1,692 Works

Longitudinal analysis of the antibody repertoire of a Zika virus-infected patient revealed dynamic changes in antibody response

Xuefeng Niu, Qihong Yan, Zhipeng Yao, Fan Zhang, Linbing Qu, Chunlin Wang, Chengrui Wang, Hui Lei, Chaoming Chen, Renshan Liang, Jia Luo, Qian Wang, Lingzhai Zhao, Yudi Zhang, Kun Luo, Longyu Wang, Hongkai Wu, Tingting Liu, Pingchao Li, Zhiqiang Zheng, Yee Joo Tan, Liqiang Feng, Zhenhai Zhang, Jian Han, Fuchun Zhang … & Ling Chen
The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes neonatal abnormalities and other disorders. Antibodies to the ZIKV envelope (E) protein can block infection. In this study, next-generation sequencing (NGS) of immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) mRNA transcripts was combined with single-cell PCR cloning of E-binding monoclonal antibodies for analysing antibody response in a patient from the early stages of infection to more than one year after the clearance of the virus. The patient's IgH...

Molecular investigation of infection sources and transmission chains of brucellosis in Zhejiang, China

Heng Wang, Wei-min Xu, Kuang-ji Zhu, Su-juan Zhu, Hong-fang Zhang, Jia Wang, Yang Yang, Feng-yao Shao, Neng-ming Jiang, Zhen-yang Tao, Hang-yi Jin, Yi Tang, Liang-liang Huo, Fang Dong, Zhen-jun Li, Hua Ding & Zhi-guo Liu
In the present study, a total of 7793 samples from 5 different types of hosts were collected and tested, with a seroprevalence of 2.4% (184/7793). Although the seroprevalence of human and animal brucellosis is relatively low, numbers of human brucellosis cases reported have increased continuously from 2004 to 2018. A total of 118 Brucella strains containing 4 biotypes were obtained, including Brucella melitensis bv.1 (n = 8) and bv.3 (n = 106), Brucella abortus bv.3...

Structural basis of HCoV-19 fusion core and an effective inhibition peptide against virus entry

Huan Sun, Yan Li, Peipei Liu, Chengpeng Qiao, Xiaomin Wang, Lianao Wu, Kefang Liu, Yu Hu, Chao Su, Shuguang Tan, Shumei Zou, Guizhen Wu, Jinghua Yan, George Fu Gao, Jianxun Qi & Qihui Wang
Structural basis of HCoV-19 fusion core and an effective inhibition peptide against virus entry

Transcriptomic characteristics of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and peripheral blood mononuclear cells in COVID-19 patients

Yong Xiong, Yuan Liu, Liu Cao, Dehe Wang, Ming Guo, Ao Jiang, Dong Guo, Wenjia Hu, Jiayi Yang, Zhidong Tang, Honglong Wu, Yongquan Lin, Meiyuan Zhang, Qi Zhang, Mang Shi, Yingle Liu, Yu Zhou, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Circulating in China and 158 other countries and areas, the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has caused devastating mortality and posed a great threat to public health. However, efforts to identify effectively supportive therapeutic drugs and treatments has been hampered by our limited understanding of host immune response for this fatal disease. To characterize the transcriptional signatures of host inflammatory response to SARS-CoV-2 (HCoV-19) infection, we carried out transcriptome sequencing of the RNAs isolated from the bronchoalveolar...

Distinct roles of cohesin acetyltransferases Esco1 and Esco2 in porcine oocyte meiosis I

Yajuan Lu, Ying Chen, Zhaokang Cui & Bo Xiong
In mammalian cells, cohesin acetyltransferases Esco1 and Esco2 acetylate cohesin subunit Smc3 to establish chromosome cohesion, ensuring the accurate chromosome segregation. However, we have previously documented that both Esco1 and Esco2 have unique substrates and roles in mouse oocyte meiosis I to orchestrate the meiotic progression, but whether these functions are conserved among species is still not determined. Here, we used porcine oocytes as a model to illustrate that Esco1 and Esco2 exerted conserved functions...

Co-encapsulation of magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles and doxorubicin into biocompatible PLGA-PEG nanocarriers for early detection and treatment of tumours

Chenghua Liang, Nan Li, Zikai Cai, Rongpu Liang, Xiaoming Zheng, Li Deng, Longbao Feng, Rui Guo & Bo Wei
At present, cancer is the first cause of death for humans, but early detection and treatment can help improve prognoses and reduce mortality. However, further development of carrier-assistant drug delivery systems (DDSs) is retarded by the aspects such as the low drug-carrying capacity, carrier-induced toxicity and immunogenicity, complex synthesis manipulation. The development of nanoscale drug delivery systems (NDDS) have been rapidly developed to address these issues. In this article, we used PLGA-PEG with good biocompatibility...

Epidemiology and clinical course of COVID-19 in Shanghai, China

Yinzhong Shen, Fang Zheng, Danfeng Sun, Yun Ling, Jun Chen, Feng Li, Tao Li, Zhiping Qian, Yuyi Zhang, Qingnian Xu, Li Liu, Qin Huang, Fei Shan, Lie Xu, Jun Wu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Zhigang Song, Shenyang Li, Yuxin Shi, Jianliang Zhang, Xueyun Wu, Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Tongyu Zhu & Hongzhou Lu
Background: Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is prevalent around the world. We aimed to describe epidemiological features and clinical course in Shanghai. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 325 cases admitted at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, between January 20 and February 29, 2020. Results: 47.4% (154/325) had visited Wuhan within 2 weeks of illness onset. 57.2% occurred in 67 clusters; 40% were situated within 53 family clusters. 83.7% developed fever during the disease course. Median times from...

A simple electrochemical method for Cd(II) determination in real samples based on carbon nanotubes and metal-organic frameworks

Ling Yu, Jing-Wei Wan, Xian-Zhu Meng, Hui-Wen Gu, Ying Chen & Hong-Chao Yi
The establishment of a simple and effective method for determination of heavy metal ions has great significance due to the high hazard of heavy metal ions to public health and environments. Herein, we developed a facile way to synthesise a nanocomposite comprised of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and explored its application in constructing an electrochemical (EC) sensor for detection of Cd2+ in aqueous solutions. The sensing surface was simply fabricated by casting...

Establishment of replication-competent vesicular stomatitis virus-based recombinant viruses suitable for SARS-CoV-2 entry and neutralization assays

Hongyue Li, Chaoyue Zhao, Yuhang Zhang, Fei Yuan, Qi Zhang, Xuanling Shi, Linqi Zhang, Chengfeng Qin & Aihua Zheng
Replication-competent vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-based recombinant viruses are useful tools for studying emerging and highly pathogenic enveloped viruses in level 2 biosafety facilities. Here, we used a replication-competent recombinant VSVs (rVSVs) encoding the spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2 in place of the original G glycoprotein (rVSV-eGFP-SARS-CoV-2) to develop a high-throughput entry assay for SARS-CoV-2. The S protein was incorporated into the recovered rVSV-eGFP-SARS-CoV-2 particles, which could be neutralized by sera from convalescent COVID-19 patients. The...

Clinical importance of serum secreted clusterin in predicting invasive breast cancer and treatment responses

Qing-Feng Chen, Lei Zhang, Qun Su, Ying Zhao & Bin Kong
Enhanced serum secreted clusterin (sCLU) protein was associated with progression, poor prognosis and chemotherapy sensitivity evaluation in malignant patients. However, the clinical significance of serum sCLU protein levels in patients with invasive breast cancer (IBC) is unknown. In this study, the serum sCLU protein in 2648 patients with IBC was detected. The diagnostic value and treatment responses of serum sCLU protein in patients with IBC was also performed. The results showed that the serum sCLU...

In vitro study on the effect of peucedanol on the activity of cytochrome P450 enzymes

Cun Zhang, Yongwei Li, Changlong Yin, Jie Zheng & Guozhi Liu
Peucedanol is a major extract of Peucedanum japonicum Thunb. (Apiaceae) roots, which is a commonly used herb in paediatrics. Its interaction with cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP450s) would lead to adverse effects or even failure of therapy. The interaction between peucedanol and CYP450s was investigated. Peucedanol (0, 2.5, 5, 10, 25, 50, and 100 μM) was incubated with eight human liver CYP isoforms (CYP1A2, 2A6, 3A4, 2C8, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, and 2E1), in pooled human liver...

Whole-transcriptome analysis of rat cavernosum and identification of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks to investigate nerve injury erectile dysfunction pathogenesis

Jie Huang, Jianxiong Ma, Jie Wang, Ke Ma, Kang Zhou, Wenjie Huang, Fan Zhao, Bodong Lv & Qing Hu
There is growing evidence that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a vital role in many kinds of diseases, including erectile dysfunction (ED). Nevertheless, the role of circRNAs in cavernous nerve-damaging ED (CNI-ED) is unknown. Here, we aimed to discover novel circRNAs, probed their potential role in the CNI-ED, and construct a ceRNA network of circRNAs. Twelve male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups by us: bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) and control groups....

A new diterpenoid alkaloid from Delphinium gyalanum C. Marquand & Airy Shaw

Xinyu Li, Meizhen Ye, Feng Gao, Xianli Zhou, Lin Chen & Shuai Huang
A new C19-diterpenoid alkaloid named gyalanutine A (1) and fourteen known compounds 2-15 were isolated from the plant of Delphinium gyalanum C. Marquand & Airy Shaw. Compound 1 displayed an unusual lycoctonine-type C19-diterpenoid alkaloid skeleton with the cleavage of N-C19 and C7-C17 bonds, and the construction of the N-C7 bond. Structures were identified by multiple spectroscopic analyses including 1 D, 2 D NMR, IR and HR-ESI-MS. Compounds were tested for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory and anti-inflammatory activity.

Systematic analysis of Long non-coding RNAs reveals diagnostic biomarkers and potential therapeutic drugs for intervertebral disc degeneration

Jiawen Zhan, Shangquan Wang, Xu Wei, Minshan Feng, Xunlu Yin, Jie Yu, Tao Han, Guangwei Liu, Wangwen Xuan, Xiaobo Wang, Rui Xie, Kai Sun & Liguo Zhu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are related to a variety of human diseases. However, little is known about the role of lncRNA in intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). LncRNA expression profile of human IDD were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Potential biomarkers and therapeutic drugs for IDD were analyzed by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), R software package Limma, Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). We identified 1455 differentially...

S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase FgSah1 is required for fungal development and virulence in Fusarium graminearum

Dongya Shi, Yu Zhang, Jin Wang, Weichao Ren, Jie Zhang, Jane Ifunanya Mbadianya, Yuanye Zhu, Changjun Chen & Hongyu Ma
The S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (Sah1) plays a crucial role in methylation and lipid metabolism in yeast and mammals, yet its function remains elusive in filamentous fungi. In this study, we characterized Sah1 in the phytopathogenic fungus F. graminearum by generating knockout and knockout-complemented strains of FgSAH1. We found that the FgSah1-GFP fusion protein was localized to the cytoplasm, and that deletion of FgSAH1 resulted in defects in vegetative growth, asexual and sexual reproduction, stress responses, virulence,...

S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase FgSah1 is required for fungal development and virulence in Fusarium graminearum

Dongya Shi, Yu Zhang, Jin Wang, Weichao Ren, Jie Zhang, Jane Ifunanya Mbadianya, Yuanye Zhu, Changjun Chen & Hongyu Ma
The S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase (Sah1) plays a crucial role in methylation and lipid metabolism in yeast and mammals, yet its function remains elusive in filamentous fungi. In this study, we characterized Sah1 in the phytopathogenic fungus F. graminearum by generating knockout and knockout-complemented strains of FgSAH1. We found that the FgSah1-GFP fusion protein was localized to the cytoplasm, and that deletion of FgSAH1 resulted in defects in vegetative growth, asexual and sexual reproduction, stress responses, virulence,...

LncRNA MALAT1-deficiency restrains lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pyroptotic cell death and inflammation in HK-2 cells by releasing microRNA-135b-5p

Jie Huang & Chen Xu
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) participate in the regulation of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and acute kidney injury (AKI) is identified as an important risk factor for CKD. This study investigated the involvement of a novel LncRNA MALAT1 in regulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cell pyroptosis and inflammation in the human renal tubular epithelial HK-2 cells. Here, the HK-2 cells were subjected to LPS (2 μg/mL) treatment to establish cellular AKI models in vitro, and we validated that...

LncRNA MALAT1-deficiency restrains lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced pyroptotic cell death and inflammation in HK-2 cells by releasing microRNA-135b-5p

Jie Huang & Chen Xu
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) participate in the regulation of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and acute kidney injury (AKI) is identified as an important risk factor for CKD. This study investigated the involvement of a novel LncRNA MALAT1 in regulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cell pyroptosis and inflammation in the human renal tubular epithelial HK-2 cells. Here, the HK-2 cells were subjected to LPS (2 μg/mL) treatment to establish cellular AKI models in vitro, and we validated that...

Special electromagnetic field-treated water and far-infrared radiation alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome in rats by regulating haptoglobin

Changyong Luo, Yan Li, Xu Liang, Yifan Chen, Qiao Zou, Yurong Kong, Zhengguang Guo, Wei Sun & Xin Wang
Special electromagnetic field-treated water (SEW) and far-infrared radiation (FIR) can reduce acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in rats inflicted by lipopolysaccharides (LPSs). However, little is known about its underlying molecular mechanism. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) of SEW and FIR interventions were obtained from a proteomics database. A total of 89 DEPs were identified. Enrichment analysis of DEPs was performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery. These DEPs were associated with the responses...

Candidate gene (PHA-E) and phytohemagglutinin content in snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.): an association study

Xiaoxu Yang, Dajun Liu, Yanqiu Hu, Zhishan Yan, Chang Liu & Guojun Feng
Snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is low in fat and high in nutrients; however, it also contains toxigenic factors such as phytohemagglutinin (PHA), which is poisonous to humans. Here, we aimed to determine the distribution of PHA in natural populations of snap bean by analyzing a candidate gene (PHA-E) related to PHA content. Functional genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were then scanned to identify SNPs related to PHA content. A total of 150 snap bean...

Single-machine scheduling with energy generation and storage systems

Hyun-Jung Kim, Eun-Seok Kim, Jun-Ho Lee, Lixin Tang & Yang Yang
This paper considers a single-machine scheduling problem with sequence-dependent setup times and energy-generation and storage systems. Each job requires a sequence-dependent setup to be processed on the machine, and both setup and processing of the job require job-dependent amounts of energy. The energy consumed by the machine can be bought from an Electric Power Company (EPC) or generated by own Distributed Energy Resource (DER), such as solar photovoltaic or wind, and the energy can be...

Two new sesquiterpenoid lactone derivatives from Lindera aggregata

Song-Song Wen, Yan Wang, Jia-Ping Xu, Qi Liu, Lei Zhang, Jing Zheng, Lin Li, Na Zhang, Xin Liu, Yu-Wen Xu & Zhen-Liang Sun
Two new sesquiterpenoid lactone derivatives, linderin A (1) and linderin B (2) comprising a sesquiterpenoid lactone and a methyl geranylhomogentisate moiety together with six known compounds were isolated from the roots of Lindera aggregata. Their chemical structures were elucidated using extensive spectroscopic analysis including 1 D, 2 D NMR, and HR-ESI-MS data and compared with previously reported data. The absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were assigned based on the electronic circular dichroism calculation. Compound...

Genome-wide identification evolution and expression of vestigial-like gene family in chicken

Dan Hou, Panpan Qin, Xinran Niu, Tong Li, Bingjie Chen, Chengjie Wei, Zhenzhu Jing, Ruili Han, Hong Li, Xiaojun Liu, Yadong Tian, Donghua Li, Zhuanjian Li, Hanfang Cai & Xiangtao Kang
Vestigial-like (Vgll) genes are widespread in vertebrates and play an important role in muscle development. In this study, we used bioinformatics methods to systematically identify the chicken VGLL family in the whole genome and investigated its evolutionary history and gene structure features. Tissue expression spectra combined with real-time PCR data were used to analyze the organizational expression pattern of the genes. Based on the maximum likelihood method, a phylogenetic tree of the VGLL family was...

m6A RNA methylation regulators were associated with the malignancy and prognosis of ovarian cancer

Cheng Zhang, JinHui Liu, Hongyu Guo, Dandan Hong, Jing Ji, Qin Zhang, Qun Guan & Qingling Ren
N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA methylation regulators play a regulatory role in tumor pathogenesis and development. However, the role of m6A regulator genes in ovarian cancer (OC) has not been fully elucidated. This study aims to investigate the mRNA expressions, clinicopathological features, and prognostic values of m6A regulators in OC. Here, we demonstrate that the 17 m6A RNA methylation regulators are differentially expressed in ovarian cancer and normal tissues. By using consensus clustering, all ovarian cancer patients...

Polygonum cuspidatum inhibits the growth of osteosarcoma cells via impeding Akt/ERK/EGFR signaling pathways

Jun Zhao, Boyu Pan, Xinglu Zhou, Chunnuan Wu, Fengcheng Hao, Jie Zhang & Liren Liu
Osteosarcoma (OS), the most prevalent bone malignancy, mainly affects children and adolescents. Despite recent advances in multimodal therapy, the overall survival rate for OS patients remains poor. Chinese herb medicine (CHM) is an alternative therapeutic option for multifaceted diseases such as malignant tumors. For centuries in China, polygonum cuspidatum, a classic CHM, has been used to treat several diseases, nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying its therapeutic effects have not been fully elucidated. Through network pharmacology and...

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