16 Works

Data from: Low coverage genomic data resolve the population divergence and gene flow history of an Australian rain forest fig wasp

Graham Stone, Lisa Cooper, Lynsey Bunnefeld, Jack Hearn, James Cook & Konrad Lohse
Population divergence and gene flow are key processes in evolution and ecology. Model-based analysis of genome-wide datasets allows discrimination between alternative scenarios for these processes even in non-model taxa. We used two complementary approaches (one based on the blockwise site frequency spectrum (bSFS), the second on the Pairwise Sequentially Markovian Coalescent (PSMC)) to infer the divergence history of a fig wasp, Pleistodontes nigriventris. Pleistodontes nigriventris and its fig tree mutualist Ficus watkinsiana are restricted to...

Data from: Early maternal loss affects diurnal cortisol slopes in immature but not mature wild chimpanzees

Cedric Girard-Buttoz, Patrick Tkaczynski, Liran Samuni, Pawel Fedurek, Cristina Gomes, Therese Löhrich, Virgile Manin, Anna Preis, Prince Valé, Tobias Deschner, Roman Wittig & Catherine Crockford
Biological embedding of stress experienced early in life is a mechanism proposed to explain the fitness costs of maternal loss in mammals. This embedding is expected to lead to long-term alterations of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis activity. This idea has, however, rarely been tested in wild long-lived animals. We assessed whether, as in humans, maternal loss had short and long-term impacts on orphan wild chimpanzee urinary cortisol levels and diurnal urinary cortisol slopes,...

Genetic structuring in Atlantic haddock contrasts with current management regimes

Paul R. Berg, Per E. Jorde, Kevin A. Glover, Geir Dahle, John B. Taggart, Knut Korsbrekke, Gjert E. Dingsør, Jon E. Skjæraasen, Peter J. Wright, Steven X. Cadrin, Halvor Knutsen & Jon-Ivar Westgaard
The advent of novel genetic methods has made it possible to investigate population structure and connectivity in mobile marine fish species: knowledge of which is essential to ensure a sustainable fishery. Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is a highly exploited marine teleost distributed along the coast and continental shelf on both sides of the North Atlantic Ocean. However, little is known about its population structure. Here, we present the first study using single nucleotide polymorphism markers to...

Data and code for \"Biomechanical properties of a buzz-pollinated flower\"

Vinícius Brito, Carlos Nunes, Caíque Resende, Fernando Montealegre-Zapata & Mario Vallejo-Marín
Approximately half of all bee species use vibrations to remove pollen from plants with diverse floral morphologies. In many buzz-pollinated flowers, these mechanical vibrations generated by bees are transmitted through floral tissues, principally pollen-containing anthers, causing pollen to be ejected from small openings (pores or slits) at the tip of the stamen. Despite the importance of substrate-borne vibrations for both bees and plants, few studies to date have characterised the transmission properties of floral vibrations....

Spatial heterogeneity and habitat configuration overcome habitat composition influences on alpha and beta mammal diversity

André Luis Regolin, Milton Cezar Ribeiro, Felipe Martello, Geruza Leal Melo, Jonas Sponchiado, Luis Fernando De Castro Campanha, Larissa Sayuri Moreira Sugai, Thiago Sanna Freire Silva & Nilton Carlos Cáceres
The effects of habitat fragmentation on different taxa and ecosystems are subject to intense debate, and disentangling them is of utmost importance to support conservation and management strategies. We evaluated the importance of landscape composition and configuration, and spatial heterogeneity to explain α- and β-diversity of mammals across a gradient of percent woody cover and land use diversity. We expected species richness to be positively related to all predictive variables, with the strongest relationship with...

Changes in tree community structures in defaunated forests are not driven only by dispersal limitation

Kirstie Hazelwood, C. E. Timothy Paine, Fernando H. Cornejo-Valverde, Elizabeth G. Pringle, Harald Beck & John Terborgh
1. Bushmeat hunting has reduced population sizes of large frugivorous vertebrates throughout the tropics, thereby reducing the dispersal of seeds. This is believed to affect tree population dynamics, and therefore community composition, because the seed dispersal of large-seeded trees depends upon large-bodied vertebrates. 2. We report on a long-running study of the effect of defaunation on a tropical tree community. In three censuses over 11 years, we compared sapling recruitment between a hunted and a...

Branching patterns in phylogenies cannot distinguish diversity-dependent diversification from time-dependent diversification

Theo Pannetier, César Martinez, Lynsey Bunnefeld & Rampal S. Etienne
One of the primary goals of macroevolutionary biology has been to explain general trends in long-term diversity patterns, including whether such patterns correspond to an up-scaling of processes occurring at lower scales. Reconstructed phylogenies often show decelerated lineage accumulation over time. This pattern has often been interpreted as the result of diversity-dependent diversification, where the accumulation of species causes diversification to decrease through niche filling. However, other processes can also produce such a slowdown, including...

Chernobyl-level radiation exposure damages bumblebee reproduction: a laboratory experiment

Katherine Raines, Penelope Whitehorn, David Copplestone & Matthew Tinsley
The consequences for wildlife of living in radiologically contaminated environments are uncertain. Previous laboratory studies suggest insects are relatively radiation-resistant; however, some field studies from the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone report severe adverse effects at substantially lower radiation dose rates than expected. Here we present the first laboratory investigation to study how environmentally-relevant radiation exposure affects bumblebee life-history, assessing the shape of the relationship between radiation exposure and fitness-loss. Dose rates comparable to the Chernobyl Exclusion...

Ecology directs host-parasite coevolutionary trajectories across Daphnia-microparasite populations

Stuart Auld & Sam Paplauskas
Host-parasite interactions often fuel coevolutionary change. However, parasitism is one of a myriad of possible ecological interactions in nature. Biotic (e.g., predation) and abiotic (e.g., temperature) variation can amplify or dilute parasitism as a selective force on hosts and parasites, driving population variation in (co)evolutionary trajectories. We dissected the relationships between wider ecology and coevolutionary trajectory using 16 ecologically complex Daphnia magna-Pasteuria ramosa ponds seeded with an identical starting host (Daphnia) and parasite (Pasteuria) population....

Vegetation and habitat data for fragmented and continuous forest sites in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, 2017

E.H. Waddell, S. Fleiss, B. Bala Ola, A. Bin Sailim, A. Jelling, K.L. Yeong, J. Tangah, S. Benedick, H. King, M. Hughes, C.J. McClean, D.S. Chapman, J.K. Hill & L.F. Banin
This dataset contains records for vegetation in 49 plots across 14 fragmented forest sites and 4 continuous forest sites in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Living vegetation and deadwood were surveyed in two or three 0.28-ha plots in each of the 18 sites. In addition to vegetation data, the dataset contains topsoil parameters, measurements of forest structure, and metrics of the degree of forest fragmentation in the landscape surrounding the plots. These data were collected in order...

Data from: Drivers of assemblage-wide calling activity in tropical anurans and the role of temporal resolution

Larissa Sayuri Sugai, Thiago Silva, Diego Llusia & Tadeu Siqueira
1. Temporal scale in animal communities is often associated with seasonality, despite the large variation in species activity during a diel cycle. A gap thus remains in understanding the dynamics of short-term activity in animal communities. 2. Here we assessed calling activity of tropical anurans and addressed how species composition varied during night activity in assemblages along gradients of local and landscape environmental heterogeneity. 3. We investigated 39 anuran assemblages in the Pantanal wetlands (Brazil)...

Occurrence of exotic plant species in oil palm dominated landscapes with embedded rainforest remnants in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, 2019

E.H. Waddell, D.S. Chapman, J.K. Hill, M. Hughes, A. Bin Sailim, J. Tangah & L.F. Banin
This dataset contains records of exotic plant occurrence within 21 oil palm-dominated sites in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Within each site, exotic plants were recorded along 100m transects in up to four habitats that represented a gradient of disturbance. The four habitats included oil palm, forest-oil palm edge, disturbed forest and intact forest. In addition to exotic plant data, the dataset contains measurements of forest structure for each transect, including canopy cover and number of large...

Central place foraging in a human-dominated landscape - how do common cranes select feeding sites?

Lovisa Nilsson, Jens Persson, Nils Bunnefeld & Johan Månsson
Human infrastructure and disturbance play an important role when animals select resources in human-modified landscapes. Theory predicts that animals trade food intake against costs of movement or disturbance to optimize net energy gain and fitness, but other necessary resources may also constrain the decisions, e.g. when animals repeatedly need to return to a central location, such as a nest, waterhole or night roost. Central place foraging theory states that the probability of occurrence of an...

Comparative data for dance fly eye morphology and female ornamentation

R. Axel W. Wiberg, Rosalind L Murray, Elizabeth Herridge, Darryl T Gwynne & Luc F Bussière
These data were collected as part of a comparative study of the relationship between female ornamentation and sexual dimorphism in eye morphology. Data come from specimens collected in the field in Scotland near Loch Lomond in the summers of 2009, 2010, and 2011 as well as the summer of 2012 near Glen Williams in Ontario, Canada. The repository contains raw image files including information on magnifications at which these were taken, excel spreadsheets of morphological...

Data from: Oecanthus nigricornis (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) as the first known host of Stylogaster neglecta (Diptera: Conopidae)

Erik Etzler, William D. Brown, Luc F. Bussière & Darryl T. Gwynne
The conopid fly Stylogaster neglecta Williston (Diptera: Conopidae) is a parasitoid with no known host. We report this species as the first recorded dipteran parasitoid of Oecanthus nigricornis Walker (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) (black-horned tree crickets). We reared field-collected O. nigricornis juveniles over several months in 2017 and found that larval S. neglecta emerged from them during late July into August. We estimated the incubation period for S. neglecta larvae to be around 30 days based on...

Meteorological Data from BGS Virkisjökull-Falljökull Glacier Observatory, 2009-2020

Jez Everest, Heiko Buxel, Tom Bradwell, Tom Shanahan & Jon Mackay
This dataset presents meteorological records from 3 weather stations around a glacier in southeast Iceland from 2009-2020. The weather stations were installed as part of British Geological Survey’s Glacier Observatory project, and were positioned at different altitudes close to the ice to record glacier weather. The data is in text format, and records key meteorological parameters including temperature, relative humidity, atmospheric pressure, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar irradiance. The weather stations were placed...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    16

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    16

Affiliations

  • University of Stirling
    16
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    2
  • University of York
    2
  • Sao Paulo State University
    1
  • University of Massachusetts Darmouth
    1
  • University of Groningen
    1
  • Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
    1
  • Autonomous University of Madrid
    1
  • Robert Koch Institute
    1
  • University of Nevada Reno
    1