16 Works

La dendrochronologie : potentialités et nouveaux enjeux pour l’archéologie

François Blondel, Vincent Labbas, Lisa Shindo & Camille Noûs
La dendrochronologie, méthode de datation qui étudie la variation des largeurs de cernes de croissance des arbres, est habituellement utilisée en archéologie pour obtenir une datation absolue. Le dialogue et le partage de données entre les différents acteurs de la discipline sont nécessaires afin de fiabiliser les résultats. L’analyse des bois archéologiques ne se limite toutefois pas à cette seule datation et de nouvelles approches voient le jour permettant l’émergence de nouveaux champs de recherche...

Sélections, du système éducatif au marché du travail

Marianne Blanchard, Gérard Boudesseul, Thomas Couppié, Dominique Epiphane, Jean-François Giret, Philippe Lemistre, Christelle Manifet, Boris Ménard, Benjamin Saccomanno, Catherine Soldano & Patrick Werquin

Dietary flexibility promotes range expansion: the case of golden jackals in Eurasia

József Lanszki, Matthew W. Hayward, Nathan Ranc & Andrzej Zalewski
Aim: Exploring the drivers of the successful ongoing expansion of the golden jackal across Europe is essential to understand the species’ trophic ecology. We analysed which climatic and environmental factors affected the dietary composition of golden jackals and compared these drivers in the species’ historic and recently colonised distribution ranges. Location: Eurasia. Taxon: golden jackal (Canis aureus). Methods: Using 40 published data sets, we modelled the diet composition using 13 food categories based on the...

La question sociale du \"Vormärz\"

Thomas Bremer, Wolfgang Fink, Françoise Knopper & Thomas Nicklas
This book provides various German-French studies which contextualize the history of the social question of German and Austrian Vormärz (1830-1848).

Reconfiguration du champ des formations en sciences humaines en Île-de-France : le poids de la sélection ( LIEPP Working Paper, n°121)

Mathieu Brunet, Elise Tenret, Pauline Barraud de Lagerie, Marco Oberti & Yannick Savina
A partir d’une étude sur les filières en sciences humaines dans le champ de l’enseignement supérieur francilien, et en se concentrant notamment sur celles pratiquant la sélection, cet article montre la diversité et la hiérarchie interne à ces formations. Le développement des licences sélectives à l’université engendre une sélectivité socio-scolaire proche de celles d’établissements historiquement sélectifs. Ainsi, les licences sélectives de Paris 1 ont un recrutement proche de celui des classes préparatoires les plus favorisées...

Explaining illness with evil: Pathogen prevalence fosters moral vitalism

Brock Bastian, Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Steve Loughnan, Paul Bain, Ashwini Ashokkumar, Maja Becker, Michal Bilewicz, Emma Collier-Baker, Carla Crespo, Paul W. Eastwick, Ronald Fischer, Malte Friese, Ángel Gómez, Valeschka M. Guerra, Jose Luis Castellanos Guevara, Katja Hanke, Nic Hooper, Li-Li Huang, Shi Junqi, Minoru Karasawa, Peter Kuppens, Siri Leknes, Müjde Peker, Cesar Pelay, Afoditi Pina … & William B. Swann
Pathogens represent a significant threat to human health leading to the emergence of strategies designed to help manage their negative impact. We examined how spiritual beliefs developed to explain and predict the devastating effects of pathogens and spread of infectious disease. Analysis of existing data in Studies 1 and 2 suggests that moral vitalism (beliefs about spiritual forces of evil) is higher in geographical regions characterized by historical higher levels of pathogens. Furthermore, drawing on...

Une gouvernance en construction dans les marges périurbaines de Paris

Claire Aragau & Lionel Rougé

Disfluency patterns in Alzheimer’s disease and Frontotemporal lobar degeneration

Aurélie Pistono, Marie Rafiq, Jérémie Pariente & Mélanie Jucla

Charcoal analysis of kiln terraces to reconstruct practices and wood uses' temporalities for charcoal manufacturing activity : the case of the Bernadouze forest (Suc-et-Sentenac, Haut-Vicdessos)

Léonel Foudjeu Foumou, Mélanie Saulnier, Raquel Cunill Artigas, Sandrine Buscaino & Vanessa PY-SARAGAGLIA
This poster presents the results of the anthracological analysis of 7990 charcoals collected from 28 charcoal kilns located between 1300 and 1500 m ASL in the Bernadouze forest (french Pyrenees). This study aims to reconstruct the specific practices and temporalities of wood use in relation to charcoal making activity. It's based on the analysis of the most frequently occurring bioindicators preserved in charcoals from archaeological context.

Continued adaptation of C4 photosynthesis after an initial burst of changes in the Andropogoneae grasses

Matheus Bianconi, Jan Hackel, Maria Vorontsova, Adriana Alberti, Watchara Arthan, Sean Burke, Melvin Duvall, Elizabeth Kellogg, Sébastien Lavergne, Michael McKain, Alexandre Meunier, Colin Osborne, Paweena Traiperm, Pascal-Antoine Christin & Guillaume Besnard
C4 photosynthesis is a complex trait that sustains fast growth and high productivity in tropical and subtropical conditions and evolved repeatedly in flowering plants. One of the major C4 lineages is Andropogoneae, a group of ~ 1,200 grass species that includes some of the world's most important crops and species dominating tropical and some temperate grasslands. Previous efforts to understand C4 evolution in the group have compared a few model C4 plants to distantly related...

Pathogen-mediated selection favours the maintenance of innate immunity gene polymorphism in a widespread wild ungulate

Erwan Quéméré, Pauline Hessenauer, Maxime Galan, Marie Fernandez, Joël Merlet, Yannick Chaval, Nicolas Morellet, Hélène Verheyden, Emmanuelle Gilot-Fromont & Nathalie Charbonnel
Toll-like Receptors (TLR) play a central role in recognition and host frontline defence against a wide range of pathogens. A number of recent studies have shown that TLR genes (Tlrs) often exhibit large polymorphism in natural populations. Yet, there is little knowledge on how this polymorphism is maintained and how it influences disease susceptibility in the wild. In previous work, we showed that some Tlrs exhibit similarly high levels of genetic diversity as genes of...

Étudier et représenter les réseaux des familles aristocratiques aux XIe-XIIe siècles : le comté de Melgueil

Alexandre Vergos
Cette contribution vise à mettre en pratique les méthodes et outils de l’analyse de réseaux afin de mettre en lumière le fonctionnement et l’évolution des réseaux développés par la moyenne aristocratie méridionale. Le cadre choisi est celui du comté de Melgueil, situé autour de Montpellier, aux XIe-XIIe siècles qui a été largement délaissé par l’historiographie récente. Elle s’appuie sur une base de données relationnelle intégrant toutes les chartes sur cette période et leurs participants. À...

Polarités secondaires et maturations périurbaines dans l’aire d’attraction de Paris

Claire Aragau & Lionel Rougé

Data from: Elevational distribution of birds in an Eastern African montane environment as governed by temperature, precipitation, and habitat availability

Yntze Van Der Hoek, Clélia Sirami, Emmanuel Faida, Valens Musemakweli & Deogratias Tuyisingize
We conducted annual point counts of birds between 2013 and 2018 at 297 plots across habitats and elevations (2,416-4,303 m) in Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda. These data were subsequently used to determine elevational and habitat preferences via indicator analyses, and to model abundance distributions as a function of temperature, precipitation, habitat availability, and congeneric competition. Of 35 focal species, we found 20 species to be particularly associated with narrow elevational range (<300 m) and 24...

Des outils culturels aux repères temporels chez l’enfant : une approche socio-historique du développement de la construction du temps

Valérie Tartas
Comment les enfants construisent-ils des repères temporels et quels rôles jouent les techniques relatives au temps dans cette construction ? La plupart des travaux en psychologie examine les notions temporelles indépendamment des outils culturels qui les rendent possibles. La communication propose, d’une part, d’examiner les fondements d’une perspective socio-historique de la construction des repères temporels comprenant l’étude des usages des outils culturels (Tartas, 2009), et, d’autre part, d’illustrer par des exemples de recherches comment les...

A combined microbial and biogeochemical dataset from high-latitude ecosystems with respect to methane cycle

Maialen Barret, Laure Gandois, Frederic Thalasso, Karla Martinez Cruz, Armando Sepulveda Jauregui, Céline Lavergne, Roman Teisserenc, Polette Aguilar, Oscar Gerardo-Nieto2, Claudia Etchebehere, Bruna Martins Dellagnezze, Patricia Bovio-Winkler, Gilberto Fochesatto, Nikita Tananaev, Mette Svenning, Christophe Seppey, Alexander Tveit, Rolando Chamy, María Soledad Astorga-España, Andrés Mansilla, Anton Van De Putte, Maxime Sweetlove, Alison E Murray & Léa Cabrol
High latitudes are experiencing intense ecosystem changes with climate warming. The underlying methane (CH4) cycling dynamics remain unresolved, despite its crucial climatic feedback. Atmospheric CH4 emissions are heterogeneous, resulting from local geochemical drivers, global climatic factors, and microbial production/consumption balance. Holistic studies are mandatory to capture CH4 cycling complexity. Here, we report a large set of integrated microbial and biogeochemical data from 396 samples, using a concerted sampling strategy and experimental protocols. The study followed...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    6
  • 2021
    6
  • 2020
    2
  • 2019
    2

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    6
  • Book Chapter
    2
  • Journal Article
    2
  • Other
    2
  • Text
    2
  • Conference Paper
    1
  • Conference Proceeding
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Toulouse-Jean Jaurès
    12
  • University of Toulouse II - Le Mirail
    4
  • Paris West University Nanterre La Défense
    2
  • Donald Danforth Plant Science Center
    1
  • University of Bath
    1
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    1
  • Victoria University of Wellington
    1
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    1
  • Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute
    1
  • Ghent University
    1