Data from: Mechanisms and implications of a type IV functional response for short-term intake rate of dry matter in large mammalian herbivoresJean C. Mezzalira, Olivier J. F. Bonnet, Paulo C. De F. Carvalho, Lidiane Fonseca, Carolina Bremm, Carlos C. Mezzalira & Emilio A. Laca
1. The functional response (i.e. the relationship between consumers’ intake rate and resource density) is central in plant-herbivore interactions. Its shape and the biological processes leading to it have significant implications for both foraging theory and ecology of grazing systems. 2. A type IV functional response (i.e. dome-shaped relationship) of short-term intake rate of dry matter (intake while grazing) has rarely been reported for large herbivores and the conditions that can lead to it are...
Data from: Factors affecting the structure of Coleoptera assemblages on bracket fungi (Basidiomycota) in a Brazilian forestLeticia V. Graf, Fabrícia Barbieri, Edilena Sperb, Daniela Soares Rivaldo, Luciano De A. Moura, Rosa Mara B. Da Silveira, Mateus A. Reck & Flavia Nogueira-De-Sa
Insect–fungal interactions are an important but understudied aspect of tropical forest ecology. Here we present the first large-scale study of insect communities feeding on the reproductive structures of macrofungi (basidiomes) in the Neotropics. This trophic interaction is not well characterized in most ecosystems; however, beetle consumption of basidiomes is thought to be affected by fungal factors, via mechanisms analogous to those observed in plant–herbivore interactions and in some interactions with fungi as hosts in the...
Data from: Evolutionary history as a driver of ecological networks: a case study of plant-hummingbird interactionsRômulo S. Vitória, Jeferson Vizentin-Bugoni & Leandro D.S. Duarte
Multiple factors drive species interactions in ecological networks, such as morphological barriers, spatio-temporal distribution, abundances and evolutionary histories of species. Novel methods are making it possible to evaluate the relative importance of each of these drivers. However, the lack of appropriate methods has prevented evaluating the extent to which interaction networks are shaped by species’ evolutionary histories. This study includes the evolutionary histories of species among the potential drivers of interactions, allowing the comparative analysis...
Data from: A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny, Anne Bruneau, Nasim Azani, Marielle Babineau, Edeline Gagnon, Carole Sinou, Royce Steeves, Erin Zimmerman, C. Donovan Bailey, Lynsey Kovar, Madhugiri Nageswara-Rao, Hannah Banks, RuthP. Clark, Manuel De La Estrella, Peter Gasson, GeoffreyC. Kite, BenteB. Klitgaard, GwilymP. Lewis, Danilo Neves, Gerhard Prenner, María De Lourdes Rico-Arce, ArianeR. Barbosa, Maria Cristina López-Roberts, Luciano Paganucci De Queiroz, PétalaG. Ribeiro … & Tingshuang Yi
The classification of the legume family proposed here addresses the long-known non-monophyly of the traditionally recognised subfamily Caesalpinioideae, by recognising six robustly supported monophyletic subfamilies. This new classification uses as its framework the most comprehensive phylogenetic analyses of legumes to date, based on plastid matK gene sequences, and including near-complete sampling of genera (698 of the currently recognised 765 genera) and ca. 20% (3696) of known species. The matK gene region has been the most...
Data from: Genomic signatures of paleodrainages in a freshwater fish along the southeastern coast of Brazil: genetic structure reflects past riverine propertiesAndrea T. Thomaz, Luiz R. Malabarba & L. Lacey Knowles
Past shifts in connectivity in riverine environments (for example, sea-level changes) and the properties of current drainages can act as drivers of genetic structure and demographic processes in riverine population of fishes. However, it is unclear whether the same river properties that structure variation on recent timescales will also leave similar genomic signatures that reflect paleodrainage properties. By characterizing genetic structure in a freshwater fish species (Hollandichthys multifasciatus) from a system of basins along the...
Data from: Local biodiversity erosion in South Brazilian grasslands under moderate levels of landscape habitat lossIngmar R. Staude, Eduardo Vélez-Martin, Bianca O. Andrade, Luciana Regina Podgaiski, Ilsi I. Boldrini, , Valério D. Pillar & Gerhard E. Overbeck
1.Habitat loss is one of the greatest threats to biodiversity, exerting negative effects on the ecological viability of natural vegetation remnants. The South Brazilian grasslands belong to one of the largest temperate grassland regions in the world, but have lost 50% of their natural extent in the past 35 years. To date, there is no empirical evidence for the effects of habitat loss on these grasslands’ biological diversity, undermining their conservation. 2.Using data from a...
Data from: A new cynodont from the Santa Maria Formation, south Brazil, improves Late Triassic probainognathian diversityAgustín G. Martinelli, Estevam Eltink, Átila A. S. Da-Rosa & Max C. Langer
The fossil record of non-mammaliaform probainognathian cynodonts is outstanding in the Late Triassic rocks of Brazil and Argentina. Approximately 15 genera are known, providing unique insights in the study of the major skeletal transformations prior to the mammalian condition. Globally, the diversity of probainognathians is possibly under-represented, as the discovery of small- to very small-sized taxa based on relatively well-preserved specimens is rare. Several species, for example much of the Laurasian record, are based on...
The role of trophic specialisation in taxonomic diversification remains unclear. Plant specialists diversify faster than omnivores and animalivores, but at shorter macroevolutionary scales this pattern sometimes reverses. Here, we estimate the effect of diet diversification on speciation rates in noctilionoid bats, controlling for tree shape, rate heterogeneity and macroevolutionary regimes. We hypothesise that niche subdivision among herbivores positively relates to speciation rates, differing between macroevolutionary regimes. We found the rate at which new herbivorous lineages...
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul7
Universidade Federal de Goiás1
Sao Paulo State University1
University of the Western Cape1
New Mexico State University1
University of Michigan-Ann Arbor1
University of Aveiro1
Federal University of São Carlos1
Royal Botanic Gardens1