55 Works

Deferring Agency at End-of-Life: The Role of Information and Advance Directives

Allyson Root
PIs: Allyson Root, Callie Scott, Joseph Health, and Ben Handel. Abstract: We propose to pilot a randomized evaluation of strategies to facilitate advance directive completion in the 65+ patient population of our partner, Providence St. Joseph Health. Despite the significant economic and personal implications of end-of-life health care decisions, many people fail to document their wishes or to select a representative who can make medical decisions on their behalf. Descriptive evidence suggests that this results...

Data from: Combining role-play with interactive simulation to motivate informed climate action: evidence from the World Climate simulation

Juliette N. Rooney-Varga, John D. Sterman, Eduardo Fracassi, Travis Franck, Florian Kapmeier, Victoria Kurker, Ellie Johnston, Andrew P. Jones & Kenneth Rath
Climate change communication efforts grounded in the information deficit model have largely failed to close the gap between scientific and public understanding of the risks posed by climate change. In response, simulations have been proposed to enable people to learn for themselves about this complex and politically charged topic. Here we assess the impact of a widely-used simulation, World Climate, which combines a socially and emotionally engaging role-play with interactive exploration of climate change science...

208.2 The Rescue of the Danish Bits - A case study of the rescue of bits and how the digital preservation community supported. -- Award winner: Best Long Paper

Eld Zierau
The aim of this paper is to illustrate how vulnerable bit preservation is, regardless of how well prepared you think you are, and hopefully to inspire other institutions that may face similar challenges at some point. At the same time, this paper illustrates the importance of research in digital preservation and the need for conferences like iPRES to enable communication about relevant practical experiences and research results. The paper includes an illustrative story about how...

204.4 Identifiers for Digital Objects: The case of software source code preservation.

Roberto Di Cosmo, Morane Gruenpeter & Stefano Zacchiroli
In the very broad scope addressed by digital preservation initiatives, a special place belongs to the scientific and technical artifacts that we need to properly archive to enable scientific reproducibility. For these artifacts we need identifiers that are not only unique and persistent, but also support integrity in an intrinsic way. They must provide strong guarantees that the object denoted by a given identifier will always be the same, without relying on third parties and...

304.2 Using blockchain to engender trust in public digital archives

Mark Bell, Alan Brown, Tu Bui, John Collomosse, Jamie Fawcett, Alex Green, John Sheridan, Jeni Tennison & Olivier Thereaux
Archives are special – the homes of our collective memories. Although the archive is still widely perceived as a trusted custodian, archivists are aware that they are working in a world in which digital content is increasingly questioned. Is the archive trusted because of its people and practices or because of the sheer practical impossibility of altering or manipulating kilometres of physical records? What is the digital equivalent? The emerging challenge around trust is particularly...

305.2 PREMIS 3 OWL Ontology: Engaging sets of linked data -- Award Winner: Best Short Paper

Charles Blair, Lina Bountouri, Bertrand Caron, Esmé Cowles, Angela Di Iorio, Rebecca Guenther, Evelyn McLellan & Elizabeth Roke
The PREMIS 3.0 Ontology Working Group recognized the need for the preservation community to be able to use Semantic Web tech- nology to leverage systems managing the long-term preservation of digital holdings. Driven by the main principle of adherence to the PREMIS Data Dictionary, and a set of well-established Linked Data principles, the draft release of the PREMIS 3 OWL ontology comes after two years of conceptualization, discussion and experi- mentation. The release of the...

309.2 ARK is in the Air: ARKs Trending in the French-speaking Area and the BnF’s Role in the ARK Story

Bertrand Caron, Jordan de La Houssaye, Thomas Ledoux, Sébastien Peyrard, Stéphane Reecht & Jean-Philippe Tramoni
Recent years have been marked by growing adoption of Archival Resource Key (ARK) identifiers in France and in French-speaking countries, growing reliance on National Library of France (BnF) ARKs for data dissemination and growing demand for data permanence from the BnF community – the French libraries. The BnF has acknowledged these changes through renewed efforts in education, communication, and development of good practices. This progress report describes the recent upsurge of interest in ARKs, the...

310.1 The Network Electronic Archiving Concept for Organizing Digital Preservation for Small Archives

Kathrine Johansen & Kim Nørøxe
This paper presents details about a network organization that enables small public archives in Denmark to do professional digital preservation that both lives up to established best practices and is economically feasible. The Network Electronic Archiving (NEA) is built around extensive collaboration and sharing with archival infrastructure and expert staff at its core. To demonstrate how NEA works in practice, this paper includes the case of one of the small public archives that implement NEA...

310.3 Earning trust: A case of digital preservation at two private archives

Robert Gillesse & Marcel Ras
In this paper a comparison is made between two private Dutch archives (Het Nieuwe Instituut and International Institute of Social History) and how they collect and preserve born digital collections. In dealing with archival donors, preservation policies and IT implementations they have as much in common as they differ from each other. For instance, gaining the trust of the archival donors in the archival policies of the institute is a top priority for both organizations....

203.1 Implications of perceived preservation levels.

Marco Klindt
This paper describes and explores the concept of perceived preservation levels and their implications. Perceived preservation levels are a way to communicate preservation policies, options and actions to the various stakeholders in digital preservation a digital preservation system is capable and able of. While explicitly assigned or stated preservation levels are promises to adhere to a certain set of policies and decisions, it may be hard to impossible for a best effort preservation service to...

401.2 Revamping the \"Difficult (Potentially)\" but \"Mostly Good\" and \"Pretty Smooth\" Removable Media Workflow at the Bentley Historical Library

Max Eckard & Alexa Hagen
Archivists at the University of Michigan Bentley Historical Library recently concluded a project to review and initiate improvements to our five-year-old workflow for transferring born-digital archival materials from removable media to a more suitable preservation environment. This “revamp” proceeded in three phases: 1) a review of our current capture and transfer to backlog procedures, which included the process of gathering feedback on the workflow and associated documentation from Bentley archivists; 2) researching contemporary archives and...

402.2 PDF Mayhem: Is Broken Really Broken?

Heikki Helin, Kimmo Koivunen, Johan Kylander & Juha Lehtonen
In this paper, we focus on the quality of PDF files. We are interested in errors that validators report during the validation process: how accurate are these errors and can we build easy workarounds to avoid or even fix these problems? We present our findings from a pilot experiment where we validated more than 200,000 PDF files from well-known corpora with different validators and found several thousand problematic files. We then devised a process of...

207.3 Open the museum’s gates to pirates: Hacking for the sake of digital art preservation.

Daniel Heiss, Morgane Stricot & Matthieu Vlaminck
Third-party software dependency is a big threat for digital art- works. In this paper, we describe our experiences with artworks such as Remote Control by Shane Cooper or net.art generator by Cornelia Sollfrank. ZKM | Center for Art and Media initiated differ- ent research projects addressing the controversial issues of crack- ing abandoned proprietary software or hacking an API to guaran- tee access to its digital art collection. We show that using crowd- sourcing efforts...

208.1 Creating a holdings format profile and format matrix for risk-based digital preservation planning at the national archives and records administration.

Leslie Johnston
One of the greatest challenge for any archive is the multiplicity of file formats, some of which may be decades old. For the United States National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), with several decades of history accessioning and managing electronic records, this is compounded. NARA required a methodology to analyze and visualize what it has in its holdings in order to understand risk, and elected to undertake a file format profile and risk analysis of...

Mimic Code Repository

Alistair E. W. Johnson & Tom J. Pollard
The MIMIC Code Repository is a centralized code base for working with the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC), an openly available critical care dataset. Code is provided to extract concepts such as severity of illness scores, comorbid status, administrative definitions of sepsis, physiologic criteria for sepsis, organ failure scores, treatment administration, and more.

Reproducibility Project: Psychology

Christopher Anderson, Joanna Anderson, Marcel van Assen, Peter Attridge, Angela Attwood, Jordan Axt, Molly Babel, Štěpán Bahník, Erica Baranski, Michael Barnett-Cowan, Elizabeth Bartmess, Jennifer Beer, Raoul Bell, Heather Bentley, Don van den Bergh, Leah Beyan, Bobby den Bezemer, Denny Borsboom, Annick Bosch, Frank Bosco, Sara Bowman, Mark Brandt, Erin Braswell, Hilmar Brohmer, Benjamin Brown … & James Grange
Reproducibility is a defining feature of science, but the extent to which it characterizes current research is unknown. We conducted replications of 100 experimental and correlational studies published in three psychology journals using high-powered designs and original materials when available.

205.3 The Many Shapes of Archive-It.

Shawn Jones, Michael Nelson, Alexander Nwala & Michele Weigle
Web archives, a key area of digital preservation, meet the needs of journalists, social scientists, historians, and government orga- nizations. The use cases for these groups often require that they guide the archiving process themselves, selecting their own original resources, or seeds, and creating their own web archive collections. We focus on the collections within Archive-It, a subscription service started by the Internet Archive in 2005 for the purpose of allowing organizations to create their...

207.4 Evaluation of preservation strategies for an interactive, software-based artwork with complex behavior using the case study Horizons (2008) by Geert Mul.

Julia Noordegraaf, Klaus Rechert & Claudia Roeck
In order to preserve software-based art the research community has primarily focused on emulation as a preservation strategy. The University of Freiburg (D) established emulation as a service for memory institutions and research data archiving - a service that is currently used for preserving software-based art. Software mi- gration, which might provide an alternative solution, has been researched for business applications, however less for software- based art. As a very immediate strategy it does not...

203.5 All that work … for what? Return on investment for trustworthy archive certification processes – a case study.

Michelle Lindlar & Franziska Schwab
TIB – Leibniz Information Centre for Science and Technology hosts and operates a digital preservation system with three purposes: for the preservation of our own holdings, as a system which two other large German libraries – ZB MED and ZBW – use as tenants for the preservation of their holdings, and as a platform to offer preservation-as-a-service to smaller institutions. The consortial nature of the system hosted and operated by TIB is a setup which...

205.1 Measuring News Similarity Across Ten U.S. News Sites.

Grant Atkins, Michael Nelson, Alexander Nwala & Michele Weigle
News websites make editorial decisions about what stories to in- clude on their website homepages and what stories to emphasize (e.g., large font size for main story). The emphasized stories on a news website are often highly similar to many other news websites (e.g, a terrorist event story). The selective emphasis of a top news story and the similarity of news across different news organizations are well-known phenomena but not well-measured. We provide a method...

308.2 The Cost of Keeping It: Towards effective cost-modeling for digital preservation

Kate Dohe & David Durden
With the introduction of tools like the DLF’s Digitization Cost Cal- culator, forecasting and fundraising for digitization projects can be achieved with transparency and clarity. However, estimating and articulating the considerable long-term expenses of digital preser- vation lags behind. The surfeit of digital materials entering cultural heritage institutions introduce significant costs that rapidly outstrip the costs of digitization, and these costs are challenging to represent clearly at the outset of a project–either due to obscure...

208.3 Preservation planning for emerging formats at the British Library.

Michael Day, Jeremy Jenkins, Maureen Pennock & Caylin Smith
The British Library and the other UK Legal Deposit Libraries have been collecting various forms of born-digital digital publications since 2013 as part of what is known as Non-Print Legal Deposit (NPLD). In 2017, the UK Legal Deposit Libraries established an Emerging Formats project to look at selected types of content that were potentially in scope for NPLD. At the beginning of 2018, the British Library’s digital preservation team commenced research, as part of the...

401.1 Between creators and keepers: How HNI builds its digital archive

Ania Molenda
In 2017 Het Nieuwe Instituut (HNI) – Dutch agency for architecture, design and digital culture started a research project leading to the implementation of a digital archive for its architecture collection at the end of 2018. Looking at the changes caused by progressing digitization that over the last decades have affected the profession of the architect the institute shapes its approach to collecting born-digital material in architecture. The implementation of the digital archive with the...

Worth the wait: Children trade off delay and reward in self- and other-benefiting decisions

Shari Liu, Gorana Gonzalez & Felix Warneken
Published in Developmental Science, 2018

The MODA sleep spindle dataset: A large, open, high quality dataset of annotated sleep spindles

Benjamin Yetton, Karine Lacourse, Jacques Delfrate, Sara Mednick & Simon Warby
Online Portal for the MODA sleep spindle database. Here you can download high quality annotated spindle data. Please see Wiki for more information on how to download data.

Registration Year

  • 2018

Resource Types

  • Text
  • Dataset


  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • George Washington University
  • Princeton University
  • University of California System
  • University of Kent
  • University of Virginia
  • Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Buenos Aires Institute of Technology
  • University of Massachusetts Lowell
  • University of British Columbia