13 Works

Phylogeny of the supertribe Nebriitae (Coleoptera: Carabidae) based on analyses of DNA sequence data

David H. Kavanaugh, David Maddison, W. Brian Simison, Sean D. Schoville, Joachim Schmidt, Arnaud Faille, Wendy Moore, James M. Pflug, Sophie L. Archambeault, Tinya Hoang & Jei-Ying Chen
The phylogeny of the carabid beetle supertribe Nebriitae is inferred from analyses of DNA sequence data from eight gene fragments including one nuclear ribosomal gene (28S), four nuclear-protein coding genes (CAD, topoisomerase 1, PEPCK and wingless) and three mitochondrial gene fragments (16S + tRNA-Leu + ND1, COI (“barcode” region) and COI (“Pat/Jer” region)). Our taxon sample included 264 exemplars representing 241 species and subspecies (25% of the known nebriite fauna), 39 of 41 currently accepted...

Data from: The leaf economic and plant size spectra of European forest understory vegetation

Josep Padullés Cubino, Idoia Biurrun, Gianmaria Bonari, Tatiana Braslavskaya, Xavier Font, Ute Jandt, Florian Jansen, Valerijus Rašomavičius, Wolfgang Willner & Milan Chytrý
Forest understories play a vital role in ecosystem functioning and the provision of ecosystem services. However, the extent to which environmental conditions drive dominant ecological strategies in forest understories at the continental scale remains understudied. Here, we used ~29,500 forest vegetation plots sampled across Europe and classified into 25 forest types to explore the relative role of macroclimate, soil pH, and tree canopy cover in driving abundance-weighted patterns in the leaf economic spectrum (LES) and...

Poblaciones fronterizas y cruces de límites en Moriremos como soles de Gabriel Trujillo Muñoz

Ralf Modlich
pp. 19-31. Moriremos como soles by the Mexicali author Gabriel Trujillo Muñoz is a historical novel that sets out to tell the story of a "forgotten" revolution that took place in Baja California during the historical period known as the Mexican Revolution. This paper is dedicated to analyze the meanings attributed in the novel to the Mexicali/Caléxico and Tijuana/San Diego areas as spaces marked by a boundary: the Northern Border. Its proposal is that the...

Transcriptome analysis of porcine PBMCs reveals lipopolysaccharide-induced immunomodulatory responses and crosstalk of immune and glucocorticoid receptor signaling

Zhiwei Li, Nares Trakooljul, Frieder Hadlich, Siriluck Ponsuksili, Klaus Wimmers & Eduard Murani
The current level of knowledge on transcriptome responses triggered by endotoxins and glucocorticoids in immune cells in pigs is limited. Therefore, in the present study, we treated porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and dexamethasone (DEX) separately or combined for 2 hours. The resultant transcriptional responses were examined by mRNA sequencing. We found that the LPS treatment triggered pronounced inflammatory responses as evidenced by upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and related signaling...

The effect of niche filtering on plant species abundance in temperate grassland communities

Josep Padullés Cubino, Irena Axmanová, Zdeňka Lososová, Martin Večeřa, Ariel Bergamini, Helge Bruelheide, Jürgen Dengler, Ute Jandt, Florian Jansen, Ricarda Pätsch & Milan Chytrý
1. Niche filtering predicts that abundant species in communities have similar traits that are suitable for the environment. However, niche filtering can operate on distinct axes of trait variation in response to different ecological conditions. Here, we use a trait-based approach to infer niche filtering processes and (1) test if abundant and rare species in grassland communities are differently positioned along distinct axes of trait variation, (2) determine if these trait variation axes, as well...

Phenotypic data for M. edulis responses to warming and ocean acidification

Omera Matoo, Gisela Lannig, Christian Bock & Inna Sokolova
1. In mosaic marine habitats, such as intertidal zones, ocean acidification (OA) is exacerbated by high variability of pH, temperature, and biological CO2 production. The non-linear interactions among these drivers can be context-specific and their effect on organisms in these habitats remains largely unknown, warranting further investigation. 2. We were particularly interested in Mytilus edulis (the blue mussel) from intertidal zones of the Gulf of Maine (GOM), USA for this study. GOM is a hot...

Rechtsextremismus im (legalen) Graubereich?

Juliane Wegner & Julia Stüwe
Das Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz (BfV) stufte die Identitäre Bewegung Deutsch-land (IBD) im Juli 2019 als ,gesichert rechtsextremistisch’ ein. Das Besondere an dieser Bewegung der Neuen Rechten ist ihre Präsenz in den sozialen Medien wie Instagram, wodurch sie versucht, ihre ideologischen Botschaften zu verbreiten und Anhänger*innen zu gewinnen. Intensive Löschaktionen der Anbieter sollen und wollen aber genau das verhindern. Um dennoch weiterhin zu posten, eröffnen die IBD-Blogger*innen eine Art ,Graubereich’, in welchem sie sich und ihre...

Data for: Winners and losers over 35 years of dragonfly and damselfly distributional change in Germany

Diana Bowler, David Eichenberg, Klaus-Jürgen Conze, Frank Suhling, Kathrin Baumann, Theodor Benken, André Bönsel, Torsten Bittner, Arne Drews, André Günther, Nick Isaac, Falk Petzold, Marcel Seyring, Torsten Spengler, Bernd Trockur, Christoph Willigalla, Helge Bruelheide, Florian Jansen & Aletta Bonn
Aim: Recent studies suggest insect declines in parts of Europe; however, the generality of these trends across different taxa and regions remains unclear. Standardized data are not available to assess large-scale, long-term changes for most insect groups but opportunistic citizen science data is widespread for some. Here, we took advantage of citizen science data to investigate distributional changes of Odonata. Location: Germany Methods: We compiled over 1 million occurrence records from different regional databases. We...

Transcriptome analysis of porcine PBMCs reveals lipopolysaccharide-induced immunomodulatory responses and crosstalk of immune and glucocorticoid receptor signaling

Zhiwei Li, Nares Trakooljul, Frieder Hadlich, Siriluck Ponsuksili, Klaus Wimmers & Eduard Murani
The current level of knowledge on transcriptome responses triggered by endotoxins and glucocorticoids in immune cells in pigs is limited. Therefore, in the present study, we treated porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and dexamethasone (DEX) separately or combined for 2 hours. The resultant transcriptional responses were examined by mRNA sequencing. We found that the LPS treatment triggered pronounced inflammatory responses as evidenced by upregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and related signaling...

Global maps of current (1979-2013) and future (2061-2080) habitat suitability probability for 1,485 European endemic plant species

Robin Pouteau, Idoia Biurrun, Caroline Brunel, Milan Chytrý, Wayne Dawson, Franz Essl, Trevor Fristoe, Rense Haveman, Carsten Hobohm, Florian Jansen, Holger Kreft, Jonathan Lenoir, Bernd Lenzner, Carsten Meyer, Jesper Erenskjold Moeslund, Jan Pergl, Petr Pyšek, Jens-Christian Svenning, Wilfried Thuiller, Patrick Weigelt, Thomas Wohlgemuth, Qiang Yang & Mark Van Kleunen
Aims: The rapid increase in the number of species that have naturalized beyond their native range is among the most apparent features of the Anthropocene. How alien species will respond to other processes of future global changes is an emerging concern and remains largely misunderstood. We therefore ask whether naturalized species will respond to climate and land-use change differently than those species not yet naturalized anywhere in the world. Location: Global Methods: We investigated future...

Data from: Holocene lake phosphorus species and primary producers reflect catchment processes in a small, temperate lake

Anna-Marie Klamt, Sofie P. Poulsen, Bent V. Odgaard, Thomas Hübener, Suzanne McGowan, Henning S. Jensen & Kasper Reitzel
This palaeo data set consists of a Holocene record from a small, temperate lake (Lake Fuglsø, Denmark). It comprises radiocarbon (14C)-dating, pollen, X-ray fluorescence scanning, carbon and nitrogen (contents and stable isotopes), phosphorus (P) pools (from sequential P extraction and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy), pigment, diatom, and plant macrofossil data. Our multi-proxy palaeolimnological study aimed to investigate how natural processes and anthropogenic land-use changes have affected sedimentary P forms and primary producers. We found...

Rewetting does not return drained fen peatlands to their old selves

Juergen Kreyling, Franziska Tanneberger, Florian Jansen, Sebastian Van Der Linden, Camiel Aggenbach, Volker Blüml, John Couwenberg, Willem-Jan Emsens, Hans Joosten, Agatha Klimkowska, Wiktor Kotowski, Lukasz Kozub, Bernd Lennartz, Yvonne Liczner, Haojie Liu, Dierk Michaelis, Claudia Oehmke, Karsten Parakenings, Elisabeth Pleyl, Arne Poyda, Stefanie Raabe, Markus Röhl, Kirsten Rücker, Anett Schneider, Joachim Schrautzer … & Gerald Jurasinski
Peatlands, in particular groundwater-fed fens of the temperate zone, have been drained for agriculture, forestry and peat extraction for a long time and on a large scale. Drainage turns peatlands from a carbon and nutrient sink into a respective source, diminishes water regulation capacity at the landscape scale, causes continuous surface height loss and destroys their typical biodiversity. Over the last decades, drained peatlands have been rewetted for biodiversity restoration and, as it strongly decreases...

Flight activity and age cause wing damage in house flies

Fritz-Olaf Lehmann
Wing damage attenuates aerial performance in many flying animals such as birds, bats and insects. Especially insect wings are fragile and light in order to reduce inertial power requirements for flight at elevated wing flapping frequencies. There is a continuing debate on the factors causing wing damage in insects including collisions with objects, mechanical stress during flight activity, and aging. This experimental study is engaged with the reasons and significance of wing damage for flight...

Registration Year

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Affiliations

  • University of Rostock
    13
  • Aarhus University
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  • Masaryk University
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  • University of the Basque Country
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  • Capital Medical University
    2
  • Zhejiang Industry Polytechnic College
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  • German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research
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  • Yantai University
    2
  • Zhejiang University of Technology
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  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
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