166 Works

Data from: Daphnia galeata and D. dentifera are geographically and ecologically separated whereas their hybrids occur in intermediate habitats: a survey of 44 Chinese lakes

Xiaolin Ma, Wei Hu, Petr Smilauer, Mingbo Yin & Justyna Wolinska
The idea that hybridization promotes range expansion has received recent attention, but support from field studies is limited. We hypothesized that in the cladoceran waterflea Daphnia, parental species are geographically and ecologically separated, whereas hybrids occupy intermediate or occasionally extreme environments, potentially facilitating range expansion of parental species. We assessed the distribution of Daphnia dentifera, D. galeata and their interspecific hybrids across 44 lakes in China (using mitochondrial and microsatellite markers), and related it to...

Data from: Diversity patterns of non-mammalian cynodonts (Synapsida, Therapsida) and the impact of taxonomic practice and research history on diversity estimates

Marcus Lukic-Walther, Neil Brocklehurst, Christian F. Kammerer & Jörg Fröbisch
Non-mammalian cynodonts represent a speciose and ecologically diverse group with a fossil record stretching from the late Permian until the Cretaceous. Because of their role as major components of Triassic terrestrial ecosystems and as the direct ancestors of mammals, cynodonts are an important group for understanding Mesozoic tetrapod diversity. We examine patterns of non-mammalian cynodont species richness and the quality of their fossil record. A supertree of cynodonts is constructed from recently published trees and...

Data from: Insectivorous birds can see and smell systemically herbivore-induced pines

Elina Mäntylä, Silke Kipper & Monika Hilker
Several studies have shown that insectivorous birds are attracted to herbivore-damaged trees even when they cannot see or smell the actual herbivores or their faeces. However, it often remained an open question whether birds are attracted by herbivore-induced changes in leaf odour or in leaf light reflectance or by both types of changes. Our study addressed this question by investigating the response of great tits (Parus major) and blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus) to Scots pine...

Environmental heterogeneity predicts global species richness patterns better than area

Kristy Udy, Matthias Fritsch, Katrin Meyer, Ingo Grass, Sebastian Hanß, Florian Hartig, Thomas Kneib, Hoger Kreft, Collins Kukuna, Guy Pe'er, Hannah Reininghaus, Britta Tietjen, Clara-Sophie Van Waveren, Kerstin Wiegand & Teja Tscharntke
Aim: It is widely accepted that biodiversity can be determined by niche-relate processes and by pure area effects from local to global scales. Their relative importance, however, is still disputed, and empirical tests are still surprisingly scarce at the global scale. We compare the explanatory power of area and environmental heterogeneity as a proxy for niche-related processes as drivers of native mammal species richnessworldwide and with biogeographical regions. Location: Global Time Period: Data was collated...

Stabian Baths in Pompeii. New Research on the Archaic Defenses of the City

Mark Robinson, Monika Trümper, Clemens Brünenberg, Jens-Arne Dickmann, Domenico Esposito, Antonio F. Ferrandes, Giacomo Pardini, Alessandra Pegurri & Christoph Rummel
The plan of the Archaic city of Pompeii and the existence of a distinct walled Altstadt have been much debated in scholarship. The area of the Stabian Baths plays a key role in this debate. Based on a series of excavations in the palaestra of the baths, Heinrich Sulze (1940) and particularly Hans Eschebach (1970s) reconstructed a defensive wall and parallel ditch in this area. Eschebach also identified an Archaic street and city gate in...

AI3SD Video: Skills4Scientists - Poster & Careers Symposium - Poster Compilation

András Vekassy, Aspen Fenzl, Erhan Gulsen, Hewan Zewdu, Jamie Longio, Maximilian Hoffman, Rhyan Barrett, Rubaiyat Khondaker, Anna Catton, Hongyang Dong, Kevin Calvache, Kaylee Patel, King Wong, Louis Greenhalgh, Rebecca Jane Clements, Thomas Allam, Sarah Scripps, Gavin Man, Samuel Munday, Michael Blakey, Graeme M. Day, Chris-Kriton Skylaris, Simon J. Coles, Stephen Gow & William Brocklesby
This video forms part of the Skills4Scientists Series which has been organised as a joint venture between the Artificial Intelligence for Scientific Discovery Network+ (AI3SD) and the Physical Sciences Data-Science Service (PSDS). This series ran over summer 2021 and aims to educate and improve scientists skills in a range of areas including research data management, python, version control, ethics, and career development. This series is primarily aimed at final year undergraduates / early stage PhD...

Genotypes and their interaction effects on reproduction and mating-induced immune activation in Drosophila melanogaster

Claudia Fricke, Sergio Ávila-Calero & Sophie Armitage
Mating causes considerable alterations in female physiology and behaviour, and immune gene expression, partly due to proteins transferred from males to females during copulation. The magnitude of these phenotypic changes could be driven by the genotypes of males and females, as well as their interaction. To test this, we carried out a series of genotype by genotype (G × G) experiments using Drosophila melanogaster populations from two distant geographical locations. We expected lines to have...

Institutioneller Kinderschutz in Krippe und Kita als Gelingensfaktor für Partizipation im pädagogischen Alltag

Dennis Epping & Jasmin Luthardt
Der Artikel thematisiert die Notwendigkeit eines institutionell verankerten Schutzkonzepts zur Wahrung und Umsetzung der Kinderrechte in Krippen und Kitas. Dies kann nur gelingen, wenn a) die pädagogischen Fachkräfte ihre pädagogischen Handlungen hinsichtlich Übergriffigkeit, Macht und Missbrauch reflektieren und b) die Partizipation der Kinder entsprechend der international und national geltenden Gesetze im Alltag umgesetzt wird. Im Anschluss stellen wir ein Modell des institutionellen Kinderschutzes für Krippen und Kitas (IKS) vor, welches der pädagogischen Praxis dahingehend Orientierung...

Comparison of high-resolution SIMS profiles with maximum resolution IRMS stable isotope data

Tobias Kluge , Philipp Holz , Elisabeth Eiche , Thomas Neumann , Alexander Land , Maximilian Schuh , Mario Trieloff & Axel K. Schmitt
High-resolution speleothem paleoclimate records with annual to seasonal resolution are helpful for detailed analysis of climatic changes with limited duration (e.g., volcanic climate impacts), but also for longer-duration events (e.g., at 8.2 ka or 4.2 ka). A high resolution paleoclimate data set is also mandatory for meaningful comparison with archaeological or historical records. Low stalagmite growth rates could impede the acquisition of high-resolution isotope data with the classical micro-milling approach and isotope ratio mass spectrometry...

Berufsabschluss durch Weiterbildung

Timm Bönke, Luisa Hammer & Dominik Hügle
Eine zwei- bis sechsmonatige Teilqualifizierung führt in 72 Prozent der Fälle zu einem erfolgreichen Jobeinstieg und hat damit die beste Kosten-Nutzen-Bilanz aller Weiterbildungsangebote. Mit Blick auf das Einkommen der Beschäftigten ist ein nachgeholter Berufsabschluss besonders lukrativ. Schon nach fünf Jahren liegt das Monatsgehalt dann durchschnittlich um 600 Euro über dem von Ungelernten, langfristig steigt der Vorteil sogar noch auf circa 850 Euro an.

Urban biotic homogenization: approaches and knowledge gaps

Sophie Lokatis & Jonathan Jeschke
Urbanization is restructuring ecosystems at an unprecedented pace, with complex and profound consequences for life on earth. One of the hypothesized trajectories of urban ecosystems and species communities is biotic homogenization, possibly leading to very similar species assemblages in cities across the globe. Urbanization can, however, also have the opposite effect: biotic diversification, with cities – at least on the local scale – becoming biologically more diverse, mainly as a consequence of high species introduction...

Myth of Equality? Professional Life of Spanish Republican Women in Exile in Mexico

Marion Röwekamp
pp. 86-108. While the research on the Spanish Republican exile in Mexico has mainly concentrated on the ‘intellectual male exile’ this article will focus on the female Republican exile. It attempts to analyze whether the promises of gender equality that were granted in the constitution of the Second Republic prevailed in exile, whether the Republicans transferred all democratic ideals equally to their exile or whether some achievements were less important to uphold in the Spanish...

Umgang mit (digitalen) Forschungsdaten: Rahmungen, Effekte und Herausforderungen

Michaela Rizzoli

Additional file 1 of Resilience of people with chronic medical conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic: a 1-year longitudinal prospective survey

Lorenzo Tarsitani, Irene Pinucci, Federico Tedeschi, Martina Patanè, Davide Papola, Christina Palantza, Ceren Acarturk, Emma Björkenstam, Richard Bryant, Sebastian Burchert, Camille Davisse-Paturet, Amanda Díaz-García, Rachel Farrel, Daniela C. Fuhr, Brian J. Hall, Anja C. Huizink, Agnes Iok Fong Lam, Gülşah Kurt, Ingmar Leijen, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Naser Morina, Catherine Panter-Brick, Fredrick Dermawan Purba, Soledad Quero, Soraya Seedat … & Corrado Barbui
Additional file 1: Procedures for model identification. Fig. S1. Flowchart of sample identification. Table S1. Descriptive statistics of resilience indicators across the survey waves (N = 1052)*. Table S2. Frequency of each chronic medical condition in the whole sample. Table S3. Comparison between participants with and without chronic medical conditions at baseline*. Table S4. Descriptive statistics at the first wave of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of participants with a chronic condition included vs excluded (because...

Additional file 1 of Resilience of people with chronic medical conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic: a 1-year longitudinal prospective survey

Lorenzo Tarsitani, Irene Pinucci, Federico Tedeschi, Martina Patanè, Davide Papola, Christina Palantza, Ceren Acarturk, Emma Björkenstam, Richard Bryant, Sebastian Burchert, Camille Davisse-Paturet, Amanda Díaz-García, Rachel Farrel, Daniela C. Fuhr, Brian J. Hall, Anja C. Huizink, Agnes Iok Fong Lam, Gülşah Kurt, Ingmar Leijen, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Naser Morina, Catherine Panter-Brick, Fredrick Dermawan Purba, Soledad Quero, Soraya Seedat … & Corrado Barbui
Additional file 1: Procedures for model identification. Fig. S1. Flowchart of sample identification. Table S1. Descriptive statistics of resilience indicators across the survey waves (N = 1052)*. Table S2. Frequency of each chronic medical condition in the whole sample. Table S3. Comparison between participants with and without chronic medical conditions at baseline*. Table S4. Descriptive statistics at the first wave of socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of participants with a chronic condition included vs excluded (because...

Single-cell phenotypic characteristics of tolerance under recurring antibiotic exposure in Escherichia coli

Silvia Kollerová, Lionel Jouvet, Julia Smelková, Sara Zunk-Parras, Alexandro Rodriguez-Rojas & Ulrich Steiner
Non-heritable drug resistance, such as tolerance and persistence towards antibiotics, is little characterized compared to genetic resistance. Tolerance and persistence allow cells to survive application of antibiotics that are bactericidal to non-tolerant cells. Non-heritable drug resistance challenges antibiotic treatment, particularly of recurrent infections, and have implications towards heritable resistance evolution. Tolerant cells have commonly been characterized as growth arrested cells prior and during antibiotic application that quickly resume growth post-application. Here, we explore characteristic of...

Wer gewinnt? Wer verliert?

Timm Bönke & Rick Glaubitz
Das klassische Familienmodell wird nach wie vor institutionell bevorzugt: Frauen können sich, auf das gesamte Erwerbsleben gerechnet, nur etwas mehr als halb so viel Bruttoeinkommen erarbeiten wie Männer. Diese Lücke schließt sich in den verfügbaren Einkommen und damit dem tatsächlichen Lebensstandard vor allem dann, wenn Frauen sich innerhalb des traditionellen Familienbilds bewegen. Werden beide Einkommen im Haushalt zwischen den Eheleuten gleichmäßig aufgeteilt, fängt das Partnereinkommen Einkommensausfälle von Müttern infolge von Erwerbsunterbrechungen, beispielsweise durch Kindererziehungszeiten, auf....

Data from: Neglected very long-chain hydrocarbons and the incorporation of body surface area metrics reveal novel perspectives for cuticular profile analysis in insects

Jan Buellesbach, Marek Golian, Tanja Bien, Sebastian Schmelzle, Margy Alejandra Esparza-Mora, Dino McMahon & Klaus Dreisewerd
Most of our knowledge on insect cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) stems from analytical techniques based on gas-chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). However, this method has its limits under standard conditions, particularly in detecting compounds beyond a chain length of around C40. Here, we compare the CHC chain length range detectable by GC-MS with the range assessed by silver-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (Ag-LDI-MS), a novel and rarely applied technique on insect CHCs, in seven species...

Revised and improved geological model of the Waiwera geothermal reservoir, New Zealand

Andreas Grafe , Thomas Kempka , Michael Schneider & Michael Kühn
Following a thermal and photogrammetric outcrop mapping campaign undertaken at the Waiwera geothermal reservoir in 2019, a pre-existing 3D hydrogeological model was revised in the present study to assess the impact of the updated structural and lithological interpretation on the existing numerical model calibration. For the latter, well data comprising measured temperature and salinity profiles were employed to reconstruct the reservoir’s natural thermal state and spatial distribution of salinity, supported by numerical simulations of density-driven...

sj-pdf-1-vet-10.1177_03009858221137582 – Supplemental material for Cytologic scoring of equine exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage: Performance of human experts and a deep learning-based algorithm

Christof A. Bertram, Christian Marzahl, Alexander Bartel, Jason Stayt, Federico Bonsembiante, Janet Beeler-Marfisi, Ann K. Barton, Ginevra Brocca, Maria E. Gelain, Agnes Gläsel, Kelly du Preez, Kristina Weiler, Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang, Katharina Breininger, Marc Aubreville, Andreas Maier, Robert Klopfleisch & Jenny Hill
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-1-vet-10.1177_03009858221137582 for Cytologic scoring of equine exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage: Performance of human experts and a deep learning-based algorithm by Christof A. Bertram, Christian Marzahl, Alexander Bartel, Jason Stayt, Federico Bonsembiante, Janet Beeler-Marfisi, Ann K. Barton, Ginevra Brocca, Maria E. Gelain, Agnes Gläsel, Kelly du Preez, Kristina Weiler, Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang, Katharina Breininger, Marc Aubreville, Andreas Maier, Robert Klopfleisch and Jenny Hill in Veterinary Pathology

sj-pdf-1-vet-10.1177_03009858221137582 – Supplemental material for Cytologic scoring of equine exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage: Performance of human experts and a deep learning-based algorithm

Christof A. Bertram, Christian Marzahl, Alexander Bartel, Jason Stayt, Federico Bonsembiante, Janet Beeler-Marfisi, Ann K. Barton, Ginevra Brocca, Maria E. Gelain, Agnes Gläsel, Kelly du Preez, Kristina Weiler, Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang, Katharina Breininger, Marc Aubreville, Andreas Maier, Robert Klopfleisch & Jenny Hill
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-1-vet-10.1177_03009858221137582 for Cytologic scoring of equine exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage: Performance of human experts and a deep learning-based algorithm by Christof A. Bertram, Christian Marzahl, Alexander Bartel, Jason Stayt, Federico Bonsembiante, Janet Beeler-Marfisi, Ann K. Barton, Ginevra Brocca, Maria E. Gelain, Agnes Gläsel, Kelly du Preez, Kristina Weiler, Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang, Katharina Breininger, Marc Aubreville, Andreas Maier, Robert Klopfleisch and Jenny Hill in Veterinary Pathology

Thermodynamic Analysis of Allosteric and Chelate Cooperativity in Di- and Trivalent Ammonium/Crown-Ether Pseudorotaxanes

Karol Nowosinski, Larissa K. S. von Krbek, Nora L. Traulsen & Christoph A. Schalley
A detailed thermodynamic analysis of the axle-wheel binding in di- and trivalent secondary ammonium/[24]crown-8 pseudorotaxanes is presented. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) data and double mutant cycle analyses reveal an interesting interplay of positive as well as negative allosteric and positive chelate cooperativity thus providing profound insight into the effects governing multivalent binding in these pseudorotaxanes.

Data from: Bypass of genetic constraints during mutator evolution to antibiotic resistance

Alejandro Couce, Alexandro Rodríguez-Rojas, Jesús Blázquez, A. Rodriguez-Rojas & J. Blazquez
Genetic constraints can block many mutational pathways to optimal genotypes in real fitness landscapes, yet the extent to which this can limit evolution remains to be determined. Interestingly, mutator bacteria elevate only specific types of mutations, and therefore could be very sensitive to genetic constraints. Testing this possibility is not only clinically relevant, but can also inform about the general impact of genetic constraints in adaptation. Here, we evolved 576 populations of two mutator and...

Data from: Selection for niche differentiation in mixed plant communities increases biodiversity effects

Debra Zuppinger-Dingley, Bernhard Schmid, Jana S. Petermann, Varuna Yadav, Gerlinde B. De Deyn & Dan F. B. Flynn
In experimental plant communities, relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning have been found to strengthen over time, a fact often attributed to increased resource complementarity between species in mixtures and negative plant–soil feedbacks in monocultures. Here we show that selection for niche differentiation between species can drive this increasing biodiversity effect. Growing 12 grassland species in test monocultures and mixtures, we found character displacement between species and increased biodiversity effects when plants had been selected...

Data from: \"Transcriptome sequences for Campanula gentilis\" in Genomic Resources Notes accepted 1 April 2015 – 31 May 2015

Töre Demet, Federico Luebert, Guilhem Mansion, Ludo A. H. Muller, M. Vidotto, E. Boscari, L. Congiu, A. Grapputo, L. Zane, Vera Maria Fonseca Almeida-Val, Maria Manuela Coelho, Tiago Filipe Jesus & Demet Töre
In this report, we present the transcriptome of a single accession of Campanula gentilis Kovanda, obtained through the sequencing of both a normalized and a non-normalized cDNA library generated from stem and leaf tissue. The resources we provide include the raw sequence reads, the assembled contigs, the putative open reading frames, the contig/ORF annotations and the normalized as well as non-normalized expression levels.

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