22 Works

Ecological impacts of pesticide seed treatments on arthropod communities in a grain crop rotation

Aditi Dubey, Margaret Lewis, Galen Dively & Kelly Hamby
1. While many studies have investigated non-target impacts of neonicotinoid seed treatments (NSTs), they usually take place within a single crop and focus on specific pest or beneficial arthropod taxa. 2. We compared the impacts of three seed treatments to an untreated control: imidacloprid + fungicide products, thiamethoxam + fungicide products, and fungicide products alone in a three-year crop rotation of full-season soybean, winter wheat, double-cropped soybean and maize. Specifically, we quantified neonicotinoid residues in...

Data from: Bee phenology is predicted by climatic variation and functional traits

Michael Stemkovski, Will Pearse, Sean Griffin, Gabriella Pardee, Jason Gibbs, Terry Griswold, John Neff, Ryan Oram, Molly RightMyer, Cory Sheffield, Karen Wright, Brian Inouye, David Inouye & Rebecca Irwin
Climate change is shifting the environmental cues that determine the phenology of interacting species. Plant-pollinator systems may be susceptible to temporal mismatch if bees and flowering plants differ in their phenological responses to warming temperatures. While the cues that trigger flowering are well-understood, little is known about what determines bee phenology. Using Generalized Additive Models, we analyzed time-series data representing 67 bee species collected over nine years in the Colorado Rocky Mountains to perform the...

Respiratory virus shedding in exhaled breath and efficacy of face masks

Nancy H. L. Leung, Daniel K. W. Chu, Eunice Y. C. Shiu, Kwok-Hung Chan, James J. McDevitt, Benien J. P. Hau, Hui-Ling Yen, Yuguo Li, Dennis K. M. Ip, J. S. Malik Peiris, Wing-Hong Seto, Gabriel M. Leung, Donald K. Milton & Benjamin J. Cowling
We identified seasonal human coronaviruses, influenza viruses and rhinoviruses in the exhaled breath and coughs of children and adults with acute respiratory illness. Surgical face masks significantly reduced detection of influenza virus RNA in respiratory droplets and coronavirus RNA in aerosols, with a marginally significant reduction in coronavirus RNA in respiratory droplets. Our results indicate that surgical facemasks could prevent transmission of human coronaviruses and influenza viruses from symptomatic individuals.

Modeling Conventionalization and Predictability within MWEs at the Brain Level

Shohini Bhattasali, Murielle Popa-Fabre, Christophe Pallier & John Hale

Reproduction Materials for: Anthropogenic Climate Change Has Slowed Global Agricultural Productivity Growth

Ariel Ortiz-Bobea, Toby R. Ault, Carlos M. Carrillo, Robert G. Chambers & David B. Lobell
Agricultural research has fostered productivity growth, but the historical influence of anthropogenic climate change on that growth has not been quantified. We develop a robust econometric model of weather effects on global agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) and combine this model with counterfactual climate scenarios to evaluate impacts of past climate trends on TFP. Our baseline model indicates that anthropogenic climate change has reduced global agricultural TFP by about 21% since 1961, a slowdown that...

Finding Levers for Privacy and Security by Design in Mobile Development

Edel Spencer

Multiscale analysis of canopy arthropod diversity in a volcanically fragmented landscape

Elske K. Tielens, Maile N. Neel, Devin R. Leopold, Christian P. Giardina & Daniel S. Gruner
Dataset and code associated with the article "Multiscale analysis of canopy arthropod diversity in a volcanically fragmented landscape" (Tielens et al 2019, Ecosphere). Article abstract: Habitat fragmentation resulting in habitat loss and increased isolation is a dominant driver of global species declines. Habitat isolation and connectivity vary across scales, and understanding how con- nectivity affects biodiversity can be challenging because the relevant scale depends on the taxa involved. A multiscale analysis can provide insight in...

Data from - Ecological insights from three decades of animal movement tracking across a changing Arctic

Gil Bohrer, Sarah Davidson, Eliezer Gurarie, Scott LaPoint, Peter Mahoney, Emma Grier, Ophélie Couriot, Allicia Kelly, Bryan Bedrosian, Jerrold Belant, Travis Booms, Bridget Borg, Stan Boutin, Erica Craig, Tracy Davison, Robert Domenech, James Hodson, Kyle Joly, Nicholas Larter, A. David M. Latham, Stephen Lewis, Carol McIntyre, Tricia Miller, Kelsey Russell, Dale Seip … & Judy Williams
We provide here the data used in analysis of 3 test cases, presented in the manuscript "Ecological insights from three decades of animal movement tracking across a changing Arctic". We utilized the new Arctic Animal Movement Archive (AAMA), a growing collection of 201 standardized terrestrial and marine animal tracking studies from 1991–present. The AAMA supports public data discovery, preserves fundamental baseline data for the future, and facilitates efficient, collaborative data analysis. With three AAMA-based case...

Diurnal timing of nonmigratory movement by birds: the importance of foraging spatial scales

Julie Mallon, Marlee Tucker, Annalea Beard, , Keith Bildstein, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, John Brzorad, Evan Buechley, Javier Bustamante, Carlos Carrapato, José Castillo-Guerrero, Elizabeth Clingham, Mark Desholm, Christopher DeSorbo, Robert Domenech, Hayley Douglas, Olivier Duriez, Peter Enggist, Nina Farwig, Wolfgang Fiedler, Anna Gagliardo, Clara García-Ripollés, Juan Antonio Gil, Morgan Gilmour, Roi Harel … & Bill Fagan
Timing of activity can reveal an organism’s efforts to optimize foraging either by minimizing energy loss through passive movement or by maximizing energetic gain through foraging. Here, we assess whether signals of either of these strategies are detectable in the timing of activity of daily, local movements by birds. We compare the similarities of timing of movement activity among species using six temporal variables: start of activity relative to sunrise, end of activity relative to...

Are native and non-native pollinator friendly plants equally valuable for native wild bee communities?

Nicola Seitz, Dennis VanEngelsdorp & Sara D. Leonhardt
Bees rely on floral pollen and nectar for food. Therefore, pollinator friendly plantings are often used to enrich habitats in bee conservation efforts. As part of these plantings, non-native plants may provide valuable floral resources, but their effects on native bee communities have not been assessed in direct comparison with native pollinator friendly plantings. In this study, we performed a common garden experiment by seeding mixes of 20 native and 20 non-native pollinator friendly plant...

Data from: Intraspecific variation in host plant traits mediates taxonomic and functional composition of local insect herbivore communities

Elske Tielens & Dan Gruner
Host plant phenotypic traits affect the structure of the associated consumer community and mediate species interactions. We compare herbivore assemblages from the canopy of the phenotypically variable tree Metrosideros polymorpha on Hawai‘i Island. Multiple distinct varieties of M. polymorpha frequently co‐occur, with variation in morphological traits. Using this system, we identify host and insect traits that underlie patterns of herbivore abundance and quantify the strength of host‐insect trait interactions. The dataset includes host plant phenotypic...

Data from: Improving predictions of tropical tree survival and growth by incorporating measurements of whole leaf allocation

Nathan G. Swenson, Yoshiko Iida & Vanessa E. Rubio
1. Individual-level demographic outcomes should be predictable upon the basis of traits. However, linking traits to tree performance has proven challenging likely due to a failure to consider physiological traits (i.e., hard-traits) and the failure to integrate organ-level and whole plant-level trait information. 2. Here, we modeled the survival rate and relative growth rate of trees while considering crown allocation, hard-traits, and local-scale biotic interactions, and compared these models to more traditional trait-based models of...

Trade-offs in above and belowground biomass allocation influencing seedling growth in a tropical forest

Maria Natalia Umaña, Min Cao, Luxiang Lin, Nathan Swenson & Caicai Zhang
1. Plants allocate biomass to different organs in response to resource variation for maximizing performance, yet we lack a framework that adequately integrates plant responses to the simultaneous variation in above and belowground resources. Although traditionally, the optimal partition theory (OPT) has explained patterns of biomass allocation in response to a single limiting resource, it is well known that in natural communities multiple resources limit growth. We study trade-offs involved in plant biomass allocation patterns...

Data from: Genomic evidence of prevalent hybridization throughout the evolutionary history of the fig-wasp pollination mutualism

Gang Wang, Xingtan Zhang, Edward Herre, Charles Cannon, Doyle McKey, Carlos Machado, Wen-Bin Yu, Michael Arnold, Rodrigo Pereira, Ray Ming, Yi-Fei Liu, Yibin Wang, Dongna Ma & Jin Chen
Ficus (figs) and their agaonid wasp pollinators present an ecologically important mutualism that also provides a rich comparative system for studying functional co-diversification throughout its coevolutionary history (~75 million years). We obtained entire nuclear, mitochondrial, and chloroplast genomes for 15 species representing all major clades of Ficus. Multiple analyses of these genomic data suggest that hybridization events have occurred throughout Ficus evolutionary history. Furthermore, cophylogenetic reconciliation analyses detect significant incongruence among all nuclear, chloroplast, and...

Modeling the Learning of the Person Case Constraint

Adam Liter & Naomi H. Feldman

Scaling realistic fire scenarios

James G. Quintiere
A review is made of work on scale modeling in fire and presented from the experience of the author. Primarily, scale modeling in air is discussed but there is a brief discussion of a scale model with salt and fresh water for smoke movement. A complete set of dimensionless groups is presented for fire, then it is illustrated how selections were made for the partial scaling of specific fire scenarios. Studies have been motivated by...

Asian American Women’s Perspectives on Historically White Sorority Life: A Critical Race Theory and Cultural Capital Analysis

Julie J. Park

Invasive grass (Microstegium vimineum) indirectly benefits spider community by subsidizing available prey

Andrew Landsman, Karin Burghardt & Jacob Bowman
1. Invasive plant species cause a suite of direct, negative ecological impacts, but subsequent, indirect effects are more complex and difficult to detect. Where identified, indirect effects to other taxa can be wide-ranging and include ecological benefits in certain habitats or locations. 2. Here, we simultaneously examine the direct and indirect effects of a common, invasive grass species (Microstegium vimineum) on the invertebrate communities of understory deciduous forests in the eastern United States. To do...

Fundamentals of Quantum Materials Winter School and Workshop

Kristin Stenson
The Fundamentals of Quantum Materials Winter School and Workshop is an annual event unique to North America, dedicated specifically to the synthesis, characterization and electronic modeling of quantum materials. The FQM Winter School is aimed at providing fundamental training to our current and future generations of Quantum Materials scientists in synthesis and characterization techniques, bringing together senior and junior scientists to address topics at the forefront of current research into quantum materials, while also providing...

“Step up and Do It”: Fraternity and Sorority Members’ Beliefs About Citizenship

Amie Jackson & Susan V. Iverson

Differences in Self-Awareness Related Measures Among Culturally Based Fraternity, Social Fraternity, and Non-Affiliated College Men

Tricia R. Shalka & Susan Robb Jones

Data from: A phylogenetic- and trait-based analysis of community assembly in a subtropical forest in central China

Jiaxin Zhang, Nathan Swenson, Jianming Liu, Mengting Liu, Xiujuan Qiao & Mingxi Jiang
Despite several decades of study in community ecology, the relative importance of the ecological processes that determine species co-occurrence across spatial scales remains uncertain. Some of this uncertainty may be reduced by studying the scale dependency of community assembly in the light of environmental variation. Phylogenetic and functional trait information are often used to provide potentially valuable insights into the drivers of community assembly. Here, we combined phylogenetic- and trait-based tests to gain insights into...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    22

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    14
  • Text
    6
  • Output Management Plan
    2

Affiliations

  • University of Maryland, College Park
    22
  • University of Georgia
    2
  • Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior
    2
  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service
    2
  • University of Washington
    1
  • Biodiversity Research Institute
    1
  • Stanford University
    1
  • University of Würzburg
    1
  • Utah State University
    1
  • The University of Texas at Austin
    1