4 Works

Data from: Enhancing plant diversity in agricultural landscapes promotes both rare bees and dominant crop-pollinating bees through complementary increase in key floral resources

Louis Sutter, Philippe Jeanneret, Agustín M. Bartual, Gionata Bocci & Matthias Albrecht
1. Enhancing key floral resources is essential to effectively mitigate the loss of pollinator diversity and associated provisioning of pollination functions in agro-ecosystems. However, effective floral provisioning measures may diverge among different pollinator conservation targets, such as the conservation of rare species or the promotion of economically important crop pollinators. We examined to what extent such diverging conservation goals could be reconciled. 2. We analysed plant–bee visitation networks of 64 herbaceous semi-natural habitats representing a...

Data from: Linking diversity, synchrony and stability in soil microbial communities

Cameron Wagg, Jan-Hendrik Dudenhöffer, Franco Widmer, Marcel G.A. Van Der Heijden & Marcel G. A. Van Der Heijden
1. It is becoming well established that plant diversity is instrumental in stabilizing the temporal functioning of ecosystems through population dynamics and the so-called insurance or portfolio effect. However, it is unclear whether diversity-stability relationships and the role of population dynamics in soil microbial communities parallel those in plant communities. 2. Our study took place in a long-term land management experiment with and without perturbation to the soil ecosystem by tilling. We assessed the impacts...

Data from: Stacked Bt maize and arthropod predators – exposure to insecticidal Cry proteins and potential hazards

Zdeňka Svobodová, Yinghua Shu, Oxana Skoková Habuštová, Jörg Romeis & Michael Meissle
Genetically engineered (GE) crops with stacked insecticidal traits expose arthropods to multiple Cry proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). One concern is that the different Cry proteins may interact and lead to unexpected adverse effects on non-target species. Bi- and tri-trophic experiments with SmartStax maize, herbivorous spider mites (Tetranychus urticae) and aphids (Rhopalosiphum padi), and predatory spiders (Phylloneta impressa), ladybeetles (Harmonia axyridis), and lacewings (Chrysoperla carnea) were conducted. Cry1A.105, Cry1F, Cry3Bb1, and Cry34Ab1 moved in a...

Data from: Landscape greening and local creation of wildflower strips and hedgerows promote multiple ecosystem services

Louis Sutter, Matthias Albrecht & Philippe Jeanneret
1. The explicit and implicit aims of creating ecological focus areas (EFAs) and implementing greening measures in European agro-ecosystems include the promotion of regulatory ecosystem services (ES) to sustain crop production in conventional cropping systems. However, the extent to which these goals are achieved with current policy measures remains poorly explored. 2. We measured insect-mediated pollination and natural pest control service provisioning in 18 winter oilseed rape fields as a function of the independent and...

Registration Year

  • 2017
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Resource Types

  • Dataset
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Affiliations

  • Agroscope
    4
  • University of Zurich
    3
  • University of Freiburg
    1
  • Institute of Life Sciences
    1
  • Biology Centre
    1
  • South China Agricultural University
    1