considered in the context of thermal adaptation, melanism being advantageous under suboptimal thermal conditions. Yet, other mutually non-exclusive explanations exist. Analysis of geographical patterns combined with laboratory experiments on the mechanisms of morph induction helps to unveil the adaptive value of particular cases of polyphenism. 2. In the context of the thermal melanism hypothesis and seasonal adaptations, we explored an array of environmental factors that...

Data from: A rapid and cost-effective quantitative microsatellite genotyping protocol to estimate intraspecific competition in protist microcosm experiments

Ewan J. A. Minter, Chris D. Lowe, Michael A. Brockhurst & Phillip C. Watts
High levels of intra-specific variation are commonly observed in natural microbial populations, yet the consequences of this variation for ecological and evolutionary processes remains poorly understood. Protists are excellent experimental models for investigating fundamental and applied questions in ecology and evolution, but studying intra-specific variation remains a challenge due to a lack of molecular resources to aid in quantifying and distinguishing strains during experiments. Here we present a molecular method, quantitative microsatellite genotyping, to accurately...

Data from: Outcome of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and subsequent self-reported life satisfaction

Paula Kuivasaari-Pirinen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Maritta Hippeläinen, Kaisa Raatikainen & Seppo Heinonen
Objective: To compare life satisfaction between women with successful or unsuccessful outcome after assisted reproductive treatment (ART) by taking into account the time since the last ART. Design: Cohort study. Setting: Tertiary hospital. Patients: A total of 987 consecutive women who had undergone ART during 1996–2007 were invited and altogether 505 women participated in the study. Interventions: A postal enquiry with a life satisfaction scale. Main Outcome Measure: Self-reported life satisfaction in respect to the...

Data from: Environmental perturbation, grazing pressure and soil wetness jointly drive mountain tundra toward divergent alternative states

Patrick Saccone, Tuija Pyykkonen, Anu Eskelinen & Risto Virtanen
1. Plant communities are structured by complex interactions between multiple factors, which veil our understanding of the effects of environmental changes on communities and ecosystems. Besides the relative role of biotic and abiotic factors as community-structuring processes, addressing how they jointly affect the ecological resilience and resistance of plant communities is crucial to understand better the long-term response of communities facing global changes. 2. Here, we used the results from a long-term (23 years) perturbation...

Data from: Predator–vole interactions in northern Europe: the role of small mustelids revised

Katri Korpela, Pekka Helle, Heikki Henttonen, Erkki Korpimäki, Esa Koskela, Otso Ovaskainen, Hannu Pietiäinen, Janne Sundell, Jari Valkama, Otso Huitu, H. Pietiainen & E. Korpimaki
The cyclic population dynamics of vole and predator communities is a key phenomenon in northern ecosystems, and it appears to be influenced by climate change. Reports of collapsing rodent cycles have attributed the changes to warmer winters, which weaken the interaction between voles and their specialist subnivean predators. Using population data collected throughout Finland during 1986–2011, we analyse the spatio-temporal variation in the interactions between populations of voles and specialist, generalist and avian predators, and...

Data from: Causes and consequences of fine-scale population structure in a critically endangered freshwater seal

Mia Valtonen, Jukka U. Palo, Jouni Aspi, Minna Ruokonen, Mervi Kunnasranta & Tommi Nyman
Saimaa_ringed_seal_microsatSaimaa ringed seal genotypes based on 17 microsatellite loci. Individuals sampled between the years 1980-2008 from five regions of Lake Saimaa; Northern Saimaa (1st pop), Kolovesi (2nd pop), Main Haukivesi area (3rd pop), Pihlajavesi area (4th pop) and Southern Saimaa (5th pop). The data is in GenePop format.Saimaa_ringed_seal_sample_infoCollection information on the individual Saimaa ringed seals included in the study.

Registration Year

  • 2014
    12

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    12

Affiliations

  • University of Oulu
    12
  • University of Helsinki
    4
  • University of Eastern Finland
    3
  • University of Zurich
    2
  • University of California, Davis
    2
  • University of Turku
    2
  • Kuopio University Hospital
    1
  • Queen's University Belfast
    1
  • Tohoku University
    1
  • Lanzhou University
    1