42 Works

Data from: Extending full protection inside existing marine protected areas or reducing fishing effort outside can reconcile conservation and fisheries goals

Mokrane Belharet, Antonio Di Franco, Antonio Calò, Lorenzo Mari, Joachim Claudet, Renato Casagrandi, Marino Gatto, Josep Lloret, Charlotte Sève, Paolo Guidetti & Paco Melià
1. Most fish stocks worldwide are fished at maximum sustainable yield (MSY) or overfished, as many fisheries management strategies have failed to achieve sustainable fishing. Identifying effective fisheries management strategies has now become urgent. 2. Here, we developed a spatially-explicit metapopulation model accounting for population connectivity in the north-western Mediterranean Sea, and parameterized it for three ecologically and economically important coastal fish species: the white seabream Diplodus sargus, the two-banded seabream Diplodus vulgaris and the...

Different epidemiology of bloodstream infections in COVID-19 compared to non-COVID-19 critically ill patients: a descriptive analysis of the Eurobact II study

Niccolò Buetti, Alexis Tabah, Ambre Loiodice, Stéphane Ruckly, Abdullah Tarik Aslan, Giorgia Montrucchio, Andrea Cortegiani, Nese Saltoglu, Bircan Kayaaslan, Firdevs Aksoy, Akova Murat, Özlem Akdoğan, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu, Cem Erdogan, Marc Leone, Ricard Ferrer, José-Artur Paiva, Yoshiro Hayashi, Mahesh Ramanan, Andrew Conway Morris, François Barbier & Jean-François Timsit
Abstract Background The study aimed to describe the epidemiology and outcomes of hospital-acquired bloodstream infections (HABSIs) between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 critically ill patients. Methods We used data from the Eurobact II study, a prospective observational multicontinental cohort study on HABSI treated in ICU. For the current analysis, we selected centers that included both COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 critically ill patients. We performed descriptive statistics between COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 in terms of patients’ characteristics, source of infection...

Data from: Climate determinants of breeding and wintering ranges of lesser kestrels in Italy and predicted impacts of climate change

Michelangelo Morganti, Damiano Preatoni & Maurizio Sarà
Climate warming would theoretically create conditions for the breeding range expansion of pseudo-steppe Mediterranean and long-distance migrant species and provide the possibility for these to overwinter in the same breeding areas. However, contemporary changes in rainfall regimes might have negative effects on the climate suitability and in turn, shrink species potential range. The lesser kestrel Falco naumanni is highly sensitive to rainfall oscillations and has recently extended its Italian breeding range towards northern latitudes and...

Data from: Living in a high CO2 world: a global meta-analysis shows multiple trait-mediated responses of fish to ocean acidification

Carlo Cattano, Joachim Claudet, Paolo Domenici & Marco Milazzo
Understanding how marine organisms will be affected by global change is of primary importance to ensure ecosystem functioning and nature contributions to people. This study meets the call for addressing how life-history traits mediate effects of ocean acidification on fish. We built a database of overall and trait-mediated responses of teleost fish to future CO2 levels by searching the scientific literature. Using a meta-analytical approach, we investigated the effects of projected CO2 levels by IPCC...

High-density genomic characterization of native Croatian sheep breeds

Ivana Drzaic, Ino Curik, Boris Lukic, Mario Shihabi, Meng-Hua Li, Juha Kantanen, Salvatore Mastrangelo, Elena Ciani, Johannes A. Lenstra & Vlatka Cubric-Curik
A recent comprehensive genomic analysis based on 50K SNP profiles has shown that the regional Balkan sheep populations have considerable genetic overlap but are distinctly different from surrounding breeds. All eight Croatian sheep breeds were represented by a small number of individuals per breed. Here, we genotyped 220 individuals representing the native Croatian sheep breeds (Istrian Sheep, Krk Island Sheep, Cres Island Sheep, Rab Island Sheep, Lika Pramenka, Pag Island Sheep, Dalmatian Pramenka, Dubrovnik Sheep)...

Additional file 4 of Efficacy of CAR-T immunotherapy in MET overexpressing tumors not eligible for anti-MET targeted therapy

Cristina Chiriaco, Chiara Donini, Marco Cortese, Stefano Ughetto, Chiara Modica, Ilaria Martinelli, Alessia Proment, Letizia Vitali, Lara Fontani, Monica Casucci, Paolo Maria Comoglio, Silvia Giordano, Dario Sangiolo, Valeria Leuci & Elisa Vigna
Additional file 4: Supplementary Figure 1. Design and binding properties of DO24 single chain antibody fragments. Supplementary Figure 2. Analysis by flow cytometry of cell surface MET expression. Supplementary Figure 3. Quantitative flow cytometer analysis of surface MET levels in A549 wild type, genetically modified, and not transformed human cells. Supplementary Figure 4. Analysis by flow cytometry of cell surface MET expression in carcinoma cells featuring MET overexpression due to high MET gene copy number....

Additional file 4 of Efficacy of CAR-T immunotherapy in MET overexpressing tumors not eligible for anti-MET targeted therapy

Cristina Chiriaco, Chiara Donini, Marco Cortese, Stefano Ughetto, Chiara Modica, Ilaria Martinelli, Alessia Proment, Letizia Vitali, Lara Fontani, Monica Casucci, Paolo Maria Comoglio, Silvia Giordano, Dario Sangiolo, Valeria Leuci & Elisa Vigna
Additional file 4: Supplementary Figure 1. Design and binding properties of DO24 single chain antibody fragments. Supplementary Figure 2. Analysis by flow cytometry of cell surface MET expression. Supplementary Figure 3. Quantitative flow cytometer analysis of surface MET levels in A549 wild type, genetically modified, and not transformed human cells. Supplementary Figure 4. Analysis by flow cytometry of cell surface MET expression in carcinoma cells featuring MET overexpression due to high MET gene copy number....

Additional file 1 of Different epidemiology of bloodstream infections in COVID-19 compared to non-COVID-19 critically ill patients: a descriptive analysis of the Eurobact II study

Niccolò Buetti, Alexis Tabah, Ambre Loiodice, Stéphane Ruckly, Abdullah Tarik Aslan, Giorgia Montrucchio, Andrea Cortegiani, Nese Saltoglu, Bircan Kayaaslan, Firdevs Aksoy, Akova Murat, Özlem Akdoğan, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu, Cem Erdogan, Marc Leone, Ricard Ferrer, José-Artur Paiva, Yoshiro Hayashi, Mahesh Ramanan, Andrew Conway Morris, François Barbier & Jean-François Timsit
Additional file 1. Additional methods (definitions, additional methods, statistical analyses and ethics), Additional tables (Tables S1–S8) and Additional figures (Figs. S1–S2).

Additional file 1 of Different epidemiology of bloodstream infections in COVID-19 compared to non-COVID-19 critically ill patients: a descriptive analysis of the Eurobact II study

Niccolò Buetti, Alexis Tabah, Ambre Loiodice, Stéphane Ruckly, Abdullah Tarik Aslan, Giorgia Montrucchio, Andrea Cortegiani, Nese Saltoglu, Bircan Kayaaslan, Firdevs Aksoy, Akova Murat, Özlem Akdoğan, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu, Cem Erdogan, Marc Leone, Ricard Ferrer, José-Artur Paiva, Yoshiro Hayashi, Mahesh Ramanan, Andrew Conway Morris, François Barbier & Jean-François Timsit
Additional file 1. Additional methods (definitions, additional methods, statistical analyses and ethics), Additional tables (Tables S1–S8) and Additional figures (Figs. S1–S2).

Supplemental Material - Autologous conditioned serum for chronic pain in patients with osteoarthritis: A feasibility observational study

Mariachiara Ippolito, Giulia Spurio, Viviana Compagno, Alessandra Rizzo, Marta Di Simone, Anna Maria Corsale, Giuseppina Mazzola, Antonino Giarratano, Serena Meraviglia, Andrea Cortegiani & Antonietta Alongi
Supplemental Material for Autologous conditioned serum for chronic pain in patients with osteoarthritis: A feasibility observational study by Mariachiara Ippolito, Giulia Spurio, Viviana Compagno, Alessandra Rizzo, Marta Di Simone, Anna Maria Corsale, Giuseppina Mazzola, Antonino Giarratano, Serena Meraviglia, Andrea Cortegiani, and Antonietta Alongi in British Journal of Pain

Data from: Molecular and morphological diversity of on-farm hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) landraces from southern Europe and their role in the origin and diffusion of cultivated germplasm

P. Boccacci, M. Aramini, N. Valentini, L. Bacchetta, M. Rovira, P. Drogoudi, A. P. Silva, A. Solar, F. Calizzano, V. Erdoğan, V. Cristofori, L. F. Ciarmiello, C. Contessa, J. J. Ferreira, F. P. Marra & R. Botta
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is a traditional nut crop in southern Europe. Germplasm exploration conducted on-farm in five countries (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Slovenia, and Greece) identified 77 landraces. The present work describes phenotypic variation in nut and husk traits and investigates genetic relationships using 10 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers among these landraces, 57 well-known references cultivars, and 19 wild accessions. Among the 77 landraces, 42 had unique fingerprints while 35 showed a SSR profile...

Restoration efforts of the seagrass Posidonia oceanica: a collated evidence review dataset

Arianna Pansini, Maria Del Mar Bosch-Belmar, Manuel Berlino, Gianluca Sarà & Giulia Ceccherelli
Seagrass meadows are important shallow coastal ecosystems due to their contribution to enhancing biodiversity, nutrient cycling, carbon burial, and sediment stabilisation, but the maintenance of their integrity has been threatened by several anthropogenic disturbances. Active restoration is considered a reliable strategy to enhance recovery of seagrass ecosystems, and decision making for correct seagrass restoration management requires relying on valuable information regarding the effectiveness of past restoration actions and experimental efforts. Previous experimental efforts and human-mediated...

A Relational Approach to Networks in a Tourism Destination: Business and Family Networks in San Vito Lo Capo, Sicily

Giovanni Ruggieri & Salvatore Iannolino

Efficacy of CAR-T immunotherapy in MET overexpressing tumors not eligible for anti-MET targeted therapy

Cristina Chiriaco, Chiara Donini, Marco Cortese, Stefano Ughetto, Chiara Modica, Ilaria Martinelli, Alessia Proment, Letizia Vitali, Lara Fontani, Monica Casucci, Paolo Maria Comoglio, Silvia Giordano, Dario Sangiolo, Valeria Leuci & Elisa Vigna
Abstract Background Aberrant activation of the MET receptor in cancer is sustained by genetic alterations or, more frequently, by transcriptional upregulations. A fraction of MET-amplified or mutated tumors are sensible to MET targeting agents, but their responsiveness is typically short-lasting, as secondary resistance eventually occurs. Since in the absence of genetic alterations MET is usually not a tumor driver, MET overexpressing tumors are not/poorly responsive to MET targeted therapies. Consequently, the vast majority of tumors...

Additional file 3 of Efficacy of CAR-T immunotherapy in MET overexpressing tumors not eligible for anti-MET targeted therapy

Cristina Chiriaco, Chiara Donini, Marco Cortese, Stefano Ughetto, Chiara Modica, Ilaria Martinelli, Alessia Proment, Letizia Vitali, Lara Fontani, Monica Casucci, Paolo Maria Comoglio, Silvia Giordano, Dario Sangiolo, Valeria Leuci & Elisa Vigna
Additional file 3: Supplement Table 1. MET gene amplification in different cell lines and primary cells derived from human tumors of different origin.

Autologous conditioned serum for chronic pain in patients with osteoarthritis: A feasibility observational study

Mariachiara Ippolito, Giulia Spurio, Viviana Compagno, Alessandra Rizzo, Marta Di Simone, Anna Maria Corsale, Giuseppina Mazzola, Antonino Giarratano, Serena Meraviglia, Andrea Cortegiani & Antonietta Alongi
BackgroundAutologous conditioned serum is a product of blood origin, with fragmented evidence of therapeutic properties in osteoarthritis chronic pain. This pilot observational prospective study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a treatment with conditional autologous serum (ACS) in patients with severe chronic pain and grade I-III osteoarthritis and to describe its cytokine content.MethodsWe prospectively collected data on consecutive patients affected by osteoarthritis grade I to III and treated with four weekly injections of ACS at...

Autologous conditioned serum for chronic pain in patients with osteoarthritis: A feasibility observational study

Mariachiara Ippolito, Giulia Spurio, Viviana Compagno, Alessandra Rizzo, Marta Di Simone, Anna Maria Corsale, Giuseppina Mazzola, Antonino Giarratano, Serena Meraviglia, Andrea Cortegiani & Antonietta Alongi
BackgroundAutologous conditioned serum is a product of blood origin, with fragmented evidence of therapeutic properties in osteoarthritis chronic pain. This pilot observational prospective study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a treatment with conditional autologous serum (ACS) in patients with severe chronic pain and grade I-III osteoarthritis and to describe its cytokine content.MethodsWe prospectively collected data on consecutive patients affected by osteoarthritis grade I to III and treated with four weekly injections of ACS at...

High-flow nasal cannula versus non-invasive ventilation for acute hypercapnic respiratory failure in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials

N. Ovtcharenko, E. Ho, W. Alhazzani, A. Cortegiani, B. Ergan, R. Scala, G. Sotgiu, D. Chaudhuri, S. Oczkowski & K. Lewis
Abstract Background Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) with bi-level positive pressure ventilation is a first-line intervention for selected patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure. Compared to conventional oxygen therapy, NIV may reduce endotracheal intubation, death, and intensive care unit length of stay (LOS), but its use is often limited by patient tolerance and treatment failure. High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a potential alternative treatment in this patient population and may be better tolerated. Research question For patients...

Data from: Do island plant populations really have lower genetic variation than mainland populations? Effects of selection and distribution range on genetic diversity estimates

Carlos García-Verdugo, Maurizio Sajeva, Tommaso La Mantia, Cherif Harrouni, Fouad Msanda & Juli Caujapé-Castells
Ecological and evolutionary studies largely assume that island populations display low levels of neutral genetic variation. However, this notion has only been formally tested in a few cases involving plant taxa, and the confounding effect of selection on genetic diversity (GD) estimates based on putatively neutral markers has typically been overlooked. Here, we generated nuclear microsatellite and plastid DNA sequence data in Periploca laevigata, a plant taxon with an island-mainland distribution area, to (i) investigate...

Data from: Genetic relationships, structure and parentage simulation among the olive tree (Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea) cultivated in Southern Italy revealed by SSR markers

Francesco P. Marra, Tiziano Caruso, Francesca Costa, Claudio Di Vaio, Rocco Mafrica & Annalisa Marchese
In this work, we assess both the morphological and genetic diversity of 68 important olive cultivars from three Southern Italian regions: Calabria, Campania and Sicily. Twenty-five phenotypic traits were evaluated and 12 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were analysed. All SSR primers were polymorphic and reliable. The total number of alleles per locus varied from 5 to 19 with an average number of 13.1 and a mean polymorphic information content (PIC) of 0.81. These results...

Data from: Recolonization after habitat restoration leads to decreased genetic variation in populations of a terrestrial orchid

Katrien Vandepitte, Alessandro S. Gristina, Koen De Hert, Tine Meekers, Isabel Roldán-Ruiz & Olivier Honnay
Colonization is crucial to habitat restoration projects that rely on the spontaneous regeneration of the original vegetation. However, as a previously declining plant species spreads again, the likelihood of founder effects increases through recurrent population founding and associated serial bottlenecks. We related AFLP genetic variation and fitness of all extant populations of the outcrossing terrestrial orchid Dactylorhiza incarnata in an isolated coastal dune complex to colonization history. Around 1970, D. incarnata suffered a severe bottleneck...

Environmental DNA effectively captures functional diversity of coastal fish communities

Giorgio Aglieri, Charles Baillie, Stefano Mariani, Carlo Cattano, Antonio Calò, Gabriele Turco, Davide Spatafora, Antonio Di Franco, Manfredi Di Lorenzo, Paolo Guidetti & Marco Milazzo
Robust assessments of taxonomic and functional diversity are essential components of research programs aimed at understanding current biodiversity patterns and forecasting trajectories of ecological changes. Yet, evaluating marine biodiversity along its dimensions is challenging and dependent on the power and accuracy of the available data collection methods. Here we combine three traditional survey methodologies [Underwater Visual Census strip transects (UVCt), Baited Underwater Videos (BUVs) and Small Scale Fishery catches (SSFc)], and one novel molecular technique...

Data from: Network analysis by simulated annealing of taxa and islands of Macaronesia (North Atlantic Ocean)

Giancarlo Torre, Silvia Fernández Lugo, Riccardo Guarino & José María Fernández-Palacios
With the aim of explaining the role that taxa and island features have in biogeographical patterns, we processed presence-absence matrices of all the Macaronesian native species of ten different taxa (arthropods, birds, bryophytes, fungi, lichens, mammals, mollusks, pteridophytes, reptiles and spermatophytes) through simulated annealing analysis. Distribution patterns among the archipelagos were pinpointed, along with the different biogeographic roles played by islands and species groups. All the networks analysed resulted to be significantly modular and the...

Data from: Facebook groups as citizen science tools for plant species monitoring

Riccardo Guarino, Emanuele Genduso, Dario Salemi & Corrado Marcenò
Species list of the vascular flora of Sicily and related plant traits analysed in the paper "Facebook groups as citizen science tools for plant species monitoring". These include: floral traits, vegetative traits, life form, plant size, traditional use (edible/healing plants only). All traits were extracted from the digital archives of the Flora of Italy (Pignatti et al. 2017-2019) except for the conservation status of species, which was taken from Raimondo et al. (2011) and from...

Interfirm Network Analysis in Marginal Tourist Destinations: The Mediator Company in Business Relationships

Giovanni Ruggieri, Gaspare Varvaro & Salvatore Iannolino

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