Data from: The evolutionary history of the Cape hare (Lepus capensis sensu lato): insights for systematics and biogeographySara Lado, Paulo C. Alves, M. Zafarul Islam, José C. Brito & José Melo-Ferreira
Inferring the phylogeography of species with large distributions helps deciphering major diversification patterns that may occur in parallel across taxa. Here, we infer the evolutionary history of the Cape hare, Lepus capensis sensu lato, a species distributed from southern Africa to Asia, by analysing variation at 18 microsatellites and 9 DNA (1 mitochondrial and 8 nuclear) sequenced loci, from field and museum-collected samples. Using a combination of assignment and coalescent-based methods, we show that the...
Data from: Comparative landscape genetics reveals the evolution of viviparity reduces genetic connectivity in fire salamandersAndré Lourenço, João Gonçalves, Filipe Carvalho, Ian J Wang & Guillermo Velo Antón
Evolutionary changes in reproductive mode may affect co-evolving traits, such as dispersal, though this subject remains largely underexplored. The shift from aquatic oviparous or larviparous reproduction to terrestrial viviparous reproduction in some amphibians entails skipping the aquatic larval stage and, thus, greater independence from water. Accordingly, amphibians exhibiting terrestrial viviparous reproduction may potentially disperse across a wider variety of sub-optimal habitats and increase population connectivity in fragmented landscapes compared to aquatic-breeding species. We investigated this...
Data from: White shark genome reveals ancient elasmobranch adaptations associated with wound healing and the maintenance of genome stabilityNicholas J. Marra, Michael J. Stanhope, Nathaniel K. Jue, Minghui Wang, Qi Sun, Paulina P. Bitar, Vincent P. Richards, Aleksey Komissarov, Mike Rayko, Sergey Kliver, Bryce J. Stanhope, Chuck Winkler, Stephen J. O'Brien, Agostinho Antunes, Salvador J. Jorgensen & Mahmood S. Shivji
The white shark (Carcharodon carcharias; Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) is one of the most publicly recognized marine animals. Here we report the genome sequence of the white shark and comparative evolutionary genomic analyses to the chondrichthyans, whale shark (Elasmobranchii) and elephant shark (Holocephali), as well as various vertebrates. The 4.63-Gbp white shark genome contains 24,520 predicted genes, and has a repeat content of 58.5%. We provide evidence for a history of positive selection and gene-content enrichments regarding...
Characterizing the patterns of hybridization between closely related species is crucial to understand the role of gene flow in speciation. In particular, systems comprising multiple contacts between sister species offer an outstanding opportunity to investigate how reproductive isolation varies with environmental conditions, demography and geographic contexts of divergence. The flat periwinkles, Littorina obtusata and L. fabalis (Gastropoda), are two intertidal sister species with marked ecological differences compatible with late stages of speciation. Although hybridization between...
Data from: The genomic impact of historical hybridization with massive mitochondrial DNA introgressionFernando A. Seixas, Pierre Boursot & José Melo-Ferreira
Background: The extent to which selection determines interspecific patterns of genetic exchanges enlightens the role of adaptation in evolution and speciation. Often reported extensive interspecific introgression could be selection-driven, but also result from demographic processes, especially in cases of invasive species replacements, which can promote introgression at their front. Because invasion and selective sweeps similarly mold variation, population genetics evidence for selection can only be gathered in an explicit demographic framework. The Iberian hare, Lepus...
Data from: The role of hybridisation in the origin and evolutionary persistence of vertebrate parthenogens: a case study of Darevskia lizardsSusana Freitas, D. James Harris, Sillero Neftali, Arakelyan Marine, Roger Butlin & Miguel Carretero
Obligate parthenogenesis is found in only 0.1% of vertebrate species, is thought to be relatively short lived and is typically of hybrid origin. However, neither the evolutionary persistence of asexuality in vertebrates, nor the conditions that allow the generation of new parthenogenetic lineages are currently well understood. It has been proposed that vertebrate parthenogenetic lineages arise from hybridisation between two divergent taxa within a specific range of phylogenetic distances (the “Balance Hypothesis”). Moreover, parthenogenetic species...
University of Porto6
University of Sheffield2
Yerevan State University1
University of California, Berkeley1
University of Lisbon1
Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier1
University of Gothenburg1
Saint Petersburg State University1
California State University, Chico1