72 Works

Data from: Molecular and morphological diversity of on-farm hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) landraces from southern Europe and their role in the origin and diffusion of cultivated germplasm

P. Boccacci, M. Aramini, N. Valentini, L. Bacchetta, M. Rovira, P. Drogoudi, A. P. Silva, A. Solar, F. Calizzano, V. Erdoğan, V. Cristofori, L. F. Ciarmiello, C. Contessa, J. J. Ferreira, F. P. Marra & R. Botta
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is a traditional nut crop in southern Europe. Germplasm exploration conducted on-farm in five countries (Portugal, Spain, Italy, Slovenia, and Greece) identified 77 landraces. The present work describes phenotypic variation in nut and husk traits and investigates genetic relationships using 10 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers among these landraces, 57 well-known references cultivars, and 19 wild accessions. Among the 77 landraces, 42 had unique fingerprints while 35 showed a SSR profile...

Data from: Evolutionary changes in pubic orientation in dinosaurs are more strongly correlated with the ventilation system than with herbivory

Loredana Macaluso & Emanuel Tschopp
Among dinosaurs, the pubis has convergently retroverted four times in Maniraptora (Theropoda) and once in Ornithischia. Although a clear correlation has not been demonstrated, it has been previously proposed that two traits were related to pubic retroversion: the reduced importance of cuirassal ventilation, and a herbivorous diet. Here, we analyse the possible influence of these traits on pubis orientation. Cuirassal ventilation was plesiomorphically present as an accessory ventilation mechanism in Dinosauria and was powered by...

Data from: Lock-picks: fungal infection facilitates the intrusion of strangers into ant colonies

Enikő Csata, Natalia Timuș, Magdalena Witek, Luca Pietro Casacci, Christophe Lucas, Anne-Geneviève Bagnères, Anna Sztencel-Jabłonka, Francesca Barbero, Simona Bonelli, László Rákosy & Bálint Marko
Studies investigating host-parasite systems rarely deal with multispecies interactions, and mostly explore impacts on hosts as individuals. Much less is known about the effects at colony level, when parasitism involves host organisms that form societies. We surveyed the effect of an ectoparasitic fungus, Rickia wasmannii, on kin-discrimination abilities of its host ant, Myrmica scabrinodis, identifying potential consequences at social level and subsequent changes in colony infiltration success of other organisms. Analyses of cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs),...

Роль Италии как медиатора в диалоге между Россией и Европейским союзом

Франческо Боссоло & Кристина Юрьевна Суринкова
Аннотация. Италия является одной из стран - учредителей Европейского Союза (ЕС), а также одной из его наиболее влиятельных экономик, однако экономическая ситуация в Италии, в ЕС и в самой Европе далека от стабильной. Кроме того, отношения между Россией и ЕС ухудшаются с каждым годом. В статье описывается позиция итальянского правительства в Европе, освещаются отношения с Россией, а также рассматривается роль итальянского правительства как связующего звена между Россией и ЕС. Если итальянский ВВП является третьим по...

Relocating dreams on the conceptual map: how the analysis of sleep and dreaming challenges our taxonomy of mental states. An interview with Jennifer Windt.

Jennifer Windt, Alessio Bucci & Raphaël Millière
In this interview, Jennifer Windt discusses the importance of studying dreams to understand consciousness, how theories of dreaming have evolved over time, how neuroimaging has influenced the way in which we think about dreams, how we might redefine the taxonomy of conscious phenomena occurring during sleep, the role of first-person reports in dream research, her own Immersive Spatiotemporal Hallucination (ISTH) model of dreaming, as well as challenges for future research.

Data from: Large-bodied sabre-toothed anchovies reveal unanticipated ecological diversity in early Palaeogene teleosts

Alessio Capobianco, Hermione Beckett, Etienne Steurbaut, Philip Gingerich, Giorgio Carnevale & Matthew Friedman
Many modern groups of marine fishes first appear in the fossil record during the early Palaeogene (66–40 million years ago), including iconic predatory lineages of spiny-rayed fishes that appear to have originated in response to ecological roles left empty after the Cretaceous/Palaeogene extinction. The hypothesis of extinction-mediated ecological release likewise predicts that other fish groups have adopted novel predatory ecologies. Here we report remarkable trophic innovation in early Palaeogene clupeiforms (herrings and allies), a group...

How to render species comparable taxonomic units through deep time: A case study on intraspecific osteological variability in extant and extinct Lacertid lizards

Emanuel Tschopp, James Napoli, Lukardis Wencker, Massimo Delfino & Paul Upchurch
Generally, the species is considered to be the only naturally occurring taxon. However, species recognised and defined using different species delimitation criteria cannot readily be compared, impacting studies of biodiversity through Deep Time. This comparability issue is particularly marked when comparing extant with extinct species, because the only available data for species delimitation in fossils is derived from their preserved morphology, which is generally restricted to osteology in vertebrates. Here, we quantify intraspecific, intrageneric, and...

Source data for: Presynaptic NMDARs cooperate with local spikes toward GABA release from the reciprocal olfactory bulb granule cell spine

Veronica Egger, Vanessa Lage-Rupprecht, Li Zhou, Gaia Bianchini, S. Sara Aghvami, Balazs Rozsa, Marco Sassoe-Pognetto & Max Mueller
In the rodent olfactory bulb the smooth dendrites of the principal glutamatergic mitral cells (MCs) form reciprocal dendrodendritic synapses with large spines on GABAergic granule cells (GC), where unitary release of glutamate can trigger postsynaptic local activation of voltage-gated Na+-channels (Navs), i.e. a spine spike. Can such single MC input evoke reciprocal release? We find that unitary-like activation via two-photon uncaging of glutamate causes GC spines to release GABA both synchronously and asynchronously onto MC...

Data from: Mlh3 mutations in baker's yeast alter meiotic recombination outcomes by increasing noncrossover events genome-wide

Najla Al-Sweel, Vandana Raghavan, Abhishek Dutta, V. P. Ajith, Luigi Di Vietro, Nabila Khondakar, Carol M. Manhart, Jennifer Surtees, K. T. Nishant, Eric Alani & Jennifer A. Surtees
Mlh1-Mlh3 is an endonuclease hypothesized to act in meiosis to resolve double Holliday junctions into crossovers. It also plays a minor role in eukaryotic DNA mismatch repair (MMR). To understand how Mlh1-Mlh3 functions in both meiosis and MMR, we analyzed in baker's yeast 60 new mlh3 alleles. Five alleles specifically disrupted MMR, whereas one (mlh3-32) specifically disrupted meiotic crossing over. Mlh1-mlh3 representatives for each class were purified and characterized. Both Mlh1-mlh3-32 (MMR+, crossover-) and Mlh1-mlh3-45...

Data from: Drivers of climate change impacts on bird communities

James W. Pearce-Higgins, Sarah M. Eglington, Blaise Martay & Dan E. Chamberlain
1. Climate change is reported to have caused widespread changes to species’ populations and ecological communities. Warming has been associated with population declines in long-distance migrants and habitat specialists, and increases in southerly distributed species. However, the specific climatic drivers behind these changes remain undescribed. 2. We analysed annual fluctuations in the abundance of 59 breeding bird species in England over 45 years to test the effect of monthly temperature and precipitation means upon population...

Data from: Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists

Annegret Kohler, Alan Kuo, Laszlo G. Nagy, Emmanuelle Morin, Kerrie W. Barry, Francois Buscot, Bjorn Canback, Cindy Choi, Nicolas Cichocki, Alicia Clum, Jan Colpaert, Alex Copeland, Mauricio D. Costa, Jeanne Dore, Dimitrios Floudas, Gilles Gay, Mariangela Girlanda, Bernard Henrissat, Sylvie Herrmann, Jaqueline Hess, Nils Hogberg, Tomas Johansson, Hassine-Radhouane Khouja, Kurt LaButti, Urs Lahrmann … & Francis Martin
To elucidate the genetic bases of mycorrhizal lifestyle evolution, we sequenced new fungal genomes, including 13 ectomycorrhizal (ECM), orchid (ORM) and ericoid (ERM) species, and five saprotrophs, which we analyzed along with other fungal genomes. Ectomycorrhizal fungi have a reduced complement of genes encoding plant cell wall–degrading enzymes (PCWDEs), as compared to their ancestral wood decayers. Nevertheless, they have retained a unique array of PCWDEs, thus suggesting that they possess diverse abilities to decompose lignocellulose....

The impact of molecular data on the phylogenetic position of the putative oldest crown crocodilian and the age of the clade

Gusatvo Darlim, Michael Lee, Jules Walter & Márton Rabi
The use of molecular data for living groups is vital for interpreting fossils, especially when morphology-only analyses retrieve problematic phylogenies for living forms. These topological discrepancies impact on the inferred phylogenetic position of many fossil taxa. In Crocodylia, morphology-based phylogenetic inferences differ fundamentally in placing Gavialis basal to all other living forms, whereas molecular data consistently unite it with crocodylids. The Cenomanian Portugalosuchus azenhae was recently described as the oldest crown crocodilian, with affinities to...

Past, present and future of chamois science

Luca Corlatti, Laura Iacolina, Toni Safner, Marco Apollonio, Elena Buzan, Francesco Ferretti, Sabine Hammer, Juan Herrero, Luca Rossi, Emmanuel Serrano, Mari Cruz Arnal, Francesca Brivio, Roberta Chirichella, Antonella Cotza, Barbara Crestanello, Johan Espunyes, Daniel Fernández De Luco, Saskia Friedrich, Dragan Gačić, Laura Grassi, Stefano Grignolio, Heidi Hauffe, Kresmir Kavčić, Andreas Kinser, Francesca Lioce … & Nikica Šprem
The chamois Rupicapra spp. is the most abundant mountain ungulate of Europe and the Near East, where it occurs as two species, the Northern chamois R. rupicapra and the Southern chamois R. pyrenaica. Here, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of research trends and the most challenging issues in chamois research and conservation, focusing on taxonomy and systematics, genetics, life history, ecology and behavior, physiology and disease, management, and conservation. Research on Rupicapra has a longstanding...

Data from: The earliest baleen whale of the mediterranean: Large-scale implications of an early miocene thalassotherian mysticete from Piedmont, Italy

Michelangelo Bisconti, Piero Damarco, Selina Mao, Marco Pavia & Giorgio Carnevale
The discovery of an Early Miocene chaeomysticete from the Pietra da Cantoni Group in Piedmont (north-western Italy) allowed for the creation of Atlanticetus n. gen. and Atlanticetus lavei n. sp. The new species is represented by a partial skeleton including the earbones and shows anatomical resemblance with Atlanticetus patulus (new combination) from the western North Atlantic. The Early Miocene age of the new specimen supports the view that it represents the oldest record of Chaeomysticeti...

Hazelnut SSR database: genetic profiles of the accessions, list of synonyms, and true-to-type genotypes

Paolo Boccacci, Maria Aramini, Matthew Ordidge, Theo Van Hintum, Daniela Torello Marinoni, Nadia Valentini, Jean-Paul Sarraquigne, Anita Solar, Mercè Rovira, Loretta Bacchetta & Roberto Botta
Hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is one of the most important tree nut crops in Europe. Germplasm accessions are conserved in ex situ repositories, located in countries where hazelnut production occurs. In this work, we used ten simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers as the basis to establish a core collection representative of the hazelnut genetic diversity conserved in different European collections. A total of 480 accessions were used: 430 from ex situ collections and 50 landraces...

Environmental filtering and convergent evolution determine the ecological specialisation of subterranean spiders

Stefano Mammola, Miquel Arnedo, Cene Fišer, Pedro Cardoso, Andrea Dejanaz & Marco Isaia
1. Ecological specialisation is an important mechanism enhancing species coexistence within a given community. Yet, unravelling the effect of multiple selective evolutionary and ecological factors leading the process of specialisation remains a key challenge in ecology. Subterranean habitats provide highly replicated experimental arenas in which to disentangle the relative contribution of evolutionary history (convergent evolution vs character displacement) and ecological setting (environmental filtering vs competitive exclusion) in driving community assembly. 2. We tested alternative hypotheses...

Data from: Revised Airlie House consensus guidelines for design and implementation of ALS clinical trials

Leonard H Van Den Berg, Eric Sorenson, Gary Gronseth, Eric A. Macklin, Jinsy Andrews, Robert H. Baloh, Michael Benatar, James D. Berry, Adriano Chio, Philippe Corcia, Angela Genge, Amelie K. Gubitz, Catherine Lomen-Hoerth, Christopher J. McDermott, Erik P. Pioro, Jeffrey Rosenfeld, Vincenzo Silani, Martin R. Turner, Markus Weber, Benjamin Rix Brooks, Robert G. Miller & Hiroshi Mitsumoto
Objective: To revise the 1999 Airlie House consensus guidelines for the design and implementation of preclinical therapeutic studies and clinical trials in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Methods: A consensus committee comprising 140 key members of the international ALS community (ALS researchers, clinicians, patient representatives, research funding representatives, industry and regulatory agencies) addressed nine areas of need within ALS research: 1. Pre-clinical studies; 2. Biological and phenotypic heterogeneity; 3. Outcome measures; 4. Disease-modifying and symptomatic interventions;...

Data from: Re-visiting the phylogeography and demography of European badgers (Meles meles) based on broad sampling, multiple markers and simulations

Alain C. Frantz, Allan D. McDevitt, Lisa C. Pope, Joanna Kochan, John Davison, Chris F. Clements, Morten Elmeros, Guillem Molina-Vacas, Aritz Ruiz-Gonzalez, Alessandro Balestrieri, Koen Van Den Berge, Peter Breyne, Emmanuel Do Linh San, Erik O. Ågren, Franz Suchentrunk, Laurent Schley, Rafał Kowalczyk, Berit I. Kostka, Dusko Ćirović, Nikica Šprem, Marc Colyn, Marco Ghirardi, Venislava Racheva, Christophe Braun, Rita Oliveira … & Terry Burke
Although the phylogeography of European mammals has been extensively investigated since the 1990s, many studies were limited in terms of sampling distribution, the number of molecular markers used and the analytical techniques employed, frequently leading to incomplete postglacial recolonisation scenarios. The broad-scale genetic structure of the European badger (Meles meles) is of interest as it may result from historic restriction to glacial refugia and/or recent anthropogenic impact. However, previous studies were based mostly on samples...

Musical Authenticity as ‘Being True to the Moment’

Alessandro Bertinetto
In this paper I argue that the specific musical authenticity of improvisation in different kinds of music (especially, but not only, in Jazz and Free improvisation practices) consists of what I call ‘being true to the moment’ and that since the artistic success of every musical performance requires performers’ attentiveness and responsiveness to the moment of the performance, improvisational authenticity is the epitome of musical authenticity. I proceed as follows. Firstly I present Peter Kivy’s...

CAO. Corpus dell’antico occitano

Maria Careri, Stefano Asperti, Francesco Carapezza, Costanzo Di Girolamo, Paolo Di Luca, Giosuè Lachin, Walter Meliga, Francesca Sanguineti, Oriana Scarpati & Paolo Squillacioti
[Italiano]: Il Corpus dell’antico occitano è un corpus testuale interrogabile sul software Gatto, sviluppato dall’OVI (Opera del Vocabolario Italiano), e leggibile sul Rialto (Repertorio informatizzato dell’antica letteratura trobadorica e occitana). Il corpus include edizioni integrali di canzonieri, di testi lirici a tradizione dispersa e di testi in prosa, tutti in trascrizione sia diplomatica che interpretativa. Relativamente ai canzonieri, che rappresentano la parte più consistente del corpus, si contano 2500 componimenti lirici conservati da una trentina...

The Taste of Truth

Alessandro De Cesaris
The article aims at developing a theoretical framework for analysing the cultural significance of taste. Instead of reviewing the relevance of taste and of eating for culture – cooking, eating rituals – the paper focuses on the importance of taste as a cultural metaphor. The paper proposes a mediological approach to the domain of taste, and identifies three different dimensions: a physiology, an aesthetic and a symbology of taste. In this analysis, the paper argues...

Gender inequalities in and through the media: Comparing gender inequalities in the media across countries

Claudia Padovani, Marinella Belluati, Achilleas Karadimitriou, Christine Horz-Ishak & Alice Baroni

Book Review: MENANDER’S CHARACTERS IN CONTEXT

Mattias De Polli
A Journal of Ancient Theatre

Data from: Factors associated with first- versus second-generation long-acting antipsychotics prescribed under ordinary clinical practice in Italy

Giovanni Ostuzzi, Maria Angela Mazzi, Samira Terlizzi, Federico Bertolini, Andrea Aguglia, Francesco Bartoli, Paola Bortolaso, Camilla Callegari, Mariarita Caroleo, Giuseppe Carrà, Mariangela Corbo, Armando D'agostino, Chiara Gastaldon, Claudio Lucii, Fabio Magliocco, Giovanni Martinotti, Michela Nosé, Edoardo Giuseppe Ostinelli, Davide Papola, Marco Piccinelli, Alberto Piccoli, Marianna Purgato, Tommaso Tabacchi, Giulia Turrini, Mirella Ruggeri … & Armando D’Agostino
Background. For many years, long-acting intramuscular (LAI) antipsychotics have been prescribed predominantly to chronic and severe patients, as a last resort when other treatments failed. Recently, a broader and earlier use of LAIs, particularly second-generation LAIs, has been emphasized. To date, few studies attempted to frame how this change in prescribing took place in real-world practice. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the clinical features of patients prescribed with LAIs, and to explore possible prescribing...

Curzio Malaparte e la ricerca dell'identità europea

Beatrice Baglivo, Beatrice Manetti, Emmanuel Mattiato & Barbara Meazzi

Registration Year

  • 2022
    15
  • 2021
    9
  • 2020
    11
  • 2019
    8
  • 2018
    4
  • 2017
    8
  • 2016
    4
  • 2015
    3
  • 2014
    3
  • 2013
    2

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    56
  • Text
    5
  • Book
    4
  • Book Chapter
    3
  • Journal Article
    3
  • Interactive Resource
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Turin
    72
  • Ghent University
    4
  • University of Vienna
    4
  • University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences
    4
  • University of Padua
    3
  • Technical University of Zvolen
    3
  • University of Milan
    3
  • University of Göttingen
    3
  • Sapienza University of Rome
    3
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    3