3,151 Works

Selecting and Ranking Individualized Treatment Rules with Unmeasured Confounding

Bo Zhang, Jordan Weiss, Dylan S. Small & Qingyuan Zhao
It is common to compare individualized treatment rules based on the value function, which is the expected potential outcome under the treatment rule. Although the value function is not point-identified when there is unmeasured confounding, it still defines a partial order among the treatment rules under Rosenbaum’s sensitivity analysis model. We first consider how to compare two treatment rules with unmeasured confounding in the single-decision setting and then use this pairwise test to rank multiple...

Myotubularin related protein 7 is essential for the spermatogonial stem cell homeostasis via PI3K/AKT signaling

Dan Zhao, Cong Shen, Tingting Gao, Hong Li, Yueshuai Guo, Feng Li, Chenchen Liu, Yuanyuan Liu, Xia Chen, Xi Zhang, Yangyang Wu, Yi Yu, Meng Lin, Yan Yuan, Xiaofang Chen, Xiaoyan Huang, Shenmin Yang, Jun Yu, Jun Zhang & Bo Zheng
Myotubularin related protein 7 (MTMR7), a key member of the MTMR family, depicts phosphatase activity and is involved in myogenesis and tumor growth. We have previously identified MTMR7 in the proteomic profile of mouse spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) maturation and differentiation, implying that MTMR7 is associated with neonatal testicular development. In this study, to further explore the distribution and function of MTMR7 in mouse testis, we studied the effect of Mtmr7 knockdown on neonatal testicular...

Bicomponent polymeric micelles for pH-controlled delivery of doxorubicin

Chunyun Wang, Peilan Qi, Yan Lu, Lei Liu, Yanan Zhang, Qianli Sheng, Tianshun Wang, Mengying Zhang, Rui Wang & Shiyong Song
Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems (DDSs) are expected to realize site-specific drug release and kill cancer cells selectively. In this study, a pH-responsive micelle was designed utilizing the pH-sensitivity of borate bonds formed between dopamine and boronic acid. First, methyl (polyethylene glycol)-block-polycaprolactone (mPEG-PCL) was conjugated with 4-cyano-4-(thiobenzoylthio)pentanoic acid (CTP) to obtain a macroinitiator. Two different segments poly(dopamine methacrylamide) (PDMA) and poly(vinylphenylboronic acid) (PVBA) were then grafted to the end of mPEG-PCL. Two triblock copolymers, mPEG-PCL-PDMA and...

Cholesterol depletion sensitizes gallbladder cancer to cisplatin by impairing DNA damage response

Yonglong Zhang, Yanfeng Liu, Jinlin Duan, Hui Wang, Yuchen Zhang, Ke Qiao & Jian Wang
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the common malignancy of the bile tract system with extremely poor clinical outcomes, owing to its metastatic property and intrinsic resistance to the first-line drugs. Although it is well-established that cholesterol abnormity contributes to gallstone formation, a leading risk factor for GBC, the link of cholesterol homeostasis with GBC has not been investigated. The present study systematically examined the genes implicated in cholesterol homeostasis, and revealed altered gene expressions of de...

Era of molecular diagnosis for pathogen identification of unexplained pneumonia, lessons to be learned

Jing-Wen Ai, Yi Zhang, Hao-Cheng Zhang, Teng Xu & Wen-Hong Zhang
Unexplained pneumonia (UP) caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) emerged in China in late December 2019 and has infected more than 9000 cases by 31 January 2020. Shanghai reported the first imported case of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) in 20 January 2020. A combinative approach of real-time RT–PCR, CRISPR-based assay and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) were used to diagnose this unexplained pneumonia patient. Real-time RT–PCR and CRISPR-based assay both...

Era of molecular diagnosis for pathogen identification of unexplained pneumonia, lessons to be learned

Jing-Wen Ai, Yi Zhang, Hao-Cheng Zhang, Teng Xu & Wen-Hong Zhang
Unexplained pneumonia (UP) caused by a novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) emerged in China in late December 2019 and has infected more than 9000 cases by 31 January 2020. Shanghai reported the first imported case of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) in 20 January 2020. A combinative approach of real-time RT–PCR, CRISPR-based assay and metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) were used to diagnose this unexplained pneumonia patient. Real-time RT–PCR and CRISPR-based assay both...

Selecting and Ranking Individualized Treatment Rules With Unmeasured Confounding

Bo Zhang, Jordan Weiss, Dylan S. Small & Qingyuan Zhao
It is common to compare individualized treatment rules based on the value function, which is the expected potential outcome under the treatment rule. Although the value function is not point-identified when there is unmeasured confounding, it still defines a partial order among the treatment rules under Rosenbaum’s sensitivity analysis model. We first consider how to compare two treatment rules with unmeasured confounding in the single-decision setting and then use this pairwise test to rank multiple...

Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors improve the clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients with hypertension

Juan Meng, Guohui Xiao, Juanjuan Zhang, Xing He, Min Ou, Jing Bi, Rongqing Yang, Wencheng Di, Zhaoqin Wang, Zigang Li, Hong Gao, Lei Liu & Guoliang Zhang
The dysfunction of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been observed in coronavirus infection disease (COVID-19) patients, but whether RAS inhibitors, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs), are associated with clinical outcomes remains unknown. COVID-19 patients with hypertension were enrolled to evaluate the effect of RAS inhibitors. We observed that patients receiving ACEI or ARB therapy had a lower rate of severe diseases and a trend toward a...

MicroRNA-409-5p promotes retinal neovascularization in diabetic retinopathy

Ying Wang, Wenwen Lin & Jianghua Ju
Background: Retinal neovascularization, which is characterized by the increased proliferation, migration, and tube formation of retinal microvascular endothelial cells (RMECs), contributes to the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). MiR-409-5p has been reported to be upregulated in peripheral blood of DR patients and in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced RMECs. However, the role of miR-409-5p in retinal neovascularization of DR remains unelucidated. Method: The expression of miR-409-5p was measured in retinal tissues of streptozocin-induced and db/db...

Composite quasi-likelihood for single-index models with massive datasets

Rong Jiang, Meng-Fan Guo & Xin Liu
The single-index models (SIMs) provide an efficient way of coping with high-dimensional nonparametric estimation problems and avoid the “curse of dimensionality.” Many existing estimation procedures for SIMs were built on least square loss, which is popular for its mathematical beauty but is non-robust to non-normal errors and outliers. This article addressed the question of both robustness and efficiency of estimation methods based on a new data-driven weighted linear combination of convex loss functions instead of...

Risks and features of secondary infections in severe and critical ill COVID-19 patients

Haocheng Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jing Wu, Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Xin Li, Haili Chen, Mingquan Guo, Shu Chen, Feng Sun, Richeng Mao, Chao Qiu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Jingwen Ai & Wenhong Zhang
Objectives Severe or critical COVID-19 is associated with intensive care unit admission, increased secondary infection rate, and would lead to significant worsened prognosis. Risks and characteristics relating to secondary infections in severe COVID-19 have not been described. Methods Severe and critical COVID-19 patients from Shanghai were included. We collected lower respiratory, urine, catheters, and blood samples according to clinical necessity and culture and mNGS were performed. Clinical and laboratory data were archived. Results We found...

Establishing a high sensitivity detection method for SARS-CoV-2 IgM/IgG and developing a clinical application of this method

Chunyan Zhang, Lei Zhou, Hao Liu, Sibing Zhang, Yaping Tian, Junli Huo, Fei Li, Yao Zhang, Bo Wei, Dan Xu, Jinwei Hu, Jiayi Wang, Yuxuan Cheng, Wenjie Shi, Xiuli Xu, Jianping Zhou, Peipei Sang, Xudong Tan, Weiwei Wang, Minjie Zhang, Bin Wang, Yujun Zhou, Kan Zhang & Kunlun He
COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection and was initially discovered in Wuhan. This outbreak quickly spread all over China and then to more than 20 other countries. SARS-CoV-2 fluorescent microsphere immunochromatographic test strips were prepared by the combination of time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay with a lateral flow assay. The analytical performance and clinical evaluation of this testing method was done and the clinical significance of the testing method was verified. The LLOD of SARS-CoV-2 antibody IgG...

Immune restoration in HIV-1-infected patients after 12 years of antiretroviral therapy: a real-world observational study

Jiaye Liu, Lifeng Wang, Yuying Hou, Yan Zhao, Zhihui Dou, Ye Ma, Dawei Zhang, Yasong Wu, Decai Zhao, Zhongfu Liu, Fujie Zhang, Lei Jin, Ji-Yuan Zhang, Ruonan Xu, Ming Shi, Lei Huang, Zunyou Wu, Mengjie Han, George F. Gao & Fu-Sheng Wang
Using normalization of CD4 counts as the main evaluation parameter of complete immune restoration for HIV-1 patients under antiretroviral therapy (ART) might be not enough. A comprehensive evaluation system more accurately reflecting immune restoration are urgently needed. Totally, 91,805 HIV-1 patients from 17 tertiary hospitals in China during 2005–2018 were included in this study. Immune restoration and mortality were assessed. Patients initiated ART with baseline CD4 counts <50, 50–199, 200–349, 350–499, and ≥500 cells/μL, and...

Immune restoration in HIV-1-infected patients after 12 years of antiretroviral therapy: a real-world observational study

Jiaye Liu, Lifeng Wang, Yuying Hou, Yan Zhao, Zhihui Dou, Ye Ma, Dawei Zhang, Yasong Wu, Decai Zhao, Zhongfu Liu, Fujie Zhang, Lei Jin, Ji-Yuan Zhang, Ruonan Xu, Ming Shi, Lei Huang, Zunyou Wu, Mengjie Han, George F. Gao & Fu-Sheng Wang
Using normalization of CD4 counts as the main evaluation parameter of complete immune restoration for HIV-1 patients under antiretroviral therapy (ART) might be not enough. A comprehensive evaluation system more accurately reflecting immune restoration are urgently needed. Totally, 91,805 HIV-1 patients from 17 tertiary hospitals in China during 2005–2018 were included in this study. Immune restoration and mortality were assessed. Patients initiated ART with baseline CD4 counts <50, 50–199, 200–349, 350–499, and ≥500 cells/μL, and...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Meta-analysis of diagnostic performance of serology tests for COVID-19: impact of assay design and post-symptom-onset intervals

Hongyu Wang, Jingwen Ai, Michael J. Loeffelholz, Yi-Wei Tang & Wenhong Zhang
Serology detection is recognized for its sensitivity in convalescent patients with COVID-19, in comparison with nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs). This article aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of serologic methods for COVID-19 based on assay design and post-symptom-onset intervals. Two authors independently searched PubMed, Cochrane library, Ovid, EBSCO for case–control, longitudinal and cohort studies that determined the diagnostic accuracy of serology tests in comparison with NAATs in COVID-19 cases and used QUADAS-2 for quality...

sj-xlsx-3-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 – Supplemental material for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Supplemental material, sj-xlsx-3-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma by Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang and Zhongsheng Sun in Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

Catalpol ameliorates psoriasis-like phenotypes via SIRT1 mediated suppression of NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways

Aimin Liu, Buxin Zhang, Wei Zhao, Yuanhui Tu, Qingxing Wang & Jing Li
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects approximately 2% of worldwide population, and causing long-term troubles to the patients. Therefore, it is urgent to develop safe and effective therapeutic drugs. Catalpol is a natural iridoid glucoside, that has several remarkable pharmacological effects, however, whether catalpol can alleviated psoriasis has not been explored. The goal of the present work is to study the role of catalpol in psoriasis in vivo and in vitro. Imiquimod-induced...

Molecular characterization and functional properties of avenin-like b gene TuALPb7As in Triticum urartu

Dong Cao, Fahui Ye, Caixia Zhao, Jicheng Shen, Ruijuan Liu, Bo Zhang, Yuhu Shen, Huaigang Zhang, Baolong Liu & Wenjie Chen
Avenin-like storage proteins affect the rheological properties and processing quality of common wheat. Triticum urartu, the A-genome donor of polyploid wheat, shows abundant variation in its glutenin subunits. In this study, the variability in avenin-like b genes was evaluated in 74 T. urartu accessions. High levels of polymorphism were demonstrated in the analyzed sequence, resulting in the discovery of 18 novel TuALPb7A alleles (TuALPb7A-A–TuALPb7A-R). There were nucleotide sequence differences in 18 locations, which, due to...

Calcineurin-mediated intracellular organelle calcium homeostasis is required for the survival of fungal pathogens upon extracellular calcium stimuli

Chi Zhang, Yiran Ren, Huiyu Gu, Lu Gao, Yuanwei Zhang & Ling Lu
In eukaryotes, calcium not only is an essential mineral nutrient but also serves as an intracellular second messenger that is necessary for many physiological processes. Previous studies showed that the protein phosphatase-calcineurin protects fungi from toxicity caused by the extracellular calcium; however, little is known about how calcineurin mediates the cellular physiology process for this function. In this study, by monitoring intracellular calcium, particularly by tracking vacuolar calcium dynamics in living cells through a novel...

Predictive factors associated with disease recurrence in patients with severe intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: a retrospective study of 118 cases

Ting Wang, Weixiao Zhou, Ruoan Jiang, Jianbo Lai, Peiyue Jiang, Xinning Chen & Baohua Li
To compare the clinical characteristics of pregnant women and perinatal outcomes with or without recurrent severe intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (sICP), and identify possible factors associated with disease recurrence. A retrospective study of 164,603 deliveries was performed to identify pregnant women diagnosed with sICP in the previous pregnancy from January 2012 to December 2020. Eligible patients were divided into two subgroups according to the status of disease recurrence in the second pregnancy: recurrent severe ICP...

Structural insights into dpCoA-RNA decapping by NudC

Wei Zhou, Zeyuan Guan, Fen Zhao, Yage Ye, Fang Yang, Ping Yin & Delin Zhang
Various kinds of cap structures, such as m7G, triphosphate groups, NAD and dpCoA, protect the 5′ terminus of RNA. The cap structures bond covalently to RNA and affect its stability, translation, and transport. The removal of the caps is mainly executed by Nudix hydrolase family proteins, including Dcp2, RppH and NudC. Numerous efforts have been made to elucidate the mechanism underlying the removal of m7G, triphosphate group, and NAD caps. In contrast, few studies related...

Risk of Ophthalmic Adverse Events in Patients Treated with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Regimens: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Yan-Li Hou, Di-Ya Wang, Jie-Xuan Hu, Ru-Yue Tian, Wei Wang, Qiang Su, Hongyang Li & Yan-Ling Wang
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) -induced adverse events (AEs) have been reported affecting almost all human organs. However, studies about ocular AEs are few. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the risks of ICI-related ophthalmic AEs compare to chemotherapy. Methods: Eligible studies were selected from phase II/III randomized controlled trials investigating ICIs. The data were analyzed by R software and Stata. Odds ratio of treatment-related AE (trAEs) and nonspecific ophthalmic trAEs (NS-trAEs) were lower for PD-1/PD-L1...

Inference on Nadarajah–Haghighi distribution with constant stress partially accelerated life tests under progressive type-II censoring

Sanku Dey, Liang Wang & Mazen Nassar
This paper presents methods of estimation of the parameters and acceleration factor for Nadarajah–Haghighi distribution based on constant-stress partially accelerated life tests. Based on progressive Type-II censoring, Maximum likelihood and Bayes estimates of the model parameters and acceleration factor are established, respectively. In addition, approximate confidence interval are constructed via asymptotic variance and covariance matrix, and Bayesian credible intervals are obtained based on importance sampling procedure. For comparison purpose, alternative bootstrap confidence intervals for unknown...

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