160 Works

Data from: A predictive model for improving placement of wind turbines to minimise collision risk potential for a large soaring raptor

Megan Murgatroyd, Willem Bouten & Arjun Amar
1. With the rapid growth of wind energy developments worldwide, it is critical that the negative impacts on wildlife are considered and mitigated. This includes minimising the numbers of large soaring raptors which are killed when they collide with wind turbines. 2. To reduce the likelihood of raptor collisions, turbines should be placed at locations which are least used by sensitive species. For resident or breeding species, this is often delineated crudely through the use...

Data from: Nocturnal foraging lifts time-constraints in winter for migratory geese but hardly speeds up fueling

Thomas Lameris, Adriaan Dokter, Henk Van Der Jeugd, Willem Bouten, Jasper Koster, Stefan Sand, Coen Westerduin & Bart Nolet
Climate warming advances the optimal timing of breeding for many animals. For migrants to start breeding earlier, a concurrent advancement of migration is required, including pre-migratory fueling of energy reserves. We investigate whether barnacle geese are time-constrained during pre-migratory fueling and whether there is potential to advance or shorten the fueling period to allow an earlier migratory departure. We equipped barnacle geese with GPS-trackers and accelerometers to remotely record birds’ behavior, from which we calculated...

Servant Leadership, Third-Party Behavior, and Emotional Exhaustion of Followers

Innocentina-Marie Obi, Katalien Bollen, Hillie Aaldering, Wouter Robijn & Martin Euwema

From the Field to the Laboratory: The Theory-Practice Research of Peter J. Carnevale

Linda Putnam, Mara Olekalns, Donald Conlon & Carsten De Dreu

Data from: Multi-modal ultra-high resolution structural 7-Tesla MRI data repository

Birte U. Forstmann, Max C. Keuken, Andreas S. Schafer, Pierre-Louis Bazin, Anneke Alkemade & Robert Turner
Structural brain data is key for the understanding of brain function and networks, i.e., connectomics. Here we present data sets available from the ‘atlasing of the basal ganglia (ATAG)’ project, which provides ultra-high resolution 7Tesla (T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans from young, middle-aged, and elderly participants. The ATAG data set includes whole-brain and reduced field-of-view MP2RAGE and T2*-weighted scans of the subcortex and brainstem with ultra-high resolution at a sub-millimeter scale. The data can...

Data from: Why time-limited individuals can make populations more vulnerable to disturbance

Henk-Jan Van Der Kolk, Bruno Ens, Magali Frauendorf, Eelke Jongejans, Kees Oosterbeek, Willem Bouten & Martijn Van De Pol
Individual variation in disturbance vulnerability (i.e. the likelihood that disturbance negatively affects an individual’s fitness) can affect how disturbance impacts animal populations, as even at low disturbance levels some individuals could be severely affected and die. Individual variation in vulnerability can arise due to different responses to disturbance. We propose a new hypothesis that even when individuals respond similarly to disturbance, time-limited individuals are more at risk that their condition deteriorates since they have limited...

Prediction of Cerebral Venous Thrombosis with a new clinical score and D-dimer levels

Mirjam R Heldner, Susanna M Zuurbier, Bojun Li, Rascha Von Martial, Joost CM Meijers, Rebekka Zimmermann, Bastian Volbers, Simon Jung, Marwan El-Koussy, Urs Fischer, Hans Peter Kohler, Verena Schroeder, Jonathan M Coutinho & Marcel Arnold
OBJECTIVE:To investigate prediction of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) by clinical variables and D-dimer levels. METHODS:This prospective multicentre study included consecutive patients with clinically possible CVT. On admission, patients underwent clinical examination, blood-sampling for D-dimers-measuring (ELISA-test), and MR-/CT-venography. Predictive value of clinical variables and D-dimers for CVT were calculated. A clinical score to stratify patients into groups with low, moderate, or high CVT risk was established using multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS:CVT was confirmed in 25.8% (94/359)...

The role of deterministic succession during forest succession within a South African savanna

Samantha-Leigh Jamison-Daniels, Daniel Kissling, Monique Botha, Mathew Harris, Christopher Gordon & Michelle Greve
Bush encroachment can lead to a switch from open savannas to dense woodlands or forests. This has implications for both the composition of ecological communities and the provision of ecosystem services such as nutrient cycling and grazing capacity. The patterns and underlying drivers responsible for bush encroachment are not fully understood. Here, we investigate the underlying determinants of bush clump formation (a form of encroachment) in a South African savanna and explore whether bush clump...

Value and use of grey literature: the implications of networked publishing

John Mackenzie Owen
The value of grey literature (GL) has often been regarded as secondary to that of officially published documents. But digital information networks provide an opportunity for GL to become the most important type of electronic publication. The concept of `GL' itself will disappear as it evolves into a new concept of networked organizational publishing. This development will greatly increase the value of GL and lead to qualitative and quantitative changes in its use. This paper...

Subcellular view of host–microbiome nutrient exchange in sponges: insights into the ecological success of an early metazoan–microbe symbiosis

Meggie Hudspith, Laura Rix, Michelle Achlatis, Jeremy Bougoure, Paul Guagliardo, Peta L. Clode, Nicole S. Webster, Gerard Muyzer, Mathieu Pernice & Jasper M. De Goeij
Background: Sponges are increasingly recognised as key ecosystem engineers in many aquatic habitats. They play an important role in nutrient cycling due to their unrivalled capacity for processing both dissolved and particulate organic matter (DOM and POM) and the exceptional metabolic repertoire of their diverse and abundant microbial communities. Functional studies determining the role of host and microbiome in organic nutrient uptake and exchange, however, are limited. Therefore, we coupled pulse-chase isotopic tracer techniques with...

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