21 Works

Data from: Estimating demographic contributions to effective population size in an age-structured wild population experiencing environmental and demographic stochasticity

Amanda E. Trask, Eric M. Bignal, Davy I. McCracken, Stuart B. Piertney & Jane M. Reid
1.A population's effective size (Ne) is a key parameter that shapes rates of inbreeding and loss of genetic diversity, thereby influencing evolutionary processes and population viability. However estimating Ne, and identifying key demographic mechanisms that underlie the Ne to census population size (N) ratio, remains challenging, especially for small populations with overlapping generations and substantial environmental and demographic stochasticity and hence dynamic age-structure. 2.A sophisticated demographic method of estimating Ne/N, which uses Fisher's reproductive value...

Collateral benefits of targeted supplementary feeding on demography and growth rate of a threatened population

Sarah R. Fenn, Eric M. Bignal, Amanda E. Trask, Davy I. McCracken, Pat Monaghan & Jane M. Reid
1. Effective evidence-based conservation requires full quantification of the impacts of targeted management interventions on focal populations. Such impacts may extend beyond target individuals to also affect demographic rates of non-target conspecifics (e.g. different age classes). However, such collateral (i.e. unplanned) impacts are rarely evaluated, despite their potential to substantially alter conservation outcomes. Subsequent management decisions may then be poorly informed or erroneous. 2. We used 15 years of individual-based demographic data in a “before-after...

Data from: Engineering a plant community to deliver multiple ecosystem services

Jonathan Storkey, Thomas Döring, John Baddeley, Rosemary Collins, Stephen Roderick, Hannah Jones & Christine Watson
The sustainable delivery of multiple ecosystem services requires the management of functionally diverse biological communities. In an agricultural context, an emphasis on food production has often led to a loss of biodiversity to the detriment of other ecosystem services such as the maintenance of soil health and pest regulation. In scenarios where multiple species can be grown together, it may be possible to better balance environmental and agronomic services through the targeted selection of companion...

River Tay, Scotland, water chemistry and greenhouse gas measurements 2009-2010

A.E. Pickard, U.M. Skiba, L. Carvalho, K.V. Heal, R.M. Rees & J.F. Harley
This dataset contains concentrations of dissolved organic carbon, dissolved inorganic carbon, nutrients and concentrations of greenhouse gases CO2, CH4 and N2O from nine sites across the River Tay catchment. Water was sampled on a monthly basis between February 2009 and December 2010. The locations of sampling sites were based on existing flow gauging and water sampling sites of the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA).

Data from: Planting exotic relatives has increased the threat posed by Dothistroma septosporum to the Caledonian pine populations of Scotland

Marta J. Piotrowska, Carolyn Riddell, Peter N. Hoebe & Richard A. Ennos
To manage emerging forest diseases and prevent their occurrence in the future, it is essential to determine the origin(s) of the pathogens involved and identify the management practices that have ultimately caused disease problems. One such practice is the widespread planting of exotic tree species within the range of related native taxa. This can lead to emerging forest disease both by facilitating introduction of exotic pathogens, and by providing susceptible hosts on which epidemics of...

Carbon and nitrogen flux, meteorological, management and soil data from a grazed, cut and fertilised temperate grassland in south east Scotland

S.K. Jones, C. Helfter, M. Anderson, M. Coyle, C. Campbell, D. Famulari, C. Di Marco, N. Van Dijk, Y.S. Tang, C.F.E. Topp, R. Kiese, R. Kindler, J. Siemens, M. Schrumpf, K. Kaiser, E. Nemitz, P.E. Levy, R.M. Rees, M.A. Sutton & U.M. Skiba
This dataset contains measured daily values of precipitation, air and soil temperature, soil water content, measured net ecosystem exchange (NEE) fluxes using eddy covariance, calculated gross primary production (GPP), terrestrial ecosystem respiration (TER) and net biome production (NBP) fluxes using an online tool (http://www.bgc-jena.mpg.de/~MDIwork/eddyproc/upload.php), measured fluxes of methane and nitrous oxide using static chambers and measured fluxes of nitrous oxide using eddy covariance, measured fluxes of nitrogen oxides (NOx) using automatic chambers, measured nitrogen and...

Data from: From welcome culture to welcome limits? Uncovering preference changes over time for sheltering refugees in Germany

Ulf Liebe, Jürgen Meyerhoff, Maarten Kroesen, Caspar Chorus & Klaus Glenk
Europe recently experienced a large influx of refugees, spurring much public debate about the admission and integration of refugees and migrants into society. Previous research based on cross-sectional data found that European citizens generally favour asylum seekers with high employability, severe vulnerabilities, and Christians over Muslims. These preferences and attitudes were found to be homogeneous across countries and socio-demographic groups. Here, we do not study the general acceptance of asylum seekers, but the acceptance of...

Within-year and among-year variation in impacts of targeted conservation management on juvenile survival in a threatened population

Sarah Fenn, Eric Bignal, Sue Bignal, Amanda Trask, Davy McCracken, Pat Monaghan & Jane Reid
1. Overall impacts of targeted conservation interventions on population growth rate (λ) will depend on within-year and among-year variation in exposure of target individuals to interventions, and in intervention efficacy in increasing vital rates of exposed individuals. Juvenile survival is one key vital rate that commonly varies substantially within and among years, and consequently drives variation in λ. However, within-year, among-year and overall impacts of targeted interventions on population-wide survival probabilities of potentially mobile juveniles...

Guidelines to apply for ethical approval of animal experiments

Jan Langbein, Mette Herskin, Frédéric Dehareng, Emer Kennedy, Kenny Rutherford, Antonio Velarde, Véronique Deiss & Isabelle Veissier
This chapter presents common aspects applying in all EU Member States and in the UK (since Directive 2010/63/EU was transposed into British law before Brexit), and gives the specifications that apply in each research institute of the SmartCow project.

Strategies to Mitigate Enteric Methane Emissions by Ruminants

C. Arndt, A.N. Hristov, W.J. Price, S.C. McClelland, A.M. Pelaez, A.R. Bayat, L.A. Crompton, J. Dijkstra, M.A. Eugène, D. Enahoro, E. Kebreab, M. Kreuzer, M. McGee, C. Martin, C.J. Newbold, C.K. Reynolds, A. Schwarm, K.J. Shingfield, J.B. Veneman, D.R. Yáñez-Ruiz & Z. Yu
To meet the 1.5°C target, methane (CH4) from ruminants must be reduced by 11 to 30% of the 2010 level by 2030 and by 24 to 47% by 2050. A meta-analysis identified strategies to decrease product-based [PB; CH4 per unit meat or milk (CH4I)] and absolute (ABS) enteric CH4 emissions while maintaining or increasing animal productivity (AP; weight gain and milk yield). Next the potential of different adoption rates of one PB and/or ABS strategies...

Global data for soil water, groundwater and riverine freshwater dissolved organic radiocarbon

J.L. Adams, E. Tipping, P. Keenan, R.C. Helliwell, N. Pedentchouk, S. Buckingham, E. Gjessing, P. Ascough, C.L. Bryant & M.H. Garnett
This dataset includes dissolved organic radiocarbon content and dissolved organic carbon concentration data for river waters around the globe. The riverine dataset contains already published (n=1163) and new (n=101) data between the years 1962 – 2015. Soil solution data (n=139) from North American and European natural and semi-natural ecosystems are also included, which cover the period 1988 – 2008. Groundwater data containing 49 data points from boreholes in Europe and North America are also provided....

Aquatic carbon and greenhouse gas concentrations in the Auchencorth Moss catchment following drain blocking

K.J. Dinsmore, O. Murphey, F. Leith & J. Carfrae
This dataset contains concentrations of dissolved organic carbon, inorganic carbon, CO2, CH4 and N2O in the Black Burn stream which drains Auchencorth Moss peatland in South East Scotland. Concentrations and fluxes have been measured within the Black Burn on an approximately weekly to fortnightly basis from approximately 2006 to present (see https://doi.org/10.5285/3f0820a7-a8c8-4dd7-a058-8db79ba9c7fe). Concentrations in this dataset are from a series of new sites, upstream of the long-term sampling record, adjacent to an area of drains...

Data from: A critical analysis of the potential for EU Common Agricultural Policy measures to support wild pollinators on farmland

Lorna Cole, David Kleijn, Lynn Dicks, Jane Stout, Simon Potts, Matthias Albrecht, Mario Balzan, Ignasi Bartomeus, Penelope Bebeli, Danilo Bevk, Jacobus Biesmeijer, Róbert Chlebo, Anželika Dautartė, Nikolaos Emmanouil, Chris Hartfield, John Holland, Andrea Holzschuh, Nieke Knoben, Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki, Yael Mandelik, Heleni Panou, Robert Paxton, Theodora Petanidou, Miguel Pinheiro De Carvalho, … & Jeroen Scheper
1. Agricultural intensification and associated loss of high-quality habitats are key drivers of insect pollinator declines. With the aim of decreasing the environmental impact of agriculture, the 2014 EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined a set of habitat and landscape features (Ecological Focus Areas: EFAs) farmers could select from as a requirement to receive basic farm payments. To inform the post-2020 CAP, we performed a European-scale evaluation to determine how different EFA options vary in...

Data from: Genetic dissection of complex behaviour traits in German Shepherd dogs

Juliane Friedrich, Erling Strandberg, Per Arvelius, Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Ricardo Pong-Wong, John M. Hickey, Marie J. Haskell & Pamela Wiener
A favourable genetic structure and diversity of behavioural features highlights the potential of dogs for studying the genetic architecture of behaviour traits. However, behaviours are complex traits, which have been shown to be influenced by numerous genetic and non-genetic factors, complicating their analysis. In this study, the genetic contribution to behaviour variation in German Shepherd dogs (GSDs) was analysed using genomic approaches. GSDs were phenotyped for behaviour traits using the established Canine Behavioral Assessment and...

Soil biodiversity, carbon cycling and crop plant biomass responses to experimental biochar amendment of agricultural soil (Dundee, UK)

S. McCormack, N. Ostle, R.D. Bardgett, D.W. Hopkins, G.M. Pereira & A.J. Vanbergen
These data describe the results of a three year (2011-2013) factorial experiment using plant-soil mesocosms testing the effects of biochar on soil biodiversity and soil carbon fluxes. The experimental design comprised three treatments: (1) biochar (absence or presence at 2% w/w); (2) plant type (barley, perennial ryegrass, or unvegetated); and (3) soil texture (sandy clay, sandy silt loam, clay loam). Ecosystem responses measured were net ecosystem exchange of carbon (NEE) & ecosystem respiration (both g...

Data from: The ecology of wildlife disease surveillance: demographic and prevalence fluctuations undermine surveillance

Laura Walton, Glenn Marion, Ross S. Davidson, Piran C. L. White, Lesley A. Smith, Dolores Gavier-Widen, Lisa Yon, Duncan Hannant, Michael R. Hutchings & Piran C.L. White
Wildlife disease surveillance is the first line of defence against infectious disease. Fluctuations in host populations and disease prevalence are a known feature of wildlife disease systems. However, the impact of such heterogeneities on the performance of surveillance is currently poorly understood. We present the first systematic exploration of the effects of fluctuations' prevalence and host population size on the efficacy of wildlife disease surveillance systems. In this study, efficacy is measured in terms of...

Data from: Genetic characterization of dog personality traits

Joanna Ilska, Marie J. Haskell, Sarah C. Blott, Enrique Sanchez-Molano, Zita Polgar, Sarah E. Lofgren, Dylan N. Clements & Pamela Wiener
The genetic architecture of behavioural traits in dogs is of great interest to owners, breeders and professionals involved in animal welfare, as well as to scientists studying the genetics of animal (including human) behaviour. The genetic component of dog behaviour is supported by between-breed differences and some evidence of within-breed variation. However, it is a challenge to gather sufficiently large datasets to dissect the genetic basis of complex traits such as behaviour, which are both...

Data from: Genomic data illuminates demography, genetic structure and selection of a popular dog breed

Pamela Wiener, Enrique Sánchez-Molano, Dylan N. Clements, John A. Woolliams, Marie J. Haskell & Sarah C. Blott
Background: Genomic methods have proved to be important tools in the analysis of genetic diversity across the range of species and can be used to reveal processes underlying both short- and long-term evolutionary change. This study applied genomic methods to investigate population structure and inbreeding in a common UK dog breed, the Labrador Retriever. Results: We found substantial within-breed genetic differentiation, which was associated with the role of the dog (i.e. working, pet, show) and...

Data from: Evidence of the phenotypic expression of a lethal recessive allele under inbreeding in a wild population of conservation concern

Amanda E. Trask, Eric M. Bignal, Davy I. McCracken, Pat Monaghan, Stuart B. Piertney & Jane M. Reid
Deleterious recessive alleles that are masked in outbred populations are predicted to be expressed in small, inbred populations, reducing both individual fitness and population viability. However, there are few definitive examples of phenotypic expression of lethal recessive alleles under inbreeding conditions in wild populations. Studies that demonstrate the action of such alleles, and infer their distribution and dynamics, are required to understand their potential impact on population viability and inform management responses. The Scottish population...

Unravelling selection signatures in a single dog breed suggests recent selection for morphological and behavioural traits

Juliane Friedrich, Andrea Talenti, Per Arvelius, Erling Strandberg, Marie J Haskell & Pam Wiener
Strong selection has resulted in substantial morphological and behavioural diversity across modern dog breeds, which makes dogs interesting model animals to study the underlying genetic architecture of these traits. However, results from between-breed analyses may confound selection signatures for behaviour and morphological features that were co-selected during breed development. In this study, we assess population genetic differences in a unique resource of dogs of the same breed but with systematic behavioural selection in only one...

Ectopic expression of Triticum polonicum VRT-A2 underlies elongated glumes and grains in hexaploid wheat in a dosage-dependent manner: Additional data (images, phylogenetic alignments and trees)

Nikolai Adamski, James Simmonds, Jemima Brinton, Anna Backhaus, Yi Chen, Mark Smedley, Sadiye Hayta, Tobin Florio, Pamela Crane, Peter Scott, Alice Pieri, Olyvia Hall, J. Elaine Barclay, Myles Clayton, John Doonan, Candida Nibau & Cristobal Uauy
Flower development is an important determinant of grain yield in crops. In wheat, natural variation for the size of spikelet and floral organs is particularly evident in Triticum polonicum, a tetraploid subspecies of wheat with long glumes, lemmas, and grains. Using map-based cloning, we identified VRT2, a MADS-box transcription factor belonging to the SVP family, as the gene underlying the P1 locus. The causal P1 mutation is a sequence substitution in intron-1 that results in...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    2
  • 2021
    2
  • 2020
    3
  • 2019
    4
  • 2018
    1
  • 2017
    5
  • 2016
    3
  • 2014
    1

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    20
  • Text
    1

Affiliations

  • Scotland's Rural College
    18
  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    5
  • University of Aberdeen
    4
  • University of Edinburgh
    4
  • University of Reading
    4
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    3
  • University of Glasgow
    3
  • Roslin Institute
    3
  • University of Nottingham
    3
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
    3