253 Works

Metodologia de avaliação do estado de degradação do edificado

Ana Alves, Clara Pimenta do Vale & Fernanda Rodrigues

Perdigão: computational mesh (ALS.NE.80)

Vasco Batista, José Laginha Palma & Vitor Costa Gomes

Perdigão: computational mesh (ALS.SW.40)

Vasco Batista, José Laginha Palma & Vitor Costa Gomes

Stone-Stacking as a Looming Threat to Rock-Dwelling Biodiversity

Ricardo Rocha, Paulo A. V. Borges, Pedro Cardoso, Mirza Dikari Kusrini, Jose Luis Martin-Esquivel, Dilia Menezes, Mario Mota-Ferreira, Sara F. Nunes, Ines Orfao, Catarina Serra-Goncalves, Manuela Sim-Sim, Pedro Sepulveda, Dinarte Teixeira & Anna Traveset
This letter to the editor describes the surge of “photo-friendly” stacks of stones as an emerging tourism-associated threat to rock-dwelling biodiversity.

Solidão e eutanásia ou as punições por se ser velho

Paula Portugal & Rui Proença Garcia
Olhares sobre o envelhecimento. Estudos interdisciplinares, 95-102. Volume II

Envelhecer com dignidade num país inventado

Rui Proença Garcia & Paula Portugal
Olhares sobre o envelhecimento. Estudos interdisciplinares, 85-93. Volume II

Somos uma família, somos uma equipa

Cristina Rodrigues, Joana Guimarães & Marina Fuertes
Este artigo pretende espelhar um trabalho de equipa, em que profissionais e família unem esforços para atingir um objetivo comum, caminhando lado a lado, construindo uma relação de confiança baseada no respeito pelas diferentes perspetivas e competências. Neste artigo apresentamos a história de um menino, o E, com 48 meses, em que a principal preocupação da família era o seu comportamento. Forjada a relação de parceria entre as partes durante todo o processo, momento de...

Perdigão: aerial lidar survey raster map (with buildings)

José Laginha Palma, Vasco Batista & Vitor Costa Gomes

Perdigão: computational mesh (ALS.NE.20)

Vasco Batista, José Laginha Palma & Vitor Costa Gomes

Estudo comparativo das representações maternas em díades com bebés de termo, pré-termo e extremo pré-termo

Ana Rita Almeida, Rute Casimiro, Sandra Antunes, Maria João Alves, Joana Lopes, Camila Ribeiro, Margarida Custódio dos Santos, João Moreira & Marina Fuertes
As representações das mães acerca dos seus bebés e da maternidade têm sido associadas à vinculação e ao desenvolvimento subsequente do bebé (e.g., Benoit, Parker, & Zeanah, 1997; Fuertes, Faria, Fink & Barbosa, 2011, Kochanska, 1998; Zeanah, Benoit, Hirshberg, Barton, & Regan, 1994). Deste modo, o estudo das representações maternas ganhou importância tanto no campo da investigação na área da relação mãe-filho(a) como na intervenção na maternidade de risco. No caso das mães dos bebés...

Processos de circularidade de fluxos, que contributo pode dar a arquitectura?

Clara Pimenta do Vale

CemRestore - Argamassas para a conservação de edifícios do início do séc. XX. Compatibilidade e sustentabilidade

Cristiano Figueiredo, Clara Vale, Manuel Vieira, António Santos Silva, Rosário Veiga, Alice Tavares & Ana Velosa

Modelos pedagógicos dos educadores na interação e na comunicação com as crianças durante tarefa cooperativa

Joana Clérigo, Otília Sousa, Dalila Lino & Marina Fuertes
Os modelos pedagógicos guiam a atuação do educador (designado pedagogo no Brasil) ao perspetivar o papel da criança, do adulto, dos processos e dos contextos na aprendizagem. Neste estudo, pretende-se estudar a qualidade interativa (em termos de empatia, atenção, reciprocidade, cooperação, elaboração/fantasia e desafio proposto) e o estilo comunicativo (quanto à valorização, interrogação e orientação da atividade) em educadores com afiliações pedagógicas distintas. Para o efeito, participaram neste estudo 16 educadoras que se consideram afiliadas...

Relação mãe-filho(a) em bebés transportados junto ao peito e em bebés transportados em carrinhos

Carina Santa Bárbara, Olívia de Carvalho & Marina Fuertes
Dado que o contacto físico está associado à qualidade da vinculação e da relação mãe-filho(a), procurámos estudar a qualidade dessa interação em 26 bebés transportados junto ao peito das suas mães. Os bebés tinham entre 6 e 36 meses (13 meninas, 13 meninos) e não apresentavam problemas de desenvolvimento. A qualidade da interação mãe-filho(a) foi avaliada em jogo livre através da escala CARE-Index, os resultados da aplicação desta escala permitiram selecionar as díades com elevada...

Data from: The curious case of Bradypus variegatus sloths: populations in threatened habitats are biodiversity components needing protection

Sofia Marques Silva, José A. Dávila, Bryson Voirin, Susana Lopes, Nuno Ferrand & Nadia Moraes-Barros
Studying Neotropical wild populations is of particular interest. While this region is facing an escalating habitat degradation, it also has remarkable biodiversity levels, whose origin we are only beginning to understand. A myriad of processes might have had idiosyncratic effects on its numerous species. Within the hottest Neotropical biodiversity hotspot, the Atlantic Forest (AF), species and genetic diversities are organized latitudinally, with decreasing diversity levels southwards. Bradypus variegatus, the brown-throated three-toed sloth, was one of...

Data from: Invasive earthworms erode soil biodiversity: a meta-analysis

Olga Ferlian, Nico Eisenhauer, Martin Aguirrebengoa, Mariama Camara, Irene Ramirez-Rojas, Fabio Santos, Krizler Tanalgo & Madhav P. Thakur
1. Biological invasions pose a serious threat to biodiversity and ecosystem functioning across ecosystems. Invasions by ecosystem engineers, in particular, have been shown to have dramatic effects in recipient ecosystems. For instance, invasion by earthworms, a belowground invertebrate ecosystem engineer, in previously earthworm-free ecosystems dramatically alters the physico-chemical characteristics of the soil. Studies have shown that such alterations in the soil can have far-reaching impacts on soil organisms, which form a major portion of terrestrial...

Data from: Interploidal hybridization and mating patterns in the Sphagnum subsecundum complex

Mariana Ricca, P. Szövényi, Matthew G Johnson, A Jonathan Shaw & Eva M. Temsch
Polyploidization is thought to result in instant sympatric speciation, but several cases of hybrid zones between one of the parental species and its polyploid derivative have been documented. Previous work showed that diploid Sphagnum lescurii is an allopolyploid derived from the haploids S. lescurii (maternal progenitor) and S. subsecundum (paternal progenitor). Here we report the results from analyses of a population where allodiploid and haploid S. lescurii co-occur and produce sporophytes. We tested (1) whether...

Data from: Maintenance costs of male dominance and sexually antagonistic selection in the wild

Zbyszek Boratynski, Esa Koskela, Tapio Mappes, Suzanne C. Mills & Mikael Mokkonen
1. Variation in dominance status determines male mating and reproductive success, but natural selection for male dominance can be detrimental or antagonistic for female performance, and ultimately their fitness. Attaining and maintaining a high dominance status in a population of competing individuals is physiologically costly for males. But how male dominance status is mediated by maintenance energetics is currently not well understood, nor are the correlational effects of male energetics on his sisters recognized. 2....

Data from: Signalling with a cryptic trait: the regularity of barred plumage in common waxbills

Cristiana I. J. Marques, Helena R. Batalha & Gonçalo C. Cardoso
Sexual signals often compromise camouflage, because of their conspicuousness. Pigmentation patterns, on the contrary, aid in camouflage. It was hypothesized that a particular type of pattern — barred plumage in birds, whereby pigmented bars extend across feathers — could simultaneously signal individual quality, because disruptions of these patterns should be perceptually salient at close range and help assess plumage condition. Here we show that common waxbills (Estrilda astrild), which have extensive barred plumage, have more...

Data from: Towards a genome-wide approach for detecting hybrids: informative SNPs to detect introgression between domestic cats and European wildcats (Felis silvestris)

Rita Oliveira, Ettore Randi, Federica Mattucci, Jennifer Kurushima, Leslie Lyons & Paulo Alves
Endemic gene pools have been severely endangered by human-mediated hybridization, which is posing new challenges in the conservation of several vertebrate species. The endangered European wildcat is an example of this problem, as several natural populations are suffering introgression of genes from the domestic cat. The implementation of molecular methods for detecting hybridization is crucial for supporting appropriate conservation programs on the wildcat. In this study, genetic variation at 158 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was analyzed...

Data from: Understanding the mechanisms of anti-tropical divergence in the seabird White-faced Storm-petrel (Procellariiformes: Pelagodroma marina) using a multi-locus approach

Monica C. Silva, Rafael Matias, Ross M. Wanless, Peter G. Ryan, Brent Stephenson, Mark Bolton, Nuno Ferrand & M. Manuela Coelho
Analytical methods that apply coalescent theory to multilocus data have improved inferences of demographic parameters that are critical to understanding population divergence and speciation. In particular, at the early stages of speciation, it is important to implement models that accommodate conflicting gene trees, and benefit from the presence of shared polymorphisms. Here, we employ eleven nuclear loci and the mitochondrial control region to investigate the phylogeography and historical demography of the pelagic seabird White-faced Storm-petrel...

Data from: Comparative landscape genetics reveals the evolution of viviparity reduces genetic connectivity in fire salamanders

André Lourenço, João Gonçalves, Filipe Carvalho, Ian J Wang & Guillermo Velo Antón
Evolutionary changes in reproductive mode may affect co-evolving traits, such as dispersal, though this subject remains largely underexplored. The shift from aquatic oviparous or larviparous reproduction to terrestrial viviparous reproduction in some amphibians entails skipping the aquatic larval stage and, thus, greater independence from water. Accordingly, amphibians exhibiting terrestrial viviparous reproduction may potentially disperse across a wider variety of sub-optimal habitats and increase population connectivity in fragmented landscapes compared to aquatic-breeding species. We investigated this...

Data from: Starting a DNA barcode reference library for shallow water polychaetes from the southern European Atlantic coast

Jorge Lobo, Marcos A. L. Teixeira, Luisa M. S. Borges, Maria S. G. Ferreira, Claudia Hollatz, Pedro T. Gomes, Ronaldo Sousa, Ascensão Ravara, Maria H. Costa & Filipe O. Costa
Annelid polychaetes have been seldom the focus of dedicated DNA barcoding studies, despite their ecological relevance and often dominance, particularly in soft-bottom estuarine and coastal marine ecosystems. Here, we report the first assessment of the performance of DNA barcodes in the discrimination of shallow water polychaete species from the southern European Atlantic coast, focusing on specimens collected in estuaries and coastal ecosystems of Portugal. We analysed cytochrome oxidase I DNA barcodes (COI-5P) from 164 specimens,...

Data from: Endemic species may have complex histories: within-refugium phylogeography of an endangered Iberian vole

Soraia Barbosa, Joana Paupério, Jeremy S. Herman, Clara M. Ferreira, Ricardo Pita, Hélia M. Vale-Gonçalves, João A. Cabral, José A. Garrido-García, Ramón C. Soriguer, Pedro Beja, António Mira, Paulo C. Alves & Jeremy B. Searle
Glacial refugia protected and promoted biodiversity during the Pleistocene, not only at a broader scale, but also for many endemics that contracted and expanded their ranges within refugial areas. Understanding the evolutionary history of refugial endemics is especially important in the case of endangered species to recognise the origins of their genetic structure and thus produce better informed conservation practices. The Iberian Peninsula is an important European glacial refugium, rich in endemics of conservation concern,...

Data from: Genome sequencing highlights the dynamic early history of dogs

Adam H. Freedman, Ilan Gronau, Rena M. Schweizer, Diego Ortega-Del Vecchyo, Eunjung Han, Pedro M. Silva, Marco Galaverni, Zhenxin Fan, Peter Marx, Belen Lorente-Galdos, Holly Beale, Oscar Ramirez, Farhad Hormozdiari, Can Alkan, Carles Vilà, Kevin Squire, Eli Geffen, Josip Kusak, Adam R. Boyko, Heidi G. Parker, Clarence Lee, Vasisht Tadigotla, Adam Siepel, Carlos D. Bustamante, Timothy T. Harkins … & John Novembre
To identify genetic changes underlying dog domestication and reconstruct their early evolutionary history, we generated high-quality genome sequences from three gray wolves, one from each of the three putative centers of dog domestication, two basal dog lineages (Basenji and Dingo) and a golden jackal as an outgroup. Analysis of these sequences supports a demographic model in which dogs and wolves diverged through a dynamic process involving population bottlenecks in both lineages and post-divergence gene flow....

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