38 Works

The novel outer membrane protein from OprD/Occ family is associated with hypervirulence of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ST2/KL22

Mingxi Hua, Jingyuan Liu, Pengcheng Du, Xinzhe Liu, Min Li, Huizhu Wang, Chen Chen, Xinmin Xu, Yu Jiang, Yajie Wang, Hui Zeng & Ang Li
Acinetobacter baumannii has become a major healthcare threat that causes nosocomial infections, especially in critically ill patients. The spread of carbapenem resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) strains has long been a clinical concern. It is important to study the epidemiology and virulence characteristics of different CRAB isolates in order to tailor infection prevention and antibiotic prescribing. In this study, a total of 71 CRAB isolates were collected in the hospital, and clinical characteristics of infections were...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model

Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia
The modulatory effect of tranilast on neuropathic pain in type-2 diabetes (T2DM) remains unclear. We monitored interleukin (IL)-1β, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels during the progression of T2DM induced neuropathic pain in rats, and assessed the impact of tranilast treatment of increasing concentrations (0, 200 and 400 mg/kg/day via oral gavage in 1% NaHCO3 delivered as 100 mg/kg twice a day) on the levels of cytokine production, as well as on...

Trends in prevalence and incidence of scabies from 1990 to 2017: findings from the global Burden of disease study 2017

Wei Zhang, Yujiao Zhang, Lina Luo, Wenyong Huang, Xiaoping Shen, Xian Dong, Wen Zeng & Hongguang Lu
Scabies remains a significant public health concern globally, affecting people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic groups. The epidemic characteristics of scabies are yet unravelled, especially in high-income countries and elderly population. In this study, we sought to investigate incidence and prevalence and their trends of scabies worldwide from 1990 to 2017 via the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2017. The prevalence and incidence of scabies tend to a moderate increase after age 70....

Trends in Prevalence and Incidence of Scabies from 1990 to 2017: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

Wei Zhang, Yujiao Zhang, Lina Luo, Wenyong Huang, Xiaoping Shen, Xian Dong, Wen Zeng & Hongguang Lu
Scabies remains a significant public health concern globally, affecting people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic groups. The epidemic characteristics of scabies are yet unraveled, especially in high-income countries and elderly population. In this study, we sought to investigate incidence and prevalence and their trends of scabies worldwide from 1990 to 2017 via the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2017. The prevalence and incidence of age-standardized rate (ASR) of scabies tend to a moderate...

SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody responses are more robust in patients with severe disease

Pengfei Wang, Lihong Liu, Manoj S. Nair, Michael T. Yin, Yang Luo, Qian Wang, Ting Yuan, Kanako Mori, Axel Guzman Solis, Masahiro Yamashita, Ankur Garg, Lawrence J. Purpura, Justin C. Laracy, Jian Yu, Leemor Joshua-Tor, Joseph Sodroski, Yaoxing Huang & David D. Ho
We studied plasma antibody responses of 35 patients about 1 month after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Titers of antibodies binding to the viral nucleocapsid and spike proteins were significantly higher in patients with severe disease. Likewise, mean antibody neutralization titers against SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus and live virus were higher in the sicker patients, by ∼5-fold and ∼7-fold, respectively. These findings have important implications for those pursuing plasma therapy, isolation of neutralizing monoclonal antibodies, and determinants of immunity.

Identification of a promoter polymorphism affecting GPAT3 gene expression that is likely related to intramuscular fat content in pigs

Cai Ma, Yi Sun, Jiying Wang, Li Kang & Yunliang Jiang
The intramuscular fat content (IMF) is an economically important trait in pigs and the Laiwu pig is famous for its excessively extremely high level of IMF. Our previous transcriptome study revealed that the dynamic expression of glycerol-phosphate acyltransferase 3 (GPAT3) is consistent with changes in the IMF of Laiwu pigs. In this study, we further analyzed the expression and polymorphism of GPAT3 in its promoter region. The results indicated that the expression of GPAT3 increased...

Identification of hepatocellular carcinoma-related genes associated with macrophage differentiation based on bioinformatics analyses

Jun Cao, Chi Zhang, Guo-Qing Jiang, Sheng-Jie Jin, Qian Wang, Ao-Qing Wang & Dou-Sheng Bai
Macrophage differentiation is associated with tumorigenesis, including the tumorigenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Herein, we explored the value of macrophage differentiation-associated genes (MDGs) in the prognosis of HCC using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) databases. We performed multivariate Cox regression analyses to identify the hub genes affecting HCC patient prognoses. The correlations between hub genes and macrophage differentiation and immune checkpoint inhibitors (PD-1, PD-L1, and CTLA4)...

L-EGCG-Mn nanoparticles as a pH-sensitive MRI contrast agent

Jiali Li, Xue Jiang, Lihuan Shang, Zhen Li, Conglian Yang, Yan Luo, Daoyu Hu, Yaqi Shen & Zhiping Zhang
This study aimed to synthesize and characterize L-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) complexed Mn2+ nanoparticle (L-EGCG-Mn), a proof-of-concept pH-sensitive manganese core nanoparticle (NP), and compare its magnetic resonance (MR) properties with those of Gd-DTPA, both in vitro and in vivo. Reverse microemulsion was used to obtain the L-EGCG-Mn NPs. The physicochemical properties of L-EGCG-Mn were characterized using dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and near-infrared fluorescence small animal live imaging. The in vitro relaxivity of L-EGCG-Mn incubated...

L-EGCG-Mn nanoparticles as a pH-sensitive MRI contrast agent

Jiali Li, Xue Jiang, Lihuan Shang, Zhen Li, Conglian Yang, Yan Luo, Daoyu Hu, Yaqi Shen & Zhiping Zhang
This study aimed to synthesize and characterize L-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) complexed Mn2+ nanoparticle (L-EGCG-Mn), a proof-of-concept pH-sensitive manganese core nanoparticle (NP), and compare its magnetic resonance (MR) properties with those of Gd-DTPA, both in vitro and in vivo. Reverse microemulsion was used to obtain the L-EGCG-Mn NPs. The physicochemical properties of L-EGCG-Mn were characterized using dynamic light scattering, transmission electron microscopy, and near-infrared fluorescence small animal live imaging. The in vitro relaxivity of L-EGCG-Mn incubated...

Convergence of carbapenem resistance and hypervirulence in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone of K. pneumoniae: An epidemiological, genomic and functional study

Ping Li, Qiqiang Liang, Wugao Liu, Beiwen Zheng, Lizhang Liu, Wei Wang, Zhijiang Xu, Man Huang & Youjun Feng
Co-occurrence of hypervirulence and KPC-2 carbapenem resistant phenotypes in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone ofKlebsiella pneumoniae has elicited deep concerns from public health stand point. To address this puzzle, we conducted a large-scale epidemiological, clinical and genomic study of K. pneumonia ST11 clones with both hypervirulence and carbapenem resistance in two tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang province. Most of the patients (15/23) were diagnosed with exclusively carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) infections. Ten death cases were reported, some...

Colistin-resistance gene mcr in clinical carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae strains in China, 2014–2019

Hong Huang, Ning Dong, Lingbin Shu, Jiayue Lu, Qiaoling Sun, Edward Wai-Chi Chan, Sheng Chen & Rong Zhang
To investigate whether introduction of colistin into the clinical settings selected colistin-resistant CRE, we performed molecular epidemiological study of 1868 CRE strains collected from different geographical locales in China during the period 2014–2019. 1755 (96.18%) isolates carried the carbapenemase genes blaKPC and blaNDM; 14 Escherichia coli isolates (0.75%) carrying mcr-1 and blaNDM (MCR-CREC) were also identified. Importantly, the number and relative prevalence of MCR-CREC isolates increased from 5 (0.41%) to 9 (1.38%) after introduction of...

Mice deficient in UXT exhibit retinitis pigmentosa-like features via aberrant autophagy activation

Mingyu Pan, Yue Yin, Xinxia Wang, Quanyi Wang, Lele Zhang, Haiyang Hu & Chen Wang
UXT (ubiquitously expressed prefoldin like chaperone), a small chaperone-like protein, is widely expressed in diverse human and mouse tissues and is more abundant in retina and kidney. However, the functional characterization of UXT at tissue level was largely unknown. Here, we reported that mice deficient in UXT exhibited salient features of retinal degenerative disease, similar to retinitis pigmentosa. Conditional knockout (CKO) of Uxt led to retinal degeneration and pigmentation in mice retina along with significant...

Discovery of novel fungal species and pathogens on bat carcasses in a cave in Yunnan Province, China

Samantha Chandranath Karunarathna, Yang Dong, Seigi Karasaki, Saowaluck Tibpromma, Kevin David Hyde, Saisamorn Lumyong, Jianchu Xu, Jun Sheng & Peter Edward Mortimer
Virulent infectious fungal diseases, in natural and managed landscapes, are increasing. Fungal diseases in humans, animals and plants have caused die-off and extinction events and have become a threat to food security. A caving expedition in Yunnan Province, China, revealed two bat carcasses covered in fungal mycelia. Eleven fungal isolates were obtained from these bat carcasses, and morphological observations and multigene phylogenetic analyses revealed they were Fusarium incarnatum, Mucor hiemalis and Trichoderma harzianum and four...

Risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection: a retrospective cohort study based on contacts tracing

Tao Liu, Wenjia Liang, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Zihui Chen, Guanhao He, Tie Song, Shaowei Chen, Ping Wang, Jialing Li, Yunhua Lan, Mingji Cheng, Jinxu Huang, Jiwei Niu, Liang Xia, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Lifeng Lin, Qiong Huang, Zuhua Rong, Aiping Deng, Weilin Zeng, Jiansen Li, Xing Li, Xiaohua Tan … & Wenjun Ma
This study aimed to estimate the attack rates, and identify the risk factors of COVID-19 infection. Based on a retrospective cohort study, we investigated 11,580 contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong Province from 10 January to 15 March 2020. All contacts were tested by RT-PCR to detect their infection of SARS-COV-2. Attack rates by characteristics were calculated. Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors of infection for COVID-19. A total of 515 of...

Env diversity-dependent protection of the attenuated equine infectious anaemia virus vaccine

Yuezhi Lin, Xue-Feng Wang, Yuhong Wang, Cheng Du, Huiling Ren, Cong Liu, Dantong Zhu, Jie Chen, Lei Na, Diqiu Liu, Zhibiao Yang & Xiaojun Wang
Lentiviruses harbour high genetic variability for efficient evasion from host immunity. An attenuated equine infectious anaemia (EIA) vaccine was developed decades ago in China and presented remarkably robust protection against EIA. The vaccine was recently proven to have high genomic diversity, particular in env. However, how and to what extent the high env diversity relates to immune protection remains unclear. In this study, we compared immune protections and responses of three groups of horses stimulated...

Acylation of the antimicrobial peptide CAMEL for cancer gene therapy

Jingjing Song, Panpan Ma, Sujie Huang, Juanli Wang, Huan Xie, Bo Jia & Wei Zhang
Obtaining ideal gene delivery vectors is still a major goal in cancer gene therapy. CAMEL, a short hybrid antimicrobial peptide, can kill cancer cells by membrane lysis. In this study, we constructed a series of non-viral vectors by attaching fatty acids with different chain lengths to the N-terminus of CAMEL. Our results showed that the cellular uptake and transfection efficiency of acyl-CAMEL started to significantly increase from a chain length of 12 carbons. C18-CAMEL was...

SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody responses are more robust in patients with severe disease

Pengfei Wang, Lihong Liu, Manoj S. Nair, Michael T. Yin, Yang Luo, Qian Wang, Ting Yuan, Kanako Mori, Axel Guzman Solis, Masahiro Yamashita, Ankur Garg, Lawrence J. Purpura, Justin C. Laracy, Jian Yu, Leemor Joshua-Tor, Joseph Sodroski, Yaoxing Huang & David D. Ho
We studied plasma antibody responses of 35 patients about 1 month after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Titers of antibodies binding to the viral nucleocapsid and spike proteins were significantly higher in patients with severe disease. Likewise, mean antibody neutralization titers against SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus and live virus were higher in the sicker patients, by ∼5-fold and ∼7-fold, respectively. These findings have important implications for those pursuing plasma therapy, isolation of neutralizing monoclonal antibodies, and determinants of immunity.

Convergence of carbapenem resistance and hypervirulence in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone of K. pneumoniae: An epidemiological, genomic and functional study

Ping Li, Qiqiang Liang, Wugao Liu, Beiwen Zheng, Lizhang Liu, Wei Wang, Zhijiang Xu, Man Huang & Youjun Feng
Co-occurrence of hypervirulence and KPC-2 carbapenem resistant phenotypes in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone ofKlebsiella pneumoniae has elicited deep concerns from public health stand point. To address this puzzle, we conducted a large-scale epidemiological, clinical and genomic study of K. pneumonia ST11 clones with both hypervirulence and carbapenem resistance in two tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang province. Most of the patients (15/23) were diagnosed with exclusively carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) infections. Ten death cases were reported, some...

Identification of hepatocellular carcinoma-related genes associated with macrophage differentiation based on bioinformatics analyses.

Jun Cao, Chi Zhang, Guo-Qing Jiang, Sheng-Jie Jin, Qian Wang, Ao-Qing Wang & Dou-Sheng Bai
Macrophage differentiation is associated with tumorigenesis, including the tumorigenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Herein, we explored the value of macrophage differentiation-associated genes (MDGs) in the prognosis of HCC using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) databases. We performed multivariate Cox regression analyses to identify the hub genes affecting HCC patient prognoses. The correlations between hub genes and macrophage differentiation and immune checkpoint inhibitors (PD-1, PD-L1, and CTLA4)...

Trends in prevalence and incidence of scabies from 1990 to 2017: findings from the global Burden of disease study 2017

Wei Zhang, Yujiao Zhang, Lina Luo, Wenyong Huang, Xiaoping Shen, Xian Dong, Wen Zeng & Hongguang Lu
Scabies remains a significant public health concern globally, affecting people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic groups. The epidemic characteristics of scabies are yet unravelled, especially in high-income countries and elderly population. In this study, we sought to investigate incidence and prevalence and their trends of scabies worldwide from 1990 to 2017 via the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2017. The prevalence and incidence of scabies tend to a moderate increase after age 70....

Acylation of the antimicrobial peptide CAMEL for cancer gene therapy

Jingjing Song, Panpan Ma, Sujie Huang, Juanli Wang, Huan Xie, Bo Jia & Wei Zhang
Obtaining ideal gene delivery vectors is still a major goal in cancer gene therapy. CAMEL, a short hybrid antimicrobial peptide, can kill cancer cells by membrane lysis. In this study, we constructed a series of non-viral vectors by attaching fatty acids with different chain lengths to the N-terminus of CAMEL. Our results showed that the cellular uptake and transfection efficiency of acyl-CAMEL started to significantly increase from a chain length of 12 carbons. C18-CAMEL was...

Risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection: a retrospective cohort study based on contacts tracing

Tao Liu, Wenjia Liang, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Zihui Chen, Guanhao He, Tie Song, Shaowei Chen, Ping Wang, Jialing Li, Yunhua Lan, Mingji Cheng, Jinxu Huang, Jiwei Niu, Liang Xia, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Lifeng Lin, Qiong Huang, Zuhua Rong, Aiping Deng, Weilin Zeng, Jiansen Li, Xing Li, Xiaohua Tan … & Wenjun Ma
Objectives To estimate the attack rates, and identify the risk factors of COVID-19 infection. Methods Based on a retrospective cohort study, we investigated 11,580 contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong Province from January 10 to March 15, 2020. All contacts were tested by RT-PCR to detect their infection of SARS-COV-2. Attack rates by characteristics were calculated, and logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors of infection for COVID-19. Results A total of 515...

The novel outer membrane protein from OprD/Occ family is associated with hypervirulence of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ST2/KL22

Mingxi Hua, Jingyuan Liu, Pengcheng Du, Xinzhe Liu, Min Li, Huizhu Wang, Chen Chen, Xinmin Xu, Yu Jiang, Yajie Wang, Hui Zeng & Ang Li
Acinetobacter baumannii has become a major healthcare threat that causes nosocomial infections, especially in critically ill patients. The spread of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) strains has long been a clinical concern. It is important to study the epidemiology and virulence characteristics of different CRAB isolates in order to tailor infection prevention and antibiotic prescribing. In this study, a total of 71 CRAB isolates were collected in the hospital, and clinical characteristics of infections were analyzed....

Registration Year

  • 2020
    38

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  • Text
    25
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    10
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    2
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    1

Affiliations

  • Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital
    38
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
    30
  • Zhejiang University
    27
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    27
  • Fudan University
    27
  • Capital Medical University
    27
  • Southern Medical University
    26
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    24
  • North West Agriculture and Forestry University
    23
  • Central South University
    22