19 Works

Fungal fruit body assemblages are tougher in harsh microclimates

Franz-Sebastian Krah, Jonas Hagge, Jasper Schreiber, Roland Brandl, Jörg Müller & Claus Bässler
Forest species are affected by macroclimate, however, the microclimatic variability can be more extreme and change through climate change. Fungal fruiting community composition was affected by microclimatic differences. Here we ask whether differences in the fruiting community can be explained by morphological traits of the fruit body, which may help endure harsh conditions. We used a dead wood experiment and macrofungal fruit body size, color, and toughness. We exposed logs of two host tree species...

OneGeochemistry: Enabling a coordinated online global network of multiple distributed geochemical repositories and databases

Kerstin Annette Lehnert , Lesley Wyborn , Dominik Hezel , Alexander Prent , Kirsten Elger , Geertje ter Maat , Marthe Klöcking & Jens Klump
Since the discipline of ‘geochemistry’ was first defined in 1838, geochemical data has been pervasively acquired and used in the Earth, environmental and planetary sciences and become fundamental for understanding past, present, and future processes in natural systems. Initially, geochemical data was published in hard-copy literature, but as analytical systems became computerised, major digital databases emerged (EarthChem, PetDB, OZCHEM and GEOROC) which revolutionised data access. They have proven the power of re-use of geochemical data...

Was sind negative Emissionen, und warum brauchen wir sie?

Berit Erlach, Sabine Fuss, Oliver Geden, Ulrich Glotzbach, Hans-Martin Henning, Jürgen Renn, Simona Rens, Dirk Uwe Sauer, Schmidt Christoph M., Indra Spiecker genannt Döhmann, Christoph Stemmler, Cyril Stephanos, Jessica Strefler & Karen Pittel
Selbst mit ambitionierteren Maßnahmen zur Vermeidung von Emissionen lässt sich Klimaneutralität und damit die Stabilisierung der Temperatur nicht mehr erreichen. Darauf weist der Weltklimarat in seinem sechsten Sachstandsbericht hin. Zusätzlich zu einer schnelleren Reduktion der Emissionen muss CO2 der Atmosphäre entzogen und anschließend eingelagert werden, um nicht vermeidbare Restemissionen auszugleichen, etwa aus der Landwirtschaft. Sogenannte „negative Emissionen“ können zum Beispiel durch Aufforstung erzeugt werden. Es gibt aber eine Reihe weiterer natürlicher und technischer Verfahren, den...

Data for: European mushroom assemblages are phylogenetically structured by temperature

Claus Bässler
Recent global warming affects species compositions at an unprecedented rate. To predict climate-induced changes in species assemblages, a better understanding of the link between species occurrence and climate is needed. Macrofungal fruit body assemblages are correlated with the thermal environment at the European scale. However, it is still unknown whether macrofungal communities are also phylogenetically structured by thermal environments. Thermal environments are characterized by annual temperature means but also by intra-annual temperature variability (hereafter termed...

Pre-Variscan (Lower Devonian) deformation of the Silurian magmatic arc of the East Odenwald (Mid-German Crystalline Zone, Variscides)

Henri Paul Meinaß , Wolfgang Dörr & Eckardt Stein
The Böllstein Odenwald is forming a large anticline of mainly pre-Devonian rock in the Mid-German Crystalline Zone (MCGZ). The contact between core and schist envelope of the anticline is well exposed at Weichberg quarry. Metasedimentary rocks of the schist envelope are intruded by granodioritic sills of a Silurian magmatic arc, showing at least two folding phases: Recumbent tight isoclinal folds are overprinted by upright gentle folds. A pegmatite dike, intruding at 411 ±2 Ma (U-Pb...

Climatic Fluctuations in the Early and Middle Copper Age - First Isotope Investigations at the Water Supply of Los Millares in SE Spain

Anorte Elisabeth Jakowski , Andrea Schröder-Ritzrau & José Miguel Alonso Blanco
The Copper Age fortification of Los Millares is located 15 km north of Almería in Andalusia. At least between 3,541 BC (+/- 92 years) and 2,591 BC (+/- 22 years) there existed a water conduit, the so-called "aqueduct of Los Millares", with which water was conveyed to the settlement from a spring located about 1.25 km outside. U and Sr isotope analyses of groundwater samples in the catchment area as well as of the calcareous...

Data and code from: Traits and phylogenies modulate the environmental responses of wood-inhabiting fungal communities across spatial scales

Nerea Abrego, Claus Bässler, Morten Christensen & Jacob Heilmann-Clausen
Identifying the spatial scales at which community assembly processes operate is fundamental for gaining a mechanistic understanding of the drivers shaping ecological communities. In this study, we examined whether and how traits and phylogenetic relationships structure fungal community assembly across spatial scales. We applied joint species distribution modelling to a European-scale dataset on 215 wood-inhabiting fungal species, which includes data on traits, phylogeny and environmental variables measured at the local (log-level) and regional (site-level) scales....

Light and malaise traps tell different stories about the spatial variations in arthropod biomass and method-specific insect abundance

Annika Busse, Claus Bässler, Roland Brandl, Nicolas Friess, Hermann Hacker, Lea Heidrich, Torben Hilmers, Gisela Merkel-Wallner, Christian Schmid-Egger, Linda Seifert & Jörg Müller
1. Conclusions reached in meta-analyses of changes in insect communities may be influenced by method-specific sampling biases, which may lead to inappropriate conservation measures. 2. We argue that the contradictory conclusions regarding terrestrial insect biomass, abundance and richness patterns are, at least partly, due to methodological limitations that reflect taxon-specific responses to environmental changes. 3. In this study, light and Malaise traps were simultaneously deployed to sample insects at 52 plots in a temperate forest...

Jesuits and Matriarchs

Nadine Amsler
In early modern China, Jesuit missionaries associated with the male elite of Confucian literati in order to proselytize more freely, but they had limited contact with women, whose ritual spaces were less accessible. Historians of Catholic evangelism have similarly directed their attention to the devotional practices of men, neglecting the interior spaces in Chinese households where women worshipped and undertook the transmission of Catholicism to family members and friends. Nadine Amsler’s investigation brings the domestic...

Independent variation of avian sensitivity to climate change and trait-based adaptive capacity along a tropical elevational gradient

Larissa Nowak, Matthias Schleuning, Irene Bender, W. Daniel Kissling & Susanne Fritz
Aim: How species respond to climate change is influenced by their sensitivity to climatic conditions (i.e., their climatic niche) and aspects of their adaptive capacity (e.g., their dispersal ability, ecological niche). To date, it is largely unknown whether and how species’ sensitivity to climate change and their adaptive capacity covary. However, understanding this relationship is important to predict the potential consequences of a changing climate for species assemblages. Here, we test how species’ sensitivity to...

Climate warming changes synchrony of plants and pollinators

Jonas Freimuth, Oliver Bossdorf, J.F. Scheepens & Franziska Willems
Climate warming changes the phenology of many species. When interacting organisms respond differently, climate change may disrupt their interactions and affect the stability of ecosystems. Here, we used GBIF occurrence records to examine phenology trends in plants and their associated insect pollinators in Germany since the 1980s. We found strong phenological advances in plants, but differences in the extent of shifts among pollinator groups. The temporal trends in plant and insect phenologies were generally associated...

Avian seed dispersal may be insufficient for plants to track future temperature change on tropical mountains

Larissa Nowak, Matthias Schleuning, Irene M. A. Bender, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, D. Matthias Dehling, Susanne A. Fritz, W. Daniel Kissling, Thomas Mueller, Eike Lena Neuschulz, Alex L. Pigot, Marjorie C. Sorensen & Isabel Donoso
Abstract Aim: Climate change causes species’ range shifts globally. Terrestrial plant species often lag behind temperature shifts, and it is unclear to what extent animal-dispersed plants can track climate change. Here, we estimate the ability of bird-dispersed plant species to track future temperature change on a tropical mountain. Location: Tropical elevational gradient (500–3500 m a.s.l.) in the Manú biosphere reserve, Peru Time period: 1960–1990 to 2061–2080 Taxa: Fleshy-fruited plants, avian frugivores Methods: Using simulations based...

Rock alteration at the post-Variscan nonconformity: implications for Permo-Carboniferous surface weathering versus burial diagenesis

Fei Liang , Adrian Linsel , Matthias Hinderer , Jens Hornung , Dirk Scheuvens & Rainer Petschick
Nonconformity surfaces are key features to understand the relations among climate, lithosphere and tectonic movements in Earth history. One of the most prominent stratigraphic surfaces in Central European is the post-Variscan nonconformity separating the metamorphic Variscan basement from non-metamorphic platform deposits starting in the Upper Carboniferous, but more widely distributed since the Permian. This study aimed to analyze and distinguish the physical and chemical processes happening during exposure of the surface as well as during...

Half-precession signals in Lake Ohrid and their spatial and temporal connection to proxy records in the European realmS

Arne Ulfers , Christian Zeeden , Silke Voigt & Wonik Thomas
Lake Ohrid (North Macedonia/Albania) is Europe’s oldest lake and thus is a valuable archive for changes of local (hydro)climate during the last 1.36 million years (e.g., Wagner et al. 2019). During an International Continental Scientific Drilling Program campaign in 2013, geophysical downhole logging by the Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics acquired continuous datasets of physical properties. Additionally, sediment cores from four sites were obtained, the deepest with a length of 570 m (Wagner et al....

Host influenced geochemical signature in the parasitic foraminifer Hyrrokkin sarcophaga

Nicolai Schleinkofer , David Evans , Max Wisshak(3) , Janina Vanessa Büscher , Jens Fiebig , André Freiwald , Sven Härter , Horst Marschall , Silke Voigt & Jacek Raddatz
Here, we present element to Ca ratios (Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca, Na/Ca and Mn/Ca) and stable isotope data (δ18O, δ13C) of the parasitic foraminifer Hyrrokkin sarcophaga, collected from two different host organisms, Desmophyllum pertusum - a cold-water coral commonly found in cold-water coral reefs and Acesta excavata - a bivalve associated with cold-water coral reefs. Our results reveal that the geochemical signature in H. sarcophaga is influenced by the host organism. Sr/Ca ratios are 1.1 mmol mol-1...

Morphological traits of the flora of the Canary Islands

Dagmar Martina Hanz
Aim: Functional traits can help elucidate biogeographical and ecological processes driving assemblage structure. We analysed the functional diversity of plant species of different evolutionary origins across an island archipelago, along environmental gradients and across geological age, to assess functional aspects of island biogeographic theory. Location: Canary Islands, Spain. Major taxa studied: Spermatophytes. Time period: Present-day. Methods: We collected data for four traits (plant height, leaf length, flower length and fruit length) associated with resource acquisition,...

Dataframe from: Diversity of European habitat types is correlated with geography more than climate and human pressure

Marco Cervellini, Michele Di Musciano, Piero Zannini, Simone Fattorini, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Emiliano Agrillo, Fabio Attorre, Pierangela Angelini, Carl Beierkuhnlein, Laura Casella, Richard Field, Jan-Christopher Fischer, Piero Genovesi, Samuel Hoffmann, Severin D.H. Irl, Juri Nascimbene, Duccio Rocchini, Manuel Steinbauer, Ole R. Vetaas & Alessandro Chiarucci
We generated this dataframe to model EU habitat richness at continental scale as a function of geographical, climate and anthropogenic variables (please, see Material and Method section in the published paper version for all the details). We found geographical variables were by far the most strongly correlated with habitat richness, followed by climate. However, anthropogenic variables gained importance when consindering their interactions, with important implications for conservation planning.

A model of digestive tooth corrosion in lizards: experimental tests and taphonomic implications

Krister T. Smith, Orr Comay, Lutz Maul, Fabio Wegmüller, Jean-Marie Le Tensorer & Tamar Dayan
Abstract Corrosion patterns induced by gastric fluids on the skeleton of prey animals may depend on the nature of the corrosive agents (acid, enzymes) as well as on the composition of the hard parts and the soft tissues that surround them. We propose a framework for predicting and interpreting corrosion patterns on lizard teeth, our model system, drawing on the different digestive pathways of avian and non-avian vertebrate predators. We propose that high-acid, low-enzyme systems...

Musical Empathy in Digital Space

Magdalena Zorn
Due to recent developments in socio-cultural as well as technological terms, music is increasingly being revealed as a phenomenon of digital spaces and information technology. During the pandemic, when musical life took place almost exclusively online, a tremendous reinforcement and acceleration of this process was experienced.

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

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  • Goethe University Frankfurt
  • Philipp University of Marburg
  • University of Würzburg
  • Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre
  • National University of Tucumán
  • University of Amsterdam
  • Technical University of Darmstadt
  • Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change
  • University of Oviedo
  • Columbia University